KI3110574ENC_001.pdf 1                                                                                                    ...
KI3110574ENC_001.pdf 2                                                                              How to obtain EU publi...
EUROPEAN COMMISSION        Sustainable Surface        Transport Research           7th Framework       Programme 2007-2013...
EUROPE DIRECT is a service to help you find answers                             to your questions about the European Union ...
Foreword                                    Efficient transport        Finally, the toll in human lives and suffering      ...
REC-10-001_MEP3.indd 4   03/05/11 12:20
Contents of this volume         The Sustainable Surface Transport Unit of the     The research projects are grouped by the...
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Table of contents          Table of contents           Introduction                                                     9 ...
Table of contentsREC-10-001_MEP3.indd 8   03/05/11 12:20
Introduction         European Surface                                     development in surface transport is aimed at    ...
Introduction                  FP7 Research                                      New FP7 instruments and                  i...
Introduction         Research priorities include the development          Looking to the future –         of systems and t...
REC-10-001_MEP3.indd 12   03/05/11 12:20
Index by Activities         Index by Activities          The Greening of Surface Transport          2020 INTERFACE    Tail...
Index by Activities                       INGAS             Integrated gas powertrain - Low-emission, CO2-optimised       ...
Index by Activities          Ensuring Sustainable Urban Mobility          ACCESS 2 ALL      Mobility schemes ensuring acce...
Index by Activities                       Improving Safety and Security                       2-BE-SAFE         2-Wheeler ...
Index by Activities          INTERACTION      Differences and similarities in driver INTERACTION with          285        ...
Index by Activities                       Strengthening Competitiveness                       ARIADNA            Maritime ...
Index by Activities          Cross-cutting Activities for Implementation of the Sub-theme Programme          B2B LOCO     ...
REC-10-001_MEP3.indd 20   03/05/11 12:20
REC-10-001_MEP3.indd 21                          21                               Description of Projects Classified by Act...
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The Greening of Surface Transport         2020 INTERFACE         Tailoring of Tribological Interfaces         for Clean an...
The Greening of Surface Transport                                     - Project Management and Exploitation have          ...
The Greening of Surface Transport         Acronym:            2020 INTERFACE         Name of proposal: Tailoring of Tribol...
The Greening of Surface Transport                                     ARGOMARINE                                     Autom...
The Greening of Surface Transport             mous buoy and aboard a AUV-autonomous            Expected Results           ...
The Greening of Surface Transport                                     Acronym:           ARGOMARINE                       ...
The Greening of Surface Transport         BB GREEN         Battery powered Boats - Greening,         Reduced resistance, E...
The Greening of Surface Transport                                     impact, and an active dissemination plan using      ...
The Greening of Surface Transport         Acronym:           BB GREEN         Name of proposal: Battery powered Boats - Gr...
The Greening of Surface Transport                                     BEAUTY                                     Bio-Ethan...
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Fp7 projects transports

  1. 1. KI3110574ENC_001.pdf 1 Project Synopses – Volume 1 KI-31-10-574-EN-C Calls 2007 & 2008 Sustainable Surface Transport Research in the Seventh Framework Programme Sustainable Surface The aim of this publication is to provide information Transport Research on more than 100 projects which were selected in the first two FP7 Calls in the field of Sustainable Surface Transport. 7th Framework The background, objectives, description of Programme 2007-2013 work and expected results of each project are described. The contact details of the project coordinators and the partnerships are also given. Comprehensive index lists by technical discipline, Project Synopses - Volume 1 acronym, partner and instrument are also provided Calls 2007 & 2008 to facilitate your search. Sustainable Surface Transport Research 7th Framework Programme 2007-201320/06/11 09:20 REC-10-001_cover_rouge.indd 1 11/05/11 09:03
  2. 2. KI3110574ENC_001.pdf 2 How to obtain EU publications Publications for sale: • via EU Bookshop (http://bookshop.europa.eu); • from your bookseller by quoting the title, publisher and/or ISBN number; • by contacting one of our sales agents directly. You can obtain their contact details on the Internet (http://bookshop.europa.eu) or by sending a fax to +352 2929-42758. Free publications: • via EU Bookshop (http://bookshop.europa.eu); • at the European Commission’s representations or delegations. You can obtain their contact details on the Internet (http://ec.europa.eu) or by sending a fax to +352 2929-42758. EUROPEAN COMMISSION Directorate-General for Research Directorate H - Transport Unit H2 - Surface Transport Contact: Unit H2 - Surface Transport European Commission Office CDMA 04/187 B-1049 Brussels20/06/11 09:20 REC-10-001_cover_rouge.indd 2 2 REC-10-001_cover_rouge.indd 11/05/11 09:03 11/05/11 09:03
  3. 3. EUROPEAN COMMISSION Sustainable Surface Transport Research 7th Framework Programme 2007-2013 Project Synopses - Volume 1 Calls 2007 & 2008 Directorate-General for Research2011 Cooperation/Transport (including Aeronautics)
  4. 4. EUROPE DIRECT is a service to help you find answers to your questions about the European Union Freephone number (*): 00 800 6 7 8 9 10 11 (*) Certain mobile telephone operators do not allow access to 00 800 numbers or these calls may be billed LEGAL NOTICE Neither the European Commission nor any person acting on behalf of the Commission is responsible for the use which might be made of the following information. The views expressed in this publication are the sole responsibility of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of the European Commission. A great deal of additional information on the European Union is available on the Internet. It can be accessed through the Europa server (http://europa.eu). Cataloguing data can be found at the end of this publication. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union, 2011 ISBN 978-92-79-16415-6 doi:10.2777/1839 © European Union, 2011 Reproduction is authorised provided the source is acknowledged. Printed in Belgium PRINTED ON WHITE CHLORINE-FREE PAPERREC-10-001_MEP3.indd 2 03/05/11 12:20
