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Chapter 11 SDLA

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Transcript

  • 1. Chapter 11: ...and other Social History.
  • 2. Sermon Agenda: I. Rural Communalism & Urban Popular Culture (***Activity & Communion) II. Individualism, Perfectionism, and Literature (***Activity) III. Abolitionism & Racism IV. The Women's Rights Movement (***Closing)
  • 3. Rural Communalism & Random Religions
    • Shakers: Mother Ann Lee
      • 1770- Characterized by ecstatic dances, celibacy, gender equality, and abstention from alcohol, tobacco, politics, and war.
      • Attraction: economic success of communes & sexual equality.
    • Arthur Brisbane and the Fourierists
      • 1840s- Characterized by Socialism, Communal property, economic freedom and equality for women.
      • Attraction: Radical utopian ideology and stability.
  • 4. Rural Communalism & Random Religions (cont.)
    • John Humphrey Noyes and the Oneida Community.
      • 1840s- Characterized by: Piety and Perfectionism, Complex marriage, freedom for women, cooperative spirit, sexual equality.
      • Attraction: stability and communal spirit, sexual equality, economic success. (Oneida Community Ltd.)
    • ...and then the Mormons:
  • 5. Rural Communalism & Random Religions (cont.)
    • Mormons:
      • Founded by Joseph Smith, Revelations during the second Great Awakening .
      • Published the book of Mormon, "Another Testament of Jesus Christ" (why these groups are lobbed together)
      • Aroused much more animosity than other religious groups. Characterized by: traditional social doctrines, patriarchal authority, encouragement of traditional capitalist values, (frugality, hard work, etc.), Communal discipline. Some were polygamists…
  • 6. Activity
  • 7. How accurate is this example? In reality: These were minorities.
  • 8. Urban Popular Culture in Practice
    • Young Men, Women:
        • Flocking to city for fortune and adventure.
        • Culture:
          • Men- Often obtained low-paying jobs as wageworkers or clerks. They spent much of their money on attractive clothes. Promiscuity was socially acceptable.
          • Women- Harder time obtaining work. Often turned to prostitution. Also spent money on nice clothes to attract men.
  • 9. Racism & Abolitionism
    • Racism:
      • Minstrel Shows: White men dressed as black, racist fun for the whole family.
      • Also, occasional socially critical Nativist Clubs:
        • Against Immigration, attacked foreign born residents culturally, ethnically, and physically.
    • Abolitionism:
      • Free blacks and whites call for the freedom of slaves.
      • Wanted to use legal means to fight for race equality.
      • Die hards like William Lloyd Garrison appealed to religious Americana using mass communication.
      • Helped African Americans who escaped from slavery and appealed to national legislatures.
  • 10. Women's Rights: An abridged version
    • Who's Who on the People List:
      • Margaret Fuller (1840s) Taught that women had a relationship with God, and that gave them a separate social identity, and made them equal to men.
      • Dorothea Dix (1820-40s) Published 7 books by 1832, and advocated education. In 1841 she convinced others to establish a hospital for those with mental illness.
      • Harriet Beecher Stowe (1852) Published Uncle Tom’s Cabin, which told that the greatest moral failing of slavery was the mistreatment of women slaves.
    = feminist much?
  • 11. Women's Rights: (cont)
    • Who's Who on the People List:
        • Sojourner Truth (1840s) A freed slave, Truth was a strong Christian, and after joining an extreme Christian religion, she became a strong speaker for abolitionism and women’s rights.
        • Elizabeth Cady Stanton (1848) With Lucretia Mott organized a gathering in Seneca Falls, where the Declaration of Sentiments was formed, a declaration of gender equality.
        • Susan B. Anthony (1850-60s) A strong political campaigner, who fought for women’s rights. In 1860 she succeeded in passing a law allowing women to collect and spend their own wages.
  • 12. Activity Book Review