What Cities WantVisions, future objectives and constraints in London Richard De Cani, Transport for London
Setting the context
London – key statistics• 8.2m residents• 30m visitors each year• 4.2m jobs• 3.3m homes• 21% of UK total output / 13% population• 395,000 businesses• 24.8m trips per day: o 10.1 million car / motorcycle o 5.9 million on foot o 3.7 million by bus / tram o 2.3million by national rail o 2.1 million by Tube / DLR o 0.5 million by bicycle o 0.3 million by taxi / PHV
London is often divided into three concentric zones…Central London Outer London4% of all residents 60% of all residents25% of all jobs 40% of all jobsIntense economic activity Low density housing 12 “Metropolitan TownInner London centres”36% of all residents 112 Metropolitan of retail, Significant centres35% of all jobs employment and publicHigh density development transport provision
... travel patterns differ greatly within and between these zones
London’s population will reach 9 million by 2031, up by 970,000Around half of this growth will be in the east….
... while central London will see most employment growth
The GLA family is planning for these and other challenges
Mayor’s Transport Strategy – six goals...1 Support economic development and population growth2 Enhance the quality of life for all Londoners3 Improve the safety and security of all Londoners4 Improve transport opportunities for all Londoners5 Reduce transport’s contribution to climate change, and improve its resilience6 Support delivery of the London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games and its legacy
… and a stretching mode share target 24 m trips per day 27 m trips per day
Realising the Mayor’s goals and targets
Significantly expanding transport capacity
Integrating land use and transport planning for sustainabilityLondon’s Opportunity Areas serve as examples….
Improving access to jobs and services...
Making the most efficient use of the transport system TfL Journey Planner Barclays Cycle Online and telephone Superhighways 0 based travel information 0 Provide safe, clear and direct routes for cyclists to travel between outer and central London Oyster Legible London Makes journeys quicker Eases wayfinding, 0 and more convenient, 0 encourages walking now covers National Rail and supports town in London centre economies Smarter Travel Barclays Cycle Hire School and workplace Low-cost cycle hire, travel planning, 0 open to all, extending 0 support for cycling eastwards in the coming and walking monthsThese measures help people get the most out of the transport system using modes that are suitablefor both long and short distance trips.
Using data to target investment in cyclingUnderstanding which current trips could be cycled: Understanding how likely people are to cycle: Potential cycle trips by current mode Propensity to cycle by market segment Potential cycle trips by trip origin Propensity to cycle by postcode
Barclays Cycle Superhighways and Cycle Hire SchemeBarclays Cycle Hire scheme Barclays Cycle Superhighways• Almost 5m journeys made by Barclays Cycle Hire bike so far Users of first two Superhighways were• Over 100,000 journeys by scheme members each week typically: • young (80% aged 25 to 44)• Between 40,000 and 60,000 journeys by casual users • white (84% - 89%)• 68% of scheme users are aged between 25 and 44 • men (77%)• 60% of scheme members have household income over £50,000 • in employment (70%) • affluent(41% - 54%)Cycle hire scheme area extendingeastwards as far as Bow Usage statistics: • 80% trips for commuting purposesHundreds more docking points are also • Cycle flows along Superhighwaybeing added in central London routes up 100% on some sections during peak hoursAll of Tower Hamlets and North Shoreditchwill be covered Superhighways routes:Docking stations also in Bethnal Green, • 4 routes already openBow, Canary Wharf, Mile End and Poplar • CS2 extension 2013 • CS5 Lewisham to Victoria 2013Up to 2,000 more cycles • 7 more routes by 2015Up to 4,200 extra docking points
Using data to target investment in walkingUnderstanding which current trips could be walked: Understanding walking potential at majorPotential walk trips by current mode London rail stations: Rail Modes 40000 Bus 1% 35000 15% 30000 25000 Other 20000 2% 15000 10000 5000 0 Car 82% Potential walkable trips by trip origin Propensity to walk by postcode
