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協同創作與公眾授權
Collaborative	
 Works	
 and
Public	
 Licenses
莊庭瑞
中央研究院	
 資訊科學研究所
Tyng-Ruey	
 Chuang
Institute	
 of	
 Informatio...
By Ashley Holt (2002)
著作權所有
保留所有權利
All	
 Rights	
 Reserved
不可重製!	
 Must	
 Not	
 Copy!
不可散布!	
 Must	
 Not	
 Distribute!
不可改作!	
 Must	
 Not	
 Modify!
合理使用?
Fair	
 Use?
不可重製!	
 Must	
 Not	
 Copy!
不可散布!	
 Must	
 Not	
 Distribute!
不可改作!	
 Must	
 Not	
 Modify!
不可重製!	
 Must	
 Not	
 Copy!
不可散布!	
 Must	
 Not	
 Distribute!
不可改作!	
 Must	
 Not	
 Modify!
The	
 Daily	
 Practice	
 of
Copy,	
 Adapt,	
 Remix,	
 and	
 Share
•‧Image
•‧Sound
•‧Text
•‧Code
flickrCC	
 (flickrcc.bluemountains.net)
ccmixter.org
台灣棒球維基館 Taiwan Baseball Wiki
twbsball.dils.tku.edu.tw
LAMP
Linux/GNU, Apache, MySQL, PHP
協同創作	
 Collaborative	
 Works
•‧多人協力共同創作單一或一組作品
Works	
 created	
 and	
 used	
 by	
 multiple	
 members	
 at
the	
 same	
 ti...
公眾授權	
 Public	
 Licensing
•‧「保留部份權利」;著作的其他使用權利,以授權方式釋
出給一般公眾。
“Some	
 Rights	
 Reserved”;	
 Other	
 rights	
 to	
 use	
 th...
常用的公眾授權條款
Popular	
 Public	
 Licenses
•‧GNU	
 General	
 Public	
 License
•‧GNU	
 Free	
 Documentation	
 License
•‧BSD	
 Li...
協同創作的接取
Access	
 to	
 Collaborative	
 Works
•‧如何接取流動性參與下的協同創作產出?
How	
 to	
 access	
 the	
 output	
 of	
 a
collaboration	
...
協同創作+公眾授權
Collaborative	
 Works	
 +	
 Public	
 Licenses
•‧參與者對其所提供的素材,對公眾釋出部份使用
權利
Participants	
 make	
 available	
 some	...
著作權所有
保留部份權利
Some	
 Rights	
 Reserved
可以重製、散布、展示、演出,
唯需遵照一些條件:
Free	
 to	
 copy,	
 distribute,	
 exhibit,	
 and	
 perform,	
 
but	
 under	
 some	
 conditions
姓名標示	
 Attribution
相同方式分享	
 Share	
 Alike
禁止改作	
 No	
 Derivative	
 Works
非商業性	
 Noncommercial
六種組合	
 Six	
 Combinations
用於協同創作的常見授權條款
Frequently	
 Used	
 Public	
 Licenses
for	
 Collaborations
電影的協同創作與公眾授權
Collaborative	
 Film	
 Production	
 (ironsky.net)
音樂的協同創作與公眾授權(卡巴卡)
Collaborative	
 Music	
 Production	
 (CABACA)
“CC	
 Asia	
 Band”	
 meet-up
•‧Time:	
 2	
 -	
 4	
 pm	
 this	
 afternoon
•‧Place:	
 Lounge	
 &	
 Café
•‧People:	
 Artists,...
卡巴卡	
 CABACA
協力創作下的專輯	
 A	
 Collaborative	
 Album
•‧Each	
 artist	
 contributes	
 her/his	
 works,	
 and
participates	
 in...
卡巴卡	
 收錄曲目
What	
 Is	
 in	
 CABACA?
1.	
 Bosom	
 (Lim	
 Giong)
2.	
 Every	
 Dog	
 Has	
 His	
 Day	
 (Pig	
 Head	
 Skin)
3....
不能只有公眾授權條款
Public	
 Licenses	
 Alone	
 Are	
 Not	
 Enough
•‧ 需要額外的機制讓計畫可以持續進行
Also	
 need	
 other	
 mechanisms	
 to	
 keep...
