<ul><li>Mobility 3.0 </li></ul>gabriel . plassat  @ ademe.fr IFP School, 2011 http:// transportsdufutur .typepad.fr French...
gabriel . plassat  @ ademe.fr A gence  D e l’ E nvironnement et de la  M aîtrise de l’ E nergie Service Transports et Mobi...
Agenda <ul><li>Plausible futures in innovation  society   </li></ul><ul><li>Context </li></ul><ul><li>Car Industry Analysi...
Plausible Futures FILM Arup   Innovation world, future is then  by definition un-predictable Supplays always meet demands ...
<ul><li>Business as Usual :  </li></ul><ul><li>adjustement w/o anticipation, </li></ul><ul><li>std economic mechanisms, </...
Markets Mature Growth Emerging Economic, Regulatory & Energy Environment Cornucopia As Expected Disruptive Lifestyle Mega ...
<ul><li>World Drivers </li></ul><ul><li>Economy/Per Capita Income </li></ul><ul><li>Population </li></ul><ul><li>Distribut...
<ul><li>Market Dependant Drivers </li></ul><ul><li>Energy </li></ul><ul><li>Attitude toward resource conservation </li></u...
Money  : more GDP =>  more km, more speed, alone … Fundamentals of Mobility  moins de TC : Vehicle Density vs. Income (for...
4 time more Free Time Fundamentals of Mobility  TODAY 1900 Budget Temps Transport  : Stable ~1h depuis plus 20 ans Besoin ...
Early symptoms: Pollutants   www.eea.europa.eu <ul><li>Despite Euro Norms : Pollutions remain a pb in Major european citie...
Still a problem !! Pollutants
Factor 4 in 2050 ! Then GHG emissions constraint
<ul><li>50% of imported oil is used for transportation (40 Mtep/90 Mtep) : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>High costs (40 billions e...
Constraint on pollutants  =>  Emissions norms Euro (IV to VI) Links  pollutants  / fuel consumption and GHG Le transport d...
<ul><li>Let’s Imagine a world :  electric vehicle individual, 200 km autonomy,  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>automatic exchange s...
From ultra deep  exploration To ultra deep conversion Is fuel expensive ?  1€ (0.5€ for oil company) for 42 MJ Oil and fue...
4000 engines / day Millisecond, milligram, Cubic Millimeter of fuel Micron machined 120 000 parts identical but all differ...
<ul><li>Until now:  </li></ul><ul><li>All the constraints were placed on the vehicle/fuel all the solutions were found on ...
Source CITEPA Example of GHG study  Road Transport Passagers cars Factor 4 from 1990 to 2050
Source CITEPA Example of GHG study  European Regulation Targets
Source CITEPA Example of GHG study  European Regulation Targets
Example of GHG study  B.A.U   BAU  : few xEV, few new mobility services Max Vehicles  : high incentive for xEV, progress o...
<ul><li>Environment, </li></ul><ul><li>Security, </li></ul><ul><li>Congestion, </li></ul><ul><li>Energy (unique)   </li></...
<ul><li>Under new constraints on Vehicle : </li></ul><ul><li>Reduction of liberty : area  (Low Emission Zone, Urbain cente...
Fashion clothing « low cost & functional» 2-3 wheels … From multi-use… Std Business model Fashion vehicle Cybercar High te...
<ul><li>Transition to Mobility 2.0 </li></ul><ul><li>ITS bring  real time information  and are essential in mobility Servi...
ICE / oil Multi-use Pseudo perfo Consumption emissions Price Economy of Vehicle All energies Incl. electricity Mono-use To...
IBM, Mobility Opportunity for Automakers Transition from Vehicle to Services Mobility Irruption of instantaneous informati...
Vehicle + fuel Spec. Optimisation  (€/km, gCO2/km, …) Yesterday, and Today … Fuel optimisation Vehicle optimisation Infras...
