Global Internet Activism. Introduction.

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  • Thanks, Jill. This is a reference for students to which they can go back throughout the semester. I only discuss a few of these slides in the introductory presentation. What are you teaching this spring?
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  • What a well-though-out course - now, you're not planning on showing the whole slideshow on the first day of class, right? It's to be spread out through the semester?
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Global Internet Activism. Introduction.

  1. 1. Global Internet Activism Trebor Scholz | The New School University | Eugene Lang College | LCST 4014 A | Spring 2009
  2. 2. Political Activism, Advocacy, and Art Activism week 2 week 1 Access, Censorship, Social Media, and the week 3 Alleged Democratization Citizen Media: from of Society Seattle to South Korea War and Social Media: Serbia week 5 week 4 War and Social Media: Iraq, Gaza week 6 Spring Break week 7 War and Social Media: Counter-publics Iran, Afghanistan in Iran week 8 week 9 Cell phone-enabled Citizen Media in China week 12 activism: Philippines Burma week 11 week 10 Japan, Singapore A Better World in Second Life? week 14 One Laptop Per Child week 13 Cyber Publics in India week 15 Mobilization Trebor Scholz | The New School University | LCST 4014 A | Spring 2009
  3. 3. http://netactivism.ning.com
  4. 4. http://globalvoicesonline.org/
  5. 5. http://tinyurl.com/2xrtpn
  6. 6. http://www.kitab.nl/tunisianprisonersmap/
  7. 7. Political Activism, Advocacy, and Art Activism using Social Media: Introduction, Overview week 1 Jan 27, 29 Questions: What is the value of discussion? Think of the worst group discussion you have ever been involved in. What happened that made these discussions so unpleasant? Conversely, think of the best discussions you have ever been involved in. What made these conversations so satisfying? How would you like to be spoken to by your peers? Together we formulate ground rules for discussion for the weeks to come. Throughout the semester there will be repeated anonymous after-class questionnaires. Required Readings (Thursday): Kazys Varnelis, quot;Conclusion: The Meaning of Network Culture,quot;Kazys Varnelis, Networked Publics (Cambridge: Boston, 2008) 146-163. Suggested Reading: Nina Felshin, quot;Introduction,quot; Nina Felshin, But is it Art? The Spirit of Art and Activism (Seattle: Bay Press, 1995) 9-28. Brecht, Bertolt. quot;The Radio as an Apparatus of Communication (July 1932).quot; ToniSant. 1 Jan. 2001. 14 Jan. 2009 <http://www.tonisant.com/class/2001/fall/brechtradio.htm>. Trebor Scholz | The New School University | LCST 4014 A | Spring 2009
  8. 8. John Heart;ield : Whoever Reads Bourgeois Newspapers Becomes  Blind and Deaf: Away with These Stultifying Bandages ! (1930) ;lickr.com/photos/marcwathieu/2469720834/sizes/l/ 
  9. 9. http://www.adbusters.org/
