Chandigarh

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Chandigarh

  1. 1. Identification of Tourism Circuits acrossIndiaInterim Report - ChandigarhMarch – 2012Submitted to:Ministry of Tourism, Government of India1, Parliament Street,Transport Bhawan,New Delhi - 110001Submitted by:2nd Floor, Ambience Corporate Tower,Ambience Mall, NH-8,Gurgaon, Haryana – 122 001
  2. 2. 2 | P a g eTable of ContentsChapter 1: Background .................................................................................................................................51.1 Introduction...................................................................................................................................51.2 Key Findings.................................................................................................................................81.3 Structure of the Report..................................................................................................................8Chapter 2: Brief on the State.........................................................................................................................92.1 Introduction...................................................................................................................................92.2 Tourism in the State....................................................................................................................102.3 Other Gardens.............................................................................................................................152.4 Forest...........................................................................................................................................152.5 Other Places of Significance in Chandigarh ...............................................................................162.6 Tourism Projects under CFA ......................................................................................................192.7 Infrastructure and Connectivity ..................................................................................................19Chapter 3: Initial Screening of the Circuits ................................................................................................213.1 Based on Secondary Research ....................................................................................................213.2 Key Parameters...........................................................................................................................22Chapter 4: Stakeholders Consultation.........................................................................................................244.1 State Government........................................................................................................................244.2 National Level Travel and Tour Operators and Other Representatives......................................244.3 Carrying Capacity Analysis ........................................................................................................254.4 Ranked List of Circuits ...............................................................................................................32Chapter 5: Existing Infrastructure...............................................................................................................335.1 Existing Infrastructure Status of the Circuit................................................................................335.2 Paryatan Bhawan ........................................................................................................................335.3 Nehru Centre for Performing Arts, Sector 34.............................................................................345.4 S.B.S Memorial, Sector 42..........................................................................................................365.5 Kalagram, Manimajra .................................................................................................................37
  3. 3. 3 | P a g eChapter 6: Project Identification, Block Cost Estimate, Implementation and Funding..............................396.1 Estimation of Employment Generation.......................................................................................39List of TablesTable 1: Tourist Arrival in Chandigarh- Domestic and Foreign .........................................................10Table 2: Projects under CFA Assistance.........................................................................................19Table 3: Tourist Accommodation in Chandigarh .............................................................................20Table 4: Proposed Tourism Hub and Activity..................................................................................21Table 5: National-Level Stakeholder Consultation, held on 19thOctober, 2011 ...................................25Table 6: UDPFI Density Limits.....................................................................................................28Table 7: Physical and Ecological Indicators ....................................................................................29Table 8: Social and Demographic Indicators ...................................................................................30Table 9: Political Economic Indicators...........................................................................................31Table 10: Evaluation Criterion for Physical and Ecological Indicators................................................31Table 11: Town wise Carrying Capacity Analysis............................................................................32Table 12: Infrastructure status/availability between Bus stands, Railway Station & Airport to ParyatanBhawan......................................................................................................................................33Table 13: Infrastructure status/availability between Bus stands, Railway Station & Airport to NehruCentre........................................................................................................................................34Table 14: Infrastructure status/availability between Bus stands, Railway Station & Airport to S.B.SMemorial, Sector 42 ....................................................................................................................36Table 15: Infrastructure status/availability between Bus stands, Railway Station & Airport to Kalagram,Manimajra..................................................................................................................................37Table 16: Table showing the list of projects, Indicative Cost, Implementing Agency and ExistingSchemes.....................................................................................................................................39Table 17: Estimated Employment Generation in Chandigarh ............................................................40
  4. 4. 4 | P a g eList of FiguresFigure 1: Methodology.................................................................................................................. 6Figure 2: Map of Chandigarh ......................................................................................................... 9Figure 3: Existing Tourism Destination in Chandigarh .....................................................................12Figure 4: Map showing the location of Proposed Tourism Destination ...............................................22Figure 5: Methodology for Carrying Capacity Analysis ..................................................................26
  5. 5. 5 | P a g eChapter 1: Background1.1 Introduction1.1.1 Assignment BriefIL&FS Infrastructure Development Corporation Ltd (IL&FS IDC) appointed as the National LevelConsultant by Ministry of Tourism, is in the process of identifying tourism circuits across all the Statesand UT’s (except North-East). These circuits are proposed to be developed during the 12thPlan, in anintegrated manner with Central Financial Assistance and appropriate involvement of State Governmentsand private sector. For the first phase, the process has been started with the selection of existing/newtourist circuits (4 in each state and 2 in Union Territories). These circuits have been structuredconsidering the length, duration and connectivity.After the identification and prioritisation of these circuits in Phase I, the next step is to identify the basicand tourism related infrastructural and promotional needs of the identified circuits, which are to beimplemented on priority basis, along with the tentative cost estimates. These projects should be related todevelopment of basic as well as tourism related infrastructure. Thereafter, Detailed Project Reports(DPRs) will be prepared by the State Level Consultant for the projects identified along with their financialprojections.1.1.2 Objectives of the StudyThe objectives of the present study are:1. To identify the potential tourist circuits/destinations in the Union Territory of Chandigarh.2. To analyse the potential and carrying capacity of the identified tourist circuits/destinations andprioritise the same.3. Assess the existing infrastructure – basic and tourism related - for the circuits/destinations.4. To assess the interventions for improving the quantity and quality of basic and tourism infrastructurefor prioritized circuits/destinations.5. Identify infrastructural projects to be initiated by Central/State/Private sector1.1.3 Approach and MethodologyFigure 1 presents a flow diagram of the approach and methodology used for the present study. Based onprimary and secondary sources, literature search and discussions with key stake holders (State Govt and
  6. 6. 6 | P a g eInitial Screening of TouristCircuitsShort listing of the CircuitsCarrying Capacity AssessmentIdentified Circuits along withPriority CircuitDetailed Infrastructure GapAssessmentIdentification of ProspectiveProjects with Block Cost EstimatesFinal ReportDiscussion with Department ofTourism, representatives ofTravel & Tourism Industry andother stakeholdersBased on Stakeholder Consultations Reconnaissance surveySecondary Research Potential Popularity ConnectivityParametersTransport, Roads condition, Accessto modes of transportation,Utilities, Accommodation, Wayside amenities, Management oftourist attractionslocal tour & travel industry), the existing tourists’ flow and orientation were studied. The existing andfuture potential and connectivity of the destinations were studied for an initial screening of the touristcircuits / destinations.Figure 1: MethodologyAfter the initial screening, the circuits identified were discussed with the State Government (Departmentof Tourism), representatives of Travel & Tourism Industry and other stakeholders. On the basis of theseconsultations, tourism circuits have been shortlisted. In order to understand existing capacity of the
  7. 7. 7 | P a g eshortlisted circuits as well as destinations, a detailed carrying capacity assessment has been done. Thisassessment is, primarily, based on the residential and tourist population densities of the town/cities.Based on above exercise, Chandigarh was taken up for studying and identifying destinations that could bepossibly included in a circuit. Chandigarh being a Union Territory, with a small area, does not haveenough locations that can be developed as a standalone ‘circuit’. Therefore, as per the Ministry ofTourism’s direction and given its proximity to Punjab, it was decided to combine the popular destinationsin Chandigarh with the tourism circuits of Punjab. The destinations within Chandigarh have been selectedand prioritized for further study after consultations with the stakeholders and based on the popularity,tourists’ flow pattern and perceived need for improvements/investments to basic and tourisminfrastructure.Thereafter, detailed infrastructure assessment of the destinations in Chandigarh has been undertaken. Theobjective of the said assessment is to understand the significance of the mentioned sites from a touristperspective and to map the availability of basic and tourism related-infrastructure. Typical infrastructurebeing demanded includes facilities at entry-exit points, accommodation, way-side amenities, physical &social infrastructure, public utilities as well as health & security. This assessment is based onreconnaissance survey done along the route, wayside and on site of the priority circuit. Followinginfrastructure has been examined to assess the requirements and deficiencies:1) Modes of Transport- airways, roadways and railways and access thereto2) Road network3) Utilities-power, water facility, etc4) Accommodation5) Way side amenities6) Maintenance and management of built heritage/tourist attractionsOn the basis of reconnaissance survey, discussions with local community and other stakeholders, gapshave been identified. Based on these gaps as well as site potential, sustainable projects have beenproposed along with the indicative block costs. The proposed projects are intended to achieve thefollowing objectives:1) Products and activities proposed will attract the tourist inflow and will hold the tourists in the circuitswhich will provide socio-economic benefits at a larger level.
