Welcome to Johannesburg• Johannesburg is one of the newest cities in the world: established in October 1886: based on discovery of gold.• Size: 1645 square kms• Population – size: 3 888 182 – household size: 3.3 – 63% younger than 35.• Largest city in South Africa and Southern Africa and accounts for 16% of South Africa’s GVA (Gross Value Add)• High unemployment: over 25% of economically active population• One of the largest cities in the world, not established next to a body of water like a river or coastal harbor.• It remains a migrant labour city, attracting working people from across South Africa, and the rest of the African continent, as well as the Western world.
About the City of Johannesburg• 130 wards• 260 councillors: 130 ward / 130 Proportional Representative – political party• Executive Mayor Tau assisted by 10 Members of the Mayoral Committee. MMC for Transport: Councillor Rehana Moosajee• Full separation of powers between Executive and Legislature.• Transport: Core department + 2 Municipal Owned Entities: Johannesburg Roads Agency and Metrobus
Public Participation• 130 ward committees – each ward has a representative for Transport.• MMC convenes quarterly meetings of civil society organisations: labour, organisations for people with disability, business, community based etc• Annual focus on Transport issues in October Transport Month• Public participation the cornerstone of democratic SA.• Transport discourse tends to be dominated by middle to upper class residents but as a pro-poor government very conscious of the impact of transport on poverty and strive to give voice to all.• Transport responsibilities traverse all 3 spheres of government: local, provincial and national – strive for good co-operative governance.
Transport ValuesAccountability Co-operation Honesty Respect Ubuntu
Joburg: A city using its past to build a Better The vision & mission of Johannesburg is the Growth & Development Strategy Future 2040 Johannesburg - a world-class African city of the future, which is vibrant, economically inclusive and a multi-cultural city; a city that provides Nation Building and Social real quality of life, for all its citizens. A city that Cohesion is a symbol of learning – well established, globally competitive, innovative and networked. A city that inspires active citizenry. The principles of GDS:Environmental Transport Poverty Eradication and Economic • Eradicating poverty Growth • Building and growing an inclusive economy • Building sustainable human settlements • Ensuring resource security and Human Development environmental sustainability • Achieving social inclusion • Promoting good governance
Apartheid spatial legacy and poverty• Map 1: Index of Multiple Deprivation – Johannesburg, 2010 (Source: City of Johannesburg, 2010; Centre for Analysis of SA Social Policy, University of Oxford, modelled on 2007 data)6
Transport Picture• Legacy of apartheid spatial planning where poor were forced to live furthest from work• Modal split: Private car to public transport: 53% to 47%• Most City residents (2/3rds) don’t have access to motor cars• Of public transport trips – 72% are done by minibus taxi• Minibus industry emerged largely as a response to an apartheid government that did not provide sufficiently for the mobility needs of the vast majority of the population. The mode remains unsubsidised.• For a long time minibus taxi industry was unregulated, fierce competition and propensity towards violence. Introduction of Rea Vaya met with fierce resistance from some sections of the minibus industry.• Long travel times with difficult transfers – mostly forced via the Inner City• Hardly any accessibility for people with disabilities and non- motorised transport• Little historical investment in public transport• Quality of life challenges: Congestion 8
Current Status of Public TransportWhat options for Public Transport users in Johannesburg?Rail ( 14%) –PRASA / Metrorail (NDOT) Due for refurbishment but current state is concerning - Gautrain : Provincial Govt / Bombela: Inter-city service + busesBus: (9%)Provincial subsidised bus contracts: PTOG: Administered via Province – Putco + other subsidised private contractors -have been occassions where payments have not been met – still on interim contracting – largely ownership vestsamongst those who historically had government contracts – some new and emerging players but not likely tosubstantially transform the sector.Metrobus: City of Johannesburg: Municipal owned bus service – largely continues to provide services as perapartheid planned services but profile of patronage is largely transformed.Rea Vaya: Launched in 2009 – intention to get coverage of over 330km in the longer term – government builtinfrastructure / private company ( 100 percent former taxi owners) through a 12 year negotiated contract - provisionof the bus service. Station cleaning / maintenance currently being managed by MTC – often through contractingprivate sector.Mini-bus Taxis: Remains the most important mover of public transport. Convenient but can’t really be regarded as amass mover. Poor regulation of the taxi industry / volatile environment / generally poor safety record.We are firmly on our way to dealing with a fragmented , un-co-ordinated public transport system inherited fromapartheid and are informed by our vision for an integrated public transport system that is responsive to the mobilityneeds of its citizens and provide the basis for economic growth. 10
Policy• Pro-people: Eco-mobility: hierarchy: pedestrians, cyclists and mass transit.• Integration of various modes of public transport.• Manage down the impact of transport costs• Accessibility• Environmentally conscious: 143 Rea Vaya buses : Euro IV( 4) emission standard• Transformation of historic ownership patterns• Transformation of apartheid spatial legacy
Comprehensive Integrated Transport Plan• City of Joburg is currently working on a new 5 year Transport Plan.• This entails gathering information on transport supply side and demand side• Will ensure high levels of public participation 12
Plans• Expand Rea Vaya BRT• Promote Integration• Introduce Automatic Fare Collection• Improvement on the provision of commuter shelters.• New approach :complete streets and open streets.• Building of cycling infrastructure to support cycling as a mobility tool. 13
About Rea Vaya• 143 buses – owned by over 300 former minibus taxi owners / driven by former minibus taxi drivers.• 25.5km of dedicated trunk routes linking Soweto to the inner city.• Carrying over 1 million passengers per month• Trunk routes/ feeders and complementary routes.• Potentially the largest green project Joburg has undertaken• Rea Vaya – We are moving!