Public, Private, Social?




Trebor Scholz
Department of Media Study
trebor@thing.net

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCom...
Public Sphere?




                 2
The Public Sphere
  Jurgen Habermas


  quot;a network for communicating
  information and points of viewquot;


  Ideas e...
The Public Sphere

Public sphere is closely connected with politics


 He demands channels of “undistorted communication”
...
http://tinyurl.com/399j4z

                            5
The Public Sphere

       
                 Jurgen Habermas



Three key features


    Participation is open to all
    A...
7
Preconditions to participation



 1. Technological literacy

 2. Time commitment

 3. Additional financial resources

 

...
Boulevard




            9
Time




Significant time investment to create quality online content
Time investment is in reading and keeping up with ne...
The Decline of Social Capital?




                                 11
Social Capital

           http://tinyurl.com/34beyt

                                   12
Social Capital

Putnam:
Resources available to you based on your network

quot;refers to the collective value of all 'soci...
www.isuma.net/v02n01/putnam/putnam6.gif

                                          14
15
16
Smaller groups, not large

Active involvement in face to face tertiary
groups is down (e.g., Rotary, etc)



National Rifl...
http://tinyurl.com/2noqpq

                            18
Putnam:
Since end of WWII

In the United States decline in civic participation, religious
participation (church), civic pa...
Putnam: social capital is a key
component to building and
maintaining democracy.




Social capital is declining in the Un...
... far less connected?
       Oh, really?




                          21
What’s wrong?




                22
Culture of Parental
                              “Ubercontrol”
http://tinyurl.com/ywfk5l

                               ...
Urban Sprawl

           24
Culture of Fear

              25
SNS linked to
  obesity

    http://tinyurl.com/2vqtgm

                                26
Networked lifestyle, changing
                                 character of work




http://tinyurl.com/29xmtw
http://tiny...
Decline of
face to face contact!?
                         28
Reclaim the Streets




                      http://tinyurl.com/22vm23

                                                  29
http://tinyurl.com/39ssxq
                      30
Social Networking as
Temporary Patch for Social Ills?




    http://tinyurl.com/2egxeg

                                 ...
The Networked Public Sphere
Yochai Benkler




                              32
http://tinyurl.com/2cehpo




The Commons




                                    33
The Networked Public Sphere
                              34
Many theorists have looked for terms that best
describe the changes that followed the introduction
of the Internet. The te...
Yochai Benkler


   Emergence of the Networked Public Sphere




                                              36
Networked Public Sphere



Cost of becoming a speaker lowered

For authoritarian countries it is harder and more
expensive...
Trent Lott


1)Lott story originally posted on talkingpointsmemo.com
2) Slate & the Washington Post
3) Widespread attentio...
(media sharing, video)
                                                                                      (The MySpace ...
(social networking site of the National Hockey League)
    (social networking for pet aficionados)




                    ...
(mobile social networking and media sharing)


                                                         (social networking...
Plural Monocultures

split into small fractionalized topical niches


                                                 42
The Daily We
“The Daily Me, My Friends, and Some Folks I Respect.”




                 plural monocultures
             s...
- end -


trebor@thing.net




                   44
45
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Public, Private, & Social?

4,098 views
3,878 views

Published on

Published in: Technology, News & Politics
0 Comments
8 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
4,098
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
36
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
230
Comments
0
Likes
8
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Public, Private, & Social?

