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  • 1. Transforming Los Angeles’ Transportation Paradigm October 8, 2012 Cris B. Liban, D.Env., P.E. Environmental Director, LACMTA
  • 2. Outline • Los Angeles and Its Transportation Challenges • Transit’s Regional Sustainability Role • Metro as a Laboratory of Sustainable Ideas • Comments/Questions 2
  • 3. Los Angeles County – largest economy in theUnited States • 88 incorporated cities • Large area – 10,570 km2 › Larger than the states of Rhode Island and Delaware combined • Large Population › Over 10 million people › 17.6 million in surrounding counties › More than 42 states • Diverse – More than 40% foreign- born, over 220 languages spoken • The 17th largest economy in the world 3
  • 4. Los Angeles –The second largest city in America • Founded in 1781 • Large and spread out: 1,213 km2 (469 square mi.) • Fits 8 large American cities • Close to 4 million people 4
  • 5. Los Angeles’ Transportation Paradigm PasadenaChatsworth Azusa Hollywood Westwood Los Angeles Santa • Prior to the 1930’s1950’s onwards Specifically in the East Los Angeles Monica Freeway System • Extensive Transportation System The Car is “King” • California-Nevada Border to the Ocean LAX • Mexico-California urban sprawl Predominance of Border to Central Valley Norwalk Long Beach 5
  • 6. Los Angeles’ Transportation ChallengesLos Angeles has itsunique mobilitychallenges 6
  • 7. Private vehicles are the largest contributor to ahousehold’s carbon footprint Source: “Public Transportation’s Contribution to U.S. Greenhouse Gas Reduction,” Science Applications International Corporation, September 2007. 7
  • 8. Transit Paradox Transit’s Effects on Regional Carbon Footprint APTA, 2010To reduce emissions from mobile sources, we need higher levels ofpublic transit and more compact patterns of land use that transitsupports. 8
  • 9. For Los Angeles County, Metro is The Regional Planner The Regional Builder The Regional Operator 9
  • 10. World Class Solutions to Los Angeles’ Mobility Challenges• Transit (Rail/Bus)• Carpool Lanes• Ridesharing• Bicycle Lanes• Pedestrian Linkages• Transit-oriented Development• Goods Movement 10
  • 11. Metro – the Regional Planner• Plans › Long Range Plan › Capital Plan › Transit Corridor Plans › Environmental Assessment• For All Modes: › Rail and Bus › Highway › Major Roads › Pedestrian and Bicycles 11
  • 12. Partnering on a Regional Strategy• Required by state law to develop regional strategy and to implement and achieve GHG reduction targets• Strategy Components: • Land-Use • Transportation Demand/Systems Management • Transportation Investments • Pricing Energy and Resources 12
  • 13. Leveraging Transportation InvestmentsLong-Range Plan OpportunitiesAdds 80 miles of light rail • Achieve Greenhouselines, doubling theexisting system with Gas Reduction Goalspossible connection toHigh Speed Rail • Reduce Auto- Auto- DependencyExpands carpool lanes,improves highway • Meet Market Demandsystems management,explores public-private for More Walkablepartnerships and pricing CommunitiesAmerica Fast Forward— • Utilize and CatalyzeBuilds 12 transit projects Technologicalin 10 years, rather than 30 Innovations 13
  • 14. Los Angeles Metro’s Service AreaNearly 1/3 of California iswithin Metro Service Area These figures do not include Munis and Metrolink 14
  • 15. LA Transit and Transportation System • Congestion Reduction StrategiesFuture Expansion over 30 Years • Highway Programs • Bikes and Bike Paths • Funding and Programming • Employer-Employee Incentives Total: 197- 205 stations 236.2+ miles 103 stations 121.2 miles 15
  • 16. Project Schedules*Los Angeles CountyMetropolitan Transportation Authority * Major Capital Projects Only
  • 17. Sustainable Transit Infrastructure• Sustainable Features – Energy Efficiency – Low Impact Development – Sustainable Practices• Technology Innovations• State of Good Repair 17