  5. 5. Foreword Efficient transport Finally, the toll in human lives and suffering is one of the cor- due to transport-related accidents is still woe- nerstones of sus- fully high, and citizens rightfully feel that they tainable wealth deserve safer means of mobility. and prosperity Meeting these challenges requires sustained in Europe. Our and innovative responses. The White Paper transport sys- on Transport European Transport Policy for tems compare 2010: Time to decide (COM (2001) 370 final) well with those of and its mid-term review Keep Europe Mov- other developed ing – sustainable mobility for our continent regions of the (COM (2006) 314 final) set out the objectives world, providing that should be addressed at a pan-European essential resources and means of mobility, level. Research priorities for FP7 are based on while driving employment, economic growth these objectives and are also aimed at sup- and global exports. In addition, transport- porting industrial competitiveness. related technological advances stimulate and accelerate knowledge acquisition, innovation The overarching objective for European and European integration. research policy is the creation of an open and competitive European Research Area Surface transport, including road, rail and (ERA). The common vision for ERA in 2020, waterborne modes, represents 11% of GDP adopted in 2008, calls for concrete actions, and provides 16 million jobs in Europe. clearly orientated towards the free circulation At the same time, serious challenges can of researchers, knowledge and technology be created when transport grows in an within a European internal market for research. unsustainable way. The largest part of the FP7 budget is dedi- In terms of the environment, the impact of cated to the ‘Co-operation’ programme (more transport systems on climate change and than €32 billion over seven years). Within that, the pollution of air, water resources and soil the ‘Transport’ theme receives the third larg- must be minimised to protect public health est share, with a total budget of €4.16 billion. and biodiversity. Transport accounts for 30% This represents a 60% increase per year com- of the total energy consumption in Europe pared to the Sixth Framework Programme and the vast majority of that consumption (FP6) for transport research. (98%) is derived from fossil fuels – in particular from oil. This book provides you with a concise over- view of the projects selected for funding The recent enlargement of the EU has raised under the first two FP7 Calls for Proposals the total population of the Union by 27%, in the area of Sustainable Surface Transport. while the land surface is some 34% larger. While the budget allocated to these important People and goods need access to mobility projects is substantial, we hope and expect across Europe to ensure economic develop- that the value of the results they achieve will ment and free movement of resources. be much greater. The competitive advantages of our transport industries need to be ensured and enhanced. And, of course, transport is an important factor in many international agreements and key policies, including trade, competition, employment, cohesion, security, maritime András Siegler and internal market policies, as well as the Director, Directorate Transport (RTD- H) Kyoto Agreement and it successors. Directorate-General Research (RTD) 3REC-10-001_MEP3.indd 3 03/05/11 12:20
  6. 6. REC-10-001_MEP3.indd 4 03/05/11 12:20
  7. 7. Contents of this volume The Sustainable Surface Transport Unit of the The research projects are grouped by the Directorate-General for Research is pleased activities of the Work Programme: to provide you with a short description of - The Greening of Surface Transport more than 134 projects funded in the first two - Encouraging Modal Shift and Decongesting Calls for Proposals of the Seventh Framework Transport Corridors Programme in the field of Sustainable Surface - Ensuring Sustainable Urban Mobility Transport. - Improving Safety and Security - Strengthening Competitiveness The book starts with an introduction that gives - Cross-cutting Activities for Implementation an overview of the Sustainable Surface Trans- of the Sub-theme Programme port sector, the FP7 instruments, and some information on the European Technology Plat- At the end of the book, indexes by acronyms, forms (ETPs), the Joint Technology Initiatives partners and instruments are also provided. (JTIs) and the European Green Cars Initiative. Contact details of the National Contact Points, whose role is to relay the information For each project you will find a short descrip- on the Seventh Framework Programme in tion of the state of the art, the objectives, the European Union Member States, are also the work planned during the project and the given. Finally, contact details of the people expected results. The contact details of the involved in the following up the projects in the project coordinator and the partnership are European Commission are also provided. also provided. We hope that this informa- tion will be helpful to research policy-makers, As the editor of this publication, and on behalf project proposers who are looking to achieve of all my colleagues in the Sustainable Surface an exhaustive state of the art, and stakehold- Transport Unit, I wish you fruitful co-operation ers in the research community who want to under the Seventh Framework Programme. identify ongoing research projects of interest to them or to identify potential partners for future collaboration. The Editor Frederic Sgarbi 5REC-10-001_MEP3.indd 5 03/05/11 12:20
  8. 8. REC-10-001_MEP3.indd 6 03/05/11 12:20
  9. 9. Table of contents Table of contents Introduction 9 Index by Activities 13 Description of Projects Classified by Activities 21 The Greening of Surface Transport 23 Encouraging Modal Shift and Decongesting Transport Corridors 123 Ensuring Sustainable Urban Mobility 149 Improving Safety and Security 215 Strengthening Competitiveness 357 Cross-cutting Activities for Implementation of the Sub-theme Programme 409 Index by Acronyms 455 Index by Instruments 463 Index by Partners 471 List of National Contact Points 511 European Commission Staff Contact List 519 7REC-10-001_MEP3.indd 7 03/05/11 12:20
  10. 10. Table of contentsREC-10-001_MEP3.indd 8 03/05/11 12:20