CABACA	
 專案	
 協力者合作同意書	
 (1/3)
1. 本人同意本專案所有協力人員(下稱「協力者)),得
為本專案而使用本人創作再為創作,包含重製、散布、
演播、編輯及其他改作本人創作的權利。
2.	
 本人同意本人創作,及任何因本...
CABACA	
 Collaborators	
 Joint	
 Agreement	
 (1/3)
1. I	
 permit	
 all	
 collaborators	
 in	
 the	
 project	
 to
use	
 my	...
CABACA	
 專案	
 協力者合作同意書	
 (2/3)
4.	
 協力者擁有編輯物的所有權利。任何協力者(包
含本人在內),擁有自由使用編輯物的權利,而毋
須經過其他協力者的事先同意,惟該等權利係非專
屬、且不得轉讓予協力者以外的第三人。...
CABACA	
 Collaborators	
 Joint	
 Agreement	
 (2/3)
4. The	
 collaborators	
 own	
 the	
 collections.	
 Any
collaborator	
 ...
CABACA	
 專案	
 協力者合作同意書	
 (3/3)
7.	
 所有前述授權皆為非專屬授權。所有協
力者皆保有編輯物中其創作的完全所有
權及相關權利,並得自由支配其獨立創
作,毋須經過其他協力者的同意。
8.	
 就本人所知、且為上述授...
CABACA	
 Collaborators	
 Joint	
 Agreement	
 (3/3)
7. All	
 permissions	
 granted	
 above	
 are	
 non-
exclusive.	
 Subjec...
cabaca.org
The	
 Remix	
 Continues,	
 on	
 CC	
 Mixter!
創造性 Creativity
傳承 Heritage
科技 Technology法律 Law
四面體:今日我們的居所
A tetrahedron: The place we live today
完
FIN
advertisement
Creative	
 Commons	
 Licenses	
 Workshop
Feb	
 26,	
 2009	
 (this	
 Thursday)
2:00	
 pm	
 -	
 5:30	
 pm
Conf...
Collaborative Works and Public Licenses / 協同創作與公眾授權
Collaborative Works and Public Licenses / 協同創作與公眾授權
Collaborative Works and Public Licenses / 協同創作與公眾授權
Collaborative Works and Public Licenses / 協同創作與公眾授權
Collaborative Works and Public Licenses / 協同創作與公眾授權
Collaborative Works and Public Licenses / 協同創作與公眾授權
Collaborative Works and Public Licenses / 協同創作與公眾授權
Collaborative Works and Public Licenses / 協同創作與公眾授權
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Collaborative Works and Public Licenses / 協同創作與公眾授權

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Slides used at the TELDAP International Conference, Feb. 23-7, 2009, Taipei, Taiwan (http://collab.teldap.tw/2009teldap/conference_en.html).

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Transcript of "Collaborative Works and Public Licenses / 協同創作與公眾授權"

  1. 1. 協同創作與公眾授權 Collaborative Works and Public Licenses 莊庭瑞 中央研究院 資訊科學研究所 Tyng-Ruey Chuang Institute of Information Science, Academia Sinica 2009-02-23 Except for quoted texts and images, this work is released under the Creative Commons “Attribution-No Derivative Works 2.5 Taiwan” License.
  2. 2. By Ashley Holt (2002)
  3. 3. 著作權所有 保留所有權利 All Rights Reserved
  4. 4. 不可重製! Must Not Copy! 不可散布! Must Not Distribute! 不可改作! Must Not Modify!
  5. 5. 合理使用? Fair Use?
  6. 6. 不可重製! Must Not Copy! 不可散布! Must Not Distribute! 不可改作! Must Not Modify!
  7. 7. 不可重製! Must Not Copy! 不可散布! Must Not Distribute! 不可改作! Must Not Modify!
