Poe The Short Life


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Poe The Short Life

  1. 1. The Tormented Life of Edgar Allan Poe <ul><li>“ The Short Life” 1809-1849 </li></ul>
  2. 3. Author <ul><li>Author Edgar Allan Poe was born on January 19, 1809, in Boston. </li></ul><ul><li>His parents died. </li></ul><ul><li>After being orphaned at age two, he was taken into the home of a childless couple–John Allan, a successful businessman with whom he never got along in Richmond, Va., and his wife. </li></ul><ul><li>Allan was believed to be Poe’s godfather. </li></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>At age six, Poe went to England with the Allans and was enrolled in schools there. </li></ul><ul><li>After he returned with the Allans to the U.S. in 1820. </li></ul><ul><li>He studied at private schools, then attended the University of Virginia in 1826 and the U.S. Military Academy. </li></ul><ul><li>But did not complete studies at either school because of financial problems. </li></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>Published his first book Tamerlane and Other Poems </li></ul><ul><li>Broke off the engagement to Sarah Royster </li></ul><ul><li>His supportive friends published Poems for him. </li></ul><ul><li>After beginning his literary career as a poet and prose writer, he married his young 13 year old cousin, Virginia Clemm in 1835 . </li></ul><ul><li>Poe was 27 </li></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>Poe had also published the short story The Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym and then moved to NY </li></ul><ul><li>Poe moved to Philadelphia in 1838, became the co-editor of Burton’s Gentleman’s Magazine, and published The Fall of the House of Usher in 1839. </li></ul><ul><li>He worked for several magazines and joined the staff of the New York Mirror newspaper in 1844. </li></ul><ul><li>All the while, he was battling a drinking problem . </li></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>After the Mirror published his poem “The Raven” in January 1845, Poe achieved national and international fame. </li></ul><ul><li>His poem, “The Raven,” had made him a principal reviewer of the Broadway Journal. </li></ul><ul><li>Besides pioneering the development of the short story, Poe invented the format for the detective story as we know it today. </li></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>He also was an outstanding literary critic. </li></ul><ul><li>Despite the acclaim he received, he was never really happy because of his drinking and because of the deaths of several people close to him, including his wife in 1847. </li></ul><ul><li>Career marred by alcoholism/drug abuse. </li></ul><ul><li>Poe died of congestion of the brain on October 7, 1849, perhaps due to his constant drinking and opium taking. </li></ul>
  8. 9. A Life of Abandonment <ul><li>Father – Disappeared </li></ul><ul><li>Mother – Died </li></ul><ul><li>Brother – Relatives </li></ul><ul><li>Sister – Adopted </li></ul><ul><li>1 st Love – Forbidden </li></ul><ul><li>Mrs. Allan – Died </li></ul><ul><li>Mr. Allan – Severed ties with Poe </li></ul>
  9. 10. Elementary Education <ul><li>Scotland, England </li></ul><ul><li>Attended Irvine Grammar School </li></ul><ul><li>Attended Manor House School </li></ul><ul><li>Richmond, Virginia </li></ul><ul><li>English and Classical School </li></ul>
  10. 11. College Years <ul><li>Charlottesville, VA. </li></ul><ul><li>University of Virginia </li></ul><ul><li>West Point, NY </li></ul><ul><li>United States Military Academy </li></ul><ul><li>Did Not Graduate from Either </li></ul>
  11. 12. Demons <ul><li>Alcohol addiction </li></ul><ul><li>Gambling Addiction </li></ul><ul><li>Guilt of Incest </li></ul><ul><li>Emotional Instability </li></ul><ul><li>Social “Misfit” </li></ul><ul><li>Financial Failure </li></ul><ul><li>Catalytic Sleeping Illness </li></ul>
  12. 13. Accomplishments <ul><li>Originator of the American Short Story </li></ul><ul><li>Perfected the Short Story as an Art Form </li></ul><ul><li>Led in Methods of Analysis in Detective Stories </li></ul><ul><li>Created Atmosphere of Morbid Horror </li></ul><ul><li>Poetry is Pure Magic </li></ul>
  13. 14. Short Stories <ul><li>The Pit and the Pendulum </li></ul><ul><li>The Fall of the House of Usher </li></ul><ul><li>Tell-Tale Heart </li></ul><ul><li>The Gold Bug </li></ul><ul><li>The Cask of the Amontillado </li></ul><ul><li>The Masgue of the Red Death </li></ul><ul><li>The Black cat </li></ul>
  14. 15. Poems <ul><li>The Raven </li></ul><ul><li>To Helen </li></ul><ul><li>The Bells </li></ul><ul><li>Annabell Lee </li></ul>
  15. 16. Final Days <ul><li>After Death of Wife, Poe wandered from city to city </li></ul><ul><li>Worked on Writing Eureka , a novel </li></ul><ul><li>Met his 1 st Love Again </li></ul><ul><li>Planned to Marry Her </li></ul><ul><li>Found in a Ditch in Baltimore </li></ul><ul><li>Died Three Days Later </li></ul>