  8. 8. 8 | P a g e2) Sustainable projects will attract different investors and private players to participate in infrastructuredevelopment which will benefit both, Government as well as private sector.1.2 Key FindingsWhile developing these destinations, besides basic infrastructure and tourism infrastructure, special focusshall be given to installation of signages. Based on the discussion with the UT Administration thefollowing destinations have been taken into consideration:- Regional Tourist Information Centre, Paryatan Bhawan, Sec. 17 State of the Art Convention Centre , Nehru Centre For Performing Arts, Sec. 34 Centre for Performing & Visual Arts , S.B.S Memorial, Sec. 42 Integrated Development of Shilpgramo Kalagram, Manimajrao Sculpture Park1.3 Structure of the ReportThe present report, which covers the proposed destinations for development in Chandigarh, has beendivided into 7 sections. The next section of the report focuses on the profile of the UT, especially in termsof infrastructure, tourism trends and key spots/sites. This is followed by sections explaining keyparameters for finalizing a circuit (Tourist profile / Carrying capacity / Safety /Sustainability), outcome ofstakeholder discussions at Centre and UT, current status of circuits (based on site study undertaken) andinfrastructure Gaps identified during the site visit. On the basis of this, assessment of the level ofadequacy of infrastructure will be done with respect to the existing infrastructure, increasing touristinflow, destination popularity, types of tourists and seasonality. This approach will be able to assess andfilling up the gaps (based on selective parameters) which categorizes the facilities available en route, wayside and onsite. The study of the respective circuits is, primarily, based on visitors’ approach towardsdestinations from the entry-exit points. The latter sections of the study report provides information onprospective projects in the circuits that can be taken up for infrastructural upgradation. These projectshave been proposed on the basis of identified deficiencies and perceived need to accommodate the touristinflow into the circuits/destinations.
  9. 9. 9 | P a g eChapter 2: Brief on the State2.1 IntroductionChandigarh, a union territory of India that serves as the capital of two states, Punjab and Haryana wasplanned by the famous French architect Le Corbusier. The name Chandigarh translates as "The Fort ofChandi". The name is from an ancient temple called Chandi Mandir, devoted to the Hindu goddessChandi, in the city. Picturesquely located at the foothills of Shivaliks, it is known as one of the bestexperiments in urban planning and modern architecture in India. It is also known as ‘The City Beautiful’.The city of Chandigarh was created into a union territory to serve as capital of both Punjab and Haryana.Figure 2: Map of ChandigarhSource: http://chandigarh.gov.in/knowchd_map.htm
  10. 10. 10 | P a g e2.2 Tourism in the StateThe location of Chandigarh is unique as it lies in the foot hill region and is also adjacent to the plains ofnorth India. As such it contains the vegetation of the foot hills and the north Indian plains. Chandigarh hasnumerous types and the permanent population of birds, which may consist of over 100 different kinds.There are also migratory birds visiting during winter from as far off a region as Siberia. It is estimatedthat about 100 to 200 types of birds primarily visit Sukhna Lake. The number of migratory birds variesfrom year to year. The flora of Chandigarh area is in fact very rich, with the existence of 860 species offlowering plants in Chandigarh and its neighborhood. Chandigarh region is home to a number of plantspecies with medicinal importance. Areas like Shivalik Reserve Forests, Sukhna Catchment area, RockGarden, Rose Garden, adjoining villages, are among the various places where different kinds ofMedicinal plants and few endangered species of the same can be found.The total forest cover in Chandigarh is 32.42 sq. km., which forms 23.5% of the total area. The greenspaces like Parks, Gardens, Green belts, Leisure valley and Road avenues etc. are in addition to the forestcover of 23.5%. Thus, the green cover in the city is more than 33% with 26 types of flowering trees and33 types of evergreen trees in Chandigarh.2.2.1 Trends in Tourist ArrivalsAs can be seen from Table 1 the number of people coming to Chandigarh from within India has decreasedby -1.0 % whereas number of foreign tourist has also increased by 3.6% from the year 2009 to 2010.Table 1: Tourist Arrival in Chandigarh- Domestic and ForeignSource: India Tourism Statistics 2010 – Ministry of Tourism, Govt. of India2.2.2 State Level Agencies associated with TourismChandigarh Industrial and Tourism Development Corporation Limited, (CITCO) an undertaking of theChandigarh Administration was incorporated on 28.3.1974 under the Companies Act, 1956 in the nameand style “Chandigarh Small Industries Development Corporation Ltd”. It was established mainly for thedevelopment of Small Scale Industries in the Union Territory Chandigarh.CITCO is now implementing the following schemes in Chandigarh:-State/ UT2009 2010 % Growth (2010/09)Domestic Foreign Domestic Foreign Domestic ForeignChandigarh 914742 37967 905450 39333 -1.0 3.6
  11. 11. 11 | P a g eA) Industrial Development:-(i) Procurement and distribution of raw material viz. Iron and Steel & IPCL products to the small scaleunits.(ii) An Emporium under the name and style of “Chandigarh Emporium” to provide marketing facilities tothe SSI units.(iii) Management of Steel stockyard of M/s SAIL at Chandigarh as a Consignment Agent.(iv) An Industrial Development –cum-Facility Centre to provide common facilities to the small scaleunits;(v) Construction of Industrial sheds for further allotment to the entrepreneurs for the establishment ofSmall Scale Industries;B) Tourism Development:-(i) Hotel Mountview(ii) Hotel Shivalikview(iii) Hotel Parkview(iv) Baithak Restaurant & Banquet Hall at Kalagram(v) Transit Lodge at ISBT, Sector 17(vi)Cafeterias at:Sukhna LakeBus Stand-17Drop In, Sector-34Stop ‘N’ Stare, Sector-10(vii) Non Commercial Canteen at UT Secretariat(viii) Tours & Travel Wing, ISBT, Sector-17(ix) Running of Open-to-sky Double Deck Bus – Hop On-Hop Off2.2.3 Available Destinations/CircuitsChandigarh, the first ‘planned’ city of India, is known for its architecture and urban planning.Chandigarh is home to numerous architectural projects of Le Corbusier, Pierre Jeanerette, MatthewNowick, and Albert Mayer. Le Corbusier planned the city as analogous to a human body with a clearlydefined Head (Capital Complex), Heart (City Centre), Lungs (Leisure Valley and Gardens), the Limbs(Cultural and Educational Institutions) and the Circulatory System (7 Vs).The concept has beenformulated on the basis of four major functions: Living, Working, Care of the Body and Spirit andCirculation. There are numerous gardens in Chandigarh which makes it a unique tourist destination.