  10. 10. Access, Censorship, Social Media, and the Alleged Democratization of Society week 2 Feb 3, 5 Questions: What are valid arguments for and against the claim that the Internet democratizes society? How do the mainstream media pick the conflicts that they cover? What are our chances to be affective/effective as individuals or small groups dealing with issues like the US prison system, and (urban) poverty in the prevailing surroundings of corporate late capitalism? How do we decide which issues we take on and which ones we ignore? Required Readings: John Palfrey and Urs Gasser, quot;Activists,quot; John Palfrey and Urs Gasser, Born Digital (New York: Basic Books, 2008) 255-270. Sunstein, Cass R. quot;The Daily We.quot; Boston Review — Home. July-Aug. 2005. 14 Jan. 2009 <http://bostonreview.net/ BR26.3/sunstein.html>. Suggested Reading: Brea, Jennifer. quot;From Kivu to Gaza: How the Media Choose the Conflicts They Cover.quot; Global Voices Online. 9 Jan. 2009. 14 Jan. 2009 <http://globalvoicesonline.org/2009/01/09/from-kivu-to-gaza-how-the-media-choose-the- conflicts-they-cover/>. quot;Overview.quot; The Internet In the Arab World A New Space of Repression? 1 Jan. 2004. The Arabic Network for Human Rights Information. 14 Jan. 2009 <http://anhri.net/en/reports/net2004/intro.shtml>. Trebor Scholz | The New School University | LCST 4014 A | Spring 2009
  11. 11. http://advocacy.globalvoicesonline.org/projects/maps/
  12. 12. http://opennet.net/blog/2009/01/pakistan‐communication‐authority‐issues‐directives‐block‐web‐sites
  13. 13. Citizen Media: from Seattle to South Korea week 3 Feb 10, 12 Required Readings: Dorothy Kidd, quot;IndyMedia.org A New Communication Commons,quot; Martha McCaughey and Michael Ayers, Cyberactivism (London: Routledge, 2003) 47-65. Gillmore, Dan. We the Media. Grassroots Journalism by the People, for the People. 1 July 2004. Chapter 1: From Tom Paine to Blogs and Beyond. 6 Jan. 2009 <http://oreilly.com/catalog/wemedia/ book/ch01.pdf>. Suggested Reading: Kanter, Beth. quot;Video Blogging in Rural Cambodian Province.quot; Beth's Blog: How Nonprofits Can Use Social Media. 4 May 2008. 14 Jan. 2009 <http://beth.typepad.com/beths_blog/2008/05/video- blogging.html>. Shirky, Clay. quot;Exiting Deanspace.quot; Many-to-Many:. 3 Feb. 2004. 14 Jan. 2009 <http://many.corante.com/ archives/2004/02/03/exiting_deanspace.php>. Shirky, Clay. quot;Is Social Software Bad for the Dean Campaign?.quot; Many-to-Many:. 3 Feb. 2004. 14 Jan. 2009 <http://many.corante.com/archives/2004/01/26 is_social_software_bad_for_the_dean_campaign.php>. Case Studies: OhMyNews, IndyMedia, Riseup’s Crabgrass, The Memory Hole, Wikileaks, TXTmob, Bahrain Censored Google Earth, Tunisian Prison Map, tracking Darfur suspects on Facebook, Google Earth as visual evidence of the destruction in Darfur. Trebor Scholz | The New School University | LCST 4014 A | Spring 2009
  14. 14. http://cache.daylife.com/imageserve/042r6O45du52Y/610x.jpg
  15. 15. http://cache.daylife.com/imageserve/0aeO6Eh4hMgNg/610x.jpg
  16. 16. http://tinyurl.com/ 2dnhmy http://english.ohmynews.com/
  17. 17. http://www.bushin30seconds.org/
  18. 18. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gb1GQ2ioFuc
  19. 19. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/February_15,_2003_anti‐war_protest
  20. 20. March 27, 2006, LA Students organize 15000 people for immigration protest through MySpace and SMS
  21. 21. http://theyrule.net/
  22. 22. http://theyrule.net/
