The Role of Promotion
• Promotion- any form of communication a business or
organization uses to inform, persuade, or remin...
The Role of Promotion
• Institutional Promotion- used to create a favorable image
for itself. Does not directly sell a cer...
Four Types of Promotion
• 1. Advertising - any paid form of nonpersonal
presentation and promotion of ideas, goods, or ser...
Four Types of Promotion
• Four Disadvantages of Advertising
– 1. Cannot focus well on individual needs
– 2. Some forms of ...
Four Types of Promotion
• 2. Publicity - placing newsworthy information about a
company, product, or person in the media. ...
Four Types of Promotion
• Advantages of Publicity
–
–
–
–

Publicity is free; advertising is not
Can be used to create a p...
Four Types of Promotion
• 3. Sales Promotion - All marketing activities, other than
personal selling, advertising, and pub...
Four Types of Promotion
•
•

Sales promotion can be either consumer or trade oriented
Trade Promotions - sales promotion a...
Four Types of Promotion
• Consumer Sales Promotions - designed to encourage
customers to buy a product.
– 1. Licensing - O...
Four Types of Promotion
– 3. Visual Merchandising and Displays – Visual Merchandising - the coordination of all physical e...
Four Types of Promotion
– 4. Premium and Incentives - most popular and frequently used sales
promotion type
– Premiums - l...
Four Types of Promotion
• Advantages of Sales Promotions
– Unique and has special appeal to a potential customer
– Helps b...
Four Types of Promotion
• 4. Personal Selling - making an oral sales presentation to
one or more potential buyers. On a pe...
Four Types of Promotion
• Promotional Mix - a combination of different types of
promotion. A business decides on a promoti...
Promotional Mix
• Factors affecting the selection of a promotional
mix
– Good, Service, or Idea
• Type of product
• Produc...
Promotional Mix
– Distribution System
– Product’s Company
• Historical perspective
• Available funds
• Size of sales force...
Publicity and Public Relations
• Publicity - Placing newsworthy information about a
company, product, or person in the med...
Publicity and Public Relations
• Public Relations - any activity designed to create goodwill
toward a business.
• Benefits...
Audiences for PR
• Internal Audiences - groups within the
organization
• Employee Relations - goal is to keep your employe...
Audiences for PR
• External Audiences - groups outside the
organization
• Customers - Satisfied customers = repeat busines...
Audiences for PR
• Community - company sponsors activities that benefit the
civic, social, and cultural life of the commun...
Public Relations
• News Release - a pre-written story about the company that is
sent to various media for publication. It ...
Purposes of News Releases
•
•
•
•
•

To introduce new products
To keep the business in the public eye
To position the busi...
Getting Your News Release in the
Media
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

Include a captioned photograph with the release
Meet media...
Public Relations
• Press Kit - a folder containing articles, news releases,
feature stories, and photographs about a compa...
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The role of Promotion

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Distinguish different terms relating to Promotion and Describe their functions, advantages and disadvantages.

