Michael Sauers
Technology Innovation Librarian,
Nebraska Library Commission
Library 2.013, 19 October 2013
1971: Project Gutenberg
• Started with the
U.S. Constitution
typed into a
mainframe
• Now contains
over 40,000 free
e-text...
1988: NeXT Computer
• First computer to
include searchable
eBooks.
• Oxford Shakespeare &
Oxford Dictionary of
Quotations
1989: Cyberbooks
• Foresaw the current
state of eReaders
• Predicted the “end of
publishing as we know
it”
1993: Apple Newton
• The first “Personal
Digital Assistant”
• “Newton Books”
• Suspended in 1998
1998: Franklin EB-500 Rocket eBook
• Ergonomic, ambidextrous
design, about the size of a
paperback
• 1.3 lbs
• Stores abou...
1998: SoftBook Reader
• 2.9lbs
• 9.5” touch-screen w/
stylus
• Built-in 33.6 Kbps
modem; download
approximately 100
pages ...
2000: Microsoft Reader
• PC eBook reading software
• ClearType technology
• Annotations
• Pan & Zoom

• Highlighting
• Dic...
2002: Palm Trēo
• Mobipocket Reader software
• Download content over the
air (OTA)
• Desktop sync
• Annotation
• Highlight...
2002: TabletPC
• Used in
combination
with Microsoft
Reader
software

• Promoted as a
“reader” due
to ability to
easily con...
2004: Sony Libré
• First eInk-based
device
• AAA batteries
• Available only in
Japan
What is "eInk"
Content is not drawn, but “charged”

170 Pixels Per Inch (PPI)
Newspaper quality

Does not need power to ho...
09/2006 eReader PRS-500
• Display
•
•
•
•

eInk / non-backlit
800x600 resolution
Rotatable
4-level grayscale

•

Three tex...
http://www.flickr.com/photos/shifted/1240167805
http://www.flickr.com/photos/shifted/2050405275/
06/2007: iPod Touch / iPhone
• Not an explicit eBook
device

• Multiple reader
software packages
available
•
•
•
•

Stanza...
12/2007: Sony PRS-505
• Minor
improvements over
the PRS-500
• 8 levels of grayscale
• Redesigned controls
• Additional mem...
12/2007: Amazon Kindle
• 6” screen
• 200-title storage
• Download wirelessly via
“whispernet” (EVDO)
• QWERTY Keyboard
• A...
02/2009: Kindle 2
•
•
•
•

Redesigned controls
WiFi added
1500-title storage
16 levels of grayscale
(eInk Pearl)
• 20% fas...
11/2009: Barnes & Noble Nook
• 6” eInk display and 3.5” color control
display

• 12.1oz
• Android 1.5
• Can share a book o...
04/2010: Apple iPad
• iBooks app included
• Kindle app available
• “text-to-voice” via
VoiceOver
• 1.5lbs

• 9.7” backlit ...
11/2010: Barnes & Noble Nook Color
•
•
•
•

15.8oz
7” screen
WiFi
8GB internal
storage
• MicroSD slot
• Android 2.2
• Root...
06/2011: Nook Simple Touch
• 6” touch-screen
display
• WiFi & USB
connectivity
• 600x800 eInk Pearl
• 2GB internal storage...
10/2011: Sony Reader WiFi (PRS-T1RC)
• eInk
• WiFi
• 5.9oz
• 16-level grayscale

• 6” screen
• 1.3GB internal storage
• Mi...
11/2011: Kindle Touch
• 6” eInk Pearl touch
display
• WiFi and/or 3G
• 4GB internal
storage
• Available with or
without ad...
11/2011: Kindle Fire
• 14.6oz
• 7” LCD touch screen
• WiFi
• 8GB internal storage
• MicroSD slot
• Android 2.3
• Amazon Si...
01/2012: Ectaco jetBook
• 9.7” 1600x1200 display
• Color eInk display
• WiFi

• MicroSD slot
• Text-to-Speech
• 10,000 pag...
04/2012: nook GlowLight
• Touchscreen eInk