  23. 23. War and Social Media: Serbia week 4 Feb 14, 17 Required Readings: Raymond Williams, quot;Alternative Technology, Alternative Uses?,quot; Raymond Williams, Televison (London: Routledge, 1990) 138-160 Scholz, Trebor. quot;Carnival in the Eye of the Storm.quot; Art Journal (2000). Molodiez. 1 Dec. 2000. 14 Jan. 2009 <http://molodiez.org/kosovoarticle.html>. Select from mailing list archive: Archive of posts March 1999. 1 March. 1999. 26 Jan. 2009 <http://www.nettime.org/Lists-Archives/nettime-l-9903/maillist.html>. Archive of posts April 1999. 1 Apr. 1999. 26 Jan. 2009 <http://www.nettime.org/Lists-Archives/nettime-l-9904/threads.html>. Suggested Reading: (Excerpts handed out in class) Collin, Matthew. This Is Serbia Calling : Rock 'n Roll Radio and Belgrade's Underground Resistance. London: Serpent's Tail Limited, 2001. Case Studies: NATO bombing of Serbia: The first Internet War (use of mailing lists), Radio B-92 Media: Excerpts: Predictions of Fire by Michael Benson (1996) Trebor Scholz | The New School University | LCST 4014 A | Spring 2009
  24. 24. discussio starter: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1IGOZTpbuUY&feature=PlayList&p=E516EF846565A0A2&playnext=1&index=30
  25. 25. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0xkUMqXyDAo&feature=PlayList&p=64AD6D43071FFFA7&playnext=1&index=2
  26. 26. Military forces install a shrine, created by the Serbian Orthodox Church, on the disputed border between Serbia and Montenegro. Photograph by Savo Kovacevic, 2005.  source: http://slought.org/img/archive1/1351+press1.jpg
  27. 27. week 5 War and Social Media: Iraq, Gaza Required Readings: Hans Magnus Enzensberger, quot;Constituents of a Theory of the Media,quot; John Thornton Caldwell, Electronic Media and Technoculture (New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 2000) 51-76. David Kline and Dan Burstein, quot;A GI Blogs the War in Iraq. An Interview with Colby Buzzell,quot; David Kline and Dan Burstein, Blog! (New York: eds books, 2005) 265-269. Case Studies: War blogging: Salam Pax, Iraq Blog Count, Iraq Body Count, Game: Dead in Iraq, Youarenothere.org, Iraqslogger.com, Alive inBaghdad.org, Bird Watching and Blogging In Iraq Media: Iraq in Fragments (2006) Trebor Scholz | The New School University | LCST 4014 A | Spring 2009
  28. 28. Salam Pax March 2003 Anonymous Iraqi Blogger gains international visibility with posts about the war 
  29. 29. Salam Pax
  30. 30. http://wikileaks.org/wiki/Censored_Tibet_March_2008_protest_videos_-_AVI_format
  31. 31. http://www.appliedautonomy.com/
  32. 32. http://socialentrepreneurship.change.org/blog/view/war_in_140_characters_or_less
  33. 33. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Talk:Israeli%E2%80%93Palestinian_con;lict
  34. 34. War and Social Media: Afghanistan week 6 March 3, 5 Required Reading: Michael Y. Dartnell, quot;Insurgency Online as Global Witnessing The Web Activism of RAWA,quot; Michael Y. Dartnell, Insurgency Online Web Activism and Global Conflict (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2006) 46-72. Jon W. Anderson, quot;Internet Islam: New Media of the Islamic Reformation,quot; Donna Lee Bowen and Evelyn A. Early, Everyday Life in the Muslim Middle East (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2002) 300-304. Suggested Readings: Zuckerman, Ethan. quot;…My heart’s in Accra » Hossein Derakshan at Expression Under Repression.quot; Ethan Zuckerman. 11 Nov. 2005. 14 Jan. 2009 <http://www.ethanzuckerman.com/blog/2005/11/18/hossein-derakshan-at-expression-under-repression/>. Hermida, Alfred. quot;BBC NEWS | Science/Nature | Web gives a voice to Iranian women.quot; BBC NEWS | News Front Page. 17 June 2002. 14 Jan. 2009 <http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/2044802.stm>. Delio, Michelle. quot;Blogs Opening Iranian Society?quot; Wired News. 28 May 2003. 14 Jan. 2009 <http://www.wired.com/ culture/lifestyle/news/2003/05/58976>. Trebor Scholz | The New School University | LCST 4014 A | Spring 2009