Vehicle + fuel Re- Optimisation  (€/km, gCO2/km, …) Mobility System Optimisation Theory  Fuel optimisation Vehicle optimis...
General Electric  … Example of EV Who will be able to learn & optimise the system ? What will be the value chain ? What co...
With the service we can (need) to Re-design the vehicle : EDAG & Vélib  … Velib is an innovation, but a system innovation ...
Walk,  Bike Vélib’ Car Car sharing Location Autolib’ Carpooling Taxi Transp. On demand Bus, tram métro taxi Individual  as...
Real Time Mobility Service : car sharing, Avego Transition from Vehicle to Services Real Time data SmartPhone Offer / Dema...
Real Time Mobility Service : car pooling, RelayRides Transition from Vehicle to Services Real Time data SmartPhone Offer /...
Separated « Silos », separated mobility solution (Mobility 2.0), … still  Opti Mode spec. & use  Mobility Service A Car sh...
Towards multimodality solutions in real time, Mobility 3.0 Opti  Opti All Mode spec. & use  Traffic Sensors Camera Infrast...
IBM, Mobility Service Integration Multi modality Irruption of instantaneous information management tool SmartPhone Global ...
Traffic Sensors Camera Infrastructure Data Optimisation of all Vehicle capacity (CO2 & €) Mobility Passager  Car Mobility ...
Personnal Travel Assistant Opti €, time, CO2 Social Network Personnal Agenda Mobility Data Personnal Preferences : € , tim...
Infrastructures Developpement Mobility Data Global Targets : € , pollution, congestion … Parking guidance system Optimisat...
Research priority <ul><li>Technology  : PTA, vehicle and energy designed for services applications </li></ul><ul><li>Organ...
Demonstration purposes of research and experimentation <ul><li>In several cities, department or region, </li></ul><ul><li>...
Key Deliverables <ul><li>Services mobility of passengers and goods transport oriented users , integrating business models ...
Mobility 3.0,  key point  <ul><li>Mobility Solution &quot;superior“ </li></ul><ul><li>Integration of all parameters: Vehic...
Destinataire Chargeur:   Expéditeur de la marchandises Commissionnaire de transport: Organisateur de la chaîne de transpor...
Goods / consumer meeting optimisations  Logistic Zone Urban distribution Stop Area Delivery point Box Shop Mail Box Citize...
Good transportations, some key points  <ul><ul><li>ITS provide access to new information , create new performance indicato...
gabriel . plassat  @ ademe.fr A gence  D e l’ E nvironnement et de la  M aîtrise de l’ E nergie Service Transports et Mobi...
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  • 6 6 6 6 6 5 8 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 En matière de responsabilité, les situations varient entre la pollution par les NO X , et celle par les particules : - pour les NO X les premiers responsables sont les transports à longue distance, de l’ordre de 40%. Environ les 2/3 sont dus au transport de marchandises. Ce rapport s’inverse avec les voitures particulières pour les trafic régionaux et urbains. - pour les émissions de particules, les circulations urbaines ont la responsabilité la plus importante, devant les trafics à longue distance et les trafics régionaux. La responsabilité des poids lourds est prépondérante, sauf dans le cas de la circulation régionale où la responsabilité entre voitures et poids lourds s’équilibre.
