Wisdom of the Crowd vs. Collective Intelligence.

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Wisdom of Crowds vs. Collective Intelligence …

The 
Wisdom of Crowds vs. Collective Intelligence
Week 5 Social Media

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  • 1. Social Media week5 Wisdom of the Crowd Versus Collective Intelligence updated last: March 09 Trebor Scholz | LCST 2031 A | Spring 2009
  • 2. What You Need To Know About This Course week 1 Histories of the Internet week 2 Histories of the Internet and World Wide Web week 3 Social Media, Cyber Clustering, and Social Isolation week 4 Participation: Benefits, Numbers, and Quality week 5 Wisdom of the Crowd Versus Collective Intelligence The Web 2.0 Ideology week 7 week 6 Art and Social Media Spring Break week 8 Political Net Activism week 9 What Does It Take To Participate? Why Participate? week 10 Got Ethics? Labor, Work, What? week 11 week 14 The Power of Users week 13 Net Neutrality week 12 Near Future Scenarios week 15 Presentations Trebor Scholz | LCST 2031 A | Spring 2009
  • 3. Monday: Who Cares? Social Media in Numbers. The Benefits. Required Reading: Rosen, Jay. quot;PressThink: The People Formerly Known as the Audience.quot; Department of Journalism at New York University. 27 Jun 2006. 16 Jul 2007 <http://journalism.nyu.edu/pubzone/weblogs/pressthink/2006/06/27/ppl_frmr.html>. Wednesday: Wisdom of the Crowd versus Collective Intelligence. The Wisdom or Ineptitude of Internet Users Required Reading: Lanier, Jaron. quot;Edge; DIGITAL MAOISM: The Hazards of the New Online Collectivism By Jaron Lanier.quot; Edge. 30 May 2006. 31 Jul 2007 <http://www.edge.org/3rd_culture/lanier06/lanier06_index.html>. quot;Reactions to Digital Maoism. Many-to-Many:.quot; Many-to-Many:. 3 Feb 2006. 27 Jun 2007 <http://many.corante.com/archives/2006/06/07/reactions_to_digital_maoism.php>.
  • 4. What is the difference between quot;collective intelligencequot; and quot;the wisdom of crowdsquot;? http://tinyurl.com/2gk6jv
  • 5. What is the difference between the Wisdom of Crowds and Collective Intelligence?
  • 6. ...aggregating anonymously produced quantifiable data “There are four key qualities that make a crowd smart. It needs to be diverse, so that people are bringing different pieces of information to the table. It needs to be decentralized, so that no one at the top is dictating the crowd's answer. It needs a way of summarizing people's opinions into one collective verdict. And the people in the crowd need to be independent, so that they pay attention mostly to their own information, and not worrying about what everyone around them thinks.” http://www.randomhouse.com/features/wisdomofcrowds/Q&A.html “the aggregation of information in groups, [results] in decisions that…are often better than could have been made by any single member of the group.” -The Wisdom of Crowds, James Surowiecki
  • 7. http://images.google.com/imagelabeler/
  • 8. Does the Wisdom of Crowds work for politics? quot;given a large enough and varied population offering up their best estimates of quantity or probability, the average of all responses will be more accurate than any given individual response.quot;(1) http://www.intrade.com/ quot;The [Intrade] markets offer a great way to track the market-based consensus on political and current events. People put real money on the line in making predictions, which is better than snap judgments in opinion polls or no-stakes views of pundits.quot; Tom Gallagher, ISI Group (1) http://www.henryjenkins.org/2006/11/collective_intelligence_vs_the.html
  • 9. http://www.piqqem.com/ What happens when you “... outsource the prediction of stock market to a crowd” ?
  • 10. When you run SETI@home (Search for Extra-Terrestrial Intelligence) on your computer, it will use part of the computer's CPU power, disk space, and network bandwidth. You can control how much of your resources are used by SETI@home, and when it uses them. http://setiathome.berkeley.edu/info.php
  • 11. http://www.thesheepmarket.com/
  • 12. The Wisdom of the Crowd does not work for art. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w2xUzv6iZWo > 50 million views Top 10 YouTube Videos of All Time #2. Avril Lavigne's Girlfriend Lavigne circulated versions of this video in various languages Chinese Version http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fjPto9MlseM Czech version http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fjPto9MlseM Avril Lavigne - Girlfriend (Portugese Version) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PqAlMCMbapk Avril Lavigne Girlfriend Novia en Español http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tSDMj_74OyU
  • 13. Collective Intelligence “networked culture gives rise to new structures of power which stem from the ability of diverse groups of people to pool knowledge, collaborate through research, debate interpretations, and through such a collaborative process, refine their understanding of the world.” Henry Jenkins http://www.henryjenkins.org/2006/11/collective_intelligence_vs_the.html -share information -correct, evaluate each other's contributions -reach consensus
  • 14. John Udellsʼ screen cast shows the gradual refinement of a Wikipedia article-- collective intelligence at work. http://weblog.infoworld.com/udell/gems/umlaut.html
  • 15. http://sciencecommons.org/projects/healthcommons/
  • 16. http://www.bbc.co.uk/springwatch/
  • 17. http://www.howcast.com/ http://www.wikihow.com nobody knows everything, everyone knows something
  • 18. Tapping into the wisdom of crowds through game play “What he showed was a mockup of a Star Wars Galaxies medical screen, displaying real medical imagery. Players were challenged to advance as doctors by diagnosing the cancers displayed, in an effort to capture the wisdom of crowds. The result? A typical gamer was found to be able to diagnose accurately at 60% of the rate of a trained pathologist. Pile 30 gamers on top of one another, and the averaged result is equivalent to that of a pathologist — with a total investment of around 60-100 hours per player.” -- Ralph Koster http://www.raphkoster.com/2006/01/04/treating-players-like-numbers/
  • 19. http://www.flickr.com/commons Flickr users create meta data for photographs from library of congress.
  • 20. The Random Pick of the Day Do you mind exposing yourself to random links by people you don’t know?
  • 21. Consensus Web Filters The Importance of What We Care About (What Do We Pay Attention To?) “babyman,” a Digg.com power user, disproportionally determines what gets attention on the site Andrew Sorcini, a.k.a. Mr. Baby Man on Digg.com, joined Digg on December 27, 2005. Since then he “dugg” 106,266 stories, commented on 2,052 stories, submitted 10,349 stories, made 2,848 Text stories popular, gained 11,095 fans, and had his profile viewed 262,813 times. http://digg.com/users/MrBabyMan
  • 22. Not everybody contributes. The participatory segment of Web 2.0 as a percentage of all users on the web increased from 2% in 2005 to 12% in 2007, resulting in a growth of 668% “150000 videos are uploaded to YouTube per day (Wesch 2008). Between 1 and 2 million photos are uploaded to Flickr each day (Flickr main page)” http://mediatedcultures.net/ksudigg/?p=163 http://tinyurl.com/27fvsb http://tinyurl.com/24997v
  • 23. http://many.corante.com/archives/2006/06/07/reactions_to_digital_maoism.php
  • 24. Trebor Scholz Twitter: trebors Blog: http://www.collectivate.net/journalisms Delicious: http://del.icio.us/trebor Flickr: http://flickr.com/photos/treborscholz LibraryThing: http://www.librarything.com/profile/trebor