• Built-in light
• Front-lit
• Adjustable
brightness
06/2012: WEXLER. Flex ONE
• Electronic Paper
Display (EPD)
• Flexible
• 1024x768 eInk
display
• 4mm thick
• 3.88 oz.
01/2013: Plastic Logic PaperTab
• Flexible (and experimental) e-ink 10.7inch tablet runs on Intel's Core i5
processor.
05/2013 – Sony Digital Paper
• 13.3” 1600x1200
capacitive eInk
flexible display
• Stylus for note
taking

• Educational ma...
2014: eInk smartphone covers
2014: Color eInk Kindle?
• In May 2013 Amazon.com purchases
Liquavista from Samgung.
• Liquavista
makes screen
technologie...
Thank You!
Michael Sauers
msauers@travelinlibrarian.info
http://travelinlibrarian.info/

http://delicious.com/travelinlibr...
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eBooks & eReaders: Past, Present & Future

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Presented at the Library 2.013 conference on 19 October 2013.

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  • My name is Michael and I’m an eBook Curmudgeon.
  • Mine’s autographed. Oh yeah, autograph my Kindle Mr. Bova!
  • “The principal components of electronic ink are millions of tiny microcapsules, about the diameter of a human hair. In one incarnation, each microcapsule contains positively charged white particles and negatively charged black particles suspended in a clear fluid. When a negative electric field is applied, the white particles move to the top of the microcapsule where they become visible to the user. This makes the surface appear white at that spot. At the same time, an opposite electric field pulls the black particles to the bottom of the microcapsules where they are hidden. By reversing this process, the black particles appear at the top of the capsule, which now makes the surface appear dark at that spot.”http://www.eink.com/technology/howitworks.html
  • Jenny Levine, Union Station
  • http://www.ectaco.com/jetBook_Color/$499
  • http://wexler-global.com/products/79/347
  • http://www.engadget.com/2013/01/07/plastic-logic-reveals-paper-tablet-computer-a-thin-flexible/
  • Video @ http://goodereader.com/blog/electronic-readers/hands-on-with-the-sony-13-3-inch-prototype-e-reader
  • http://gizmodo.com/e-ink-smartphone-flip-covers-are-a-wonderful-idea-1327350050
  • eBooks & eReaders: Past, Present & Future