  11. 11. Introduction European Surface development in surface transport is aimed at a number of strategic objectives, including: Transport Research - Reducing the environmental impact of under the Seventh transport, including harmful emissions and noise Framework Programme - Improving the safety and security of trans- port operations and services Transport is a key component of the Euro- - Increasing the mobility of people and goods pean economy and society; it is an important while achieving better balance among the industrial sector in its own right, while allowing transport modes millions of Europeans to get to their jobs every - Improving the competitiveness of the day, and permitting goods to hit supermarket European surface transport industries, shelves. The automotive sector alone pro- including manufacturers and operators. vides 1.9 million direct jobs and a further 10 million indirect jobs in Europe, and accounts for 3% of EU GDP. Ongoing commitment to the ERA The underlying concepts of the European The increasing demand for mobility remains a Research Area (ERA) are co-operation, shar- major challenge. Rising levels of traffic bring ing and exchange. There are still barriers to increased safety and health concerns. The overcome in order to create an open space environment suffers from transport activities, for research in Europe. Such barriers include, with CO2 emissions now having a real impact for example, linguistic, administrative and cul- on climate change. Meeting transport chal- tural differences. lenges requires radical solutions, highlighting the essential role of research. The ERA initiative combines three comple- mentary goals: Transport – a critical industry - The creation of an ‘internal market’ in research, an area of free movement of Surface transport encompasses road, rail, researchers, technology and knowledge, and waterborne transport modes, each of with the aim of increasing co-operation, which plays an important part in the daily lives stimulating competition and achieving a bet- of European citizens. The surface transport ter allocation of resources industries are central to the economy, sup- - A restructuring of the European research porting competitiveness and employment: fabric, in particular by improved coordina- - The road transport industry provides jobs tion of national research activities and poli- for more than 14 million people and contrib- cies, which account for most of the research utes 11% of European GDP. carried out and financed in Europe - Maritime transport accounts for 90% of EU - The development of a comprehensive Euro- external trade. European shipbuilders have pean research policy, addressing not only an annual turnover of €20 billion and employ the funding of research activities, but also some 350 000 people. taking into account all relevant aspects of - Europe produces 60% of the world’s railway other EU and national policies. rolling stock, employing 250 000 people and creating an annual turnover of €20 bil- The pooling of dispersed resources and lion. Rail operators employ 1 million people expertise will allow the undertaking of more and account for €75 billion in turnover per important and potentially more beneficial year. research programmes. Improved information exchange and coordination will help to elimi- nate redundancy, increasing efficiency and Tough challenges ahead confidence. Ultimately, the ERA will provide Under the Seventh Research Framework increased coherence and greater force for Programme (FP7), current EU research and European research. 9REC-10-001_MEP3.indd 9 03/05/11 12:20
  12. 12. Introduction FP7 Research New FP7 instruments and instruments approaches Over the course of seven years (2007-2013), FP7 will put €4.16 billion towards the devel- European Technology Platforms opment of safer, greener and smarter pan- (ETPs) European transport systems that will benefit ETPs provide a framework for stakehold- all citizens, help preserve the environment and ers, led by industry, to define research and increase the competitiveness of European development priorities, timeframes and action industries in the global market. FP7 makes plans on a number of strategically important available a number of instruments for imple- issues. ETPs make important contributions menting research on selected priority themes, towards achieving Europes future growth, including Sustainable Surface Transport. competitiveness and sustainability objectives, all of which depend on major research and Collaborative projects technological advances in the medium to long term. There are three technology platforms Collaborative projects are focused research which support the SST programme: ERTRAC projects with clearly defined scientific (European Road Transport Research Advisory and technological objectives and specific Council), ERRAC (European Rail Research expected results, such as developing new Advisory Council) and WATERBORNE TP. knowledge or technology to improve Euro- pean competitiveness. They are carried out by consortia made up of participants from Joint Technology Initiatives (JTIs) different countries, and from industry and JTIs are an entirely new mechanism for per- academia. forming research at EU level, comprising long-term Public-Private Partnerships man- Coordination and support actions aged within dedicated structures enabling the necessary leadership and coordination These are actions that cover not the research to support large-scale multinational research itself, but the coordination and networking of activities. The JTIs are focussed on areas of projects, programmes and policies. major interest to European industrial competi- This includes, for example: tiveness and issues of high societal relevance. - Coordination and networking activities, dis- semination and use of knowledge - Studies or expert groups assisting the Sustainable Surface implementation of the FP - Support for transnational access to major Transport Research research infrastructures under FP7 - Actions to stimulate the participation of SMEs, civil society and their networks Sustainable Surface Transport priorities are - Support for co-operation with other Euro- aimed at solving problems from an all-encom- pean research schemes (e.g. frontier passing and global perspective. Research research). efforts focus on the development of new products and systems that are safer and more environmentally friendly, but also address the key problem of clean and cost-efficient indus- trial processes, for the production, inspection, maintenance and recycling of vehicles, ves- sels and transport infrastructure.10REC-10-001_MEP3.indd 10 03/05/11 12:20
