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Planets, Moons and Stars
<ul><li>Our solar system is the system of planets and other objects that orbit our sun. There are  eight   planets  and ma...
<ul><li>A planet is a body that is in orbit around the Sun, has enough mass for its self-gravity to overcome forces (nearl...
<ul><li>Position: Closest planet to the Sun. </li></ul><ul><li>Atmosphere: Like Earth’s moon, very little. </li></ul><ul><...
<ul><li>Position: 2 nd  planet from the sun. </li></ul><ul><li>Atmosphere: Thick enough to trap heat, hurricane winds, lig...
<ul><li>Position: 3rd planet from the sun. </li></ul><ul><li>Atmosphere: Suitable air pressure to have life. Air is made o...
<ul><li>Position: 4th planet from the sun. </li></ul><ul><li>Atmosphere: Thinner air than Earth. </li></ul><ul><li>Landsca...
<ul><li>Position: 5th planet from the sun. </li></ul><ul><li>Atmosphere: Colorful clouds, until it is squished unto liquid...
<ul><li>Position: 7th planet from the sun. </li></ul><ul><li>Atmosphere: Composed mostly of gas with no solid surface. Clo...
<ul><li>Position: 7 th  planet from the sun. </li></ul><ul><li>Atmosphere: Gets thicker and thicker, until it is squished ...
<ul><li>Position: Furthest from the sun (Cannot see without a microscope). 8 th  planet. </li></ul><ul><li>Atmosphere: Ver...
<ul><li>Pluto is  NOT  considered a planet anymore! </li></ul><ul><li>It is classified as a  dwarf planet . </li></ul><ul>...
<ul><li>The sun is a  star . </li></ul><ul><li>A ball of hot glowing gases. </li></ul><ul><li>It gets hotter as you go dee...
<ul><li>Stabilizes Earth.  </li></ul><ul><li>Our moon is covered in craters and has no atmosphere. </li></ul><ul><li>No gr...
<ul><li>New Moon -  The Moon's un-illuminated side is facing the Earth. The Moon is not visible (except during a solar ecl...
<ul><li>Full Moon  -  The Moon's illuminated side is facing the Earth. The Moon appears to be completely illuminated by di...
 
In-Class Moon Phase Cookie Project
<ul><li>A star is a huge, shining ball in space that produces a large amount of light and energy.  </li></ul><ul><li>Stars...
Constellations are groupings of stars that make an  imaginary  image in the night sky. They have been named after mytholog...
Constellation Project <ul><li>Choose your favorite constellation. </li></ul><ul><li>Research your constellation. </li></ul...
<ul><li>What is the solar system? </li></ul><ul><li>How many planets do we currently have? </li></ul><ul><li>Draw a diagra...
<ul><li>Pick a constellation to work on in class next week. </li></ul><ul><li>Keep your moon journal, observe the moon pha...
Educational information is provided from the following sources: <ul><li>Ambrose, Elisabeth. “Misson to Mars: Project Based...
<ul><li>http:// scienceclass.ning.com </li></ul><ul><li>http:// www.astronomycast.com </li></ul><ul><li>http:// office.mic...
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Introduction to the Solar System

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This is a presentation that I completed for EDU 290 in the Fall 2009. The intent of the assignment was to create a lesson that could be used by a student that missed the classroom instruction due to illness

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Transcript of "Introduction to the Solar System"

  1. 1. Planets, Moons and Stars
  2. 2. <ul><li>Our solar system is the system of planets and other objects that orbit our sun. There are eight planets and many moons . Along with asteroids , comets , meteoroids and tiny particles of rocks and dust. The sun , which is actually a star , is the largest object in the solar system and holds everything in place by its gravity . It contains about 99% of the mass of the solar system. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>A planet is a body that is in orbit around the Sun, has enough mass for its self-gravity to overcome forces (nearly round) shape, and clears the neighborhood around its orbit. </li></ul><ul><li>Planet order (closest to the sun to furthest): </li></ul><ul><li>MERCURY </li></ul><ul><li>VENUS </li></ul><ul><li>EARTH </li></ul><ul><li>MARS </li></ul><ul><li>JUPITOR </li></ul><ul><li>SATURN </li></ul><ul><li>URANUS </li></ul><ul><li>NEPTUNE </li></ul>PLANETS
  4. 4. <ul><li>Position: Closest planet to the Sun. </li></ul><ul><li>Atmosphere: Like Earth’s moon, very little. </li></ul><ul><li>Landscape: Many craters, a little ice. Cliffs and valleys present. </li></ul><ul><li>Temperatures: Super-heated by the sun in the day. At night temperatures reach hundreds of degrees below freezing. (Not as warm as you would think). </li></ul><ul><li>Year (Full rotation around the sun): 88 days. </li></ul><ul><li>Moons: 0 </li></ul><ul><li>Rings: 0 </li></ul>Mercury
