Sermon Agenda: I. Rural Communalism & Urban Popular Culture (***Activity & Communion) II. Individualism, Perfectionism, and Literature (***Activity) III. Abolitionism & Racism IV. The Women's Rights Movement (***Closing)
Rural Communalism & Random Religions
Shakers: Mother Ann Lee
1770- Characterized by ecstatic dances, celibacy, gender equality, and abstention from alcohol, tobacco, politics, and war.
Attraction: economic success of communes & sexual equality.
Arthur Brisbane and the Fourierists
1840s- Characterized by Socialism, Communal property, economic freedom and equality for women.
Attraction: Radical utopian ideology and stability.
Founded by Joseph Smith, Revelations during the second Great Awakening .
Published the book of Mormon, "Another Testament of Jesus Christ" (why these groups are lobbed together)
Aroused much more animosity than other religious groups. Characterized by: traditional social doctrines, patriarchal authority, encouragement of traditional capitalist values, (frugality, hard work, etc.), Communal discipline. Some were polygamists…
How accurate is this example? In reality: These were minorities.
Urban Popular Culture in Practice
Young Men, Women:
Flocking to city for fortune and adventure.
Men- Often obtained low-paying jobs as wageworkers or clerks. They spent much of their money on attractive clothes. Promiscuity was socially acceptable.
Women- Harder time obtaining work. Often turned to prostitution. Also spent money on nice clothes to attract men.
Racism & Abolitionism
Minstrel Shows: White men dressed as black, racist fun for the whole family.