PC Connections Plugs and outlets in today’s PC
<ul><li>This list is by no means complete </li></ul><ul><li>It is designed to introduce you to the most common connectors ...
External
Typical Desktop
Power Outlet
Power (female)
Power (male)
Typical Built-In Outlets
Round Serial (male) <ul><li>Keyboard </li></ul><ul><li>Mouse </li></ul><ul><li>Most have switched over to USB </li></ul>
“Typical” Cards <ul><li>Most items that used to require a card are now built into the motherboard. </li></ul><ul><li>Netwo...
VGA (male) <ul><li>Video </li></ul><ul><li>Connects to computer </li></ul>
VGA (female) <ul><li>Video </li></ul><ul><li>Connects to Monitor </li></ul>
RJ-15 Outlet <ul><li>Modem </li></ul>
RJ-15 <ul><li>Connects modem  to phone outlet in  wall or phone  extension. </li></ul><ul><li>Smaller than  RJ-45 Ethernet...
RJ-45 Outlet <ul><li>Ethernet netowrk </li></ul>
RJ-45 <ul><li>Connects Ethernet outlet to wall jack,  router or gateway. </li></ul><ul><li>Larger than RJ-15 phone connect...
CAT-5 Cable <ul><li>Ethernet cable </li></ul><ul><li>Has RJ-45 connectors at both ends </li></ul>
Audio Outlets <ul><li>Mini audio jacks </li></ul><ul><li>Microphone </li></ul><ul><li>Speakers,  headsets </li></ul><ul><l...
Stereo Mini (male) <ul><li>Typical connection  for microphones,  headsets, and  computer speakers. </li></ul><ul><li>Two b...
RCA (male) <ul><li>Typical connector  for audio and video in non-computer systems. (i.e. stereos & TVs) </li></ul><ul><li>...
USB Type A Outlets <ul><li>Universal Serial Bus </li></ul><ul><li>Most common  peripheral connector today. </li></ul><ul><...
USB Type A <ul><li>The end of the  cable that will plug into the computer. </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes devices  will also ...
USB Type B Full-Size Outlet <ul><li>Typical connector for the device being used. </li></ul>
USB Type B Full-Size <ul><li>Plugged into the device. </li></ul><ul><li>Square-ish </li></ul>
USB Type B Mini Outlet <ul><li>Smaller devices will have this type of outlet. </li></ul>
USB Type B Mini <ul><li>Typically used to  connect to smaller USB devices such as card readers and  digital cameras. </li>...
PCMCIA Slot <ul><li>Personal Computer  Memory Card  International  Association  </li></ul><ul><li>People Can’t Memorize Co...
PCMCIA Card <ul><li>Expansion cards for laptops </li></ul><ul><li>Modems, WiFi, wired networking, biometric security. </li...
Parallel (male) <ul><li>Older printers </li></ul><ul><li>This end connects to the computer. </li></ul><ul><li>Mostly repla...
Parallel (female) <ul><li>Older printers </li></ul><ul><li>This end connects to the printer. </li></ul><ul><li>Mostly repl...
SCSI Port (female) <ul><li>Small Computer  System Interface </li></ul><ul><li>External hard disks,  tape drives, scanners,...
SCSI (male) <ul><li>End that connected to the computer. </li></ul>
SCSI (device end) <ul><li>End that connected to the device. </li></ul><ul><li>Devices connected  in a “chain”. </li></ul><...
Internal
IDE Outlet on Motherboard (male) <ul><li>Motherboard will typically have several of these. </li></ul><ul><li>Use to connec...
IDE Ribbon Cable <ul><li>Connects storage devices to the  motherboard. </li></ul><ul><li>Solo end connects to motherboard,...
IDE (female end) <ul><li>The plug at the far end connects to the motherboard. </li></ul>
IDE (female middle) <ul><li>Many IDE cables  have a connector in the middle, but closer to one end than the other. </li></...
Hard Drive <ul><li>IDE outlet (male) </li></ul><ul><li>Power outlet (male) </li></ul><ul><li>Jumpers </li></ul><ul><ul><li...
CD-ROM/DVD Drive <ul><li>IDE outlet (male) </li></ul><ul><li>Power outlet (male) </li></ul><ul><li>Jumpers </li></ul><ul><...
P5 Power Plug (female) <ul><li>Larger of the two types of power plugs. </li></ul><ul><li>Connects to  devices that need  m...
