Module 20
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Module 20 Module 20 Presentation Transcript

  • + Making Oral Presentations Module 20 and Additional Notes
  • + ―Take-Aways‖  What do you want your audience to do?  Always actions.  Change a behavior?  Change an attitude?  Buy something?
  • + ―Take-Aways‖  Make them clear and explicit.  Gives your audience a chance to make sure they understand the points you want them to understand.
  • + ―Take-Aways‖  Limit your main ideas to the smallest number you can.  Spend your time—supporting , clarifying, offering evidence, examples, interaction, etc.—in the service of that point.
  • + Why is this a presentation, not a document?  Do you really need to present this?  What does your presentation do that a document can’t?  Expensive and inefficient to make a presentation when the information could have been distributed as a document.  Advantages/Disadvantages of one strategy vs. the other?
  • + Opening/Closing  Relevance/Importance  Preview/Summary – Take-aways.  Framing Techniques (quotes, stories, analogies, metaphors, goals, missions, etc.)  Close: look to the future, positive emphasis, call to action.
  • + Body Language  Gestures  Stance  Podium  Visual Cues  Relationship to your visuals  Eye contact  The speaker dance
  • + Voice  Project to the back of the room  Tone: Confident and/or conversational
  • + General Principles  Enjoy yourself  Positive emphasis  You-attitude
  • + Questions from the audience  Restate the question.  Shows you’re listening.  Allows you to reshape the question.  Allows the ―asker‖ to clarify.
  • + Questions from the audience  Ask for clarification if you don’t understand something about the question.  You don’t want to answer a question the asker didn’t ask. Makes you look like a bad listener. Wastes the asker’s and the audience’s time.
  • + Questions from the audience  Internally identify the asker’s best possible intentions.  Frame your response within those possibilities.  People generally don’t ask questions just to be jerks.  But be careful.
  • + Questions from the audience  Plant a backup question. Just in case.
  • + Questions from the audience  Keep your answers direct and succinct.  Check in with the asker to make sure you’ve answered their question.
  • + Practice, Practice, Practice  With your team  In front of a generous audience (trusted, helpful)  On-camera (here your voice; see your body language)  Get your timing down  Avoid a sense of ―winging it‖ – project preparation
  • + Focus on Structure  Opening  Transitions – more than just a hand-off  Content  Closing  Unity/Consistency  Avoid redundancies
  • + Have a backup plan  If the technology doesn’t work  If a team member doesn’t show up  If the audience asks a question for which you are unprepared
  • + Prepare to adjust  Have a system of communication in place to help keep each other on track  Small window of time; must be able to adjust and compensate
  • +
  • + Thanks.