  • IFP_school

    1. 1. <ul><li>Mobility 3.0 </li></ul>gabriel . plassat @ ademe.fr IFP School, 2011 http:// transportsdufutur .typepad.fr French Agency for Environment & Energy Management Transports & Mobility Service, in charge of Energy and Forecast Which Mobility for the future ? For every one, everywhere In a world of less raw material and more intelligence …
    2. 2. gabriel . plassat @ ademe.fr A gence D e l’ E nvironnement et de la M aîtrise de l’ E nergie Service Transports et Mobilité, en charge des Energies et de la Prospective Mobility ? Business Models Multi modality Real time Pollutions Industry GHG Confidence Open Data SmartPhone Physical meeting VEHICLE ENERGY Infrastructure
    3. 3. Agenda <ul><li>Plausible futures in innovation society </li></ul><ul><li>Context </li></ul><ul><li>Car Industry Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>From Vehicles to Mobility </li></ul>
    4. 4. Plausible Futures FILM Arup Innovation world, future is then by definition un-predictable Supplays always meet demands ? Tougher Environnemental legislation Climate change, Emissions & recycling Black swan Can technology win ? Did we forecast Google, Harry Potter, 9/11, financial crisis ? We try to explain, but after …
    5. 5. <ul><li>Business as Usual : </li></ul><ul><li>adjustement w/o anticipation, </li></ul><ul><li>std economic mechanisms, </li></ul><ul><li>personnal house+car model for Dev. C. </li></ul><ul><li>small ITS development </li></ul><ul><li>Public politic to solve crisis </li></ul><ul><li>Reasoned : </li></ul><ul><li>Global ecological awereness, </li></ul><ul><li>Optimisation, diversification, sobriety, </li></ul><ul><li>Renew Energy, wastes are richness </li></ul><ul><li>high development ITS </li></ul><ul><li>altruism, free time gift </li></ul><ul><li>Monitored : </li></ul><ul><li>International public entity : monitoring, </li></ul><ul><li>rules, tax, control </li></ul><ul><li>mobility and health </li></ul><ul><li>control of economic development </li></ul>Some weak signal Strong signals Imagine new mobility solutions, major trends
    6. 6. Markets Mature Growth Emerging Economic, Regulatory & Energy Environment Cornucopia As Expected Disruptive Lifestyle Mega Cities Urban Rural Possible Future Business Environments Vehicle Strategy Vehicle Strategic Thrusts Vehicle Product Definitions The Product Planning Process Expected Industry & Transactional Environment (Scenarios) (Implications) Imagine new mobility solutions => Product definitions are adapted to …
    7. 7. <ul><li>World Drivers </li></ul><ul><li>Economy/Per Capita Income </li></ul><ul><li>Population </li></ul><ul><li>Distribution of wealth </li></ul><ul><li>Oil prices </li></ul><ul><li>World CO 2 regulation </li></ul><ul><li>Values </li></ul><ul><li>IT use </li></ul>World Drivers
    8. 8. <ul><li>Market Dependant Drivers </li></ul><ul><li>Energy </li></ul><ul><li>Attitude toward resource conservation </li></ul><ul><li>Mobility regulation </li></ul><ul><li>Lifestyle </li></ul><ul><li>Free time </li></ul><ul><li>infrastructures </li></ul><ul><li>Technology and safety </li></ul>Market Dependant Drivers
    9. 9. Money : more GDP => more km, more speed, alone … Fundamentals of Mobility moins de TC : Vehicle Density vs. Income (for 2002 and 2007) Singapore Hong Kong United States W. Europe & Japan Empreinte écologique, Écart en % / moy (UK)
    10. 10. 4 time more Free Time Fundamentals of Mobility TODAY 1900 Budget Temps Transport : Stable ~1h depuis plus 20 ans Besoin de Plus de vitesse pour faire plus de distance Milliers d’heure
    11. 11. Early symptoms: Pollutants www.eea.europa.eu <ul><li>Despite Euro Norms : Pollutions remain a pb in Major european cities </li></ul><ul><li>Differences between real emissions and norms, </li></ul><ul><li>Impact of aging on systems </li></ul>
    12. 12. Still a problem !! Pollutants
    13. 13. Factor 4 in 2050 ! Then GHG emissions constraint
    14. 14. <ul><li>50% of imported oil is used for transportation (40 Mtep/90 Mtep) : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>High costs (40 billions euros / year) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Risks (geopolitical, social…) </li></ul></ul>Oil Cost in France 1995 to 2007 (source UFIP) And single energy constraint