  5. 5. <ul><li>Position: 2 nd planet from the sun. </li></ul><ul><li>Atmosphere: Thick enough to trap heat, hurricane winds, lightning, and acid clouds. </li></ul><ul><li>Landscape: Volcanoes and deformed mountains. </li></ul><ul><li>Temperatures: Intense heat. </li></ul><ul><li>Year (Full rotation around the sun): 225 Earth days. </li></ul><ul><li>Moons: 0 </li></ul><ul><li>Rings: 0 </li></ul>Venus
  6. 6. <ul><li>Position: 3rd planet from the sun. </li></ul><ul><li>Atmosphere: Suitable air pressure to have life. Air is made of oxygen. </li></ul><ul><li>Landscape: The only planet that has liquid on the surface, rocky, land formations. </li></ul><ul><li>Temperatures: Suitable for life. Ranges from locations on Earth. </li></ul><ul><li>Year (Full rotation around the sun): 365 Earth days. </li></ul><ul><li>Moons: 1 </li></ul><ul><li>Rings: 0 </li></ul>EARTH
  7. 7. <ul><li>Position: 4th planet from the sun. </li></ul><ul><li>Atmosphere: Thinner air than Earth. </li></ul><ul><li>Landscape: Frozen water below the surface, rocky, dusty, and has craters. </li></ul><ul><li>Temperatures: Like Earth, but drier and colder </li></ul><ul><li>Year (Full rotation around the sun): 687 Earth days. </li></ul><ul><li>Moons: 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Rings: 0 </li></ul>Midnight sun on Mars Mars
  8. 8. <ul><li>Position: 5th planet from the sun. </li></ul><ul><li>Atmosphere: Colorful clouds, until it is squished unto liquid. Cold and windy, giant storms. </li></ul><ul><li>Landscape: Thick super hot soup. </li></ul><ul><li>Temperatures: Extremely cold at clouds. Extremely hot and cold radiation. </li></ul><ul><li>Year (Full rotation around the sun): 12 Earth years. </li></ul><ul><li>Moons: 62 </li></ul><ul><li>Rings: 3 </li></ul>Jupiter
  9. 9. <ul><li>Position: 7th planet from the sun. </li></ul><ul><li>Atmosphere: Composed mostly of gas with no solid surface. Cloud strips. </li></ul><ul><li>Landscape: No solid surfaces, high pressures turn gas into liquids. </li></ul><ul><li>Temperatures: Rings made out of water ice, really cold. </li></ul><ul><li>Year (Full rotation around the sun): 30 Earth years. </li></ul><ul><li>Moons: 61 </li></ul><ul><li>Rings: 7 division ring system </li></ul>Saturn
  10. 10. <ul><li>Position: 7 th planet from the sun. </li></ul><ul><li>Atmosphere: Gets thicker and thicker, until it is squished unto liquid. Cold and windy. </li></ul><ul><li>Landscape: Layer of superheated water and gases that form bright clouds. </li></ul><ul><li>Temperatures: Extremely cold at cloud tops and superheated towards the center. </li></ul><ul><li>Year (Full rotation around the sun): 84 Earth years. </li></ul><ul><li>Moons: 27 </li></ul><ul><li>Rings: 11 </li></ul>Uranus
  11. 11. <ul><li>Position: Furthest from the sun (Cannot see without a microscope). 8 th planet. </li></ul><ul><li>Atmosphere: Very Windy, cold clouds, a layer of methane gas (giving it a blue color), storms as large Earth. </li></ul><ul><li>Landscape: Scientist think it may have an ocean of super hot lava. </li></ul><ul><li>Temperatures: Cold </li></ul><ul><li>Year (Full rotation around the sun): 165 Earth years. </li></ul><ul><li>Moons: 13 </li></ul><ul><li>Rings: 6 </li></ul>NEPTUNE
  12. 12. <ul><li>Pluto is NOT considered a planet anymore! </li></ul><ul><li>It is classified as a dwarf planet . </li></ul><ul><li>Temperatures: Extremely cold, covered with frost. </li></ul><ul><li>Year (Full rotation around the sun): 248 Earth years. </li></ul><ul><li>Moons: 3 </li></ul><ul><li>Pluto is very hard to see, if with a really powerful microscope. </li></ul>Think of Pluto as Disney’s dog, NOT a planet! Pluto
  13. 13. <ul><li>The sun is a star . </li></ul><ul><li>A ball of hot glowing gases. </li></ul><ul><li>It gets hotter as you go deeper. </li></ul><ul><li>Central force that has a high influence on planets orbits. </li></ul><ul><li>Without the sun’s energy and heat there would be no life on Earth. </li></ul>Sun
  14. 14. <ul><li>Stabilizes Earth. </li></ul><ul><li>Our moon is covered in craters and has no atmosphere. </li></ul><ul><li>No gravity and no air. </li></ul><ul><li>Very hot and very cold temperatures. </li></ul><ul><li>Pieces of equipment lie on the moon-things like the American flag! </li></ul>Fake-coloring to show landscape Earth’s Moon
  15. 15. <ul><li>New Moon - The Moon's un-illuminated side is facing the Earth. The Moon is not visible (except during a solar eclipse). </li></ul><ul><li>Waxing Crescent - The Moon appears to be partly but less than one-half illuminated by direct sunlight. The fraction of the Moon's disk that is illuminated is increasing. </li></ul><ul><li>First Quarter - One-half of the Moon appears to be illuminated by direct sunlight. The fraction of the Moon's disk that is illuminated is increasing. </li></ul><ul><li>Waxing Gibbous - The Moon appears to be more than one-half but not fully illuminated by direct sunlight. The fraction of the Moon's disk that is illuminated is increasing. </li></ul>Moon Phases