Legible London and Walk London schemesLegible London scheme Walk London scheme A pan London initiative: • A network of 7 strategic routes that • Developed with Boroughs, businesses and landowners span London • Brings consistency to pedestrian wayfinding • Completed for Diamond Jubilee • Supports mode shift to walking and 2012 Games • Highlights town centre attractions • High quality walking opportunities for Londoners User evaluation: • Accessible routes • 16% journey time savings using signs • Introduces people to walking • 85% satisfaction level for system ease of use • 91% want the system across the capital • Average of 40 users per sign per hourInstallation facts: • 930 signs across London to date Usage statistics: Overall aim is to have: • 8.2m users in 2011/12 • 20+ counters collect real-time Complete Central London coverage usage data Interlinked inner London mesh • 90% of London residents are within Outer London town centres 10 minutes of the network • Led walk weekends attract 10,000• Currently trialling digital version at Canary Wharf people
Improving air quality• Cleaner buses – Bus Emissions programme – all new buses Euro 4, older buses retrofitted – Hybrid Bus programme – 260 in service, 400 planned by 2013• Cleaner goods vehicles – London Low Emission Zone (LEZ) discourages the use of the most individually polluting goods vehicles – Lighter goods vehicles also part of LEZ programme• Cleaner cars – 100% Congestion Charge discount for cleanest cars – Support for electric vehicles increasing – Source London is city-wide electric charge point network – Aiming for 1300 charge points by 2013
Improving physical accessibility of the transport system• Improvements at stations – e.g. step free access from the street and between platforms and train lines at Green Park station (complete by the Olympics)• Improvements to bus stops to ensure that as many people as possible can make use of the fully accessible fleet• Focus on the urban realm – decluttering, keeping the footway clear, and widening and smoothing pavements• Crossrail will bring particular benefits by significantly increasing the number of step-free interchanges between tube lines, making the whole network much more accessible
Safety and security improvements• Security measures – Ensuring proper staffing levels at rail stations and trains – Installing CCTV and help points – Visible policing – Enhanced street lighting and street design• Safety measures – Education and awareness raising – Road safety engineering and enforcement – Reducing speed limits where appropriate
And maximising the legacy of the London 2012 Games• London delivered a hugely popular and well-received Games• 100% movement by public transport, walking and cycling• 60m tube journeys made – up by 30%• 100% increase in DLR ridership• Central London traffic down 15%• Innovative and successful travel behaviour programmes led to 1/3 of regulartravellers changing their travel patternsFocus now is to:• Support continued East London regeneration• Continue investing in transport to support growth in host boroughs• Use transport learnings across London
Despite planned investment, constraints will remain
Continued pressure on the public transport network
Balancing different space requirements London places a hugely varying demand on its streets and spaces Movement Interchanging Education Retail Culture & Art Leisure & socialising The Mayor’s new Roads Task Force will examine the balance and trial new solutions
Transport CO2 emissions will be reduced – but more is needed
Summary and close
Summary• Growth agenda – 970,000 extra people and 720,000 extra jobs by 2036.• Major investment underway• Long-term funding remains uncertain, but growth has to be accommodated and other priorities addressed including CO2, air quality and congestion• Further investments are required• It is essential that some future transport outcomes are secured without major capital expenditure through: o Smarter choices o Better planning o Behavioural change• The 2012 Games provides a legacy of travel behaviour lessons that can be applied across London
Further informationMayoral strategies www.london.gov.uk/thelondonplan/London Plan www.london.gov.uk/publication/mayors-transport-strategy http://legacy.london.gov.uk/mayor/publications/2009/05/rising-challenge.jspTravel in London Report (statistical information) www.tfl.gov.uk/assets/downloads/corporate/travel-in-london-report-4.pdfTfL Business Plan 2011/12-2015/15 www.tfl.gov.uk/assets/downloads/corporate/tfls-business-plan-2011-12-to-2014- 15.pdfLondon 2012 Legacy Plan www.london.gov.uk/publication/leaving-transport-legacy