  12. 12. 12 | P a g eChandigarh does not have any tourism circuits as such except a half day tour managed by ChandigarhAdministration which starts from Hotel Shivalik view, Sector-17, Chandigarh and covers Zakir RoseGarden (Sector-16), Museum & Art Gallery (Sector-10), War Memorial & Bougainvillea Garden (Sector-03), Rock Garden (Sector-1) and Sukhna Lake. Ample areas have been provided in the master plan of theCapital for parks. Out of a total area of 20,000 acres acquired for the first phase, about 2000 acres aremeant for development of parks. Leisure Valley, Rajendra Park, Bougainvillea Park, Zakir Rose Garden,Shanti Kunj, Hibiscus Garden, Garden of Fragrance, Botanical Garden, Smriti Upavan, Topiary gardenand Terraced Garden are some of the famous parks of Chandigarh.Figure 3: Existing Tourism Destination in ChandigarhSource: chandigarhtourism.gov.in
  13. 13. 13 | P a g e2.2.4 Leisure Valley1Leisure valley is one of the most beautiful andpopular tourist attraction destinations inChandigarh. Le Corbusier through his designcreated a continuum of various theme gardens totake care of the body and spirit of the city.Corbusier retained the eroded valley of a seasonalrivulet on the original site of the City andsculptured it into a linear park now over 8km long.It begins from Rajendra Park in Sector 1 that isbasically used for long walks, yoga and other fitness workout activities and stretches till the Bougainvilleagarden in Sector 3. It also covers the splendid garden of roses in Sector 16.2.2.5 Rajendra Park, Sector 1Rajendra Park is a vast stretch of land of about 400 acres which is the starting point of leisure valley. LeCorbusier himself designed the landscape scheme of this park. Trees with round canopies and evergreenfoliage have been planted here.2.2.6 Bougainvillea Garden, Sector-3It spreads over an area of 20 acres and is located insector 3. The garden is dedicated to hundreds ofvarieties of bougainvillea. This garden exhibitsdifferent varieties of bougainvillea flowers. Thereare about 65 distinctive varieties of Bougainvilleashrubs planted over here.2.2.7 Fitness Trails, Sector 102It covers a total area of 94 acres, out of which 52-acre land consists of attractive seasonal flowers and1chandigarhtourism.gov.in2chandigarhtourism.gov.in
  14. 14. 14 | P a g ethe left out portion houses the beautiful sculptures of well-known artists. It is an ideal place for longwalks and physical workouts. Chandigarh fitness trail & flower garden serves as the apt place for longwalks and physical workouts.2.2.8 Rose Garden, Sector 16Named after India’s former President Dr. Zakir Hussain, the largest Rose Garden in Asia (established in1967) is spread over an area of 27 acres and hasmore than 17000 plants representing some 1600varieties of roses. Along with the roses, emphasiswas also given to the trees of medicinal value andsome unique species of trees to enhance the beautyof the garden.2.2.9 Shanti Kunj, Sector16It is located between the Rose Garden and theCricket Stadium in Sector 16. Shanti Kunj garden in Chandigarh is situated at a very peaceful place that isfree from any noise and pollution. The natural stream running through this garden divides the park intofive areas. The five parts of the garden depict different kinds of trees such as medicinal plants, verticalshaped trees, flowering trees, trees for shade and environmentally suitable areas.2.2.10 Children’s Traffic Park, Sector 23The area of Leisure Valley in Sector 23 has been developed into a Children’s Traffic Park. The roadshave been constructed and traffic lights have been installed in miniature form. This park is meant forchildren who are learning to cycle and designed to teach them the rules of road safety.2.2.11 Hibiscus Garden, Sector 36It covers an area of 8 acres and about 40 different varieties of Hibiscus shrubs have been planted toprovide colour throughout the year.2.2.12 Garden Of Fragrance, Sector 36Situated to the south of the Hibiscus Garden, it is famous for its distinctive aromatic and fragrant plants.The flower plants like Raat ki Rani, Motia, varieties of Jasmine, Demask Rose, Mehndi, Champa, HaarShingar and many others cast a pervading aroma in this part of the Leisure Valley. Chandigarh garden offragrance also serves as a famous picnic spot.
  15. 15. 15 | P a g e2.3 Other Gardens32.3.1 Smriti Upavan, Sector 1This garden was set up in 1988 with the view of planting trees for the departed souls. It is situatedbetween Rock Garden and Sukhna Lake. People can plant trees in the memory of their near and dear ones.2.3.2 Terraced Garden, Sector 33Covering an area of 10 acres, Terrace garden in Chandigarh, India was set up in the year 1979. It islocated in Sector 33. The main attraction factor ofterraced flower garden is its lighted musical fountain. Itserves as the main venue for conducting theChrysanthemum Show that is held annually. A smallvalley running through the length of the sector has beendeveloped into a Terraced Garden. Chandigarh terracedflower garden contains exquisite varieties of floweringplants.2.3.3 Topiary Park, Sector 35It was opened to the public in 1987. Many animal shapes created out of creepers and bushes attractchildren to this park. A large variety of ornamental plants add to the park’s charm.2.4 ForestChandigarh has 3245 hectares under forest and most of it is hilly. The forest areas are mostly aroundSukhna Lake, Sukhna Choe and Patiali Ki Rao. There are two reserve forests in Chandigarh – Kansal andNepli.2.4.1 Sukhna Lake and Wildlife SanctuarySukhna Lake is a beautiful lake that lies in the foothillsof Shivalik range & was created in the year 1958 bybuilding an artificial dam on a seasonal stream. Theunique thing about Sukhna is that it is a manmade lake.Sukhna Wildlife Sanctuary spread over an area of 26003Source: chandigarhtourism.gov.in
  16. 16. 16 | P a g ehectare is situated 1 Km. North-East of Sukhna Lake. It forms the part of Sukhna lake catchment areafalling in Shivalik hills.2.4.2 Chandigarh Botanical Garden & Nature ParkSituated in the foothills of Shivalik, Chandigarh is blessed with a climate that is suitable for the growth ofa number of species of flora of different climatic region. Keeping in mind the above reason, a BotanicalGarden was conceived with a purpose of conserving the flora of the region as well as those exotic andnear extinct species. With this background, Chandigarh Administration has established a BotanicalGarden near village Sarangpur. This garden spreads over 176 acres of land. This garden has beenconnected with the nature reserve known as Patiala-ki-Rao forest through a causeway. Patiala-ki-Raoforest spreads over 350 acres of land.The garden consists of 15 Botanical Sections. The primary aim of setting up of Botanical Garden is topromote research, education, ex-situ conservation and to spread awareness about floral heritage. Inaddition, the garden would help promote eco-tourism in Chandigarh.2.4.3 Medicinal Plants GardenMedicinal Plants Garden/ Herbal Garden has been developed over 40 acres of land. More than 75 speciesof medicinal trees and 55 species of medicinal shrubs, herbs & climbers have already been planted in thissection.2.4.4 Bamboo ValleyBamboo Valley was the brainchild of Gen. (Retd.) Dr. S. F. Rodrigues, PVSM, VSM, the then Governorof Punjab & Administrator U.T. Chandigarh, who conceived the idea of developing this piece of land intoa modern and hi-tech park. This land has 15 species of trees besides bamboo groves along the seasonalchoe, hence named as Bamboo Valley. The Department of Architecture and Urban Planning, U.T.,Chandigarh formulated the concept of the valley which has been developed by the EngineeringDepartment of Chandigarh Administration.Source: chandigarhtourism.gov.in2.5 Other Places of Significance in Chandigarh2.5.1 Capitol ComplexThe Capitol Complex is Le Corbusier’s most spectacular work. It houses officials of the Governments ofthe states of Punjab and Haryana and comprises of three the Secretariat, the High Court and theLegislative Assembly.