  • 18. Ventura Orange Line and Orange Line ExtensionCounty Los Angeles County Orange Line and Extension Light Rail San Bernardino Opened in 2005, then 2012 County CNG articulated buses Over 1 million drought tolerant or native plants and trees Recycled water irrigation Stormwater capture and infiltration Recycled asphalt/concrete sub- base Sustainable Features LED lighting stoplights Solar panels along bikepath Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority Orange County
  • 19. VenturaCounty Gold Line Foothill Extension Los Angeles County San Bernardino Gold Line Foothill Extension County Light Rail Under Construction, after 2015 Green Maintenance Building Consider wastewater capture and infiltration Energy efficient stations Electric vehicle considerations Sustainable Features Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority Orange County
  • 20. Additional Project Requirements Orange PasadenaChatsworth Gold Azusa Westside Subway Hollywood Red Westwood Los Angeles Expo Santa East Los Angeles Monica Crenshaw/ LAX Regional Connector LAX Green Norwalk - Green Construction Policy - Renewable Energy Policy - Climate Action and Adaptation Plan Long Beach 20
  • 21. Transit Oriented Districts • Joint Development of Metro Properties to Promote Less Use of Private Vehicles • More than 30 available sites • Partnership to build green buildings • Encourage the implementation of sustainability guidelines • LA Metro Study on land use impacts of transit 21
  • 22. Electric Vehicle (EV) Charger Deployment• California Energy Commission Grant • Reliability of Chargers • Economic Model and Implementability • Effect on Transit Patterns• Five Park and Ride Stations, 20 Chargers• Partnership with other stakeholders EV Charger Deployment Locations EV Charger Deployed by City of LA 22
  • 23. Fleet Management and Clean Air• Emissions Reduction Initiatives – Nation’s 1st and Largest Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Fleet: >2,500 and growing • 97% less priority pollutant emissions compared to retired diesel buses • 100% CNG Fleet as of February 2011 – Newer vehicle technologies are always considered – All system vehicles have multi-mobility capabilities – Development of a Green Rail Plan 23
  • 24. Green Facilities and Energy IndependenceMetro Gateway HQ Division 9 Building • Green Buildings • Renewable Energy Technology and Energy Efficiency Wayside Energy Storage System Chatsworth Sun Valley Carson Downtown LA 213KW + 213KW + 417KW + 1000KW 24
  • 25. On A Pure Greenhouse Gas EmissionsPerspective, Which Strategy is Cost-EffectiveLarge GHG Ridesharing/Transit Programs for EmployersBenefit Transit Oriented Development(> 10,000 Vanpool SubsidyMtCO2e/year) On-board Railcar Energy Storage 45-foot Composite BusesModerate Facility Lighting EfficiencyGHG Benefit $ Metro Employee Transit Subsidy < $14 / ton(1,000-10,000 $$ Bicycle Paths along Transit Corridors $ $300-900 / tonMtCO2e/year) $$ Gasoline-Electric Hybrid Buses $$ >$1000 / ton $$ Wayside Energy Storage Substation Red Line Tunnel Lighting Retrofit Hybrid Non-Revenue CarsSmall GHG Recycled Water for Bus WashingBenefit Low Water Sanitary Fixtures(< 1,000 $ Solar PanelsMtCO2e/year) $ Bike-to-Transit Commuter Incentives $$ Hybrid Non-Revenue Light Trucks 25
  • 26. Metro and a Sustainable Transportation System• Metro’s programs organically create a nexus among various sustainable elements• Forging partnerships and finding common-ground solutions• Ensures that our operations consider environment, economy, and society 26
  • 27. Great Things are Happening in LA!!!Photo credit: CALSTART 27
  • 28. Questions/DiscussionsFor additional information:http://www.metro.net/projects/www.metro.net/sustainability+1 213/922-1100Dr. Cris B. Liban, P.E.p: +1 213/922-2471e/m: LibanE@metro.net 28
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