  1. 1. Public, Private, Social? Trebor Scholz Department of Media Study trebor@thing.net Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 1
  2. 2. Public Sphere? 2
  3. 3. The Public Sphere Jurgen Habermas quot;a network for communicating information and points of viewquot; Ideas eventually become public opinion “public sphere” vs. “private sphere” 3
  4. 4. The Public Sphere Public sphere is closely connected with politics He demands channels of “undistorted communication” and stresses the importance of emancipatory tools for participation in the public sphere. The public sphere describes the part of life in which one interacts with other people and society at large. 4
  5. 5. http://tinyurl.com/399j4z 5
  6. 6. The Public Sphere Jurgen Habermas Three key features Participation is open to all Any issue can be raised for rational debate All participants considered equal 6
  7. 7. 7
  8. 8. Preconditions to participation 1. Technological literacy 2. Time commitment 3. Additional financial resources 8
  9. 9. Boulevard 9
  10. 10. Time Significant time investment to create quality online content Time investment is in reading and keeping up with new developments This dissuades many from involvement 10
  11. 11. The Decline of Social Capital? 11
  12. 12. Social Capital http://tinyurl.com/34beyt 12
  13. 13. Social Capital Putnam: Resources available to you based on your network quot;refers to the collective value of all 'social networks' and the inclinations that arise from these networks to do things for each otherquot;. 13
  14. 14. www.isuma.net/v02n01/putnam/putnam6.gif 14
  15. 15. 15
  16. 16. 16
  17. 17. Smaller groups, not large Active involvement in face to face tertiary groups is down (e.g., Rotary, etc) National Rifle Association, AAA still high as commitment is low 17
  18. 18. http://tinyurl.com/2noqpq 18
  19. 19. Putnam: Since end of WWII In the United States decline in civic participation, religious participation (church), civic participation, altruism, reciprocity, workplace (union membership), informal connections, political participation (voting, running for office) 19
  20. 20. Putnam: social capital is a key component to building and maintaining democracy. Social capital is declining in the United States. Putnam: America is far less connected 20
  21. 21. ... far less connected? Oh, really? 21
  22. 22. What’s wrong? 22
  23. 23. Culture of Parental “Ubercontrol” http://tinyurl.com/ywfk5l 23
  24. 24. Urban Sprawl 24
  25. 25. Culture of Fear 25
  26. 26. SNS linked to obesity http://tinyurl.com/2vqtgm 26
  27. 27. Networked lifestyle, changing character of work http://tinyurl.com/29xmtw http://tinyurl.com/youo87 27
  28. 28. Decline of face to face contact!? 28
  29. 29. Reclaim the Streets http://tinyurl.com/22vm23 29
  30. 30. http://tinyurl.com/39ssxq 30
  31. 31. Social Networking as Temporary Patch for Social Ills? http://tinyurl.com/2egxeg 31
  32. 32. The Networked Public Sphere Yochai Benkler 32
  33. 33. http://tinyurl.com/2cehpo The Commons 33
  34. 34. The Networked Public Sphere 34
  35. 35. Many theorists have looked for terms that best describe the changes that followed the introduction of the Internet. The term “networked public sphere” speaks to a more expanded notion of the public sphere, taking into account social life on the World Wide Web. http://tinyurl.com/yv8c73 35
  36. 36. Yochai Benkler Emergence of the Networked Public Sphere 36
  37. 37. Networked Public Sphere Cost of becoming a speaker lowered For authoritarian countries it is harder and more expensive to maintain control over public spheres China, Singapore, Vietnam Cost of sending an email, setting up a web page, interactions with many people 37
  38. 38. Trent Lott 1)Lott story originally posted on talkingpointsmemo.com 2) Slate & the Washington Post 3) Widespread attention gained online. Basic tools are radically decentralized “See for yourself” culture Generative Internet 38
  39. 39. (media sharing, video) (The MySpace for Christians) (Latino social networking site) (referral and social networking around music) (free social networking, cars) (social networking, online education, e-commerce) (online identity) (social networking for professional women, feminist) (Christian social networking site) (social networking for soccer players) (referral site about travel) (social networking, media sharing, family-focused) (sharing of all kinds of lists with friends) (blogging, media sharing) (mobile social networking) 2006 39
  40. 40. (social networking site of the National Hockey League) (social networking for pet aficionados) (social search) (social networking and referral grouped around fashion) (social networking site about mental health and wellness) (feminist social networking site celebrating friendships among women) (social networking focused on weddings) (social networking and referral for the entire family) 2006 (activist, youth social networking) 40
  41. 41. (mobile social networking and media sharing) (social networking around baking) (social networking about books) (mobile media sharing) (mobile social networking, IM) (social maps) (micro-blogging) (social news site) (Game platform) 2007 41
  42. 42. Plural Monocultures split into small fractionalized topical niches 42
  43. 43. The Daily We “The Daily Me, My Friends, and Some Folks I Respect.” plural monocultures split into small fractionalized topical niches quot;The connections among people help guide what the group learns and knows.quot; David Weinberger http://tinyurl.com/2g975n 43
  44. 44. - end - trebor@thing.net 44
  45. 45. 45

×