  17. 17. 17 | P a g e2.5.2 The High CourtThe law-interpreting monument was built in the Capitol Complex during 1951-57. This structure has adouble roof, projecting over the office block like a parasol or an inverted umbrella.2.5.3 The Legislative AssemblyThe profile of this law-forming monument epitomizes stately grandeur. The shape of the cupola is anobliquely truncated hyperbolic parabolic, extending well above the roof line. A pyramid covers the upperchamber of the erstwhile bicameral system and offers an exciting counterpoint to the cupola, lendingartistic grace to the entire complex.Source: chandigarhtourism.gov.in2.5.4 The Open Hand MonumentOne of the most significant monuments plannedby Le Corbusier in Chandigarh is the Open Hand. Rising85 feet high from a sunken trench, a giant hand in metalsheets is designed to rotate like a weathercock, indicatingthe direction of wind. This giant hand is 14 metres highand weighs around 50 tonnes. Open hand is the citysofficial emblem.2.5.5 Rock GardenChandigarh has the distinction of having a unique world acclaimed Rock Garden. It consist of art objects,fashioned from industrial and urban waste. It is situated between the capital complex and Sukhna lake inSector1. It nestles amidst 20 acres of woods in the form of an open air exhibition hall, theatre trove and aminiature maze all rolled into one vast fantasy land of artand landscape.The open air sculptures and concealed gateways separatingthem are at places enhanced by a waterfall, pools and anopen air theatre with proper stage setting. Severalprestigious performances have been staged in this small butvery artistic and naturalistic open air theatre.Source: chandigarhtourism.gov.in
  18. 18. 18 | P a g e2.5.6 Sector 17 PlazaPlanned around four pedestrian concourses meeting at a central chowk (intersection), the Sector 17 ofChandigarh is a pedestrians paradise dotted with fountains, sculptures, and groves of trees.2.5.7 KalagramKala Gram was setup to revive and maintain the rich heritage of Indian Art and Culture and artisan villageover an area of 17 acres on Chandigarh Kalka Road near the Railway Crossing. Kala Gram has been setup in Chandigarh by Chandigarh Administration and North Zone Cultural Centre (NZCC).Village of art- Kalagram provide an opportunity to cultural groups of the Northern states to develop andimprove their techniques in the performing dance, drama and music, as well as in their traditional arts &crafts. Various art-forms in the contemporary idiom are promoted as part of the Kalagram culturalprogrammes under North Culture Exchange Polity.Sculptures Park- Sculpture park has been Set up recently and the park has some fine pieces of rock madealive with splendid work exhibited by country well known sculptors.Theaters- The Kalagram has two theaters having seating capacity of 4,000. While one theater is knownas open Air Theater the other known as lawn stage. The various mega shows are held in these theaters.The most famous show is Gujarat Dhandia. The dhandia is celebrated every year during Navaratra.Miniature painting and terracotta toys- At Kalagram efforts are being made to promote handicraft. Forthis purpose, camps are being organized for miniature paintings and terracotta toys.2.5.8 Government Museum and Art GalleryThe Government Museum and Art Gallery in Sector 10 of Chandigarh has a fine collection of stonesculptures of the Gandhara period. The museum also exhibits some of the prehistoric fossils and artifactsalong with modern art and miniature paintings.2.5.9 Museum of Evolution of LifeThe Museum of Evolution of Life in Sector 10 of Chandigarh takes tourists on a trip 5,000 years backfrom the Indus Valley Civilization to the present day.2.5.10 International Dolls MuseumThe International Dolls Museum in Sector 23 of Chandigarh has an interesting collection of dolls andpuppets from all over the world covering the variant art of more than 25 countries.
  19. 19. 19 | P a g e2.5.1 The Hidden ValleyThe Hidden Valley is an Ecotourism camping adventure site in the Shivalik Foothills. It is located nearthe famous Mata Jainti Devi Temple in Village Jainti Majri, Punjab.2.6 Tourism Projects under CFAThe following table highlights the Tourism Projects of Chandigarh under Central Financial Assistancescheme of Ministry of Tourism, Government of India:-Table 2: Projects under CFA AssistanceName of the ProjectCFASanctioned (incrores)Development and Upgradation ofinfrastructure at Sukhna LakeRs. 4.99Illumination/beautification &Upgradation of Rose GardenRs. 2.69Eco-Tourism Park – cum – BotanicalGardenRs. 3.13Garden Of Palms Sector – 42 Rs. 3.11Valley of Animals Sector – 49 Rs. 1.40Garden of Conifers, Sector – 52 Rs. 1.76Illumination of Monuments/Architectural buildingsRs. 4.98Japanese Garden Sector – 31 Rs. 4.26Garden of Springs, Sector – 53 Rs. 3.11Total Rs. 29.43Source: CITCO2.7 Infrastructure and Connectivity2.7.1 Road TransportThe Union Territory of Chandigarh is well served with by an excellent network of roads. The NationalHighway 21 (Ambala – Simla) and 22 (Chandigarh – Manali) link Chandigarh to rest of the country.Buses of seven State Road Corporations connect Chandigarh with many cities and towns of neighboringstates. The important cities that are connected by buses with Chandigarh are Delhi, Dehradoon, Shimla,Manali, Jammu and major towns of Punjab and Haryana. Chandigarh is well connected by road and busesprovide an important transport link. It is a gateway to Himachal Pradesh as one can reach hill stations likeKasauli, Chail, Shimla etc within a few hours’ drive. The National Highways No. 21 (Ambala- Kinnaur)and 22 (Chandigarh-Leh) are the chief road arteries linking Chandigarh with the rest of the country. Oneunique feature in the layout of Chandigarh is its roads, classified in accordance with their functions. An
  20. 20. 20 | P a g eintegrated system of seven roads was designed to ensure efficient traffic circulation. Corbusier referred tothese as the 7Vs. The citys vertical roads run northeast/southwest (the Paths). The horizontal roads runnorthwest/southwest (The Margs).2.7.2 Rail TransportationChandigarh is well connected by the rail network. The main railway routes passing through Haryana are:Kalka-Delhi, Chandigarh-Delhi, Kalka-Amritsar, Kalka-Jodhpur, Kalka-Howrah, Amritsar-Howrah,Kalka- Sri Ganganagar (Rajasthan). Chandigarh is linked with New Delhi, the National Capital by Rail.The Chandigarh Railway Station is 8 Kms from the city centre in Sector 17.2.7.3 Air TransportationChandigarh Airport is 12 kms from City Centre. Chandigarh Tourism has a well maintained TouristInformation Centre at the Airport.2.7.4 Tourist AccommodationAs per the India Tourism Statistics 2010, there are 6 registered hotels available in the state which provides259 rooms for tourists.Table 3: Tourist Accommodation in ChandigarhState/ Place 5Star-Deluxe5-Star4-Star3-Star2-Star1-StarAptt.HotelTimeShareResortHeritageUn-ClassifiedTotalNo ofHotels1 4 1 - - - - 6(No. ofRooms)155 92 12 - - - - 259Source: India Tourism Statistics 2010
  21. 21. 21 | P a g eChapter 3: Initial Screening of the Circuits3.1 Based on Secondary ResearchThe tourist circuits have been identified based on the discussion with the State Government. A number offactors have been considered for selecting the various destinations in the circuits. While developing thesedestinations, besides basic infrastructure and tourism infrastructure, special focus shall be given todevelopment of convention centers and signages. Based on the discussion with the State Government thefollowing destinations have been taken into consideration:-Table 4: Proposed Tourism Hub and ActivityTourism Hub Land Availability /with ChandigarhAdministrationProposed ActivityRegional TouristInformation Centre- Paryatan Bhawan, Sec. 17Yes / 3 acres Regional tourism offices, Airlinescounter, railway bookings &reservations, Tourist InformationCentre, Emporias.State of the Art ConventionCentre- Nehru Centre ForPerforming Arts, Sec. 34Yes / 3 acres International convention centreand theatresCentre for Performing &Visual Arts- S.B.S Memorial, Sec. 42Yes / 11.9 acres Convention Hall, Theatre Hall,AuditoriumIntegrated Development ofShilpgram1. Kalagram, Manimajra2. Sculpture ParkYes / 14 acres National Crafts ExhibitionPavilion, showcasing of IndianHandicrafts and cultural heritageand traditions - folk music andfolk dances of India. Permanentinfrastructure for ChandigarhNational Crafts Mela.