    15. 15. Constraint on pollutants => Emissions norms Euro (IV to VI) Links pollutants / fuel consumption and GHG Le transport du futur devra concilier les 3 aspects : Diversification (alternative to fossile) + GHG emissions under constraints (Factor 4) + Pollutants Emissions under constraint (Euro X) => Optimisation of « components » like vehicle is not sufficient => Need to optimise also the SYSTEM Constraints on energy & GHG => diversification and efficiency Addition of constraints
    16. 16. <ul><li>Let’s Imagine a world : electric vehicle individual, 200 km autonomy, </li></ul><ul><ul><li>automatic exchange system services … </li></ul></ul>Future ? No ! 1968 (1942) www.ina.fr Questions are : Why not yesterday ? Why tomorrow ? <ul><li>During 100 years internal combustion engine (ICE) and oil dominate. </li></ul><ul><li>Questions are : Why ? What’s gona change ? </li></ul>A world of solutions !! Why do we use today unique solution ? Understand to change FILM VE_1968
    17. 17. From ultra deep exploration To ultra deep conversion Is fuel expensive ? 1€ (0.5€ for oil company) for 42 MJ Oil and fuels High Technology, More and more risky, High characteristics (energetic density in volum) Without any public recognition At a very LOW PRICE !! Understand domination (1)
    18. 18. 4000 engines / day Millisecond, milligram, Cubic Millimeter of fuel Micron machined 120 000 parts identical but all different 5 years warranty – 100 000 km Full Energy in 3 minutes 20+/- 0.5°C Very low emissions and consumption / kWh Vehicle – Internal Combustion Engine Understand domination (2) Particules NOx HC CO EURO III EURO 0 EURO -1 EURO I EURO II EURO IV 18 14,4 11,2 14 2,4 3,5 0,36 0,15 1,1 0,10 5,0 3,5 8,0 7,0 0,02 0,66 0,46 4,5 4,0 2,1 1,5 EURO V 2,0
    19. 19. <ul><li>Until now: </li></ul><ul><li>All the constraints were placed on the vehicle/fuel all the solutions were found on the vehicle/fuel (coming from the truck) </li></ul><ul><li>Technological advancement => visible quickly, media, competitiveness of industries </li></ul><ul><li>Energy efficiency difficult to be sold to private individual, </li></ul><ul><li>The consumer does not have information allowing him to make the good choices (fuel cons. in real use for ex.), whereas the data exist. </li></ul><ul><li>That will continue, but it will not be sufficient any more for several reasons: </li></ul><ul><li>Purchasers change, the categories multiply, low cost are sold well, </li></ul><ul><li>Centre of gravity of automobile technologies moves in Asia, </li></ul><ul><li>ITS make possible to consider new uses, impossible before 5 years </li></ul><ul><li>ITS make possible to give information to consumer </li></ul><ul><li>Mobility does not relate anymore only to industries already in place </li></ul><ul><li>It will be necessary to innovate elsewhere at the same time on technos and new practises… </li></ul>First Conclusion – learning from the past to design the future
    20. 20. Source CITEPA Example of GHG study Road Transport Passagers cars Factor 4 from 1990 to 2050
    21. 21. Source CITEPA Example of GHG study European Regulation Targets
    22. 22. Source CITEPA Example of GHG study European Regulation Targets
    23. 23. Example of GHG study B.A.U BAU : few xEV, few new mobility services Max Vehicles : high incentive for xEV, progress on thermal, few new services Mutation : shift to mobility service including high efficiency vehicle (thermal and EV), infrastructure and cities => only scenario Mutation reach the target Factor 4 Max Vehicles Mutation
    24. 24. <ul><li>Environment, </li></ul><ul><li>Security, </li></ul><ul><li>Congestion, </li></ul><ul><li>Energy (unique) </li></ul>(Europ 14 M) Mobility 1.0 Mobility System Optimisation is not anymore an option
    25. 25. <ul><li>Under new constraints on Vehicle : </li></ul><ul><li>Reduction of liberty : area (Low Emission Zone, Urbain center w/o car), </li></ul><ul><li>Reduction of liberty : driving (Surveillance, Insurance), </li></ul><ul><li>Costs increasing and taxes (oil price, tax CO2), </li></ul><ul><li>With mobility basics : time / money / communication </li></ul><ul><li>In many case, Vehicle can be only functionnal ... </li></ul><ul><li>... and evoluate in 2+1 tendencies </li></ul>Towards Mobility 2.0 1- Fashion clothing 2- Low cost +1 - and virtual game (3D film + simulator), already exist !
