Hours Of Service


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Hours Of Service

  1. 1. The Transportation Guys Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations Hours of Service Training
  2. 2. Hours of Service Regulations <ul><li>As of January 1, 2004 the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) implemented the new hours of service regulations for all carriers and drivers operating in interstate commerce. </li></ul><ul><li>The new revised hours of service regulations supersede all previous hours of service regulations and also interpretations issued by the FMCSA. </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Transportation Guys Policy on Driver Hours of Service <ul><li>In the interest of safety and compliance, The The Transportation Guys has adopted the FMCSA hours of service rules. </li></ul><ul><li>All drivers are strictly prohibited from operating under California Intrastate Driver Hours of Service Regulations without written authorization from The Transportation Guys Staffing Manger. </li></ul>
  4. 4. FMCSA New Hours of Service Rules & Regulations <ul><li>Commercial Motor Vehicle (CMV) may not drive: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More than 11- hours, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Beyond the 14 th hour after coming on-duty, following 10 consecutive hours off-duty. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>After 70-hours on-duty in a 7/8 consecutive days. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. The Hours of Service Rules <ul><li>Drivers operate under two hours of service rule sets. The first rule set is: </li></ul><ul><li>The 70-hours rule. Drivers are allowed to operate a total of 70-hours in a 7/8-day period </li></ul><ul><li>The 70-hour rule in a 7/8-day period dictates how may hours a driver may operate on his or her 8 th day. </li></ul>
  6. 6. How to figure how many hours you have available under the 70-hour rule. <ul><li>A driver must always add up his/her total daily hours at end of their shift for the last 7-days and; </li></ul><ul><li>Subtract the total hours in the last 7-days by 70-hours and that number and the hours left are how many hours the driver has available for the 8 th day. </li></ul><ul><li>If the total hours available for the 8 th day exceed 14-hours than the driver is limited to the next rule set, the 11/14-hour rule. This is the second rule a driver must operate under. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Explanation of The 11-hour Drive Rule <ul><li>Following 10 consecutive hours off-duty a driver is allowed to drive for a maximum of 11-hours during the maximum allowable14- hour on-duty period. </li></ul><ul><li>It does not matter how you break it up; </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>3 hours driving / 11-hours on duty = Totaling 14-hrs. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>9 hours driving / 5-hours on duty = Totaling 14-hrs. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>10.5 hours driving / 2.5 hours on duty = Totaling 14-hrs. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Again the new hours of service rule states maximum 11-hours driving no more. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Explanation of the 14-hour on Duty Rule <ul><li>Following 10 consecutive hours off-duty a driver has a total of 14-hours on-duty from start to finish to drive a total 11-hours. </li></ul><ul><li>Again upon the start of the 14- hour on-duty period the driver may not use the sleeper period or off-duty time to extend their day. </li></ul><ul><li>Remember 14-hours are allowed from start to finish, even if the driver has only driven 1 hour during the maximum 14-hour on-duty period. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Explanation of the 10-hour Off-Duty Rule <ul><li>A driver must take a minimum of 10-hours off-duty prior to driving again whenever the: </li></ul><ul><li>Driver reaches the maximum 11-hours driving period </li></ul><ul><li>The driver reaches the maximum 14-hour on-duty period regardless is the driver has drive hours. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Explanation of the 7/8-day 70 hour 34-hour Restart Rule. <ul><li>Drivers may restart a 7/8-day driving period after taking 34 or more consecutive hours off-duty, as long as; </li></ul><ul><li>The driver has not exceeded the 70-hour rule in the 7/8-day period. </li></ul><ul><li>The driver is prohibited from taking the 7/8-day 34-hour restart if they exceed the 70-hour rule, even if its by ¼ hour. The driver is then required to recap their hours down under the 70-hour rule before taking the 34-hour restart. </li></ul>