  16. 16. <ul><li>Full Moon - The Moon's illuminated side is facing the Earth. The Moon appears to be completely illuminated by direct sunlight. </li></ul><ul><li>Waning Gibbous - The Moon appears to be more than one-half but not fully illuminated by direct sunlight. The fraction of the Moon's disk that is illuminated is decreasing. </li></ul><ul><li>Last Quarter - One-half of the Moon appears to be illuminated by direct sunlight. The fraction of the Moon's disk that is illuminated is decreasing. </li></ul><ul><li>Waning Crescent - The Moon appears to be partly but less than one-half illuminated by direct sunlight. The fraction of the Moon's disk that is illuminated is decreasing. </li></ul>Moon Phases
  17. 18. In-Class Moon Phase Cookie Project
  18. 19. <ul><li>A star is a huge, shining ball in space that produces a large amount of light and energy. </li></ul><ul><li>Stars come in many sizes. </li></ul><ul><li>About 75% are apart of groups that orbit each other. </li></ul><ul><li>They are grouped in large structures called galaxies . (Milky Way). </li></ul><ul><li>Stars have life-cycles like humans. </li></ul><ul><li>A stars color depends on surface temperature. </li></ul>Star
  19. 20. Constellations are groupings of stars that make an imaginary image in the night sky. They have been named after mythological characters, people, animals and objects. In different parts of the world, people have made up different shapes out of the same groups of bright stars. It is like a game of connecting the dots. In the past constellations have became useful for navigating at night and for keeping track of the seasons.
  20. 21. Constellation Project <ul><li>Choose your favorite constellation. </li></ul><ul><li>Research your constellation. </li></ul><ul><li>Make a poster including the constellation name, your myth and the actual myth, and mapping of stars. </li></ul><ul><li>The writing portion should be two paragraphs long. One for your made-up myth, the other for a real myth. </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t forget to proofread your paragraphs!  </li></ul><ul><li>We will be working on the projects and presenting them in class. </li></ul>
  21. 22. <ul><li>What is the solar system? </li></ul><ul><li>How many planets do we currently have? </li></ul><ul><li>Draw a diagram of planet placement and list the planets in order from the closest to the furthest from the sun. </li></ul><ul><li>Can you list the characteristics of planet Earth? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the phases of the moon? (Draw a picture to help in explanation). </li></ul><ul><li>Can a star die? </li></ul><ul><li>What were constellations used for? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the sun? </li></ul>Review Questions and Concepts:
  22. 23. <ul><li>Pick a constellation to work on in class next week. </li></ul><ul><li>Keep your moon journal, observe the moon phases throughout the week and record them. Remember to draw the moon phase and write a paragraph on your observations. </li></ul><ul><li>Study the solar system! </li></ul><ul><li>Answer PowerPoint questions. </li></ul>HOMEWORK:
  23. 24. Educational information is provided from the following sources: <ul><li>Ambrose, Elisabeth. “Misson to Mars: Project Based Learning.” University of Texas . Web. 18 October 2009. </li></ul><ul><li>“ An Overview of the Universe.” Student WebPages and Assignments: GWIT.org . Web. 17 October 2009. </li></ul><ul><li>Harvey, Samantha. “Solar System Exploration.” NASA. 18 October 2009. Web. 19 October 2009. </li></ul><ul><li>Mena-Werth, Jane and Jose. “Astronomy Activities.” University of Nebraska . Web. 17 October 2009. </li></ul><ul><li>Harvey, Samantha. “Solar System Exploration.” NASA. 18 October 2009. Web. 19 October 2009. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Solar System.” Instructors Web . 2002-2009. Web. 18 October 2009. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Space.” New Scientist . 18 October 2009. Web. 18 October 2009. </li></ul><ul><li>Whitlock, Laura A. “The Solar System.” Starchild . Web. 17 October 2009. </li></ul>
  24. 25. <ul><li>http:// scienceclass.ning.com </li></ul><ul><li>http:// www.astronomycast.com </li></ul><ul><li>http:// office.microsoft.com /en-us/clipart </li></ul><ul><li>http:// www.toonpool.com /cartoons </li></ul><ul><li>http:// www.cartoonstock.com </li></ul><ul><li>http:// anitadiminuta.com /images </li></ul><ul><li>http:// asymptotia.com </li></ul><ul><li>http:// www.thelivingmoon.com </li></ul><ul><li>http:// offthemark.com </li></ul><ul><li>http:// thumbs.dreamstime.com </li></ul><ul><li>http:// abyss.uoregon.edu/~js/images/Jupiter.gif </li></ul>
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