  13. 13. Introduction Research priorities include the development Looking to the future – of systems and technologies for more efficient interfacing between transport modes and the European Green Cars development of new approaches to improve The European Green Cars Initiative was rail interoperability. Finally, the integration of launched in response to two major con- smarter information and communications cerns. First, with the European car industry technologies is of importance in the optimisa- a major employer, any disturbance, including tion of safety and infrastructure capacity. the recent global economic downturn, risks affecting the entire economic and social fabric What is being funded? of Europe. This is why the European Commis- Sustainable Surface Transport includes sion made the car industry a key focus of its three modes: 2008 recovery package. 1. Road transport- Funding priorities are: At the same time, todays environmental - Creating greener road transport imperatives mean that all road transport - Encouraging modal shift and decongesting stakeholders need to be encouraged to move transport corridors towards more sustainable transport. - Ensuring sustainable urban mobility The European Green Cars Initiative provides - Improving safety and security financial support to research into the green - Strengthening competitiveness technologies that will propel our cars, trucks 2. Rail transport- Funding priorities are: and buses in the near future – spending on - Interoperability research today to meet the demands of - Intelligent mobility tomorrow. Funding schemes include grants - Safety and security from the European Commissions scientific - Environment research budget, and loans from the Euro- - Innovative materials and production methods. pean Investment Bank. 3. Waterborne transport - Funding priorities are: - Safe, sustainable and efficient waterborne operations - A competitive European maritime industry - Managing and facilitating growth and changing trade patterns. In addition, research on Multimodal trans- port seeks the more efficient use and greater integration of all transport modes. 11REC-10-001_MEP3.indd 11 03/05/11 12:20
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  15. 15. Index by Activities Index by Activities The Greening of Surface Transport 2020 INTERFACE Tailoring of Tribological Interfaces for Clean and Energy- 23 Efficient Diesel and Gasoline Power Trains ARGOMARINE Automatic Oil-Spill Recognition and Geopositioning 26 Integrated in a Marine Monitoring Network BB GREEN Battery powered Boats - Greening, Reduced resistance, 29 Electric, Efficient and Novel BEAUTY Bio-Ethanol engine for Advanced Urban Transport by light 32 commercial vehicle and heavy dutY CLEANER-D Clean European Rail - Diesel 35 CO2NTROL Integrated Solutions for Noise and Vibration Control in 38 Vehicles DIRECT-MAT DISmantling and RECycling Techniques for road MATerials - 41 Sharing knowledge and practices DIVEST DIsmantling of Vessels with Enhanced Safety and Technology 44 ECOQUEST Efficient Cooling systems for Quieter Surface Transport 47 EE-VERT Energy Efficient Vehicles for Road Transport 50 EU-CARGOXPRESS Greening of Surface Transport through an Innovative and 53 Competitive CARGO-VESSEL Concept Connecting Marine and Fluvial Intermodal Ports. EURECOMP Recycling thermoset composites of Sustainable Surface 57 Transport HEATRECAR Reduced energy consumption by massive thermoelectric 60 waste-heat recovery in light duty trucks HELIOS High Energy Lithium-Ion Storage Solutions 63 HERCULES-B Higher efficiency engine with ultra-low emissions for ships 66 HOSANNA Holistic and sustainable abatement of noise by optimized 69 combinations of natural and artificial means HOVERSPILL Multi-environment air cushion oil spill fast response and post- 72 emergency remediation system HYMAR High efficiency hybrid drive trains for small and mediumsized 75 marine craft INFRAGUIDER Infrastructure guidelines for environmental railway 79 performance 13REC-10-001_MEP3.indd 13 03/05/11 12:20
  16. 16. Index by Activities INGAS Integrated gas powertrain - Low-emission, CO2-optimised 82 and efficient CNG engines for passenger cars and light duty vehicles KITVES Airfoil-based solution for vessel onboard energy production 86 destined to traction and auxiliary services LESSCCV Large-Eddy and System Simulation to predict Cyclic 89 Combustion Variability in gasoline engines POSE²IDON Power Optimised Ship for Environment with Electric 92 Innovative Designs ON board POWERFUL POWERtrain for FUture Light-duty vehicles 96 QUIESST Quietening the Environment for a Sustainable Surface 99 Transport RE-ROAD Re-road – End of Life Strategies of Asphalt Pavements 102 SARTRE Safe Road Trains for the Environment; Developing strategies 106 and technologies to allow vehicle platoons to operate on normal public highways with significant environmental, safety and comfort benefits SILENV Ships oriented Innovative soLutions to rEduce Noise & 109 Vibrations STORAGE Composite Structural Power Storage for Hybrid Vehicles 112 STREAMLINE Strategic Research For Innovative Marine Propulsion 115 Concepts TIFFE Thermal SystemsIntegration for Fuel Economy 118 Encouraging Modal Shift and Decongesting Transport Corridors AEROTRAIN Aerodynamics: Total Regulatory Acceptance for the 123 Interoperable Network DYNOTRAIN Railway vehicle dynamics and track interactions: Total 127 regulatory acceptance for the interoperable network EIRAC II EIRAC 2008-2010 131 INTEGRITY Intermodal global door-to-door container supply chain 134 visibility PANTOTRAIN PANTOgraph and catenary interaction: Total Regulatory 137 Acceptance for the Interoperable Network SMART-CM SMART Container Chain Management 14114 TelliBox Intelligent MegaSwapBoxes for advanced intermodal freight 145 transportREC-10-001_MEP3.indd 14 03/05/11 12:20
  17. 17. Index by Activities Ensuring Sustainable Urban Mobility ACCESS 2 ALL Mobility schemes ensuring accessibility of public transport 149 for all users BIKE INTERMODAL THE INTERMODAL BIKE - Multi-modal integration of cycling 152 mobility through product and process innovations in bicycle design. CATS City Alternative Transport System 156 CITYHUSH Acoustically Green Road Vehicles and City Areas 159 CITYLOG Sustainability and Efficiency of City Logistics 162 CITYMOVE CITY Multi-role Optimized VEhicle 165 CITYNETMOBIL City Network for Fair Mobility 168 CONDUITS Coordination Of Network Descriptors for Urban Intelligent 171 Transportation Systems DELTA Concerted coordination for the promotion of efficient 174 multimodal interfaces EBSF European Bus System of the Future 177 HCV Hybrid Commercial Vehicle 181 I-TOUR i-TOUR: intelligent Transport system for Optimized URban 184 trips MEDIATE MEthodology for DescribIng the Accessibility of Transport in 187 Europe MODSAFE Modular Urban Transport Safety and Security Analysis 190 NICHES+ New and Innovative Concepts for Helping European 193 transport Sustainability - Towards implementation PICAV Personal Intelligent City Accessible Vehicle System 196 PUBTRANS4ALL Public Transportation - Accessibility for All 199 STADIUM Smart Transport Applications Designed for Large Events with 202 Impacts on Urban Mobility TRANS-AFRICA Promoting Public Transport in Africa 205 TURBLOG_WW Transferability of urban logistic concepts and practices from a 208 worldwide perspective VIAJEO International Demonstrations of Platform for Transport 211 Planning and Travel Information 15REC-10-001_MEP3.indd 15 03/05/11 12:20
