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The Many Uses of Wikis, Wikipedia, Wikipedians, Neutrality, and Mashups
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  • 1. Participation Literacy Week#6 Wikis and Mashups last update: March 21, 2009 Trebor Scholz
  • 2. week 2 Conversation: Overview, Getting Started Democracy and Blogging week 1 Conversation: week 3 Privacy and Social Networking Attention Overload: Search, Filter, Content Aggregation Collective Action: week 4 week 5 Flash Mobs, Activism, and Micro-Blogging week 6 Collaboration: week 7 Spring Break Wikis, Wikipedia, Mashups Collaboration: Collaborative Writing week 8 Collaboration: week 9 Social Mapping Sharing Cooperation: Media Sharing week 10 Sharing week 11 Referral, Tagging, Folksonomies Sharing Piracy and File Sharing week 12 week 13 Sharing week 14 Copyright and Virtual Worlds Social Bookmarking Social Music Sites week 15 Social Cataloging Sites Trebor Scholz | The New School University | LCST 3073 A | Spring 2009
  • 3. Collaboration: Wikis, Wikipedia, Mashups week 6 March 3, 5 Required Reading: Schiff, Stacy. quot;Annals of Information: Know It All: Can Wikipedia conquer expertise?quot; The New Yorker. 31 July 2006. 28 Jan. 2009 <http://www.newyorker.com/archive/2006/07/31/060731fa_fact>. Resources on wikis: http://is.gd/fdZd Trebor Scholz | The New School University | LCST 3073 A | Spring 2009
  • 4. Wikipedia
  • 5. John Udellsʼ screen cast shows the gradual refinement of a Wikipedia article-- collective intelligence at work. http://weblog.infoworld.com/udell/gems/umlaut.html
  • 6. “Please be neutral when editing this highly sensitive article.” http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Talk:Gaza%E2%80%93Israel_conflict#Battle_of_Gaza_.282007.29
  • 7. Every Wiki Entry Counts quot;’American media has seen certain narratives form, and not just about Israel but about China, Iran and France,quot; he says. ‘We see the same stories being recycled over and over again in the mainstream media because it fits the narrative they'd created.’quot; “Wikipedia, Shankbone says, is different because it ‘covers everything’ - the Palestinian side, the Israeli side and everything in between.“ quot;’American media has seen certain narratives form, and not just about Israel but about China, Iran and France,’ he says. ‘We see the same stories being recycled over and over again in the mainstream media because it fits the narrative they'd created.’quot; He is unfazed when he hears that the entry on Israel mentions the word quot;occupationquot; nine times, whereas the entry on the Palestinian People mentions quot;terrorquot; only once. quot;It means only one thing: Israelis should be more active on Wikipedia. Instead of blaming it, they should go on the site much more, and try and change it.quot; David Shankbone (leading editor for the online encyclopedia Wikipedia) http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/937991.html
  • 8. http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Abortion&action=edit&section=1
  • 9. http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Islam&oldid=27501064
  • 10. Collective Intelligence “networked culture gives rise to new structures of power which stem from the ability of diverse groups of people to pool knowledge, collaborate through research, debate interpretations, and through such a collaborative process, refine their understanding of the world.” Henry Jenkins http://www.henryjenkins.org/2006/11/collective_intelligence_vs_the.html -share information -correct, evaluate each other's contributions -reach consensus
  • 11. WikiScanner http://virgil.gr/31 Who edits which entry? http://wikiscanner.virgil.gr/
  • 12. Los Angeles Times suspends ‘Wikitorials’ Users flood paper’s Web site with foul language, pornography http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/8300420/
  • 13. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:List_of_Wikipedians_by_number_of_edits Who are the Wikipedians?
  • 14. Tapping into the wisdom of crowds through game play “What he showed was a mockup of a Star Wars Galaxies medical screen, displaying real medical imagery. Players were challenged to advance as doctors by diagnosing the cancers displayed, in an effort to capture the wisdom of crowds. The result? A typical gamer was found to be able to diagnose accurately at 60% of the rate of a trained pathologist. Pile 30 gamers on top of one another, and the averaged result is equivalent to that of a pathologist — with a total investment of around 60-100 hours per player.” -- Ralph Koster http://www.raphkoster.com/2006/01/04/treating-players-like-numbers/
  • 15. Does the Wisdom of the Crowd work for art? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w2xUzv6iZWo > 50 million views Top 10 YouTube Videos of All Time #2. Avril Lavigne's Girlfriend Lavigne circulated versions of this video in various languages Chinese Version http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fjPto9MlseM Czech version http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fjPto9MlseM Avril Lavigne - Girlfriend (Portugese Version) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PqAlMCMbapk Avril Lavigne Girlfriend Novia en Español http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tSDMj_74OyU
  • 16. http://www.howcast.com/ http://www.wikihow.com nobody knows everything, everyone knows something
  • 17. Uses of Wikis
  • 18. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DAJ1gVaoic4&feature=channel_page
  • 19. http://amapedia.amazon.com/
  • 20. Mashups
  • 21. Mashups Mashup (music), a musical genre of songs that consist entirely of parts of other songs Mashup (video), a video that is edited from more than one source Mashup (web application hybrid), a website or web application that combines content from more than one source
  • 22. Mashups music and video
  • 23. hundreds of songs remixed http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WAU_bYpQqb4
  • 24. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6h3G-lMZxjo
  • 25. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hVDnFYsEPQE&feature=related The Heavy Metal Remix http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tU6k4484vvg&feature=related
  • 26. http://thru-you.com/
  • 27. Mashups photo
  • 28. http://flickrvision.com/
  • 29. http://www.qflick.com/
  • 30. photosynth
  • 31. http://cooliris.com/
  • 32. Mashups start pages
  • 33. http://www.netvibes.com/#General
  • 34. http://www.wikicrimes.org/main.html
  • 35. http://platial.com/search?what=11238&where=world
  • 36. http://www.wikimapia.org/beta/#lat=41.84&lon=‐87.68&z=19&l=0&m=b&v=1&search=chicago
  • 37. Trebor Scholz scholzt@newschool.edu New School University Twitter: trebors Blog: http://www.collectivate.net/journalisms Delicious: http://del.icio.us/trebor Flickr: http://flickr.com/photos/treborscholz LibraryThing: http://www.librarything.com/profile/trebor