P7 Power Plug <ul><li>Smaller of the two types of power plugs. </li></ul><ul><li>Connects to  devices that need  less powe...
PCI Slots <ul><li>Peripheral  Component  Interconnect  </li></ul><ul><li>Slots for connecting cards to the motherboard. </...
PCI Connectors <ul><li>“Break” in the board allow the card to only be plugged in in one direction. </li></ul>
PCI Networking Card <ul><li>Example of one of the few remaining  cards that a PC will have. </li></ul>
Memory Slots <ul><li>If you have four slots memory must be  inserted in matched pairs. </li></ul><ul><li>If you have two s...
RAM <ul><li>Break in card prevents it from  being plugged in  backwards. </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure you get the right typ...
Internal Battery <ul><li>Keeps the computer’s clock running when  the computer is off. </li></ul>
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PC Connections

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An introduction to the typical plugs and outlets that you'll find in today's PCs.

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PC Connections

  1. 1. PC Connections Plugs and outlets in today’s PC
  2. 2. <ul><li>This list is by no means complete </li></ul><ul><li>It is designed to introduce you to the most common connectors in today’s PCs </li></ul><ul><li>The exact configuration of your PC will vary from the examples shown here. </li></ul>
  3. 3. External
  4. 4. Typical Desktop
  5. 5. Power Outlet
  6. 6. Power (female)
  7. 7. Power (male)
  8. 8. Typical Built-In Outlets
  9. 9. Round Serial (male) <ul><li>Keyboard </li></ul><ul><li>Mouse </li></ul><ul><li>Most have switched over to USB </li></ul>
  10. 10. “Typical” Cards <ul><li>Most items that used to require a card are now built into the motherboard. </li></ul><ul><li>Networking cards still common. </li></ul>
  11. 11. VGA (male) <ul><li>Video </li></ul><ul><li>Connects to computer </li></ul>
  12. 12. VGA (female) <ul><li>Video </li></ul><ul><li>Connects to Monitor </li></ul>
  13. 13. RJ-15 Outlet <ul><li>Modem </li></ul>
  14. 14. RJ-15 <ul><li>Connects modem to phone outlet in wall or phone extension. </li></ul><ul><li>Smaller than RJ-45 Ethernet connector </li></ul>
  15. 15. RJ-45 Outlet <ul><li>Ethernet netowrk </li></ul>
  16. 16. RJ-45 <ul><li>Connects Ethernet outlet to wall jack, router or gateway. </li></ul><ul><li>Larger than RJ-15 phone connector. </li></ul>
  17. 17. CAT-5 Cable <ul><li>Ethernet cable </li></ul><ul><li>Has RJ-45 connectors at both ends </li></ul>
  18. 18. Audio Outlets <ul><li>Mini audio jacks </li></ul><ul><li>Microphone </li></ul><ul><li>Speakers, headsets </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t mix them up, watch for the icons. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Stereo Mini (male) <ul><li>Typical connection for microphones, headsets, and computer speakers. </li></ul><ul><li>Two bands = stereo One-bans = mono </li></ul>
  20. 20. RCA (male) <ul><li>Typical connector for audio and video in non-computer systems. (i.e. stereos & TVs) </li></ul><ul><li>In the PC world, typically used to connect the second speaker (and sub-woofers) to the first one. </li></ul>
  21. 21. USB Type A Outlets <ul><li>Universal Serial Bus </li></ul><ul><li>Most common peripheral connector today. </li></ul><ul><li>Allows up to 127 devices. </li></ul><ul><li>Hot swapping </li></ul><ul><li>Current version 2.0: 480Mbits/second </li></ul><ul><li>4.375V to 5.25V powered from the computer. </li></ul>
  22. 22. USB Type A <ul><li>The end of the cable that will plug into the computer. </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes devices will also use this type of outlet. </li></ul><ul><li>Rectangular </li></ul>
  23. 23. USB Type B Full-Size Outlet <ul><li>Typical connector for the device being used. </li></ul>
  24. 24. USB Type B Full-Size <ul><li>Plugged into the device. </li></ul><ul><li>Square-ish </li></ul>
  25. 25. USB Type B Mini Outlet <ul><li>Smaller devices will have this type of outlet. </li></ul>
  26. 26. USB Type B Mini <ul><li>Typically used to connect to smaller USB devices such as card readers and digital cameras. </li></ul>
  27. 27. PCMCIA Slot <ul><li>Personal Computer Memory Card International Association </li></ul><ul><li>People Can’t Memorize Computer Industry Acronyms </li></ul><ul><li>Used in laptops </li></ul><ul><li>Card inserted into slot </li></ul>