  8. 8. The Daily Practice of Copy, Adapt, Remix, and Share •‧Image •‧Sound •‧Text •‧Code
  9. 9. flickrCC (flickrcc.bluemountains.net)
  10. 10. ccmixter.org
  11. 11. 台灣棒球維基館 Taiwan Baseball Wiki twbsball.dils.tku.edu.tw
  12. 12. LAMP Linux/GNU, Apache, MySQL, PHP
  13. 13. 協同創作 Collaborative Works •‧多人協力共同創作單一或一組作品 Works created and used by multiple members at the same time •‧流動性、多樣性的參與和協力方式 Fluid in the member composition; indefinite in the time span of each one’s participation •‧創作多取材自協力者所提供之素材或作品 Materials contributed by collaborators and/or taken from other sources •‧共同之產出具有普遍的價值 Producing works with social and/or utility value
  14. 14. 公眾授權 Public Licensing •‧「保留部份權利」;著作的其他使用權利,以授權方式釋 出給一般公眾。 “Some Rights Reserved”; Other rights to use the work are granted to the public with a license. •‧授權方式:不限區域、無權利金、非專屬、不會撤回。 The license is worldwide, royalty-free, non- exclusive, and perpetual (for the duration of the applicable copyright). •‧授權人以書面條款明示授權標的與方式,被授權人同意該 授權條款後即可使用。 The licensor makes clear what work is to be licensed and under what license. A licensee is any person who agrees with the license, and uses the work.
  15. 15. 常用的公眾授權條款 Popular Public Licenses •‧GNU General Public License •‧GNU Free Documentation License •‧BSD License •‧Creative Commons Licenses
  16. 16. 協同創作的接取 Access to Collaborative Works •‧如何接取流動性參與下的協同創作產出? How to access the output of a collaboration in which participations are fluid and indefinite? •‧原議題:誰的著作?誰有權利? Old questions: Who are the authors, and who has the rights? •‧新思維:誰可以用?如何利用 New thinking: Who can use the works, in what ways, and under what conditions?
  17. 17. 協同創作+公眾授權 Collaborative Works + Public Licenses •‧參與者對其所提供的素材,對公眾釋出部份使用 權利 Participants make available some of their works. •‧「允許衍生著作」與「相同方式分享」之必要 The right to make modifications, and the obligation to share the results likewise. •‧參與者共同採用具以上條件的特定公眾授權條款 All participants agree to a particular public license for the output of their collaboration. •‧認同的公眾即可成為參與者 Whoever agrees to the license can participate!
  18. 18. 著作權所有 保留部份權利 Some Rights Reserved
  19. 19. 可以重製、散布、展示、演出, 唯需遵照一些條件: Free to copy, distribute, exhibit, and perform, but under some conditions
  20. 20. 姓名標示 Attribution 相同方式分享 Share Alike 禁止改作 No Derivative Works 非商業性 Noncommercial
  21. 21. 六種組合 Six Combinations
  22. 22. 用於協同創作的常見授權條款 Frequently Used Public Licenses for Collaborations
  23. 23. 電影的協同創作與公眾授權 Collaborative Film Production (ironsky.net)
  24. 24. 音樂的協同創作與公眾授權(卡巴卡) Collaborative Music Production (CABACA)
  25. 25. “CC Asia Band” meet-up •‧Time: 2 - 4 pm this afternoon •‧Place: Lounge & Café •‧People: Artists, producers, techies, potential sponsors, •‧Purpose: Jamming of collaboration ideas and plans, especially about producing a CC-licensed CD album and joint performance. By now, history! (Posted 2008-01-19)
  26. 26. 卡巴卡 CABACA 協力創作下的專輯 A Collaborative Album •‧Each artist contributes her/his works, and participates in one another’s new creations: –Melodies, lyrics, instrument loops, performance tracks, recordings with others, remixes, etc. •‧Have no money for live studio sessions •‧MoShang (莫尚) to mix tracks and to master the CD in his home studio •‧Pig Head Skin (朱頭皮) to develop the CD into a product, and to find a distributor for the CD •‧Many, many, late-night e-mail exchange and file sharing
  27. 27. 卡巴卡 收錄曲目 What Is in CABACA? 1. Bosom (Lim Giong) 2. Every Dog Has His Day (Pig Head Skin) 3. Freedom Zen (MoShang + Chang, Jui-Chuan) 4. Naluwan House (Kou Chou Ching + Sonja V.) 5. Walking Tall (Monbaza) 6. Aspects Of Reality (Sudev Bangah) 7. Moved By An Angel (Lisa Diy) 8. Crossing The Pond (Snoblind + Anji Bee) 9. Favor Tweet (Takeru Ishikawa + Anji Bee) 10. Free Music 2 (Cho PD) 11. Turntable Sound (DJ Jangga) and more
  28. 28. 不能只有公眾授權條款 Public Licenses Alone Are Not Enough •‧ 需要額外的機制讓計畫可以持續進行 Also need other mechanisms to keep people together and the projects going. •‧ 維基媒體基金會、Debian 計畫憲章 The Wikimedia Foundation acts as an entrusted custodian of the Wikipedia; The Debian Project has a constitution that formalizes the decision- making body. •‧ CABACA 專案 協力者合作同意 CABACA Collaborators Joint Agreement.
