Improving Mentoring Services for Youth in Hennepin County


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Hosted by Mentoring Partnership of Minnesota on October 30, 2012.

The Mentoring Best Practices Research Project, funded by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), is being conducted in collaboration with Global Youth Justice and the National Partnership for Juvenile Services.

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  • Improving Mentoring Services for Youth in Hennepin County

    1. 1. Improving Mentoring Services for Youth in Hennepin County Juvenile Justice Settings
    2. 2. Agenda 11:30am Lunch & Welcome 11:55am Mentoring Programs – Current Hennepin County Partners 12:15pm Introductions & Reflection 12:45pm Research Roundup 1:15pm State of Mentoring in Hennepin County 1:30pm Break 1:45pm Improving Mentoring Services Dialogue 3:45pm Resources & Evaluations
    3. 3. Project Overview
    4. 4. Project Overview The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) is a leader in recognizing that well-designed and well- implemented mentoring can have a tremendous, positive impact on a youth's life chances in particular, “high-risk” youth.
    5. 5. Project Overview OJJDP funded Researching the Referral Stage of Youth Mentoring in Six Juvenile Justice Settings: • Juvenile Corrections • Juvenile Detention • Juvenile Probation • Delinquency Court • Youth/Teen Court • Dependency Court
    6. 6. Project Overview This exploratory research is designed to inform the mentoring referral process for delivery of mentoring services to “high-risk” youth for the purpose of reducing delinquent behavior, alcohol and drug abuse, truancy, and other problem behaviors.
    7. 7. Partner Organizations MENTOR Global Youth Justice National Partnership for Juvenile Services Research Team J. Mitchell Miller, Ph.D. Holly V. Miller, Ph.D. J.C. Barnes, Ph.D.
    8. 8. Learning Objectives Participants will gain an understanding of: • Six juvenile justice settings • The advantages and challenges of offering mentoring services within each setting • Promising practices mentoring within or in partnership with each setting with a focus on the referral stage
    9. 9. Why are we here today?
    10. 10. Mentoring Programs
    11. 11. Research Round Up
    12. 12. Research Questions • What are the best practices in identifying and referring youth to mentoring programs across distinct juvenile justice settings? • What is the capacity of the mentoring community to support the youth identified for mentoring from six juvenile justice settings? • What intermediate outcomes are achieved by mentoring throughout the settings?
    13. 13. Qualitative Data Site visits Interviews with staff and administrators Questionnaires
    14. 14. Quantitative Data: Survey Sample The survey netted a large sample size (N = 1,197) All 50 United States were represented by the survey respondents Program respondents hailed from a variety of community types ranging from urban, suburban, rural, and tribal communities.
    15. 15. Key Findings
    16. 16. Juvenile Detention While mentoring is not used as a diversion from adjudication per se, it is, in many instances, viewed as one component of a holistic approach to delinquency prevention and intervention.
    17. 17. Conceptual Model of the “Typical” Referral Process Step 1 • Identification phase • Sources of identification: law enforcement or juvenile probation, family, social worker Step 2 • Court appearance • Types of court: youth, family, dependency, delinquency Step3 • Eligibility assessment by court • Judge or other governing body assess youth for eligibility in mentor program Step 4 • Referral to mentor program by court Step 5 • Referral received by mentor program • Eligibility determination and assessment by mentor program Step 6 • Potential mentor identified Step 7 • Match made between mentor and mentee
    18. 18. Who refers youth in JJ settings? Probation officers Judges Magistrates Social Workers and Case Managers Public Defenders Administrative Office of the Courts Police Officers Court Clerks Public Defenders School Officials and Administrators
    19. 19. • Juvenile justice settings use mentoring60% • Mentoring programs serve youth from juvenile justice40% • Mentoring programs use individually based mentoring80% • More likely when programs utilized Elements of Effective Practice for Mentoring Positive Outcomes Key Findings: National Survey
    20. 20. Key Findings: National Survey Risk Assessment Prior to Referral De Majority of juvenile justice settings reported between 76 to 100% of youth are charged with a crime prior to being referred to a mentoring program Relatedly, the majority of juvenile justice settings reported always assessing youth for their level of risk prior to making a referral to mentoring program.
    21. 21. Key Findings: National Survey and Site Visits Top Reasons for Match Failure Youth or family refusal or lack of support Serious mental health issues on the part of the youth Lack of suitable adult mentors
    22. 22. Staff meetings Mentoring juvenile justice youth is more successful when mentoring program staff are involved in regular probation or other staff meetings. Key Findings: Site Visits
    23. 23. Voluntary participation Youth have a greater degree of commitment to the mentoring experience when participation is voluntary. Key Findings: Site Visits
    24. 24. Knowledge about Juvenile Justice System Mentor/staff should have a background understanding of the Juvenile Justice System. Key Findings: Site Visits