  22. 22. 22 | P a g eFigure 4: Map showing the location of Proposed Tourism Destination3.2 Key ParametersIn line with the above discussion, further research has been done to identify and prioritise the circuits.Realising the need, the study narrowed down to derive few key parameters on the basis of which circuitshave been put on priority basis. These key parameters have been listed below:1) Tourist profileType of tourists visiting a destination depends on the nature of destination. They can be broadlycategorized into domestic and international tourists. This further affects the physical and socio-economicdevelopment of a destination as spending patterns determines the related multiplier effects. It also governsthe type and scale of infrastructure required.Generally, the tourists coming to the circuits are domestic and arrive from different parts of Chandigarh.
  23. 23. 23 | P a g e2) Capacity & SustainabilityThe carrying capacity4assessment and sustainability of tourism in the circuits identified is an importantcomponent of the study as it will form the basis for resource allocation and future development.The carrying capacity assessment has been done separately for the circuits, based on city population(resident), population density and tourist population and density (floating population). The estimation hasbeen done by comparing the total density with the city density norms for small, medium and large town /cities set by Urban Development Plan Formulation and Implementation Guidelines (UDPFI). Only suchplaces have been considered that can offer a sustainable value proposition to the tourists such that whentourism products are offered in those places, they can be maintained as well.3) Travel and TourGenerally, tour operators organize trips in such a way that only popular sites can be covered in a givenperiod of time. While selecting the circuits, attempts have been made to promote the sites situated aroundthese popular/saturated destinations which are relatively less developed.4) SafetyTourist safety has been considered and attempts have been made not to incorporate any such destinationwhich is already adversely affected in terms of law and order.4Carrying capacity is defined as maximum number of individuals than a given environment can support without any adverseimpact on it.
  24. 24. 24 | P a g eChapter 4: Stakeholders Consultation4.1 State GovernmentIn case of Chandigarh UT, after the initial screening, the shortlisted destinations have been discussed withthe representatives of respective authorities of State Government. Based on the meeting under thechairmanship of the Administrator, Shri Shivraj Patil on 29.08.2011, the following destinations have beenidentified for development: Regional Tourist Information Centre, Paryatan Bhawan, Sec. 17 State of the Art Convention Centre, Nehru Centre For Performing Arts, Sec. 34 Centre for Performing & Visual Arts, S.B.S Memorial, Sec. 42 Integrated Development of Shilpgramo Kalagram, Manimajrao Sculpture Park4.2 National Level Travel and Tour Operators and Other RepresentativesFurther, the above mentioned circuits were presented by NLC in a Stakeholder Consultation meetingorganized and hosted by Ministry of Tourism (MoT), in the presence of representatives of HotelAssociation, Tour operators and representatives from MoT on 19thOct, 2011. It was advised by theNational Level Travel and Tour operators that the circuit in Chandigarh should be integrated as much aspossible with the adjoining State. Since the priority circuit in Punjab is the Sikh Circuit consisting of theAkal Takhts, the priority circuit in Chandigarh could be integrated with the other circuits of the PunjabState.
  25. 25. 25 | P a g eThe members who attended the National-Level Stakeholder consultation are listed in the table below:Table 5: National-Level Stakeholder Consultation, held on 19thOctober, 2011S.NoStakeholders Designation Organisation Location1 Shri Bharat Bhushan Director Hotel Association of India New Delhi2 Shri Gour Kanjilal - Indian Association of TourOperatorsNew Delhi3 Shri M.D. Kapoor Secretary General Federation of Hotel andRestaurant Association ofIndiaNew Delhi4 Shri Mandip SinghSoinPresident Eco-Tourism Society of India New Delhi5 Shri Randhir Brar SVP M/S LE Passage to IndiaTour and Travels Pvt Ltd.,New Delhi6 Shri Tejbir SinghAnandPresident Adventure Tour OperatorsAssociationNew Delhi7 Shri Subhash Verma President Association of Domestic TourOperator of IndiaNew Delhi8 Shri Varun Shukla General Manager The Lalit Grand Palace Srinagar9 Ms. Anju Bhat Associate Head ofSalesThe Lalit Grand Palace Srinagar4.3 Carrying Capacity AnalysisTourism carrying capacity is defined as ‘the maximum number of people that may visit the touristdestination without causing destruction of the physical, economic and socio cultural environment and anunacceptable decrease in the quality of visitors’ satisfaction.’ (Alvin Chandy, 2009)Assessment of TCC is based on three major indicators: Physical-Ecological, Socio-Demographic andPolitical- Economic.Physical and Ecological Indicators are based on fixed components (ecological capacity, assimilativecapacity) and flexible components (infrastructure systems like water supply, electricity, transportation,etc).Socio -demographic Indicators refer to social and demographic issues and importance to localcommunities, as they relate to the presence and growth of tourism. Some of these can be expressed inquantitative terms but most require suitable socio- psychological research.Political-economic Indicators refer to the impacts of tourism on local economic structures, activities, etc.including competition to other sectors.