    26. 26. Fashion clothing « low cost & functional» 2-3 wheels … From multi-use… Std Business model Fashion vehicle Cybercar High technology Transition from multi- to mono-use increase efficiency, reduce congestion and Allow new energy and technology penetration like electricity … ( can answer to « why not yesterday ? Why tomorrow ? What’s gona change ? » ) Transition will appear with business model modification : from vehicle to mobility services To mono-use… Towards Mobility 2.0
    27. 27. <ul><li>Transition to Mobility 2.0 </li></ul><ul><li>ITS bring real time information and are essential in mobility Services </li></ul><ul><li>Vehicle 2.0 + Infrastructure 2.0 + Citizen 2.0 + Transport Assistant </li></ul>Cisco, connected Urban development avego <ul><li>CISCO, </li></ul><ul><li>IBM, </li></ul><ul><li>AVEGO, </li></ul><ul><li>… </li></ul>Towards Mobility 2.0
    28. 28. ICE / oil Multi-use Pseudo perfo Consumption emissions Price Economy of Vehicle All energies Incl. electricity Mono-use Top down B to C et B to B Mobility 1.0 Functionnality economy Top down Bottom up ITS B to B Real Perfo emissions Real Consumption € /km Invest Fiability Autonomy ITS Service Integration Complete mobility service from door to door Towards Mobility 2.0
    29. 29. IBM, Mobility Opportunity for Automakers Transition from Vehicle to Services Mobility Irruption of instantaneous information management tool SmartPhone Risk for automaker to be « only » vehicle provider to Mobility Operator FILM Advancing Mobility: The opportunity for automakers New business Models Connectivity, Internet Suppliers of Mobility : may be IT company ? Mobility optimised € , time, GHG … (personal criteria) Mix personnal vehicle & public & services IT solutions
    30. 30. Vehicle + fuel Spec. Optimisation (€/km, gCO2/km, …) Yesterday, and Today … Fuel optimisation Vehicle optimisation Infrastructure Informations Vehicle + fuel Spec & use Optimisation (€/km, gCO2/km, …) Business model & Design
    31. 31. Vehicle + fuel Re- Optimisation (€/km, gCO2/km, …) Mobility System Optimisation Theory Fuel optimisation Vehicle optimisation Infrastructure Communication & adaptation Informations Mobility System Optimisation (€/ person /km, gCO2/ person /km, …) Opti Car spec < Opti Car spec & use < Opti Opti Car spec & use Car manuf. Car manuf. + GPS New car mobility provider ? GE ? Re-Opti You can Re-Design Vehicle for their integration in services Who will be able to manage the system ? What criteria for Optimisation ?
    32. 32. General Electric … Example of EV Who will be able to learn & optimise the system ? What will be the value chain ? What consequences for EV makers ? Vehicle, futur simple commodity for Mobility Providers ?