  11. 11. 70-hour Rule/Available Hours 8 th -Day Driver has a total of 10-hrs to work on his/her 8 th day If the total hours available are less than the 11- hours driving and 14-hour on-duty rule the driver must only work the total hours available. Date Total Hours Worked Total hours last 7-days Available hours for tomorrow Total hours last 8-days 1-Mon 10 70hrs – 60hrs = 10hrs 2-Tue 12.5 3-Wed 10 4-Thur 0 5-Fri 2.5 6-Sat 10 7-Sun 15 60 10 8-Mon 10 60 10 70 9-Tue
  12. 12. 70-hour Rule/Available Hours 8 th -day The driver has been on-duty a total of 50-hrs in 7-days and for his/her 8 th day tomorrow the driver has 20hrs available. Because the driver has more hours available than they can driver the driver must only drive for the max 11-hours within the 14hr. On-duty period then take 10-hrs off. The next day the driver only has six hours to drive and be on-duty Date Total Hours Worked Total hours last 7-days Available hours for tomorrow 70-hrs – 50hrs = 20hrs Total hours last 8-days 1-Mon 0 2-Tue 0 3-Wed 11 4-Thur 2.5 5-Fri 12.5 6-Sat 10 7-Sun 14 50 20 8-Mon 14 64 6 64 9-Tue 6 70 0 70
  13. 13. Log Book Examples. Please click on the Acrobat Icon to view the log book examples
  14. 14. FMCSA Driver Handout <ul><li>Enclosed for you to review and print out is a Drivers Hours of Service Handout provided by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration explaining in brief detail the hours of service regulations. </li></ul><ul><li>Click on the Acrobat Document below </li></ul>
  15. 15. Sleeper Berth Periods. <ul><li>Sleeper berth can only be used by a driver if the truck is equipped with a approved sleeper berth. </li></ul><ul><li>The Transportation Guys does not authorize the use of split sleeper berth periods. </li></ul><ul><li>A driver that reaches the maximum 11-hours driving or reaches the maximum on-duty/driving time of 14-hours must take 10-hours off duty or in the sleeper. </li></ul>
  16. 16. The 100-mile /12-hour Driver Rule <ul><li>The Transportation Guys requires all drivers to complete a drivers daily log at the end of each day. </li></ul><ul><li>Unless specifically authorized by a manager at The Transportation Guys the use of a 100 mile 12-hour rule, time in time out log is prohibited. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Adverse Conditions Exemption 395.1(b) <ul><li>If Prior to the dispatch of the load no adverse conditions were known or should have been known by either the dispatcher or the driver, adverse conditions exemptions can be used. </li></ul><ul><li>Adverse conditions can only be used if the driver under normal circumstances could have completed the route within the allowable 11-hours driving. </li></ul><ul><li>Adverse conditions does not extend the 14-hour on duty period. It only extends the 11 hour driving time by 2-hours. </li></ul>
  18. 18. A Few Examples of Conditions That Do Not Meet Adverse Driving Conditions <ul><li>If usual fog or inclement weather is predicted or should have been known by dispatch prior to the departure adverse conditions can not be used. </li></ul><ul><li>If long term road construction is present prior to the dispatch adverse condition can not be used. </li></ul><ul><li>Traffic delays that are usual or should have been known prior to dispatch, i.e. commuter traffic adverse conditions can not be used. </li></ul>
  19. 19. A Few Examples of Conditions That Do Meet Adverse Driving Conditions <ul><li>The driver encounters a freak snow/rain storm that causes traffic delays and was not predicted prior to dispatch, adverse driver conditions can be used. </li></ul><ul><li>If an accident occurs after departing or while enroute that causes delays adverse conditions can be used. </li></ul><ul><li>Unusual road conditions or closures that cause delay and again was not predicted prior to dispatch. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Utilizing Adverse Driving Conditions . <ul><li>A driver may utilize adverse driving conditions if under normal circumstances they could have complete the load within the normal 11-hours driving time. If so; </li></ul><ul><li>The driver can drive 2 more additional hours over the 11-hour rule. </li></ul><ul><li>The driver must document on the drivers daily log of the time and location of the incident. </li></ul><ul><li>Again adverse conditions extends only the drive time, not the total on-duty/driving time of 14-hours. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Completion Requirements by the Driver on their daily hours of service log <ul><li>The Transportation Guys requires all drivers to complete their daily hours of service logs at the end of each driving on-duty period. </li></ul><ul><li>All driver daily hours of service logs must be turned in daily unless specified by your manager at The Transportation Guys. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Driver Daily Logging Hours of Service Requirements <ul><li>Drivers are required to turn in a completed log every day or at the end of each driving period, but not to exceed 13-days from the date of the last driving/on-duty period. </li></ul><ul><li>Drivers must retain while operating a CMV the previous 7-days of completed driver duty status logs </li></ul>