    25. 25. Close working partnerships Probation officers and other juvenile justice staff working in close partnership with mentoring program staff is key to successes. Key Findings: Site Visits
    26. 26. Definition of Embedded Programs A program that is housed inside a juvenile justice setting either: • developed by the juvenile justice setting or • implemented by an outside mentoring program
    27. 27. Greater access to information about youth’s needs More seamless referral process Greater success in matching and shorter waiting lists More understood and valued by juvenile justice staff Better able to track youth’s long term outcomes Key Findings: Site Visits Reported Advantages of Embedded Mentoring Programs
    28. 28. Specialized Programs Mentoring programs with a specific and/or sole purpose of serving youth from a specific JJ setting have an advantageous level of knowledge, skill and ability in providing effective mentoring services for a wide range of high- risk youth involved in JJ settings.
    29. 29. Youth in longer- term placements can build longer-term mentoring relationships.
    30. 30. Definitions
    31. 31. Juvenile Detention Juvenile Corrections Juvenile Probation Delinquency Court Youth Court/Teen Court Dependency Court Six Juvenile Justice Settings
    32. 32. Juvenile Detention Secure facilities that provide for the short-term, temporary, safe custody of juveniles alleged to have committed a delinquent act/offense
    33. 33. What is the difference between detention and corrections?
    34. 34. Juvenile Corrections Juvenile DetentionSecure, residential facilities that provide for the long-term, safe custody of juveniles adjudicated on felony or multiple misdemeanor offenses. These facilities typically are considered to be high security.
    35. 35. Juvenile Probation Community-based corrections program where probation officers supervise and monitor youth under court jurisdiction, ensuring they comply with all court orders. Probation officer provides direction, guidance, rehabilitation.
    36. 36. Delinquency Court Juvenile DetentionDelinquency Courts have jurisdiction over juveniles, juvenile delinquents, status offenders and children and youth in need of supervision. The Delinquency Court is most commonly associated with the Juvenile Justice System and juveniles who have committed a crime, offense and/or violation.
    37. 37. Youth Court/ Teen Court Juvenile DetentionDiversion programs in which peers sentence juveniles for minor crimes, offenses and/or violations. These programs are administered locally by law enforcement agencies, probation departments, delinquency courts, schools and local nonprofit organizations.
    38. 38. Dependency Court Juvenile DetentionDependency Courts involve a juvenile (child/youth), typically in cases of abuse, neglect and mistreatment. The Dependency Court is most commonly associated with foster care, abuse and neglect issues involving youth younger than 18.
    39. 39. Mentoring Best Practices
    40. 40.  Places referred youth in appropriate mentor programs  Assists JP staff and mentor programs to strengthen communication  Bridges mentor best practices and Juvenile Services to support youth, families, JS and mentor programs. E.G. 12 month requirement and one-one mentoring.  Understands and can speak for both entities.  Ensure mentors visit youth and/or stay in contact with mentor if in placement  Ensure mentors are updated when client moves, changes numbers
    41. 41.  Develop clear expectations for mentor programs  Enhance communication between mentor program and JP staff  Identify youth that are suited for each mentor program  Ensure internal and external mentor programs have the ability to serve youth in JJ settings  Present when making decisions about mentoring for JJ youth
    42. 42.  Centralized location to make all mentor partners more accessible  Standard Referral Form  Mentor Chart of Services  Establish PO as first point of contact to connect mentor and client/mentee  Prepare client for match guide  Mentor Monthly Progress Reports to Update POs
    43. 43. Centralized location to make all JP mentor partners more accessible.
    44. 44.  Identify youth suitable for each mentor program  Conduct Sight visits to develop stronger working relationship with mentoring partners  Training/Overview for mentor programs  Establishing expectations for mentors  Update to staff about referral process
    45. 45. Improving Mentoring Services for Youth in Hennepin County
    46. 46. Small Groups How are youth from this setting identified and referred to mentoring programs in our community? What works well? What has not? What best practices must we adopt in our community in order to serve youth from this juvenile justice setting? What are the pros and cons of mentoring for youth involved in this setting?
    47. 47. Resources: Profiles, MOUs, and Elements of Effective Practice
    48. 48. Resources: Setting Profiles Overview of content: • Definition of Setting • Youth Served • Frequently Asked Questions • What's Working • Example of Promising Strategies • Challenges and Action Steps • Terms and Definitions • Resources
    49. 49. Resources: MOU’s Overview of content: • Definitions • Tips and Strategies for Writing MOU’s • Policy and Programmatic Discussion Points • Training and Technical Assistance Resources
    50. 50. Additional Resources Juvenile Detention Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention – Mentoring Resources Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention – Model Program Guide/Mentoring Global Youth Justice Website – Mentoring High Risk Youth Resources National Partnership for Juvenile Services – Mentoring High Risk Youth Resources MENTOR: The National Mentoring Partnership