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The role of Promotion

  1. 1. The Role of Promotion • Promotion- any form of communication a business or organization uses to inform, persuade, or remind people about its products and improve its public images. • Product promotion - used to convince potential customers to buy products from it instead of from a competitor. – – – – – Explains major features and benefits of its products Tells where those products are sold Advertises sales on those products Answers customer questions Introduces new products ME Ch 19 1
  2. 2. The Role of Promotion • Institutional Promotion- used to create a favorable image for itself. Does not directly sell a certain product. However, may ultimately result in increased sales of a company’s products. ME Ch 19 2
  3. 3. Four Types of Promotion • 1. Advertising - any paid form of nonpersonal presentation and promotion of ideas, goods, or services by an identified sponsor. • Six Advantages of Advertising – 1. A large number of people usually see the advertiser’s message – 2. Costs per potential customer are usually lower than other forms of promotion – 3. Can choose the most appropriate media to reach target mkt – 4. Can control the content of an advertisement – 5. Ads are subject to repeat viewing – Ads can “presale” products ME Ch 19 3
  4. 4. Four Types of Promotion • Four Disadvantages of Advertising – 1. Cannot focus well on individual needs – 2. Some forms of advertising can be too expensive for many businesses – 3. Sometimes advertising is wasteful and inefficient - message may be spent on non-potential customers – 4. Advertising must be brief ME Ch 19 4
  5. 5. Four Types of Promotion • 2. Publicity - placing newsworthy information about a company, product, or person in the media. Can be used to promote particular events and promote particular products. The main purpose of publicity is to build an image. Image - the way a business or organization is defined in people’s minds. ME Ch 19 5
  6. 6. Four Types of Promotion • Advantages of Publicity – – – – Publicity is free; advertising is not Can be used to create a positive image within the community Viewed as being more credible or believable than advertising Viewed as news, people more attention to publicity • Disadvantages of Publicity – Give up much of your control of your message – Not all publicity is positive ME Ch 19 6
  7. 7. Four Types of Promotion • 3. Sales Promotion - All marketing activities, other than personal selling, advertising, and publicity, that are used to stimulate consumer purchasing and sales effectiveness. • Objectives of Sales Promotion – Increase sales – Inform customers about new products – Create a positive store or corporate image • 3 Characteristics – Short term activities – Offers some type of incentive – Can be successfully used in all channels of distribution ME Ch 19 7
  8. 8. Four Types of Promotion • • Sales promotion can be either consumer or trade oriented Trade Promotions - sales promotion activities designed to gain manufacturers’, wholesalers’, and retailers’ support for a product. More money is spent on promoting to businesses than to consumers. – 1. Slotting allowances - a cash premium paid by the manufacture to a retail chain for the costs involved in placing a new product on its shelves. – 2. Buying allowances - special price discount given by manufacturers to wholesalers and retailers to encourage them to either buy a product or buy a larger quantity. – 3. Trade Shows and Conventions - designed to reach wholesalers – 4. Sales incentives - awards given managers and employees who successfully meet or exceed their company’s set sales quota. ME Ch 19 8
  9. 9. Four Types of Promotion • Consumer Sales Promotions - designed to encourage customers to buy a product. – 1. Licensing - Organizations, such as manufactures, movie makers, sports teams, and celebrities, may license for a fee their logo, trademark, trade characters, names and likenesses, or personal endorsements to a business to be used in promoting the business’s products. – 2. Promotional tie-ins - involve sales promotional arrangements between one or more retailers or manufacturers. They combine their resources (advertising and sales promotional activities) to do a promotion that creates additional sales for each partner. ME Ch 19 9
  10. 10. Four Types of Promotion – 3. Visual Merchandising and Displays – Visual Merchandising - the coordination of all physical elements in a place of business so that it projects the right image to its customers – Displays - visual and artistic aspects of presenting a product to a target group of customers. ME Ch 19 10
  11. 11. Four Types of Promotion – 4. Premium and Incentives - most popular and frequently used sales promotion type – Premiums - low cost items given away free to consumers as a condition of purchase. • • • • Coupons - certificates given to customers entitling cash discounts Factory Packs (in-packs)- free gifts placed in product packages Traffic Builders - low cost premiums like key chains, pens Coupon Plans - ongoing programs in exchange for labels, coupons, or other tokens from one or more purchases – Incentives - higher-priced products given in contests or sweepstakes – 5. Product Samples - free trial size of a product that is sent through the mail, distributed door-to-door, or through retail stores and trade shows ME Ch 19 11