  18. 18. Index by Activities Improving Safety and Security 2-BE-SAFE 2-Wheeler Behaviour and Safety 215 ADSEAT Adaptive Seat to Reduce Neck Injuries for Female and Male 219 Occupants ADVISE Advanced Dynamic Validations using Integrated Simulation 222 and Experimentation ALARP A railway automatic track warning system based on 225 distributed personal mobile terminals ASPIS Autonomous Surveillance in Public transport Infrastructure 228 Systems ASSESS Assessment of Integrated Vehicle Safety Systems for 231 Improved Vehicle Safety ASSET-Road ASSET advanced safety and driver support for essential road 234 transport CASPER Child Advanced Safety Project for European Roads 238 CORFAT Cost-effective Corrosion and Fatigue Monitoring for Transport 240 Products COVER Coordination of Vehicle and Road safety initiatives 243 DHErgo Digital Humans for Ergonomic designs of products 246 EPOCH Enabling Protection for Older Children 250 ESTEEM Enhancing Safety and security aspects in Transport rEsearch 253 in the Euro-Mediterranean region EXTREME SEAS Design for Ship Safety in Extreme Seas 256 FIMCAR Frontal Impact and Compatibility Assessment Research 259 FIREPROOF Probabilistic framework for onboard fire-safety 263 FLOODSTAND Integrated flooding control and standard for stability and 266 crises management GOALDS GOAL Based Damage Stability 270 HORIZON Research into Effects on Cognitive Performance of Maritime 273 Watch-keepers under Different Watch Patterns, Workloads & Conditions, with Reality Usage of Ships Bridge, Engine & Cargo Control Simulators IMVITER Implementation of Virtual Testing in Safety Regulations 27716 INESS INtegrated European Signalling System 281REC-10-001_MEP3.indd 16 03/05/11 12:20
  19. 19. Index by Activities INTERACTION Differences and similarities in driver INTERACTION with 285 in-vehicle technologies INTERAIL Development of a Novel Integrated Inspection System for the 289 Accurate Evaluation of the Structural Integrity of Rail Tracks ISi-PADAS Integrated human modelling and Simulation to support 293 human error risk analysis of Partially Autonomous Driver Assistance Systems ITERATE IT for Error Remediation And Trapping Emergencies 296 MINOAS Marine Inspection Robotic Assistant System 299 PROLOGUE Promoting Real Life Observations for Gaining Understanding 302 of Road Behaviour in Europe SAFEGUARD Ship evacuation data and scenarios 305 SAFER BRAIN Innovative Guidelines and Tools for Vulnerable Road Users 308 Safety in India and Brazil SAFERAIL Development of Novel Inspection Systems for Railway 312 Wheelsets SAFETRIP Satellite Application For Emergency Handling, Traffic Alerts, 315 Road safety and Incident Prevention SAFEWAY2SCHOOL Integrated System for Safe Transportation of Children to 318 School SAFEWIN Safety of winter navigation in dynamic ice 320 SAVE ME System and Actions for VEhicles and transportation hubs to 323 support disaster Mitigation and Evacuation SECUREMETRO Inherently secure blast resistant and fire safe metro vehicles 326 SKIDSAFE Enhanced Driver Safety due to Improved Skid Resistance 329 SMART RRS Innovative Concepts for Smart Road Restraint Systems to 332 Provide Greater Safety for Vulnerable Road Users SUSY Surfacing System for Ship Recovery 336 THOMO Development of a Finite Element Model of the Human Thorax 339 and Upper Extremities THORAX Thoracic Injury Assessment for Improved Vehicle Safety 342 TRANSFEU Transport fire safety engineering in the European Union 345 TULCS Tools for Ultra Large Container Ships 349 17 TYROSAFE Tyre and Road Surface Optimisation for Skid Resistance and 352 Further EffectsREC-10-001_MEP3.indd 17 03/05/11 12:20
  20. 20. Index by Activities Strengthening Competitiveness ARIADNA Maritime Assisted Volumetric Navigation System 357 BESST Breakthrough in European Ship and Shipbuilding 360 Technologies CASMARE Coordination Action to Maintain and Further Develop a 364 Sustainable Maritime Research in Europe CO-PATCH Composite Patch Repair for Marine and Civil Engineering 367 Infrastructure Applications ComPair Continuous health monitoring and non-destructive 370 assessment of composites and composite repairs on surface transport applications ENABLE Stimulate Sustainable Freight Transport Systems with Latin 373 American countries ERRAC-ROADMAP ERRAC Road Map 376 EXCITING Exact Geometry Simulation for Optimized Design of Vehicles 378 and Vessels FLOWHEAD Fluid Optimisation Workflows for Highly Effective Automotive 381 Development processes IceWin Innovative Icebreaking Concepts for Winter Navigation 384 MID-MOD Mid-frequency vibro-acoustic modelling tools / Innovative 387 CAE methodologies to strengthen European competitiveness MoDe Maintenance on Demand 390 NAVTRONIC Navigational system for efficient maritime transport 393 PMnIDEA Predictive Maintenance Employing Non-intrusive Inspection 395 & Data Analysis PROMARC Promoting Marine Research Careers 399 RISPECT Risk-based expert system for through-life ship structural 402 inspection and maintenance and new-build ship structural design VISIONS-OLYMPICS The next generation of products and procedures for vessels 405 and floating structures18REC-10-001_MEP3.indd 18 03/05/11 12:20
  21. 21. Index by Activities Cross-cutting Activities for Implementation of the Sub-theme Programme B2B LOCO Baltic - To - Balkan Network for LOgistics COmpetence 409 CETRRA Actions to Stimulate Participation of Cooperation Partners in 413 Surface Transport Research EMAR2RES Support Action to initiate cooperation between the 417 Communities of European MARine and MARitime REsearch and Science FUTURAIL Job opportunities for the railway community of tomorrow 419 MARPOS MARitime POlicy Support 422 PRESS4TRANSPORT Virtual Press Office to Improve EU Sustainable Surface 425 Transport research Media Visibility on a National and Regional Level SAFIER Support Action for Implementation of ERTRAC's Road 428 Transport Research Priorities SIMBA II Strengthening Road Transport Research Cooperation 431 between Europe and Emerging International Markets II SKILLRAIL Education and Training Actions for high skilled job 434 opportunities in the railway sector SMART Services for SMEs in collAborative tRansporT research 437 projects Star-net Transport European Network to support the sustainable surface 440 transport SMEs TECH-CLINIC SST Setting-up of Effective Technological Clinics to Address Real 443 Knowledge Needs of Surface Transport Industry TRANSBONUS Transport EU-Western Balkan Network for Training, Support 446 and Promotion of Cooperation in FP7 research activities YEAR Young European Arena of Research 449 YEAR-2010 Young European Arena of Research - 2010 452 19REC-10-001_MEP3.indd 19 03/05/11 12:20
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  23. 23. REC-10-001_MEP3.indd 21 21 Description of Projects Classified by Activities03/05/11 12:20