  35. 35. Counter-publics in Iran week 7 March 10, 12 Required Reading: Babak Rahimi, quot;The Politics of the Internet in Iran,quot; Mehdi Semati, Media, Culture and Society in Iran Living with globalization and the Islamic state (London: Routledge, 2008) 36-56. Jon W. Anderson, quot;Internet Islam: New Media of the Islamic Reformation,quot; Donna Lee Bowen and Evelyn A. Early, Everyday Life in the Muslim Middle East (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2002) 300-304. Warner, Michael (2002): Publics and Counter-Publics. In: Public Cultures, vol. 14, no. 1, 49-90. URL: http://uts.cc.utexas.edu/~dcloud/Warner.pdf Suggested Reading: quot;Censorship in Iran.quot; Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. 1 Jan. 2009. 14 Jan. 2009 <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Censorship_in_Iran>. Case Studies: Iran Inside Out. 10 Jan. 2009. 14 Jan. 2009 <http://iraninsideout.com/>. Trebor Scholz | The New School University | LCST 4014 A | Spring 2009
  36. 36. Spring Break
  37. 37. Cell phone-enabled activism: Philippines week 8 March 24, 26 Required Readings: Jonathan Donner, quot;The social and economic implications of mobile telephony in Rwanda: An ownership/access typology,quot; Stefan Bertschi, Chris Locke Peter Glotz, Thumb Culture. The Meaning of Mobile Phones for Society (Bielefeld: transcript, 2005) 38-47. Ellis, Eric. quot;TIMEasia.com | Asia Buzz: Revolution | 1/23/2001.quot; Breaking News, Analysis, Politics, Blogs, News Photos, Video, Tech Reviews - TIME.com. 23 Jan. 2001. 14 Jan. 2009 <http://www.time.com/time/asia/asiabuzz/2001/01/23/>. LaFraniere, Sharon. quot;Cellphones Catapult Rural Africa to 21st Century.quot; The New York Times 25 Aug. 2005. 14 Jan. 2009 <http://www.nytimes.com/2005/08/25/international/africa/25africa.html>. Suggested Reading: Rabble. quot;Cellphones, Rural Social Movements and the Bolivian Gas War.quot; Anarchogeek:. 18 Nov. 2003. 14 Jan. 2009 <http://www.anarchogeek.com/archives/000256.html>. Case Studies: “Hello Garci!” Scandal Parra, Juliana R. quot;» Human Rights Video.quot; Global Voices Online. 13 Mar. 2008. 14 Jan. 2009 <http://globalvoicesonline.org/-/human-rights-video/>. Trebor Scholz | The New School University | LCST 4014 A | Spring 2009
  38. 38. http://www.;lickr.com/photos/thewily;ilipino/132176013/sizes/o/ Trebor Scholz | The New School University | LCST 4014 A | Spring 2009
  39. 39. Citizen Media in China week 9 March 31, April 2 Required Reading: David Kline and Dan Burstein, quot;Making Global Voices Heard,quot; David Kline and Dan Burstein, Blog! (New York: eds books, 2005) 324-332. quot;A Brief History of the Internet in China.quot; The Industry Standard. 17 May 2004. 14 Jan. 2009 <http://archive.thestandard.com/article.php?story=20040517152848274>. Yang, Guobin. quot;Activists beyond Virtual Borders: Internet–Mediated Networks and Informational Politics in China.quot; First Monday. 25 Aug. 2006. 14 Jan. 2009 <http:// firstmonday.org/htbin/cgiwrap/bin/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/1609/1524>. Trebor Scholz | The New School University | LCST 4014 A | Spring 2009
  40. 40. www.alouz.com/
  41. 41. chinachannel.hk/
  42. 42. http://www.torproject.org/