  23. 23. Travel Time Requirements <ul><li>Travel Time is considered off-duty only when the driver is provided 10-hours off-duty upon arrival at the destination. </li></ul><ul><li>If the driver is not provided with 10-hours off duty then upon arrival the driver must log that travel time as on-duty not driving. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Definition of On-duty Time and Driving Time <ul><li>On duty time means all time from the time a driver begins to work or is required to be in readiness to work until the time the driver is relieved from duty by the motor carrier. </li></ul><ul><li>Driving time means all time spent at the driving controls of a commercial motor vehicle (CMV) in operation. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Documentation of the Drivers Daily Hours of Service Log <ul><li>On the next three slides are examples of the </li></ul><ul><li>proper documentation that should be on each </li></ul><ul><li>daily hours of service log. </li></ul>
  26. 26. Basic Driver Logging Documentation Drivers miles if driving with co-driver Name of Carrier Address of Carrier Today's Date Total Miles Truck & Trailer Numbers Driver Signature Co-driver’s name if driving Freight Bill Number and/or Commodity transported Change of duty statue over 15min requires the driver to log the city and state stopped or nearest mile marker w/state Change of duty status is required any time the duty status exceeds 15-min. Address If starting at a different terminal
  27. 27. Driver Logging Documentation – Adding Up Total Hours On log. Drivers must total their off-duty hours at the completion of the daily log. Drivers must total their sleeper time at the completion of the daily log. Drivers must total their total on-duty driving time at the completion of the daily log. Drivers must total their total off-duty time at the completion of the daily log. Drivers must add up the total off-duty time, total sleeper time, total on-duty driving time and total on-duty not driving time at the end the completion of the daily log. The total hours must add up to 24-hours. If they do not review the log for errors.
  28. 28. Drivers Daily Log Recapping Drivers are required to ensure they have enough hours available. The only way to ensure the hours available for tomorrow is by recapping hours. First the driver should recap his/her hours on the front inside of the log book, then transfer the hours over to the daily log recap. For more information go back to the 70-hour rule recapping requirements.
  29. 29. Drivers Daily Log Recapping When completing the log grid it is important that the driver uses a straight edge to accurately draw the change of duty status line. There are 4 different duty status lines, off-duty, sleeper, on-duty driving and on-duty not driving . A driver must accurately report each different duty status change if the time of the new duty status is +- more than 15 minutes.
  30. 30. Log Book Falsification <ul><li>The Transportation Guys strictly prohibits drivers from driving/operating over hours and/or falsifying their log. </li></ul><ul><li>Disciplinary actions up to and including termination may result from over hours violations or log falsification. </li></ul><ul><li>Any violations or citations issued/received because of hours of service infractions during operations of a CMV is the driver’s responsibility. </li></ul>
  31. 31. Driver Daily Vehicle Inspection Report Requirements <ul><li>Daily Inspection Required </li></ul><ul><li>A CMV vehicle must be inspected daily prior (Pre-Trip) to the driver operating the CMV and by the same driver at the end of the operating period (Post Trip). </li></ul><ul><li>The driver must also inspect each piece of equipment (e. g. trailers) they connect to during the day. </li></ul><ul><li>At the end of the day the driver must ensure the Driver Vehicle Inspection report is completed and turned into the proper departments. </li></ul>
  32. 32. Driver Daily Vehicle Inspection Report Requirements <ul><li>If the driver finds any safety related mechanical problems that may pose a safety hazard during transport, they should notify the proper management personnel of the safety defects immediately. </li></ul><ul><li>If the driver is unable to contact any managers they must call their manager at The Transportation Guys for guidance. </li></ul>