  26. 26. 26 | P a g eThe objective of the interventions intended by the Ministry of Tourism, Government of India is toimprove the quality and quantity of tourism infrastructure at tourist destinations/circuits in a sustainablemanner. Hence, for the purposes of this report the primary focus would be on the Physical and EcologicalIndicators. It is expected that improvement in physical infrastructure at destinations/circuits wouldtranslate into improvements in the socio-demographic and political-economic conditions of these places.Figure 5: Methodology for Carrying Capacity AnalysisThe methodology for evaluating the available carrying capacity for the tourist destinations of the circuit isillustrated in Fig 5 and is described below:I. Calculation of Existing Load (LEXISTING)This is done by calculating the following:a. Resident Population Density (βRP): This was derived by dividing the existing residentpopulation of the tourist town by its area in hectares (ha.)b. Domestic Tourist Density (βDT ): This was derived as follows:Step 1. Domestic Tourist Arrival (TD): Domestic tourist arrivals during peak season(days) was determined.Step 2.Domestic Tourist stay days in peak seasons (TDSP): Domestic tourist arrival wasmultiplied by average number of days of tourist stay at that tourist town.ResidentPopulationDensityDomesticTourist DensityForeign TouristDensityAggregate PeakDensityExisting LoadNormalizingDensityUDPFIDensityCarryingCapacity DensityAvailable Capacity = Carrying Capacity – Existing LoadCarrying Capacity
  27. 27. 27 | P a g eTDSP = TD * Stay Average DaysStep 3. Average number of tourist staying per day during peak season ( αDSP ): Thiswas evaluated by diving the number of tourist stay days per season by the number ofdays comprising the peak seasonαDSP = Stay Average Days / Days Peak SeasonStep 4. Domestic Tourist Density (βDT): This was evaluated by diving Average number oftourist staying per day during peak season by area of tourist town in hectares.βDT = αPS / Areac. Foreign Tourist Density (βFT ): This was derived as follows:Step 1. Foreign Tourist Arrival (TF): Foreign tourist arrivals during peak season (days)was determinedStep 2. Tourist stay days in peak seasons (TFSP): Foreign tourist arrival was multiplied byaverage number of day of stay for tourist at that tourist town.TFSP = TF * Stay Average DaysStep 3. Average number of tourist staying per day during peak season(αFSP) : This wasevaluated by diving the number of tourist stay days per season by the number ofdays comprising the peak seasonαFSP = Stay Average Days / Days Peak SeasonStep 4. Foreign Tourist Density: This was evaluated by diving Average number oftourist staying per day during peak season by area of tourist town in hectares.ΒFT = αPS / AreaAggregate Peak Density (APD) = Resident Population Density + Domestic Tourist Density +Foreign Tourist DensityAPD = βRP + βDT + βFT
  28. 28. 28 | P a g eExisting Load (LEXISTING) = Aggregate Peak Density * Area of the townLEXISTING = APD * AreaII. Estimation of Carrying Capacity (CC)a. UDPFI Density (DUDPFI): The Urban Development Plan Formulation andImplementation Guidelines (UDPFI, 1996) guidelines classifies the towns on the basis ofpopulation as follows:Table 6: UDPFI Density LimitsTowns Population Upper Limit Density (PPH)Small Town Less than 50000 125Medium Town 50000 - 500000 150Large City More than 500000 150Metro Cities 175Small Hill Town 20000 75Medium Hill Town 20000-80000 90Large Hill Town More than 80000 90Source: UDPFI Guidelines, 1996The densities suggested by the UDPFI guidelines as shown in the table above are for the standardcases. Tourist towns which vary from highly eco-sensitive sanctuaries to highly dense pilgrimageplaces have specific characteristics and carrying capacities. Thus, UDPFI densities need to beadjusted to account for these factors, which is done with the help of Normalizing Density (№)Normalizing Density (№)Normalizing density is evaluated as follows:1. Sites were evaluated on a normalizing index (Ni) of range -10 to +10Negative Indices were adopted for sites where densities were to be allowed on a conservativescale (i.e. for example places which are ecologically sensitive)-10 -9 -8 -7 -6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10Decreasing Density Increasing Density
  29. 29. 29 | P a g ePositive Indices were adopted for sites where densities were to be allowed at higher values thanprevailing such as pilgrimage towns etc.2. The values of the indices were evaluated based on a qualitative assessment with respect to thePhysical – Ecological indicators. The indicators which were assessed for the category wise touristplaces are summarized below:Table 7: Physical and Ecological Indicators(EEA Countries, Dec,2001)Normalizing Density (№) was calculated by multiplying a factor of 10pph by the Normalizing index.Normalizing Density (№) = 10* Ni(The value of 10pph was derived by establishing the boundary conditions of lower and upper sustainabledensities for tourist towns of the relevant categories. To establish the lower limit, reference was made tothe capacity norms cited by World Tourism Organization WTO (Inskeep, 1991). The upper limit wasestablished by determining the densities for saturated tourist towns.)Physical –EcologicalIndicatorsThematic AreasCoastalAreaIslands ProtectedAreasRuralAreasMountainResortsUrban,HistoricPilgrimagePlaceBiodiversity     Air Quality   Noise Pollution    Availability ofPowerWater      WasteManagement     Culturalheritage      Touristinfrastructure      LandAvailability    Quality ofTransportInfrastructure  
  30. 30. 30 | P a g eThe Normalizing index (Ni) was evaluated as follows: Each of the applicable indicators for thecorresponding thematic area (to which the tourist destination/circuits belong) were ranked on a scale of0-10. The average of the indicators would give the value of the Normalizing index (Ni).Carrying Capacity Density (CCD) was calculated by summing up the Upper Limit of the relevantUDPFI density with the Normalizing DensityCarrying Capacity Density (CCD) = DUDPFI + №Carrying Capacity (CC) was calculated by multiplying the carrying capacity density with the Area ofthe respective town in hectares.Carrying Capacity (CC) = CCD * Area of TownAvailable Capacity was finally evaluated by finding the difference between the Carrying Capacity ofthe tourist town and the Existing Load in the town.AnnexureTable 8: Social and Demographic IndicatorsSocialDemographicIndicatorsThematic AreasCoastalAreaIslands ProtectedAreasRuralAreasMountainResortsUrban &HistoricPilgrimagePlaceDemography     TouristFlows     Social &BehavioralAspects   Health &Hygiene     Safety      (Countries, Dec,2001)Available Capacity = Carrying Capacity (CC) - Existing Load (LEXISTING)
  31. 31. 31 | P a g eTable 9: Political Economic IndicatorsPolitical -EconomicIndicatorsThematic AreasCoastalAreaIslands ProtectedAreasRuralAreasMountainResortsUrban &HistoricPilgrimagePlaceTourism Earningsand Investment    Employment     PublicExpenditure andRevenue     (Countries, Dec,2001)Table 10: Evaluation Criterion for Physical and Ecological Indicators(White V., 2006)Physical – EcologicalIndicatorsEvaluation CriterionBiodiversity Threatened species, Protected areas as a % of territory and typeof ecosystemAir Quality Population exposure to air pollution - Sox & Nox emissionintensitiesNoise Pollution Sensitivity to noise pollutions. Allowable decibels limit ifspecified.Availability of Power Hours of regular power supply from all energy sources.Water Intensity of Use of water resources. Drinking water availability@135lpcd.Waste Management Generation of waste, Movement of hazardous waste, Availabilityof waste management systemCultural & Heritage Listed Buildings and scheduled ancient monuments at risk.No. of community heritage groups active.Cultural traditions and communities which are at a risk ofgetting extinct.Tourist infrastructure Availability of tourist infrastructure such as on siteaccommodation, wayside amenities, signages, restaurants, publicconvenience, petrol pumps etc.Land Availability Area of Land available for tourism development.Quality of TransportInfrastructureInter and Intra city transport connectivity in tourist towns.Availability of Last Mile connectivity.
