A driver must take a minimum of 10-hours off-duty prior to driving again whenever the:
Driver reaches the maximum 11-hours driving period
The driver reaches the maximum 14-hour on-duty period regardless is the driver has drive hours.
Explanation of the 7/8-day 70 hour 34-hour Restart Rule.
Drivers may restart a 7/8-day driving period after taking 34 or more consecutive hours off-duty, as long as;
The driver has not exceeded the 70-hour rule in the 7/8-day period.
The driver is prohibited from taking the 7/8-day 34-hour restart if they exceed the 70-hour rule, even if its by ¼ hour. The driver is then required to recap their hours down under the 70-hour rule before taking the 34-hour restart.
70-hour Rule/Available Hours 8 th -Day Driver has a total of 10-hrs to work on his/her 8 th day If the total hours available are less than the 11- hours driving and 14-hour on-duty rule the driver must only work the total hours available. Date Total Hours Worked Total hours last 7-days Available hours for tomorrow Total hours last 8-days 1-Mon 10 70hrs – 60hrs = 10hrs 2-Tue 12.5 3-Wed 10 4-Thur 0 5-Fri 2.5 6-Sat 10 7-Sun 15 60 10 8-Mon 10 60 10 70 9-Tue
70-hour Rule/Available Hours 8 th -day The driver has been on-duty a total of 50-hrs in 7-days and for his/her 8 th day tomorrow the driver has 20hrs available. Because the driver has more hours available than they can driver the driver must only drive for the max 11-hours within the 14hr. On-duty period then take 10-hrs off. The next day the driver only has six hours to drive and be on-duty Date Total Hours Worked Total hours last 7-days Available hours for tomorrow 70-hrs – 50hrs = 20hrs Total hours last 8-days 1-Mon 0 2-Tue 0 3-Wed 11 4-Thur 2.5 5-Fri 12.5 6-Sat 10 7-Sun 14 50 20 8-Mon 14 64 6 64 9-Tue 6 70 0 70
Log Book Examples. Please click on the Acrobat Icon to view the log book examples
On duty time means all time from the time a driver begins to work or is required to be in readiness to work until the time the driver is relieved from duty by the motor carrier.
Driving time means all time spent at the driving controls of a commercial motor vehicle (CMV) in operation.
Documentation of the Drivers Daily Hours of Service Log
On the next three slides are examples of the
proper documentation that should be on each
daily hours of service log.
Basic Driver Logging Documentation Drivers miles if driving with co-driver Name of Carrier Address of Carrier Today's Date Total Miles Truck & Trailer Numbers Driver Signature Co-driver’s name if driving Freight Bill Number and/or Commodity transported Change of duty statue over 15min requires the driver to log the city and state stopped or nearest mile marker w/state Change of duty status is required any time the duty status exceeds 15-min. Address If starting at a different terminal
Driver Logging Documentation – Adding Up Total Hours On log. Drivers must total their off-duty hours at the completion of the daily log. Drivers must total their sleeper time at the completion of the daily log. Drivers must total their total on-duty driving time at the completion of the daily log. Drivers must total their total off-duty time at the completion of the daily log. Drivers must add up the total off-duty time, total sleeper time, total on-duty driving time and total on-duty not driving time at the end the completion of the daily log. The total hours must add up to 24-hours. If they do not review the log for errors.
Drivers Daily Log Recapping Drivers are required to ensure they have enough hours available. The only way to ensure the hours available for tomorrow is by recapping hours. First the driver should recap his/her hours on the front inside of the log book, then transfer the hours over to the daily log recap. For more information go back to the 70-hour rule recapping requirements.
Drivers Daily Log Recapping When completing the log grid it is important that the driver uses a straight edge to accurately draw the change of duty status line. There are 4 different duty status lines, off-duty, sleeper, on-duty driving and on-duty not driving . A driver must accurately report each different duty status change if the time of the new duty status is +- more than 15 minutes.
All lights and reflectors (equipped and functioning as required under the Act and the regulations)
Wheels and fasteners (for wheel or rim cracks, defective lock rings, loose or missing fasteners)
Tires (for tread depth, flat or noticeable leak, any visible bumps or bulges, mixture or bias and radial tires on the same axle, contact with any part of the vehicle or any other tire)
Fuel system (for visible leak at any point, tank filler caps shall not be missing, the fuel tank shall be securely mounted)
Exhaust system (for audible leaks, missing or loose components, secure mountings)
Fifth wheel (for loose, missing or ineffective fasteners, missing, broken or deformed parts in the locking mechanism, operating handle being in closed or locked position when in use)
Suspension, springs, air bags and controlling attachments (for any cracked, broken, loose or missing axle positioning or fastening parts, broken or missing spring leaves, broken coil springs, deflated air suspension due to system failure)
Towing and coupling devices (for missing or unattached safety devices, or safety devices not capable of secure attachment, wear kinks or broken cable strands, improper repairs)
Air brake adjustment and connections (for absence of braking action on each wheel, missing, broken or loose mechanical components where readily visible, audible air leaks and brake readjustment limits)
Hydraulic brake Fluid (for visible leakage)
Mirrors (as required under the Act and the regulations, for condition and adjustments)
Brake failure warning light (functions as intended)
Brake air pressure or vacuum gauge
Warning signal, low pressure or low vacuum
Windshield washer and wipers (function as intended)
Windshield and windows (are to afford the driver a clear view)
Mirrors (adjustment and condition)
Defroster and heaters (function as intended)
Horn (functions as intended)
Driver's seat belt and seat security (function as intended)
Parking brake (adequate to hold vehicle)
Emergency equipment (as required under any Act and the regulations made there under for that class of vehicle
49CFR Driver Daily Vehicle Inspection Reports Requirements Part 396 Please double click on the Acrobat Document below for an in-depth review of the inspection requirements as listed in 49CFR Part 396.