  43. 43. A Better World in Second Life? week 10 April 7,9 Required Readings: Wagner James Au, The Making of Second Life (New York: HarperCollins, 2008). 197-214. Suggested Reading: Kanter, Beth. quot;More about that Homeless Avatar in Second Life.quot; Beth's Blog: How Nonprofits Can Use Social Media. 1 Jan. 2007. 14 Jan. 2009 <http://beth.typepad.com/beths_blog/2007/01/ more_about_that.html>. Au, Wagner J. quot;New World Notes: HOMELESS FOR THE HOLIDAYS (Updated).quot; Second Life: New World Notes. 5 Dec. 2006. 14 Jan. 2009 <http://nwn.blogs.com/nwn/2006/12/homeless_for_th.html#more>. Case Studies: Better World Island, Democracy Island, The Avatar Action Center, Camp Darfur in Second Life, the Breast Cancer Network of Strength in Second Life, Homeless in SL Speaker: SL meeting with Second Front (Scott KiIdall, Patrick Lichty, Liz Solo, Doug Jarvis, Bibbe Hansen, Yael Gilks and Gazira Babeli) Trebor Scholz | The New School University | LCST 4014 A | Spring 2009
  44. 44. Democracy Island http://nyls.blogs.com/.shared/image.html?/photos/uncategorized/3dwikipark3.jpg
  45. 45. http://www.avataraction.org/twiki/tiki‐index.php
  46. 46. http://www.stopgenocidenow.org/campdarfur/second‐life
  47. 47. http://www.networkofstrength.org/secondlife/
  48. 48. http://www.betterworldisland.org/
  49. 49. http://www.geta;irstlife.com/
  50. 50. Japan, Singapore week 11 April 14, 16 Required Readings: quot;Pulling the Plug: A Technical Review of the Internet Shutdown in Burma | OpenNet Initiative.quot; ONI Home Page. 20 Sept. 2007. 14 Jan. 2009 <http://opennet.net/research/bulletins/013>. Trebor Scholz | The New School University | LCST 4014 A | Spring 2009
  51. 51. chinachannel.hk/
  52. 52. Causes and Groups: Burma week 12 April 21, 23 Required Readings: quot;Pulling the Plug: A Technical Review of the Internet Shutdown in Burma | OpenNet Initiative.quot; ONI Home Page | OpenNet Initiative. 20 Sept. 2007. 14 Jan. 2009 <http://opennet.net/research/bulletins/ 013>. Trebor Scholz | The New School University | LCST 4014 A | Spring 2009
  53. 53. http://www.facebook.com/group.php?gid=24957770200
  54. 54. http://www.facebook.com/apps/application.php?id=2318966938
  55. 55. http://ethanzuckerman.com/blog/?p=1430
  56. 56. Cyber Publics in India week 13 April 28, 20 Required Readings: Ravi Sundaram, quot;Beyond the Nationalist Panopticon: The Experience of Cyberpublics in India ,quot; John Thornton Caldwell, Electronic Media and Technoculture (New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 2000) 270-294. Case Studies: Tsunami Responses Trebor Scholz | The New School University | LCST 4014 A | Spring 2009
  57. 57. http://tsunamihelp.blogspot.com/
  58. 58. One Laptop Per Child week 14 May 5, 7 Required Reading: Ames, Morgan. quot;Hackermentality: Constructionist Learning and Hacker Ethos in One Laptop Per Child.quot; Diss. Unpublished Stanford University, 2008. (The instructor will email you the text with permission by the author. Please do not distribute.) Suggested Reading: One Laptop Per Child http://www.laptop.org/en/ Trebor Scholz | The New School University | LCST 4014 A | Spring 2009
  59. 59. static.guim.co.uk/sys‐images/Technology/Pix/pictures/2009...  Trebor Scholz | The New School University | LCST 4014 A | Spring 2009
  60. 60. Mobilization week 15 May 12, 14 Presentations Write letters to successors Trebor Scholz | The New School University | LCST 4014 A | Spring 2009
  61. 61. Trebor Scholz scholzt@newschool.edu Twitter: trebors Blog: http://www.collectivate.net/journalisms Delicious: http://del.icio.us/trebor Flickr: http://flickr.com/photos/treborscholz LibraryThing: http://www.librarything.com/profile/trebor

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