  12. 12. Four Types of Promotion • Advantages of Sales Promotions – Unique and has special appeal to a potential customer – Helps build customer loyalty • Disadvantages of Sales Promotions – Difficult to end without the customers becoming dissatisfied – Store image and sales can suffer if the promotion is not properly planned and managed – Only designed to supplement other promotional efforts and cannot make up for poor products ME Ch 19 12
  13. 13. Four Types of Promotion • 4. Personal Selling - making an oral sales presentation to one or more potential buyers. On a per contact basis, personal selling is the most expensive form of promotion. – Order-taking personnel - cashiers, counter clerks, and sales associates, perform routine tasks. – Order-getting personnel - professional salespeople, are more involved in informing customers and helping them to buy. Usually sell big ticket items like real estate, cars, appliances, and industrial goods ME Ch 19 13
  14. 14. Four Types of Promotion • Promotional Mix - a combination of different types of promotion. A business decides on a promotional mix that will be most effective in persuading customers or other businesses to purchase and support the business’s products. ME Ch 19 14
  15. 15. Promotional Mix • Factors affecting the selection of a promotional mix – Good, Service, or Idea • Type of product • Product nature • Stage of life cycle – Product’s market • Type of consumer • Number of Consumers • Geographical location ME Ch 19 15
  16. 16. Promotional Mix – Distribution System – Product’s Company • Historical perspective • Available funds • Size of sales force – Competition ME Ch 19 16
  17. 17. Publicity and Public Relations • Publicity - Placing newsworthy information about a company, product, or person in the media. • Advantages – Free to the business – Seen as more credible than advertising • Disadvantages – Lack of control by the business - bad stories can get printed ME Ch 19 17
  18. 18. Publicity and Public Relations • Public Relations - any activity designed to create goodwill toward a business. • Benefits of PR – – – – – Increasing sales Increasing firm’s good reputation Increasing customers reception of advertising messages Spreading accurate information to the public Conditioning customers to expect quality products from the company – Reducing the impact of problems – Helping to obtain better treatment from government ME Ch 19 18
  19. 19. Audiences for PR • Internal Audiences - groups within the organization • Employee Relations - goal is to keep your employees happy by using: – – – – Tuition reimbursement Newsletters Health and wellness programs Opportunities for communications ME Ch 19 19
  20. 20. Audiences for PR • External Audiences - groups outside the organization • Customers - Satisfied customers = repeat business. Ways to keep customers happy include: – Provide special services and amenities such as gift-wrapping, check cashing, free delivery, free parking, etc. – Advisory boards - panels of consumers that make suggestions about products and businesses – Customer newsletters, annual reports – Customer events - seminars, lunches, entertainment ME Ch 19 20
  21. 21. Audiences for PR • Community - company sponsors activities that benefit the civic, social, and cultural life of the community. Activities can include: – School partnerships - HP donating computers to the high school – Sponsorship of community events – Scholarships ME Ch 19 21
  22. 22. Public Relations • News Release - a pre-written story about the company that is sent to various media for publication. It usually contains information about the company’s employees, stores, operations, products, corporate philosophy, or participation in an event or program. Can contain hard or soft news. – Hard News - information that should be announced right away because the public will want to know about it immediately – Soft News - information that does not need to be announced immediately because it will be of as much interest to the public later as it is now ME Ch 19 22
  23. 23. Purposes of News Releases • • • • • To introduce new products To keep the business in the public eye To position the business’s image To support good employee relations To create good community relations ME Ch 19 23
  24. 24. Getting Your News Release in the Media • • • • • • • • • • • • Include a captioned photograph with the release Meet media deadlines Write an appropriate number of releases Direct the release to a specific person Advise the staff that you have sent out a release Reread the release after setting it aside Keep a copy of every release Send a cover letter with the release Send a thank-you note after the release is used Avoid pressuring the editor Avoid mentioning publicity or advertising Avoid playing favorites ME Ch 19 24
  25. 25. Public Relations • Press Kit - a folder containing articles, news releases, feature stories, and photographs about a company, product, or person. Press kits are given to the media to assist them in reporting on the intended news item. • Press Conference - a meeting in which media members are invited by the business or organization to hear an announcement about a newsworthy event. ME Ch 19 25

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