RESEARCH IN ACTION ISSUE 5 Why Youth Mentoring Relationships End
Research In Action:  Overview of Series Last year, MENTOR released the  National Agenda for Action: How to Close America’s...
Research In Action  Issues: Issue 1:  Mentoring: A Key Resource for Promoting PYD Issue 2:  Effectiveness of Mentoring Pro...
Using the  Research In Action  Series <ul><li>Research:  a peer-reviewed article, written by a leading researcher, summari...
MPM Webinar Series <ul><li>Review  RESEARCH  presented in peer-reviewed article </li></ul><ul><li>ACTION  dialogue – how c...
Issue 5 – Why Youth Mentoring Relationships Ends  <ul><li>Renée Spencer, Ed.D., LICSW Boston University </li></ul>
Issue 5 - Overview <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Youth and Mentor Characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>Relationship ...
Introduction <ul><li>What happens when mentoring relationships do not go well? </li></ul><ul><li>Paying closer attention t...
Relationship Failure <ul><li>Only approximately half of formal mentoring relationships last beyond a few months </li></ul>...
Negative Experiences <ul><li>Half of protégés report at least one negative mentoring relationship </li></ul><ul><li>Fundam...
Youth and Mentor Characteristics <ul><li>Youth </li></ul><ul><li>Age at time of match </li></ul><ul><li>Risk status </li><...
Relationship Processes <ul><li>Longer Stronger Matches </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Relationship  duration  and  strength  are as...
Other Process Factors  <ul><li>Matching based on shared interests </li></ul><ul><li>Consistency of contact </li></ul><ul><...
Program Factors <ul><li>Pre-match training and orientation </li></ul><ul><li>Ongoing training </li></ul><ul><li>Staff cont...
Themes - Early Ending Matches <ul><li>Mentor or protégé abandonment;  </li></ul><ul><li>Perceived lack of protégé motivati...
Preventing Relationship Failures <ul><li>Higher levels of program support </li></ul><ul><li>Screen mentors for consistency...
Conclusion <ul><li>Once the match between a mentor and a young person is made, the work has only just begun. By identifyin...
ACTION Dialogue <ul><li>Questions for Dr. Spencer? </li></ul><ul><li>What factors contribute to match failures in your pro...
Share RESOURCES <ul><li>MPM Training  www.mentoringworks.org/traininginstitute </li></ul><ul><li>Web sites & PDFs  www.del...
MENTOR/National  Mentoring Partnership <ul><li>The leader in expanding the power of mentoring to millions of young America...
<ul><li>The mission of the Mentoring Partnership of Minnesota is to lead our state in building and sustaining quality ment...
<ul><li>National organization that provides training and technical assistance to youth mentoring programs.  </li></ul><ul>...
THANK YOU! <ul><li>Next webinar is Wednesday, July 8;  12-1pm CST </li></ul><ul><li>Issue 6:  School-Based Mentoring   fea...
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Research In Action #5

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June 3, 2009 Webinar; Why Youth Mentoring Relationships End

