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Observation & Inference
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Observation & Inference

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  • 1. A test of your observation skills… Contributions by D. Padilla, D. Johnson, & E. Marconi For more optical illusions go to: http://www.123opticalillusions.com/
  • 2. ObservationsObservations  Use one or more of the 5 sensesUse one or more of the 5 senses to gather informationto gather information  A noting and recording of….A noting and recording of…. FACTS!!!FACTS!!!  Example:Example: There is one TV in theThere is one TV in the room.room.
  • 3. InferencesInferences  Logical interpretation based uponLogical interpretation based upon prior knowledge and experienceprior knowledge and experience  Based upon observationsBased upon observations  Example:Example: When you entered theWhen you entered the room, you most likely inferred that theroom, you most likely inferred that the individual in the front of the room isindividual in the front of the room is the teacher.the teacher.
  • 4. Note the Differences • In laboratory exercises, record observations NOT inferences • Inferences may be used when writing the conclusion in your lab report. • Let’s test your observation skills…
  • 5. Take a good look at this picture
  • 6. Question 1 Are there cars parked on the sides of the road?
  • 7. Question 2 What color is the pickup truck driving in the road?
  • 8. Question 3 Any minivans around?
  • 9. Question 4 What does the blue sign say?
  • 10. Question 5 What's the speed limit?
  • 11. Question 6 Are there any pedestrians on the road?
  • 12. Answers 1. Yes 2. Blue 3. Yes 4. Yard Sale 5. 35 mph 6. No
  • 13. Observation vs Inference • On the next slide, state whether the statement is an observation or an inference.
  • 14. 1. There is a representation of a face on one side of the coin. 2. The Latin word "Dei" means "God." 3. The coin was made by deeply religious people. 4. The date 1722 is printed on one side of the coin. 5. The coin was made in 1722. 6. The face on the coin is a representation of the nation's president.
  • 15. How many legs does the elephant have?
  • 16. What do you see?
  • 17. Who is in this picture? • Do you see former President Bill Clinton and Al Gore? • Actually, it’s Clinton’s face twice with 2 different hair cuts!
  • 18. What do you see? Hint: There are 3 images. 1. An old lady 2. A young woman 3. A man with a big brown mustache
  • 19. Take a very close look at the 2 vertical lines. Is one line is longer than the other? They are the SAME
  • 20. Compare this picture to the next one…
  • 21. What’s the difference?
  • 22. Does the square have curved sides?
  • 23. What do you see?
  • 24. Can you stack these blocks?
  • 25. What animal do you perceive? A Duck, Bunny, or BOTH?
  • 26. Where are those dots coming from?! YourYour brain!brain!
  • 27. Look at the chart and say the color, NOT the word Your right brain tried to say the color, but your left brain was reading the word.
  • 28. Read across..
  • 29. Can you pick the tallest soldier? They are all the same height!
  • 30. What do you see? The Landscape of Faces
  • 31. Do you see the face on Earth? How about now?
  • 32. These circles are not moving, your brain is making them appear to move. Try focusing on one circle. It will stop moving.
  • 33. Are these dots moving?
  • 34. Does this image appear to be moving? • It’s NOT! • Just kidding, this one is actually moving

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