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  25. 25. The Greening of Surface Transport 2020 INTERFACE Tailoring of Tribological Interfaces for Clean and Energy-Efficient Diesel and Gasoline Power Trains State of the art - Background provide ultra low friction, enhanced durabil- ity and clean powertrain operation. Lubrication is critical to the efficient operation - To understand the interfacial mechanics, of the powertrain which refers to the group of reaction kinetics and durability to enable a components that generate power and deliver new approach to interface design. it to the road surface. Durability and friction - To develop a "system" for which the labo- control are currently delivered from a complex ratory and industrial scale testing indicates package of lubricant additives in fully formu- clearly that the ERTRAC 2020 Vision for fuel lated engine oil. These oil additives, through reduction is achievable. the interaction in a tribochemical sense with the surface, produce nanostructured com- Description of Work posite, self-healing and smart tribofilms at the surface. It is these produced layers that The work plan is split into five basic steps to give the functionality, namely durability and cover the experimental, theoretical, validation fuel economy. To date, virtually no function- and management aspects of the programme ality of the surface or design of the interface and to address the grand challenge set out is considered when lubrication optimisation in the 2020 Vision. These are as described is sought and for this reason it is postulated below: that the lubricant/surface "system" is not - A number of existing coating systems will optimised. be thoroughly checked from their proper- ties and their published data to select an The project concept is underpinned by the adequate reference against which benefits need to reduce reliance on lubricant additives, of the new system can be measured. Lubri- which are harmful to catalytic converters and cants compatible with environmental legis- thus shift more of the emphasis towards a lation will be chosen (WP1). "systems approach" where innovative inter- - Combining theoretical and experimental face design can deliver the green and fuel prior art the design requirements for the efficient performance sought by the major optimum powertrain interface are defined Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs). in terms of the mechanical and chemical nature of the produced tribofilm (WP2). Objectives - Coating production is considered and in The objectives are: particular a variation of properties as a func- - To summarize the understanding of inter- tion of system (PACVD or PVD) and as a facial reactions and processes occurring at function of dopant, hydrogen content etc tribological interfaces between conventional (WP3, WP5). materials and current lubricants and consol- - Tribology testing and tribofilm evaluation for idate it to potential "use" in "new optimised selected powertrain components provide powertrain systems". the link to the interface design - the resulting - To select and define the required DLC coat- tribofilm being the component for which an ings fundamental structure-property rela- optimum design is sought (WP4). tionships in combination with the lubricant - The results are validated with full scale test- components, which will facilitate the devel- ing of the powertrain "system" for improve- opment and "design" of interfaces, and will ments in fuel economy and durability (WP6). 23REC-10-001_MEP3.indd 23 03/05/11 12:20
  26. 26. The Greening of Surface Transport - Project Management and Exploitation have dedicated work packages (WP7, 8 & 9). Expected Results The impact will be improved fuel economy and durability to align with current OEM tar- gets and fulfilling the longer term legislation as lubricant additives must become greener. Novel materials, in the form of nanostructured nanometre thick reaction tribofilms, will be produced, tested and validated. The successful execution of the project will push forward frontiers in science and engi- neering but will also have impact on societal and environmental agendas. The major technical and scientific impact will be from - The successful design of novel, smart, adaptive and functionally-graded reac- tion films (tribofilms) formed from a series of interfacial reactions between a func- tional DLC and a new generation (CHON) lubricants - The development of a set of design criteria for a nanostructured thin film (tribofilm reac- tion film) as a result of tribological reactions - The successful use of multivariate analy- ses to properly define the effects of each parameter on the characteristics of the tri- bofilm – culminating in structure/property relationships for a system never yet studied in such a systematic manner. The main environmental impact will be derived from the: - Reduction in fuel consumption as the tribo- film design is optimized to achieve the target Stribeck curve. - Reduction in wastage of material and hence replacement of engine components as the systems are optimized for durability. - Use of next generation lubricants with S, P and Zn free ashless properties.24REC-10-001_MEP3.indd 24 03/05/11 12:20
  27. 27. The Greening of Surface Transport Acronym: 2020 INTERFACE Name of proposal: Tailoring of Tribological Interfaces for Clean and Energy-Efficient Diesel and Gasoline Power Trains Contract number: 234324 Instrument: CF – FP Total cost: 3 867 411 € EU contribution: 2 591 690 € Call: FP7-SST-2008-RTD-1 Starting date: 01.12.2009 Ending date: 30.11.2012 Duration: 36 months Coordinator: Prof. Anne Neville University of Leeds Woodhouse Lane UK LS2 9JT Leeds E-mail: a.neville@leeds.ac.uk Tel: +44 (0)113 343 68 12 Fax: +44 (0)113 242 46 11 EC Officer: Grzegorz Domanski Partners: Faculdade de Ciencias e Technologia da Universidade de Coimbra PT University of Ljubljana SI Rijksuniversiteit Groningen NL Josef Stefan Institite SI Bekaert Advanced Coatings NV BE Lubrizol Ltd UK Volvo Technology AB SE SKF Research and Development Company B.V. NL 25REC-10-001_MEP3.indd 25 03/05/11 12:20
  28. 28. The Greening of Surface Transport ARGOMARINE Automatic Oil-Spill Recognition and Geopositioning Integrated in a Marine Monitoring Network State of the art - Background and acoustic sensors will be collected and sent to a central server where they will be inte- According to the Regional Marine Pollution grated thanks to web mapping technology. Emergency Response Centre for the Mediter- Accident modelling and post-accident inter- ranean Sea (REMPEC, 2002), 360-370 million vention simulation tools for impact prediction tons of oil and refined products are trans- will be implemented and tested through field ported every year across the Mediterranean experiments. The envisaged goal is con- Sea, representing 20-25% of the world total. nected to the necessity of pollution control Maritime traffic in the Mediterranean is char- in Marine Protected Areas. Data from both acterized by the existence of a large number satellite and airborne remote sensors and in of ports in the region (over 300), and by a situ sensors (optical and chemical sensors significant volume of traffic which transits the as well) on vessels and buoys will be used Mediterranean, without ships entering any of to get information about water quality and these ports. The East Mediterranean Sea is a the presence of oil slicks over large areas. high-risk area for pollution as the Black, Red External data such as weather station data, and Mediterranean Seas are interconnected. weather operational models