Vessel Efficiency CompetitionMilitary vessel efficiencyRoyal Navy/ Royal Fleet Auxiliary PerspectivePhilip Smith /Chris Br...
Why are we involved in this call?• 2.4% of UK Defence spending is on energy  & fuel (2010)   – £628M - Equipment energy (M...
Drivers for MOD to use less energy• Cost – increase of 1p per litre of fuel adds ~£13M to equipment energy bill• Delivery ...
Key RN/RFA efficiency issuesMaintain military capability despite sustainability pressures:• Potential impacts to energy av...
Key RN/RFA efficiency issuesEfficiency improvements critical:• RN targeted to reduce fossil fuel use by  18% by 2020• RN/R...
Key RN/RFA exploitation issuesFleet composition already ‘set’ out to ~ 2050:• Classes in design & coming into service – Li...
RN/RFA efficiency challengesAreas of focus• Efficiency gains should result in no impact to military capability• Thermal ma...
MOD energy efficiency initiativesFunding in maritime energy efficiency split & constrained:• Fundamental research; Low TRL...
RN/RFA is a military forceThe vessels are built of derivatives from civil /marine equipment - 99% of their time they will ...
Key Messages• RN/RFA is a military force - Improved vessel efficiency enables the  RN/RFA to maintain capabilities despite...
Vessel Efficiency CompetitionMilitary vessel efficiencyRoyal Navy/ Royal Fleet Auxiliary PerspectiveThank you for your att...
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Vessel Efficiency competition - dstl - challenges

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  • It’s the money – every penny on the price of fuel increases our fuel bill by £13M per annum The more fuel we need, the harder it is to do expeditionary warfare. All of the fuel has to be transported to where we want it. The bigger our logistic chain, the less agile we are. It increases cost. And it places soldiers at risk. The bottom picture shows how we get fuel to the front line at the moment – Combat Logistics Patrol tankers which are often driven through hostile environments – True cost of fuel to the frigate is therefore much higher as it includes the tanker’s procurement and operating costs The top picture illustrates that this argument is equally valid in the land domain – tankers in Afghanistan
  • Vessel Efficiency competition - dstl - challenges

    1. 1. Vessel Efficiency CompetitionMilitary vessel efficiencyRoyal Navy/ Royal Fleet Auxiliary PerspectivePhilip Smith /Chris Broadbent / Andrew TateDefence Science & Technology Laboratory [dstl] - MODNovember / December 2012
    2. 2. Why are we involved in this call?• 2.4% of UK Defence spending is on energy & fuel (2010) – £628M - Equipment energy (Move) – £318M - Utility Energy (Fixed)• If ‘business as usual’ maintained - worst case projection for proportion of the budget spent on fuel increases to: – 2015: 3.9% – 2020: 7.0%• Hence; RN/RFA target to reduce fossil fuel use by 18% by 2020At what point does this impact on the delivery of military objectives? © Crown Copyright 2012 Dstl 26 November, 2012 UK UNCLASSIFIED DSTL/CP64839 Published with the permission of the Defence Science and Technology Laboratory on behalf of the Controller of HMSO
    3. 3. Drivers for MOD to use less energy• Cost – increase of 1p per litre of fuel adds ~£13M to equipment energy bill• Delivery to front line user – The cost of fuel at point of use must include transport costs, supply fleet, personnel and protection• Operational effectiveness – decreasing fuel use impacts on ability to deliver expeditionary capability – reduce logistics ‘tail’ [deeper, further, quicker] © Crown Copyright 2012 Dstl 26 November, 2012 UK UNCLASSIFIED DSTL/CP64839 Published with the permission of the Defence Science and Technology Laboratory on behalf of the Controller of HMSO
    4. 4. Key RN/RFA efficiency issuesMaintain military capability despite sustainability pressures:• Potential impacts to energy availability & operational access• External pressures include: – Open market fuel price – HMG emission reduction commitments – HMG’s desire to meet ever expanding environmental regulations (e.g. IMO tier III) – Maintaining interoperability (e.g. with US Navy bio-fuels) © Crown Copyright 2012 Dstl 26 November, 2012 UK UNCLASSIFIED DSTL/CP64839 Published with the permission of the Defence Science and Technology Laboratory on behalf of the Controller of HMSO