  29. 29. CABACA 專案 協力者合作同意書 (1/3) 1. 本人同意本專案所有協力人員(下稱「協力者)),得 為本專案而使用本人創作再為創作,包含重製、散布、 演播、編輯及其他改作本人創作的權利。 2. 本人同意本人創作,及任何因本專案而新創之著作,得 被收錄與本專案相關之音樂合輯、網站或其他編輯物 (下稱「編輯物」)中,惟任一編輯物僅得包含協力者 的創作。 3. 本人同意,收錄於編輯物中的本人創作,採 創用CC 「姓名標示-非商業性-相同方式分享 2.5 台灣」授權條 款 ,釋出供公眾使用。
  30. 30. CABACA Collaborators Joint Agreement (1/3) 1. I permit all collaborators in the project to use my contributions to create new works as part of the CABACA project. 2. I agree to have my contributions and any works created from the project collected into collections, as long as each collection consists only of the contributions from the collaborators. 3. I agree to my contributions as included in the collections being released to the public under the CC "BY-NC-SA 2.5 Taiwan" License.
  31. 31. CABACA 專案 協力者合作同意書 (2/3) 4. 協力者擁有編輯物的所有權利。任何協力者(包 含本人在內),擁有自由使用編輯物的權利,而毋 須經過其他協力者的事先同意,惟該等權利係非專 屬、且不得轉讓予協力者以外的第三人。 5. Jean Marais (莫尚)及朱約信(朱頭皮)受協 力者(包含本人在內)委託,處理編輯物之所有事 宜,包含得代協力者就編輯物與他人簽訂合約。 6. 編輯物所產生之任何收益,應被使用於推廣本專 案及協力者作品之用途。如前述收益於推廣本專案 及協力者作品外尚有剩餘,應回饋予協力者,並由 其共享之。
  32. 32. CABACA Collaborators Joint Agreement (2/3) 4. The collaborators own the collections. Any collaborator has the rights and the freedom to use the collections without the need to ask other collaborators. 5. MoShang and Pig Head Skin are entrusted to deal with all business associated with the collections on behalf of the other collaborators. 6. Any profit from the collections shall be used to further promote the project and the works of the collaborators,
  33. 33. CABACA 專案 協力者合作同意書 (3/3) 7. 所有前述授權皆為非專屬授權。所有協 力者皆保有編輯物中其創作的完全所有 權及相關權利,並得自由支配其獨立創 作,毋須經過其他協力者的同意。 8. 就本人所知、且為上述授權所必要的範 圍內,本人承諾擁有本人創作的所有權 利(包含著作權),以為上述授權。
  34. 34. CABACA Collaborators Joint Agreement (3/3) 7. All permissions granted above are non- exclusive. Subject to these permissions, all collaborators retain full ownership of and legal rights over their contributions, and are free to deal with them as they see fit. 8. To the best of my knowledge, I assert that I hold all legal rights, including copyright, necessary to grant the above permissions. (The agreement drafted by Tyng-Ruey Chuang and Jessica Coates.)
  35. 35. cabaca.org
  36. 36. The Remix Continues, on CC Mixter!
  37. 37. 創造性 Creativity 傳承 Heritage 科技 Technology法律 Law 四面體:今日我們的居所 A tetrahedron: The place we live today
  38. 38. 完 FIN
  39. 39. advertisement Creative Commons Licenses Workshop Feb 26, 2009 (this Thursday) 2:00 pm - 5:30 pm Conference Room 2 (this venue) (CABACA CD Album on sale)
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