    1. 1. Michael Sauers Technology Innovation Librarian, Nebraska Library Commission Library 2.013, 19 October 2013
    2. 2. 1971: Project Gutenberg • Started with the U.S. Constitution typed into a mainframe • Now contains over 40,000 free e-texts in multiple DRMfree formats
    3. 3. 1988: NeXT Computer • First computer to include searchable eBooks. • Oxford Shakespeare & Oxford Dictionary of Quotations
    4. 4. 1989: Cyberbooks • Foresaw the current state of eReaders • Predicted the “end of publishing as we know it”
    5. 5. 1993: Apple Newton • The first “Personal Digital Assistant” • “Newton Books” • Suspended in 1998
    6. 6. 1998: Franklin EB-500 Rocket eBook • Ergonomic, ambidextrous design, about the size of a paperback • 1.3 lbs • Stores about 4,000 pages-the equivalent of 10 novels • Speech-quality audio for documents published with audio content • Long battery life--17 to 33 hours per charge • $369
    7. 7. 1998: SoftBook Reader • 2.9lbs • 9.5” touch-screen w/ stylus • Built-in 33.6 Kbps modem; download approximately 100 pages per minute • 5hrs per charge • $599.95, or $299.95 plus $19.95 per month for a 24 month "content package" contract (totalling $778.75)
    8. 8. 2000: Microsoft Reader • PC eBook reading software • ClearType technology • Annotations • Pan & Zoom • Highlighting • Dictionary • Battery life dependent on platform (desktop vs. laptop) • Suspended in 2012
    9. 9. 2002: Palm Trēo • Mobipocket Reader software • Download content over the air (OTA) • Desktop sync • Annotation • Highlighting • Dictionary • Software compatible with devices other than the Treo
    10. 10. 2002: TabletPC • Used in combination with Microsoft Reader software • Promoted as a “reader” due to ability to easily convert screen to portrait mode
    11. 11. 2004: Sony Libré • First eInk-based device • AAA batteries • Available only in Japan
    12. 12. What is "eInk" Content is not drawn, but “charged” 170 Pixels Per Inch (PPI) Newspaper quality Does not need power to hold a display, only to change it.
    13. 13. 09/2006 eReader PRS-500 • Display • • • • eInk / non-backlit 800x600 resolution Rotatable 4-level grayscale • Three text sizes • 64MB built in storage • SD/Memory Stick card slot • USB data transfer • Approximately 7,500 page turns per charge • Approx. 9oz
    14. 14. http://www.flickr.com/photos/shifted/1240167805
    15. 15. http://www.flickr.com/photos/shifted/2050405275/
    16. 16. 06/2007: iPod Touch / iPhone • Not an explicit eBook device • Multiple reader software packages available • • • • Stanza Kindle Barnes & Noble eBook apps • Backlit non-eInk display
    17. 17. 12/2007: Sony PRS-505 • Minor improvements over the PRS-500 • 8 levels of grayscale • Redesigned controls • Additional memory card slot
    18. 18. 12/2007: Amazon Kindle • 6” screen • 200-title storage • Download wirelessly via “whispernet” (EVDO) • QWERTY Keyboard • Ability to add notes to text • Basic Web access
    19. 19. 02/2009: Kindle 2 • • • • Redesigned controls WiFi added 1500-title storage 16 levels of grayscale (eInk Pearl) • 20% faster page refresh • Text-to-speech option • 9.1mm thick
    20. 20. 11/2009: Barnes & Noble Nook • 6” eInk display and 3.5” color control display • 12.1oz • Android 1.5 • Can share a book once with another person for up to two weeks
    21. 21. 04/2010: Apple iPad • iBooks app included • Kindle app available • “text-to-voice” via VoiceOver • 1.5lbs • 9.7” backlit glossy screen • Automatic screen rotation • WiFi and/or 3G • 9+ hours of battery life depending on Internet connectivity used
    22. 22. 11/2010: Barnes & Noble Nook Color • • • • 15.8oz 7” screen WiFi 8GB internal storage • MicroSD slot • Android 2.2 • Rootable
    23. 23. 06/2011: Nook Simple Touch • 6” touch-screen display • WiFi & USB connectivity • 600x800 eInk Pearl • 2GB internal storage • microSD card slot • Android 2.1
    24. 24. 10/2011: Sony Reader WiFi (PRS-T1RC) • eInk • WiFi • 5.9oz • 16-level grayscale • 6” screen • 1.3GB internal storage • MicroSD card slot • Built in OverDrive support
    25. 25. 11/2011: Kindle Touch • 6” eInk Pearl touch display • WiFi and/or 3G • 4GB internal storage • Available with or without ads
    26. 26. 11/2011: Kindle Fire • 14.6oz • 7” LCD touch screen • WiFi • 8GB internal storage • MicroSD slot • Android 2.3 • Amazon Silk Browser • Amazon’s competitor to the Nook color & Nook color tablet
    27. 27. 01/2012: Ectaco jetBook • 9.7” 1600x1200 display • Color eInk display • WiFi • MicroSD slot • Text-to-Speech • 10,000 page turns • Speech recognition and speech analysis Language Teacher and ULearn courses • Pictured dictionaries for 38 languages Cross translator for 180 languages
    28. 28. 04/2012: nook GlowLight • Touchscreen eInk • Built-in light • Front-lit • Adjustable brightness
    29. 29. 06/2012: WEXLER. Flex ONE • Electronic Paper Display (EPD) • Flexible • 1024x768 eInk display • 4mm thick • 3.88 oz.
    30. 30. 01/2013: Plastic Logic PaperTab • Flexible (and experimental) e-ink 10.7inch tablet runs on Intel's Core i5 processor.
    31. 31. 05/2013 – Sony Digital Paper • 13.3” 1600x1200 capacitive eInk flexible display • Stylus for note taking • Educational market • Testing in Japanese universities • Shared document editing over WiFi planned
    32. 32. 2014: eInk smartphone covers
    33. 33. 2014: Color eInk Kindle? • In May 2013 Amazon.com purchases Liquavista from Samgung. • Liquavista makes screen technologies that allow for affordable color eInk displays.
    34. 34. Thank You! Michael Sauers msauers@travelinlibrarian.info http://travelinlibrarian.info/ http://delicious.com/travelinlibrarian/ebooks CC BY-NC 3.0 The Nebraska Library Commission
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