    5. 5. Key RN/RFA efficiency issuesEfficiency improvements critical:• RN targeted to reduce fossil fuel use by 18% by 2020• RN/RFA specific challenges include: – Introduction of larger platforms – Extended use of energy intensive systems – New operational areas – Arctic? – Negative impact of some regulatory compliance technologies on efficiency MOD must be able to maintain operations against the backdrop of external economic & geopolitical pressures © Crown Copyright 2012 Dstl 26 November, 2012 UK UNCLASSIFIED DSTL/CP64839 Published with the permission of the Defence Science and Technology Laboratory on behalf of the Controller of HMSO
    6. 6. Key RN/RFA exploitation issuesFleet composition already ‘set’ out to ~ 2050:• Classes in design & coming into service – Limited opportunity to exploit whole ship solutions in near to mid term• Looking for solutions capable of being integrated & exploited in current & near future platforms – retrofits; bolt-on; etc• Larger ships offer biggest gains – but benefits in UXV’s, boats & subsType 23 Type 45 Queen Elizabeth Class MHPC Future subs Type 26 & UXVs/Small boats MARSDesigns fixed More flexibility © Crown Copyright 2012 Dstl 26 November, 2012 UK UNCLASSIFIED DSTL/CP64839 Published with the permission of the Defence Science and Technology Laboratory on behalf of the Controller of HMSO
    7. 7. RN/RFA efficiency challengesAreas of focus• Efficiency gains should result in no impact to military capability• Thermal management – More complex ships and modern weapons/sensors driving up ‘wild heat’ – Reducing heat losses; transferring heat more efficiently & utilising waste heat – Thermal losses also impact areas such as signatures, crew effectiveness etc• Minimising impact of emissions (& other) regulations – I.e. negating the negative impacts on weight, volume & efficiency of devices such as Selective Catalytic Reduction• Management & control of on-board energy use – Control software, sensors, advanced navigation & route planning tools etc. – Tools & Advice – i.e. helping the crews to lower energy use• Weight saving• Drag reduction (‘Add-on’ hydrodynamics devices etc) © Crown Copyright 2012 Dstl 26 November, 2012 UK UNCLASSIFIED DSTL/CP64839 Published with the permission of the Defence Science and Technology Laboratory on behalf of the Controller of HMSO
    8. 8. MOD energy efficiency initiativesFunding in maritime energy efficiency split & constrained:• Fundamental research; Low TRL; conceptual; studies – Centre for Defence Enterprise (CDE) – MOD (DSTL) Maritime Resilience programme A gap in transitioning technology from concept to exploitation?This call is, therefore, a significant element of MOD funding in the area of energy efficiency• High TRL; adaption of COTs; Full-scale demo; exploitation – DE&S - Marine systems development in PTG – DE&S - Ship projects e.g. T-26 IMO Tier III compliance & sustainable build; MARS energy efficiency assessment• Green Ship Capability Planning Working Group (CPWG) – ‘glue’ between areas & industry © Crown Copyright 2012 Dstl 26 November, 2012 UK UNCLASSIFIED DSTL/CP64839 Published with the permission of the Defence Science and Technology Laboratory on behalf of the Controller of HMSO
    9. 9. RN/RFA is a military forceThe vessels are built of derivatives from civil /marine equipment - 99% of their time they will operate like a civilian ship.However; when needed they are expected tooperate in a hostile military environment, andtheir crews lives depend on their survivability.
    10. 10. Key Messages• RN/RFA is a military force - Improved vessel efficiency enables the RN/RFA to maintain capabilities despite energy/cost challenges• Key points - military energy efficiency improvements – Targets 20% reduction in fossil fuels by 2020 – Costs 1p per Litre = £13M in MOD costs – Exploitation Ideas must be exploitable in current platforms – Interest Transitioning technologies, not studies © Crown Copyright 2012 Dstl 26 November, 2012 UK UNCLASSIFIED DSTL/CP64839 Published with the permission of the Defence Science and Technology Laboratory on behalf of the Controller of HMSO
    11. 11. Vessel Efficiency CompetitionMilitary vessel efficiencyRoyal Navy/ Royal Fleet Auxiliary PerspectiveThank you for your attention – We welcomeany further questions?https://connect.innovate.org/web/vessel-efficiency
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