and large scale Daily ship traffic through the Mediterranean hydrodynamic and wave models will be gath- basin consists of 2,000 ferries, 1,500 freight ered from the external providers. All the data ships and 2,000 commercial crafts, 300 of will be merged in a Marine Information Sys- them tankers (20% of the world amount of tem (MIS), i.e. an information system where oil sea traffic), carrying more than 350 million remote sensing data, field experiment results tons of oil per year (8 million barrels per day). and estimates from simulation models can be Thus, decision-makers in this region have a integrated and available through a common strong need for an efficient pollution monitor interface. and forecast system, to support them in plan- ning and conducting preventative and emer- Description of Work gency interventions. Such a system must provide timely and reliable access to all avail- Project work is articulated as follows: able observations and forecasts for the area - WP1 will be dedicated to imaging and of interest, and seamlessly integrate these as analysis by using SAR (Synthetic Aperture well as software for analysis, decision-support Radar) and dissemination. - WP2 will be concerned with hyperspectral and thermal infrared image analysis Objectives (by using CASI-Compact Airborne Spectro- The scope of the proposed ARGOMARINE graphic Imager, spectroradiometer, TABI- Project is to develop and test an integrated thermal airborne broadband imager, and system for monitoring marine traffic and pol- satellite images if available), Airborne sensors lution throughout environmentally sensitive will be operated and hosted on mobile plat- areas. This will be done by means of elec- forms (helicopter/aircraft). tronic geopositioning, through a high speed - WP3 will be devoted to the application of communication network. Data from SAR Electronic Nose technology to the moni- (Synthetic Aperture Radar), hyperspectral toring of oil/hydrocarbon spills in marine26 sensors, thermal sensors, electronic noses, environments, hosted both on an autono-REC-10-001_MEP3.indd 26 03/05/11 12:20
  29. 29. The Greening of Surface Transport mous buoy and aboard a AUV-autonomous Expected Results underwater vehicle. The main aim of the ARGOMARINE project - WP4 will be dedicated to the development is to provide an integrated environmental of underwater monitoring technologies monitoring and management system, mainly - WP5 will set up a mathematical modelling for public authorities (security enforcement system and apply it to the study sites. agents, park rangers, coastguards), civil - WP6 will develop the ARGO-Geomatrix protection and fleet operators to promptly platform to set up and realize a telecommu- manage oil and chemical spill accidents (or nication infrastructure deliberate tank washes) that can cause inju- - WP7 will approach implementing an inte- ries and fatalities to citizens, and environmen- grated Marine Information System (MIS) tal disasters, by means of early warnings and - In WP8 test activity will be carried out. Dur- alarms. ing the third year, a final test exercise will be carried out on the overall system, in real The ARGOMARINE project has the ambitious operational situations. goal of integrating a wide range of technolo- - WP9 will consist of the dissemination and gies, from sensor networks, radar regarding exploitation of project results the acquisition of data, large databases for - WP10 deals with project management storing wide historical information, complex data flow and communications using satel- lites technologies, to distributed computa- tional systems with the aim of decreasing the impact of maritime transportation on both bio- diversity and protected fragile environments. 27REC-10-001_MEP3.indd 27 03/05/11 12:20
  30. 30. The Greening of Surface Transport Acronym: ARGOMARINE Name of proposal: Automatic Oil-Spill Recognition and Geopositioning Integrated in a Marine Monitoring Network Contract number: 234096 Instrument: CF – FP Total cost: 4 299 005 € EU contribution: 3 270 314 € Call: FP7-SST-2008-RTD-1 Starting date: 01.09.2009 Ending date: 01.09.2012 Duration: 36 months Website: http://www.argomarine.net Coordinator: Dr. Michele Cocco Parco Nazionale dellArcipelago Toscano Via Guerrazzi IT 57037 Portoferraio E-mail: cocco@islepark.it Tel: +39 03487 045 202 Fax: +39 0565 919 456 EC Officer: Maurizio Maggiore Partners: National Technical University of Athens, Laboratory of Remote Sensing GR Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche IT Stiftelsen Nansen Senter for Fjernmåling NO University of Algarve PT Scensive Technologies Ltd UK Management Agency of Zakynthos National Marine Park GR Commission of the European Communities, Directorate General JRC BE NURC - NATO Undersea Reaseach Centre IT28REC-10-001_MEP3.indd 28 03/05/11 12:20
  31. 31. The Greening of Surface Transport BB GREEN Battery powered Boats - Greening, Reduced resistance, Electric, Efficient and Novel State of the art - Background travel choice across Europe. Feasibility will be shown by means of a fully operational Many European cities or communities at the prototype vessel to be trial-operated under coast or on different types of waterways rely real life conditions with end users on board mainly on land-based transport. In Rotter- to determine market and customer reactions. dam, the project has identified a couple of The new transport system can contribute to routes that take at least 45 minutes to cover reducing traffic congestion and improve traffic by car. With BB GREEN the trip could be flow in and around cities and densely popu- done in approximately 5 minutes. The differ- lated areas with waterway access. ence is due to heavy road traffic congestion resulting in severe environmental problems. The project uses a holistic approach to Shifting passenger and light cargo transport achieve the demanding main goal of exhibit- from public roads to zero-emission boating ing feasibility and market acceptance for the will reduce the traffic load on the roads and new solution, taking advantage of new and allow a smoother traffic flow and less park- emerging technologies from other sectors as ing problems in the centres. The suggested well as maritime. change in transport handling will only give full environmental effect if diesel engines are Description of Work replaced with electric power (from sustainable BB GREEN will start out with an assessment energy sources) as suggested in the project. of requirements and critical factors to achieve The proposed project meets all key EU objec- the project goals, followed by a design devel- tives related to greening, CO2 emissions, opment phase, including 3D modelling and innovation and a request for transport solu- full model testing of two new candidate air- tions able to meet future requirements. supported vessel (ASV) hulls. A selection will be made and the main systems, including Objectives new battery pack, electric driveline, propulsion and lift