  32. 32. 32 | P a g e4.3.1 Town wise Carrying Capacity AnalysisTable 11: Town wise Carrying Capacity AnalysisDistrictTouristTownDestinations CoveredExistingLoadCarryingCapacityAvailableCapacityExistingLoadCarryingCapacityAvailableCapacity2010 2020Chandigarh ChandigarhParyatanBhawan,NehruCentre,Kalagram,S.B.SMemorial, RockGarden, Rose Garden,Sukhna Lake949463 1506700 557237 1117431 1506700 3892694.4 Ranked List of CircuitsBased on the list of destinations identified by CITCO and on further discussion with the StateGovernment, the following destinations have been considered to be included in Chandigarh. Regional Tourist Information Centre, Paryatan Bhawan, Sec. 17 State of the Art Convention Centre , Nehru Centre For Performing Arts, Sec. 34 Centre for Performing & Visual Arts , S.B.S Memorial, Sec. 42 Integrated Development of Shilpgramo Kalagram, Manimajrao Sculpture Park
  33. 33. 33 | P a g eChapter 5: Existing Infrastructure5.1 Existing Infrastructure Status of the CircuitA detailed assessment of tourism infrastructure between major points has been discussed below. Each ofthe destinations presented below has been rated on a scale of A, B or C, wherein, A denotes ‘Good’, Bdenotes ‘Fair’ and C denotes ‘Poor’.5.2 Paryatan BhawanTable 12: Infrastructure status/availability between Bus stands, Railway Station & Airport to ParyatanBhawanParameters ComponentsRatingParyatan BhawanDistance in km From Bus Stand(Sec 17) From BusStand(Sec 43)From RailwayStationFrom AirportApproach Road Quality(A-C) A A A AType of Road (metalled,unmetalled)Metalled Metalled Metalled MetalledTypology(NH/SH/MDR)Udyog Path NH-21 toUdyog PathMadhya Marg toUdyog PathNH-22 toUdyog PathLanes 4 4 4 4Riding Quality (A-C) A A A ATransport Modes used by Tourist Car, Rail, Airand BusCar, Rail, Airand BusCar, Rail, Airand BusCar, Rail, Airand BusAvailability (A-C) A A A AWaysideAmenitiesRestaurants Availability Yes Yes Yes YesPetrol Pump/ ServiceCentre availabilityYes Yes Yes YesPublic convenienceavailabilityYes Yes Yes YesDirectionSignagesSufficiency (A-C) N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A.Languages N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A.Land Ownershipof the SiteNA CITCO CITCO CITCO CITCOCity/ TownAccommodationType NA NA NA NACapacity NA NA NA NABed Occupancy NA NA NA NASufficiency (A-C) NA NA NA NADrinking WaterfacilityAvailability (A-C) NA NA NA NAQuality(A-C) NA NA NA NASolid WasteManagementA-C A A A AElectricity Supply(AC, Gen) N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A.ParkingSufficiency (A-C) N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A.Availability of Land forFuture parkingN.A. N.A. N.A. N.A.N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A.Area of this land(approx)
  34. 34. 34 | P a g eTouristInformationCentersAvailable(Y/N) N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A.Quality(A-C) N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A.Trained Guides Availability (A-C) N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A.InformationSignagesSufficiency (A-C) N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A.Languages N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A.Seating/ Resting Sufficiency (A-C) N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A.Quality (A-C) N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A.PublicConvenienceAvailability (A-C) N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A.Shops/ Kiosks Sufficiency (A-C) N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A.Quality (A-C) N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A.Street Lighting Sufficiency (A-C) N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A.Quality (A-C) N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A.The Tourism Department of Chandigarh Administration intends to construct a new Regional ParyatanBhawan (Tourism Bhawan) in Sector 17, for the promotion of tourism and facilitation to the touristsvisiting Chandigarh. It is proposed to construct Paryatan Bhawan where there will be mutualcollaboration with the stakeholders in Government and non Government sectors of Hospitality andTourism industry. The Paryatan Bhawan shall have all amenities and facilities for the tourists to have allinformation related to tourists’ destinations in Chandigarh and in the states Punjab, Haryana, HimachalPradesh and even Jammu & Kashmir. Regional tourism offices of the states of Punjab, Haryana,Himachal Pradesh and Jammu & Kashmir shall be established under one roof for the conveniences of thetourists.5.3 Nehru Centre for Performing Arts, Sector 34Table 13: Infrastructure status/availability between Bus stands, Railway Station & Airport to Nehru CentreParameters ComponentsRatingNehru Centre for Performing ArtsDistance in km From Bus Stand(Sec17)From BusStand(Sec43)FromRailwayStationFromAirportApproach Road Quality(A-C) A (4Km.Approx.)A (3Km.Approx.)A (7.5 Km.Approx.)A (9 Km.Approx)Type of Road (metalled, Metalled Metalled Metalled MetalledTypology(NH/SH/MDR)Udyog Pathto Sub CityCenterNH-21toSub CityCenterMadhya Margto Sub CityCenterNH-22 to SubCity CenterLanes 4 4 4 4Riding Quality (A-C) A A A ATransport Modes used by Tourist Car, Rail,Air and BusCar, Rail,Air andBusCar, Rail, Airand BusCar, Rail, Airand BusAvailability (A-C) A A A AWayside Restaurants Availability Yes Yes Yes Yes
  35. 35. 35 | P a g eParameters ComponentsRatingNehru Centre for Performing ArtsAmenitiesPetrol Pump/ ServiceCentre availabilityYes Yes Yes YesPublic convenienceavailabilityYes Yes Yes YesDirectionSignagesSufficiency (A-C) C C C CLanguages English English English EnglishLand Ownershipof the SiteCITCO CITCO CITCO CITCOCity/ TownAccommodationType NA NA NA NACapacity NA NA NA NABed Occupancy NA NA NA NASufficiency (A-C) NA NA NA NADrinking WaterfacilityAvailability (A-C) NA NA NA NAQuality(A-C) NA NA NA NASolid WasteManagementA-C NA NA NA NAElectricity Supply(AC, Gen) NA NA NA NAParkingSufficiency (A-C) NA NA NA NAAvailability of Land forFuture parkingNA NA NA NANA NA NA NAArea of this land(approx)NA NA NA NATouristInformationCentersAvailable(Y/N) NA NA NA NAQuality(A-C) NA NA NA NATrained Guides Availability (A-C) NA NA NA NAInformationSignagesSufficiency (A-C) NA NA NA NALanguages NA NA NA NASeating/ Resting Sufficiency (A-C) NA NA NA NAQuality (A-C) NA NA NA NAPublicConvenienceAvailability (A-C) NA NA NA NAShops/ Kiosks Sufficiency (A-C) NA NA NA NAQuality (A-C) NA NA NA NAStreet Lighting Sufficiency (A-C) NA NA NA NAQuality (A-C) NA NA NA NAThe State of the Art Convention Centre has been envisaged for the promotion of Chandigarh as a popularM.I.C.E destination. This will create an opportunity for the MICE segment especially for people from thenorth as they won’t have to travel all the way to Delhi for organising meets and seminars. Nehru Centrefor Performing Arts shall be set up in Sector 34, Chandigarh which will also have the facility of aninternational convention centre and theatres. The centre would comprise an auditorium for 1,500 personsand one smaller for 250 persons, two conference halls, a cafeteria and parking spaces. The estimatedProject Cost shall be approx. Rs. 110 Crores.