    33. 33. With the service we can (need) to Re-design the vehicle : EDAG & Vélib … Velib is an innovation, but a system innovation bring with ITS, infrastructure and business model Velib bicycle is not a good bicycle but Velib service is successfull ! Velib service bring new Practise. «  Bad  » Velib bike design are low important than benefits on Velib service. Then Vehicle designed for services will be «  poor  » for standard vehicle consumer & GE will be best positionned to design EV for Mobility Services …
    34. 34. Walk, Bike Vélib’ Car Car sharing Location Autolib’ Carpooling Taxi Transp. On demand Bus, tram métro taxi Individual association business collective Public Semi public Private Some examples of Mobility Services … From public to private, from individual to mass transit … Innovations on sharing, insurance, capacity to test new service in real life …
    35. 35. Real Time Mobility Service : car sharing, Avego Transition from Vehicle to Services Real Time data SmartPhone Offer / Demand Time, € & GHG Seat offer, car sharing Peer to Peer Confidence, Insurance FILM Avego Real Time Ridesharing Demo Convenient pick up place
    36. 36. Real Time Mobility Service : car pooling, RelayRides Transition from Vehicle to Services Real Time data SmartPhone Offer / Demand € & GHG Vehicle offer, car pooling Peer to Peer Confidence, Insurance FILM RelayRides
    37. 37. Separated « Silos », separated mobility solution (Mobility 2.0), … still Opti Mode spec. & use Mobility Service A Car sharing Mobility Service B Car pooling Mobility Service … Mobility Public Service Traffic Sensors Camera Infrastructure Data Mobility Passager Car From Mobility Services to Multimodality Services, Mobility 3.0
    38. 38. Towards multimodality solutions in real time, Mobility 3.0 Opti Opti All Mode spec. & use Traffic Sensors Camera Infrastructure Data Mobility Passager Car Mobility Service A Car sharing Mobility Service B Car pooling Mobility Service B … Mobility Public Transports Multi modal Mobility Solution Tool Multi mobility services > Mobility Service
    39. 39. IBM, Mobility Service Integration Multi modality Irruption of instantaneous information management tool SmartPhone Global System Optimisation Optimise as a all FILM Smart Transportation: Integrating Systems for More Efficient Transportation Parking space, congestion Persons, Goods Huge amount of DATA Real time & Prediction
    40. 40. Traffic Sensors Camera Infrastructure Data Optimisation of all Vehicle capacity (CO2 & €) Mobility Passager Car Mobility Service A Car sharing Mobility Service B Car pooling Mobility Service B … Mobility Public Transports Real time seat market place Offer / demand Personnal Travel Assistant Opti €, time, CO2 Multi modal Mobility Solution Tool Instantaneous complexity system optimisation City Mobility Optimisation Assistant (congestion, CO2, pollu°) New Mobility, new opportunity
    41. 41. Personnal Travel Assistant Opti €, time, CO2 Social Network Personnal Agenda Mobility Data Personnal Preferences : € , time, connectivity … A to B (via C ?) PTA will externalise some cognitive capacities, will be new external brain … exodarwinisme ( michel serres ) PTA, our future mobility key FILM PTA
    42. 42. Infrastructures Developpement Mobility Data Global Targets : € , pollution, congestion … Parking guidance system Optimisation and management of constraints (tax, price, ..) and Reward (advantage time, € …) PTA, our future mobility key FILM LTA Singapour City Mobility Optimisation Assistant (congestion, CO2, pollu°) Pay as you use Dynamic tax Reduce mobility demand
    43. 43. Research priority <ul><li>Technology : PTA, vehicle and energy designed for services applications </li></ul><ul><li>Organisational & regulation : New mobility services bring by ITS, test in real conditions public and private data mix for multimodality tool developement, test in real conditions new authority mobility management in order to optimise : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Constraint / rewards, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To know / predict, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For all transport mode, all infrastructures, using all information. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sociology - economy : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Better know / understand real time multimodality choices; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Test in real life new services with non ownership vehicle (to prepare transition); </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To develop collaborative plateform for open innovation : public, private, including citizen; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To test new business model in real life </li></ul></ul>
