+ Making Oral Presentations Module 20 and Additional Notes
+ ―Take-Aways‖ What do you want your audience to do? Always actions. Change a behavior? Change an attitude? Buy something?
+ ―Take-Aways‖ Make them clear and explicit. Gives your audience a chance to make sure they understand the points you want them to understand.
+ ―Take-Aways‖ Limit your main ideas to the smallest number you can. Spend your time—supporting , clarifying, offering evidence, examples, interaction, etc.—in the service of that point.
+ Why is this a presentation, not a document? Do you really need to present this? What does your presentation do that a document can’t? Expensive and inefficient to make a presentation when the information could have been distributed as a document. Advantages/Disadvantages of one strategy vs. the other?
+ Opening/Closing Relevance/Importance Preview/Summary – Take-aways. Framing Techniques (quotes, stories, analogies, metaphors, goals, missions, etc.) Close: look to the future, positive emphasis, call to action.
+ Body Language Gestures Stance Podium Visual Cues Relationship to your visuals Eye contact The speaker dance
+ Voice Project to the back of the room Tone: Confident and/or conversational
+ Questions from the audience Restate the question. Shows you’re listening. Allows you to reshape the question. Allows the ―asker‖ to clarify.
+ Questions from the audience Ask for clarification if you don’t understand something about the question. You don’t want to answer a question the asker didn’t ask. Makes you look like a bad listener. Wastes the asker’s and the audience’s time.
+ Questions from the audience Internally identify the asker’s best possible intentions. Frame your response within those possibilities. People generally don’t ask questions just to be jerks. But be careful.
+ Questions from the audience Plant a backup question. Just in case.
+ Questions from the audience Keep your answers direct and succinct. Check in with the asker to make sure you’ve answered their question.
+ Practice, Practice, Practice With your team In front of a generous audience (trusted, helpful) On-camera (here your voice; see your body language) Get your timing down Avoid a sense of ―winging it‖ – project preparation
+ Focus on Structure Opening Transitions – more than just a hand-off Content Closing Unity/Consistency Avoid redundancies
+ Have a backup plan If the technology doesn’t work If a team member doesn’t show up If the audience asks a question for which you are unprepared
+ Prepare to adjust Have a system of communication in place to help keep each other on track Small window of time; must be able to adjust and compensate