  36. 36. 36 | P a g e5.4 S.B.S Memorial, Sector 42Table 14: Infrastructure status/availability between Bus stands, Railway Station & Airport to S.B.S Memorial,Sector 42Parameters ComponentsRatingSardar Beant Singh MemorialDistance in km From Bus Stand(Sec 17)From BusStand(Sec43)FromRailwayStation From AirportApproach RoadQuality(A-C)A (5.5Km.Approx.)A (3Km.Approx.)A (12 Km.Approx.)A (11 Km.Approx)Type of Road(metalled,unmetalled) Metalled Metalled Metalled MetalledTypology(NH/SH/MDR) NH-21 NH-21 NH-21 NH-21Lanes 4 4 4 4Riding Quality (A-C) A A A ATransportModes used byTouristCar, Rail,Air and BusCar, Rail, Airand BusCar, Rail, Airand BusCar, Rail, Airand BusAvailability (A-C) A A A AWayside AmenitiesRestaurantsAvailability Yes Yes Yes YesPetrol Pump/ ServiceCentre availability Yes Yes Yes YesPublic convenienceavailability Yes Yes Yes YesDirection SignagesSufficiency (A-C) B B B BLanguages English English English EnglishLand Ownership ofthe Site CITCO CITCO CITCO CITCOCity/ TownAccommodationType NA NA NA NACapacity NA NA NA NABed Occupancy NA NA NA NASufficiency (A-C) NA NA NA NADrinking WaterfacilityAvailability (A-C) B B B BQuality(A-C) B B B BSolid WasteManagement A-C A A A AElectricity Supply(AC, Gen) Both Both Both BothParkingSufficiency (A-C) B B B BAvailability of Landfor Future parking Y Y Y YArea of this land(approx) NA NA NA NATourist InformationCentersAvailable(Y/N) N N N NQuality(A-C) N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A.Trained Guides Availability (A-C) N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A.InformationSignagesSufficiency (A-C) B B B BLanguages English English English EnglishSeating/ RestingSufficiency (A-C) B B B BQuality (A-C) B B B BPublic Convenience Availability (A-C) B B B BShops/ Kiosks Sufficiency (A-C) NA NA NA NA
  37. 37. 37 | P a g eParameters ComponentsRatingSardar Beant Singh MemorialQuality (A-C) NA NA NA NAStreet LightingSufficiency (A-C) A A A AQuality (A-C) A A A AS.B.S Memorial shall be developed to commemorate the memory of late Shri Beant Singh, former ChiefMinister, Punjab. Though the centre is very well built and is located near the major destinations, yet thememorial has not been well maintained. There is immense scope for development in and near theMemorial Complex. It is proposed to have a well equipped Centre for holding seminars, exhibitions,training sessions/competitions etc on various aspects of national importance such as national integrationsand communal harmony etc. The main function of the Memorial shall be to organize exhibitions,conferences and workshops etc involving renowned as well as upcoming artists and to establish, equipand maintain schools, auditoriums, libraries, archives museums workshops and other facilities, necessaryto fulfill the objectives.5.5 Kalagram, ManimajraTable 15: Infrastructure status/availability between Bus stands, Railway Station & Airport to Kalagram, ManimajraParameters Components Kala GramDistance inkm From Bus Stand(Sec 17) From Bus Stand(Sec 43)FromRailwayStation From AirportApproachRoadQuality(A-C)A (8.5Km.Approx.)A (11Km.Approx.)A (2.5 Km.Approx.)A (9 Km.Approx)Type of Road (metalled,unmetalled) Metalled Metalled Metalled MetalledTypology (NH/SH/MDR)Madhya Margor Udyog PathNH-21 orMadhyaMargMadhyaMargNH 5 orMadhya MargLanes 4 4 4 4Riding Quality (A-C) A A A ATransportModes used by TouristCar, Rail, Airand BusCar, Rail,Air and BusCar, Rail,Air andBusCar, Rail, Airand BusAvailability (A-C) A A A AWaysideAmenitiesRestaurants Availability Yes Yes Yes YesPetrol Pump/ Service Centreavailability Yes Yes Yes YesPublic convenience availability Yes Yes Yes YesDirectionSignagesSufficiency (A-C) C C C CLanguages English English English EnglishLandOwnership ofthe Site CITCO CITCO CITCO CITCOCity/ Town Type NA NA NA NA
  38. 38. 38 | P a g eParameters Components Kala GramAccommodationCapacity NA NA NA NABed Occupancy NA NA NA NASufficiency (A-C) NA NA NA NADrinkingWater facilityAvailability (A-C) B B B BQuality(A-C) B B B BSolid WasteManagement A-C A A A AElectricity Supply(AC, Gen) Both Both Both BothParkingSufficiency (A-C) B B B BAvailability of Land for Futureparking B B B BArea of this land (approx) NA NA NA NATouristInformationCentersAvailable(Y/N) N N N NQuality(A-C) N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A.TrainedGuides Availability (A-C) N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A.InformationSignagesSufficiency (A-C) A A A ALanguages English English English EnglishSeating/RestingSufficiency (A-C) B B B BQuality (A-C) B B B BPublicConvenience Availability (A-C) B B B BShops/ KiosksSufficiency (A-C) B B B BQuality (A-C) B B B BStreetLightingSufficiency (A-C) A A A AQuality (A-C) A A A AThe aim of the project is to educate the people about the value of their rich cultural heritage as embodiedin the arts and crafts and other folk tradition of the region. Kala Gram has been envisaged for display ofCrafts, artifacts, handicrafts & handloom, and to promote traditional culture-Folk Songs and Dances.With a view to provide to promote artisans, tourists and also to promote art & culture in the CityBeautiful, Chandigarh Administration has decided to create new tourism initiative. The new infrastructureto be created at Kalagram shall be integrated with the existing infrastructure at Kalagram. Estimatedproject cost shall be approx. Rs. 20 Crores.
  39. 39. 39 | P a g eChapter 6: Project Identification, Block Cost Estimate, Implementation andFundingTable 15 shows the list of basic infrastructure required in the various destinations.Table 16: Table showing the list of projects, Indicative Cost, Implementing Agency and Existing Schemes.Location Project IndicativeCost (Rs.Cr.)Implementing Agency Mode ofFundingExistingSchemesChandigarhSector 17Paryatan Bhawan-Regional tourismoffices, Airlinescounter, railwaybookings &reservations, TouristInformation Centre,Emporias.20 CITCO/ Housing Board/Municipal CorporationPublic MOT/ UTTourismDepartmentSector 34Nehru Centre ofPerforming Arts-Internationalconvention centre andtheatres110 CITCO/ Housing Board/Municipal CorporationPublic MOT/ UTTourismDepartmentSec. 42S.B.S Memorial-Convention Hall,Theatre Hall,Auditorium25 CITCO/ Housing Board/Municipal CorporationPublic MOT/ UTTourismDepartmentShilpgram,ManimajraKalagram- NationalCrafts ExhibitionPavilion, showcasingof Indian Handicraftsand cultural heritageand traditions - folkmusic and folk dancesof India. Permanentinfrastructure forChandigarh NationalCrafts Mela.20 CITCO/ Housing Board/Municipal CorporationPublic MOT/ UTTourismDepartmentProposed Breakup of Investments:Public Sector : 175 Crores6.1 Estimation of Employment GenerationThe proposed investments at tourist destinations are expected to generate employment. Theseemployment figures have been estimated at UT level because of the direct and indirect nature ofemployment generation from these investments. To estimate the number of employment generated an
  40. 40. 40 | P a g einvestment multiplier of 78 jobs per million investments is taken. The employment generation forChandigarh due to projects proposed are presented in the Table below:Table 17: Estimated Employment Generation in ChandigarhUT Expected Employment GenerationChandigarh 136500

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