  28. 28. PCMCIA Card <ul><li>Expansion cards for laptops </li></ul><ul><li>Modems, WiFi, wired networking, biometric security. </li></ul><ul><li>Mostly replaced by USB. </li></ul>
  29. 29. Parallel (male) <ul><li>Older printers </li></ul><ul><li>This end connects to the computer. </li></ul><ul><li>Mostly replaced by USB. </li></ul>
  30. 30. Parallel (female) <ul><li>Older printers </li></ul><ul><li>This end connects to the printer. </li></ul><ul><li>Mostly replaced by USB. </li></ul>
  31. 31. SCSI Port (female) <ul><li>Small Computer System Interface </li></ul><ul><li>External hard disks, tape drives, scanners, printers. </li></ul><ul><li>Popular with Apple & Sun systems. </li></ul><ul><li>Never really caught on in the PC world but did get used in some systems. </li></ul><ul><li>Mostly replaced by USB. </li></ul>
  32. 32. SCSI (male) <ul><li>End that connected to the computer. </li></ul>
  33. 33. SCSI (device end) <ul><li>End that connected to the device. </li></ul><ul><li>Devices connected in a “chain”. </li></ul><ul><li>Device #2 would be connected to device #1 with a cable having this type of connector at both ends. </li></ul>
  34. 34. Internal
  35. 35. IDE Outlet on Motherboard (male) <ul><li>Motherboard will typically have several of these. </li></ul><ul><li>Use to connect storage devices such as hard-, CD/DVD- and floppy-drives. </li></ul>
  36. 36. IDE Ribbon Cable <ul><li>Connects storage devices to the motherboard. </li></ul><ul><li>Solo end connects to motherboard, dual end connects to device(s). </li></ul><ul><li>End connector must be used before a middle connector. </li></ul><ul><li>Not all cables have middle connectors. </li></ul>
  37. 37. IDE (female end) <ul><li>The plug at the far end connects to the motherboard. </li></ul>
  38. 38. IDE (female middle) <ul><li>Many IDE cables have a connector in the middle, but closer to one end than the other. </li></ul><ul><li>This connector must be used last. </li></ul>
  39. 39. Hard Drive <ul><li>IDE outlet (male) </li></ul><ul><li>Power outlet (male) </li></ul><ul><li>Jumpers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Master </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Slave </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cable Select </li></ul></ul>
  40. 40. CD-ROM/DVD Drive <ul><li>IDE outlet (male) </li></ul><ul><li>Power outlet (male) </li></ul><ul><li>Jumpers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Master </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Slave </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cable Select </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Digital and/or Analog audio outlets (male) </li></ul>
  41. 41. P5 Power Plug (female) <ul><li>Larger of the two types of power plugs. </li></ul><ul><li>Connects to devices that need more power such as hard drives and CD/DVD drives. </li></ul>
  42. 42. P7 Power Plug <ul><li>Smaller of the two types of power plugs. </li></ul><ul><li>Connects to devices that need less power such as floppy drives and Centurion Guard. </li></ul>
  43. 43. PCI Slots <ul><li>Peripheral Component Interconnect </li></ul><ul><li>Slots for connecting cards to the motherboard. </li></ul><ul><li>Mostly replaced by USB. </li></ul>
  44. 44. PCI Connectors <ul><li>“Break” in the board allow the card to only be plugged in in one direction. </li></ul>
  45. 45. PCI Networking Card <ul><li>Example of one of the few remaining cards that a PC will have. </li></ul>
  46. 46. Memory Slots <ul><li>If you have four slots memory must be inserted in matched pairs. </li></ul><ul><li>If you have two slots you can fill them any way you wish. </li></ul>
  47. 47. RAM <ul><li>Break in card prevents it from being plugged in backwards. </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure you get the right type for your computer. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SIMM vs. DIMM (single vs. dual) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DRAM vs. SRAM (dynamic vs. static) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Parity vs. Non-Parity Modules </li></ul></ul>
  48. 48. Internal Battery <ul><li>Keeps the computer’s clock running when the computer is off. </li></ul>

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