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Digital Preservation
 

Digital Preservation

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Digital Preservation Digital Preservation Presentation Transcript

  • Digital Preservationby Tom Beck and Emily Rose Mueller
  • What is digital preservation? “The process of maintaining… materials produced in digital formats, including… the continued ability to render or display the content… “Also refers to the practice of digitizing materials… to prevent permanent loss due to deterioration of the physical medium.”Reitz, Joan M. “Digital Preservation.” Online Dictionary for Library and Information Science.http://www.abc-clio.com/ODLIS/odlis_D.aspx?#digitalpreservation (accessed March 3, 2011).
  • What is digital preservation? “The process of maintaining… materials produced in digital formats, including… the continued ability to render or display the content… “Also refers to the practice of digitizing materials… to prevent permanent loss due to deterioration of the physical medium.”Reitz, Joan M. “Digital Preservation.” Online Dictionary for Library and Information Science.http://www.abc-clio.com/ODLIS/odlis_D.aspx?#digitalpreservation (accessed March 3, 2011).
  • Why Digital Preservation? Digitization Easier Access & Sharing Can save space & resources Preservation of “born digital” materials Dependent on digital system to access Fragile, require active maintenance
  • History: 1970s1971—Electronic Arts Intermix founded, promotespreservation of sound & video recordings1972—Valley Visions & Voices: A Digital MemoryProject for West Central Indiana1974—Columbias Preservation Division, one of theoldest library preservation programs in the U.S.1974—Research Libraries Group collaborates onprojects that bring print collections online
  • History: 1980s1980—United Nations votes to preserve film &television recordings of cultural & historical importance1986—LOC becomes headquarters for theInternational Federation of Library AssociationsPreservation & Conservation1989—Carolyn Clark Morrow works on opticalcharacter recognition, microfilm-to-digital & digital-to-microfilm conversion, display technologies, and searchretrieval
  • History: 1990s1991—Yale starts Project Open Book, effort to convert10,000 volumes in microfilm into digital form1992—University Libraries Digital Preservation Projectlaunched to test improved features of digital technologyas a preservation option for archives1994—Digital Preservation Consortium is formed1998—The DMCA updates library & archivalpreservation rules, permits digital preservation
  • History: 2000s2000—National Digital Information Infrastructure &Preservation Program (NDIIPP) released a plan thatoutlines efforts & challenges to digital preservation2002—Congress approves NDIIPP2004—NDIIPP announces first formal partners to beginbuilding a digital preservation network2010—National Digital Stewardship Alliance(NDSA )launched to extend work of NDIIPP to more
  • Current Issues Cost of digital preservation projects Legalities of dissemination of copyrighted materials Proving authenticity of easily-modified digital materials Maintenance Will older files be accessible on new software? How long will storage mediums last?
  • Potential Pitfalls Incompatibility Obsolescence Bit Corruption File Loss
  • Potential Pitfalls Incompatibility Obsolescence Bit Corruption File Loss
  • Strategies & Planning Creation Metadata standards Documentation Maintenance Trusted storage (LOCKSS) Migration/Emulation
  • Strategies & Planning Creation Metadata standards Documentation Maintenance Trusted storage (LOCKSS) Migration/Emulation
  • Planning for the Future Ensure operability of new with old Disaster preparedness
  • Digital Preservation Groups Council on Library and Information Resources/Digital Library Federation Digital Preservation Coalition (UK) Digital Preservation Europe National Digital Information Infrastructure and Preservation Program: A Collaborative Initiative of the Library of Congress
  • Other ResourcesChanging Trains at Preserving the Past toWigan Protect the Future: Strategic plan of NARAD-Lib MagazineThirteen Ways of Ensuring the Longevity ofLooking at… Digital Digital InformationPreservation Cultural Heritage Search Engine Internet Archives
  • QuestionsAre the current trends in digital preservation sufficientto preserve what we have now, or will we need toexpand in other directions in the future?Where do you think preservation will be in 20 or 50years? Will this era become the digital dark ages?For what is digital preservation enough, and whatmaterials warrant physical preservation as well?