    44. 44. Demonstration purposes of research and experimentation <ul><li>In several cities, department or region, </li></ul><ul><li>Test « superior » mobility solutions : €, time, social network, connectivity, environment, … by global Mobility services using ITS & PTA, </li></ul><ul><li>Test new business model integrated door to door user oriented, new tarification system using Pay as You Move, </li></ul><ul><li>Understand, learn and forecast main mobility flow (allowed by ITS data production) then improve City Mobility Management, especially weakest people, </li></ul><ul><li>Test new Authority Management Solutions in real conditions allowing system optimisation and meet local/global objectives (GHG, pollutions, congestion, social access equity), </li></ul><ul><li>Integration new vehicles adapted & designed for services, using ITS, and intelligent infrastructures. </li></ul>
    45. 45. Key Deliverables <ul><li>Services mobility of passengers and goods transport oriented users , integrating business models tailored to different markets, conditions for success (profitability) as a function of the territories and customers, </li></ul><ul><li>Support tools &quot;real time&quot; users oriented to facilitate the best choices for commuting and freight transport (integrated services) </li></ul><ul><li>Support tools &quot;real time&quot; Mobility authority oriented , supplemented by new PPP, new modes of action (constraints / rewards) </li></ul><ul><li>Adaptations to vehicles and infrastructure to enable them to communicate, to better integrate into the services, to provide information to users and authorities, </li></ul><ul><li>Identification of issues associated with the deployment of these national solutions: economic, organizational, technological and regulatory </li></ul><ul><li>Quantification of benefits (environment, energy, social, employment) offered by these systems. </li></ul>
    46. 46. Mobility 3.0, key point <ul><li>Mobility Solution &quot;superior“ </li></ul><ul><li>Integration of all parameters: Vehicles, Energy, Infrastructure and Information In real conditions, real life, users oriented New Governance between authorities / citizens Open data Opportunity Innovation that comes from the citizens Social equity New mobilities distributed in all territories and social classes Distribution of value added between the actors </li></ul><ul><li>Transparency on the new mobility What real performances ? Environment Social Economy Driving open data to facilitate and accelerate best solutions selection Open money (medium term) Organize and offer open money to accelerate action Peer to peer </li></ul><ul><li>Identify and reward best citizen </li></ul>
    47. 47. Destinataire Chargeur: Expéditeur de la marchandises Commissionnaire de transport: Organisateur de la chaîne de transport (pas de moyens en propre) Transporteur(s): Réalise l’acheminement physique de la marchandise (moyens propres ou affrètement=sous traitance avec d’autres transporteurs) Plate forme logistique Entrepositaire Prestataire logistique Supermarché Ville ou zone urbaine Good transportations, logistic complexity
    48. 48. Goods / consumer meeting optimisations Logistic Zone Urban distribution Stop Area Delivery point Box Shop Mail Box Citizen, Professional : walk, bike, light vehicle Rail, Road (40 T) 40 T Agglomeration City District Street Building Walk to 19t Walk to 19t LDV to 19t LDV to 19t
    49. 49. Good transportations, some key points <ul><ul><li>ITS provide access to new information , create new performance indicators and bring them to consumers at the right time when they are choosing : Carbon content, “pollution” content … </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This is the first time since the beginning of capitalism (see E. Berney) : reduction of information asymmetry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>These indicators could structure our systems approach (veh / Energy / infra / data) at all levels: consumer, business, loader/carrier, government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The transparency of these indicators will be essential, as public data related to transport. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The parallel with the Person Mobility concern authority and infrastructure optimisation . For this sector, it must be a minimum of governance while ensuring that consumer interests are protected and that the overall objectives are achieved (F4, QA, congestion ...) </li></ul></ul>
    50. 50. gabriel . plassat @ ademe.fr A gence D e l’ E nvironnement et de la M aîtrise de l’ E nergie Service Transports et Mobilité, en charge des Energies et de la Prospective Thank you for your attention http:// transportsdufutur .typepad.fr

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