fans will be developed and prototype The principal objective in BB GREEN is to units tested. The BB GREEN design will be develop new, robust, highly capable zero- further developed including superstructure emission maritime transportation solutions, and general arrangement design. Engineer- designed to fulfil tomorrow’s community and ing, construction methods and materials will customer requirements today. be selected and the whole design will be BB GREEN will launch innovative and com- assessed by Det Norske Veritas to meet the petitive waterborne transport solutions, pre- rules and regulations on construction and senting a step-change in the public service safety aspects. An operational test vessel will offered, emitting zero greenhouse gas and then be constructed, outfitted, tested and introducing a climate-friendly travel choice. optimised. The vessel will be fully instrumented The approach is radical and brave, and the for final tests and documentation before being new vessels can be introduced quickly, cost- shipped to Rotterdam for practical feasibil- efficiently and without affecting current infra- ity testing on a selected test route. Public structure. The battery powered, low-wake response and environmental impact will be wash, fast and efficient air-supported craft studied on the test route. Case studies will will deliver a climate-friendly waterborne be prepared to evaluate the potential market 29REC-10-001_MEP3.indd 29 03/05/11 12:20
  32. 32. The Greening of Surface Transport impact, and an active dissemination plan using Rotterdam. Response from the test group will the BB GREEN test vessel will be carried out. be accumulated and analysed. Expected Results BB GREENs role in future transport/city infra- structure, including contributions to reducing The project will design and tank-test two new negative climate and environmental effects, BB GREEN ASV hull forms and select the will be assessed and backed by case stud- most suitable based upon operator and route ies highlighting effects on transport patterns particulars. in and around cities with BB GREEN types of Engineering, construction method and use transport. Recommendations to improve the of appropriate materials will be prepared and BB GREEN concept and expand the appli- evaluated against rules and regulations. A full- cation will be proposed. The zero-emission scale test vessel will be constructed, instru- waterborne transport solution will be dis- mented and outfitted for testing. Debugging, seminated widely in Europe and beyond, with optimisation and final tests with documenta- an active use of the test vessel for feasibility tion will then be carried out before the test demonstration and proof of impact. vessel is tested for feasibility on a test route in30REC-10-001_MEP3.indd 30 03/05/11 12:20
  33. 33. The Greening of Surface Transport Acronym: BB GREEN Name of proposal: Battery powered Boats - Greening, Reduced resistance, Electric, Efficient and Novel Contract number: 234142 Instrument: CF – FP Total cost: 4 860 655 € EU contribution: 3 468 676 € Call: FP7-SST-2008-RTD-1 Duration: 36 months Coordinator: Mr. Ulf Tudem SES Europe AS Thor Dahls gt NO 3210 Sandefjord E-mail: ulf.tudem@brygga.no Tel: +47 (0)33465650 Fax: +47 (0)33465610 EC Officer: Maurizio Maggiore Partners: SSPA Sweden AB SE Det Norske Veritas NO Carbonia AB SE Diab Norge AS NO High Modulus Europe Ltd UK Siemens Norge AS NO Aqualiner NL Amberjack Projects Ltd. UK 31REC-10-001_MEP3.indd 31 03/05/11 12:20
  34. 34. The Greening of Surface Transport BEAUTY Bio-Ethanol engine for Advanced Urban Transport by light commercial vehicle and heavy dutY State of the art - Background The dedicated internal combustion engines considered in the proposal can be fuelled with Since the introduction of the internal combus- pure bioethanol or blended with hydrocarbon- tion engine, the use of alcohols as an alter- based fuel; their application is intended for native fuel has been regularly investigated. light commercial and medium to heavy duty Intensive work was performed between the (M-HD) vehicles in captive fleets, thus allow- late 1970s and the 1990s, the driver being ing a much higher amplitude of adaptation of the production of a synthetic fuel from coal bioethanol blends to the need of the combus- or natural gas. Now the attention is on bio- tion process. Three technological methods fuels, such as biodiesel and bioethanol. will be explored: As an internal combustion (IC) engine fuel, - a spark ignition (Otto cycle) engine based bioethanol is similar to gasoline and shows on the stoichiometric approach for M-HD interesting characteristics but with some urban vehicles; aspects that require specific engine adapta- - a spark ignition (Otto cycle) engine using tions. When used in spark ignition engines, an innovative controlled auto-ignition (CAI) its higher octane number allows the increase process for light commercials; of compression ratios with a better thermo- - a compression ignition (Diesel cycle) engine dynamic efficiency. The pollutant emissions of using an innovative surface ignition system bioethanol can be basically lower than those for light commercials. of the gasoline engine. Bioethanol shows sig- nificant differences in greenhouse gas (GHG) The objective of the project is to build engine emissions between different sources and pro- solutions based on these three methods duction routes. This is the reason why, when which are able to meet the ambitious targets bioethanol use is promoted, a detailed Well- in terms of: to-Wheel analysis is required for assessing - future emission limits (Euro 6); the best production route. Most biofuels have - fuel conversion efficiency (at least 10% significantly lower Well-to-Tank GHG emis- higher than that of toda’s SI engine running sions than conventional fossil fuels, but they on equivalent bioethanol blends); can vary considerably. Biofuels could lead - cold startability down to -15°C of ambient to greenhouse emission savings when com- temperature. pared with fossil fuels, ranging from negative to over 100% depending on the type of feed- Description of Work stock, the method of cultivation and the bio- Starting from existing powertrains, the engine fuel production processes employed. systems (including after-treatment), com- ponents and materials will be adapted and Objectives optimised in view of the development of The use of bioethanol in a captive fleet can bioethanol advanced combustion concepts. play an important role in reducing local pol- The most promising route for maximising the lution from the urban transport sector whilst benefits in terms of local and global emis- introducing, at the same time, the use of a sions will be identified. The basic innovative renewable fuel with a high potential in GHG elements of each method which deal with the containment. characteristics of bioethanol blends will be32REC-10-001_MEP3.indd 32 03/05/11 12:20

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