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  • Research In Action #5

    1. 1. RESEARCH IN ACTION ISSUE 5 Why Youth Mentoring Relationships End
    2. 2. Research In Action: Overview of Series Last year, MENTOR released the National Agenda for Action: How to Close America’s Mentoring Gap . Representing the collective wisdom of the mentoring field, the Agenda articulates five key strategies and action items necessary to move the field forward and truly close the mentoring gap. In an effort to address one of these critical strategies—elevating the role of research—MENTOR created the Research and Policy Council , an advisory group composed of the nation’s leading mentoring researchers, policymakers, and practitioners. In September 2006, MENTOR convened the first meeting of the Research and Policy Council with the goal of increasing the connection and exchange of ideas among practitioners, policymakers, and researchers to strengthen the practice of youth mentoring. The Research in Action series is the first product to evolve from the work of the Council—taking current mentoring research and translating it into useful, user-friendly materials for mentoring practitioners.
    3. 3. Research In Action Issues: Issue 1: Mentoring: A Key Resource for Promoting PYD Issue 2: Effectiveness of Mentoring Program Practices Issue 3: Program Staff in Youth Mentoring Programs Issue 4: Fostering Close and Effective Relationships Issue 5: Why Youth Mentoring Relationships End Issue 6: School-Based Mentoring Issue 7: Cross-Age Peer Mentoring Issue 8: Mentoring Across Generations: Engaging Age 50+ Adults Issue 9: Youth Mentoring: Do Race and Ethnicity Really Matter? Issue 10: Mentoring: A Promising Intervention for Children of Prisoners
    4. 4. Using the Research In Action Series <ul><li>Research: a peer-reviewed article, written by a leading researcher, summarizing the latest research available on the topic and its implications for the field; </li></ul><ul><li>Action: a tool, activity, template, or resource, created by MENTOR, with concrete suggestions on how practitioners can incorporate the research findings into mentoring programs; and </li></ul><ul><li>Resources: a list of additional resources on the topic for further research. </li></ul>
    5. 5. MPM Webinar Series <ul><li>Review RESEARCH presented in peer-reviewed article </li></ul><ul><li>ACTION dialogue – how can you incorporate the research findings into your program? </li></ul><ul><li>Share RESOURCES with others in the field </li></ul>
    6. 6. Issue 5 – Why Youth Mentoring Relationships Ends <ul><li>Renée Spencer, Ed.D., LICSW Boston University </li></ul>
    7. 7. Issue 5 - Overview <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Youth and Mentor Characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>Relationship Processes </li></ul><ul><li>Program Factors </li></ul><ul><li>Early Ending Matches </li></ul><ul><li>Discussion </li></ul>
    8. 8. Introduction <ul><li>What happens when mentoring relationships do not go well? </li></ul><ul><li>Paying closer attention to what happens when things do not go well can help us better identify and meet the special challenges posed by creating and sustaining formal mentoring relationships between youth and adults. </li></ul>
    9. 9. Relationship Failure <ul><li>Only approximately half of formal mentoring relationships last beyond a few months </li></ul><ul><li>Rate is even worse among more vulnerable youth </li></ul><ul><li>When relationships end within the first three months they have potential to do harm </li></ul>
    10. 10. Negative Experiences <ul><li>Half of protégés report at least one negative mentoring relationship </li></ul><ul><li>Fundamental component of all interpersonal relationships </li></ul><ul><li>Negative experiences “more </li></ul><ul><li>salient”? </li></ul><ul><li>Challenges of formal </li></ul><ul><li>mentoring matches </li></ul>
    11. 11. Youth and Mentor Characteristics <ul><li>Youth </li></ul><ul><li>Age at time of match </li></ul><ul><li>Risk status </li></ul><ul><li>Gender </li></ul><ul><li>Mentors </li></ul><ul><li>Income </li></ul><ul><li>Marital status </li></ul><ul><li>Age </li></ul>
    12. 12. Relationship Processes <ul><li>Longer Stronger Matches </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Relationship duration and strength are associated with youth outcomes </li></ul></ul>
    13. 13. Other Process Factors <ul><li>Matching based on shared interests </li></ul><ul><li>Consistency of contact </li></ul><ul><li>Mentor’s approach </li></ul><ul><li>Dosage - or amount of contact… what is more critical? </li></ul>
    14. 14. Program Factors <ul><li>Pre-match training and orientation </li></ul><ul><li>Ongoing training </li></ul><ul><li>Staff contact during relationship </li></ul><ul><li>Resources/space </li></ul><ul><li>Summer contact </li></ul><ul><li>More satisfying and effective relationships (longer, stronger) </li></ul>
    15. 15. Themes - Early Ending Matches <ul><li>Mentor or protégé abandonment; </li></ul><ul><li>Perceived lack of protégé motivation; </li></ul><ul><li>Unfulfilled expectations; </li></ul><ul><li>Deficiencies in mentor relational skills including the ability to bridge cultural divides; </li></ul><ul><li>Family interference; </li></ul><ul><li>Inadequate agency support. </li></ul>
    16. 16. Preventing Relationship Failures <ul><li>Higher levels of program support </li></ul><ul><li>Screen mentors for consistency and continuity </li></ul><ul><li>Clear expectations for relationships* </li></ul><ul><li>Discuss closure from the start </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural training for participants** </li></ul><ul><li>Monitoring of matches and ongoing training </li></ul>
    17. 17. Conclusion <ul><li>Once the match between a mentor and a young person is made, the work has only just begun. By identifying and addressing common pitfalls in formal mentoring relationships, programs can better support mentors and youth in their efforts to build close, enduring, and growth-promoting relationships. </li></ul>
    18. 18. ACTION Dialogue <ul><li>Questions for Dr. Spencer? </li></ul><ul><li>What factors contribute to match failures in your program? </li></ul><ul><li>How do you train mentors to have the “right” approach? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you think you will use the relationship prototypes? </li></ul>
    19. 19. Share RESOURCES <ul><li>MPM Training www.mentoringworks.org/traininginstitute </li></ul><ul><li>Web sites & PDFs www.delicious.com/traininginstitute </li></ul><ul><li>This presentation & others www.slideshare.net/traininginstitute </li></ul>
    20. 20. MENTOR/National Mentoring Partnership <ul><li>The leader in expanding the power of mentoring to millions of young Americans who want and need adult mentors. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ongoing Support, Supervision and Monitoring </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reaching Closure </li></ul></ul>
    21. 21. <ul><li>The mission of the Mentoring Partnership of Minnesota is to lead our state in building and sustaining quality mentoring for every child. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tools for Mentoring Adolescents: Building Trust and Attachment </li></ul></ul>
    22. 22. <ul><li>National organization that provides training and technical assistance to youth mentoring programs. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Going the Distance—A Guide to Building Lasting Relationships in Mentoring Programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Overcoming Relationship Pitfalls , fact sheet </li></ul></ul>
    23. 23. THANK YOU! <ul><li>Next webinar is Wednesday, July 8; 12-1pm CST </li></ul><ul><li>Issue 6: School-Based Mentoring   featuring Michael Karcher, Ph.D. & Carla Herrera, Ph.D. </li></ul><ul><li>POLL: Cowboy Hat or Bow Tie? </li></ul><ul><li>http://survey.constantcontact.com/survey/a07e2iui7hmfv6x37e1/start </li></ul>

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