  33. 33. Driver Vehicle Inspection Report Requirements <ul><li>Daily Vehicle Inspection Report Required for CMV: </li></ul><ul><li>A report must be completed for a truck or tractor and any towed trailers regardless of the distance to be traveled. </li></ul><ul><li>When a report is required, the report is to be filled out and signed at the completion of the trip inspection, carried in or on the vehicle and produced to an enforcement officer upon request. </li></ul><ul><li>A report is valid for 24 hours. Any number of drivers may operate the vehicle with an inspection and report completed by another driver if the inspection and report are not more than 24 hours old. </li></ul><ul><li>A person other than the driver may conduct the inspection and complete the report. </li></ul>
  34. 34. Driver Vehicle Inspection Report Requirements <ul><li>Contents of Report: </li></ul><ul><li>A report must contain, as a minimum, the following information: </li></ul><ul><li>Make of motor vehicle, </li></ul><ul><li>The license plate number or unit number of the truck, bus, tractor and towed trailers. </li></ul><ul><li>The date and time of the inspection, </li></ul><ul><li>The name and signature of the person who carries out the inspection, </li></ul><ul><li>A list of the items required to be inspected as set out in Schedules 1 and 2, and </li></ul><ul><li>Any safety defects of the items referred to in Schedules 1 and 2, discovered during the inspection. </li></ul>
  35. 35. Outside Driver Vehicle Inspection Requirements <ul><li>Outside Inspection: </li></ul><ul><li>All lights and reflectors (equipped and functioning as required under the Act and the regulations) </li></ul><ul><li>Wheels and fasteners (for wheel or rim cracks, defective lock rings, loose or missing fasteners) </li></ul><ul><li>Tires (for tread depth, flat or noticeable leak, any visible bumps or bulges, mixture or bias and radial tires on the same axle, contact with any part of the vehicle or any other tire) </li></ul><ul><li>Fuel system (for visible leak at any point, tank filler caps shall not be missing, the fuel tank shall be securely mounted) </li></ul><ul><li>Exhaust system (for audible leaks, missing or loose components, secure mountings) </li></ul><ul><li>Fifth wheel (for loose, missing or ineffective fasteners, missing, broken or deformed parts in the locking mechanism, operating handle being in closed or locked position when in use) </li></ul><ul><li>Suspension, springs, air bags and controlling attachments (for any cracked, broken, loose or missing axle positioning or fastening parts, broken or missing spring leaves, broken coil springs, deflated air suspension due to system failure) </li></ul><ul><li>Towing and coupling devices (for missing or unattached safety devices, or safety devices not capable of secure attachment, wear kinks or broken cable strands, improper repairs) </li></ul><ul><li>Load security </li></ul><ul><li>Load covering </li></ul><ul><li>Air brake adjustment and connections (for absence of braking action on each wheel, missing, broken or loose mechanical components where readily visible, audible air leaks and brake readjustment limits) </li></ul><ul><li>Hydraulic brake Fluid (for visible leakage) </li></ul><ul><li>Mirrors (as required under the Act and the regulations, for condition and adjustments) </li></ul>
  36. 36. Inside Cab Driver Vehicle Inspection Driver Requirements <ul><li>Inside Inspection: </li></ul><ul><li>Steering wheel (excessive play, looseness) </li></ul><ul><li>Brake pedal (reserve and fade) </li></ul><ul><li>Brake booster (operation) </li></ul><ul><li>Brake failure warning light (functions as intended) </li></ul><ul><li>Brake air pressure or vacuum gauge </li></ul><ul><li>Warning signal, low pressure or low vacuum </li></ul><ul><li>Windshield washer and wipers (function as intended) </li></ul><ul><li>Windshield and windows (are to afford the driver a clear view) </li></ul><ul><li>Mirrors (adjustment and condition) </li></ul><ul><li>Defroster and heaters (function as intended) </li></ul><ul><li>Horn (functions as intended) </li></ul><ul><li>Driver's seat belt and seat security (function as intended) </li></ul><ul><li>Parking brake (adequate to hold vehicle) </li></ul><ul><li>Emergency equipment (as required under any Act and the regulations made there under for that class of vehicle </li></ul>
  37. 37. 49CFR Driver Daily Vehicle Inspection Reports Requirements Part 396 Please double click on the Acrobat Document below for an in-depth review of the inspection requirements as listed in 49CFR Part 396.
  38. 38. Conclusion <ul><li>Remember follow the safety regulations of the company and the government. </li></ul><ul><li>If you have questions or do not understand the hours of service regulations ask for assistance from your manager at The Transportation Guys. </li></ul><ul><li>The safety of yourself and others is at stake. </li></ul>