Information system and information technology


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information system and information technology - strategic use of ICT

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  • Input  processing  output activities: (collect) (manipulate) (disseminate)
  • IS: is a computerized system that, [collects, processes, stores, analyzes and, disseminates information] for a specific propose. This process is defined as an information processing cycle (IPC). The IPC consists of four operations: input, process, output, and storage.
  • changes in strategy, rules and business processes increasingly require changes in hardware, software, database, telecommunications. often what the organization would like to do depends on what its systems will permit it to do
  • Information system and information technology

    1. 1. Information System: Strategic Use of IT Megat Zainurul Anuar bin Megat Johari Dreamsoft (M) Sdn Bhd [email_address]
    2. 2. table of contents <ul><li>digital economy </li></ul><ul><li>the scenario </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the business problem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the it solution </li></ul></ul><ul><li>information system and information technology </li></ul><ul><li>information system concept and definition </li></ul><ul><li>data + information (relevant) </li></ul><ul><li>classification of information system </li></ul><ul><li>interrelated support systems </li></ul><ul><li>Interdependence of IS and organization </li></ul>
    3. 3. digital economy <ul><li>the economy that is based on digital technology, networks, computer and software </li></ul>
    4. 4. <ul><li>the different between </li></ul><ul><li>old economy vs. new economy </li></ul>
    5. 5. <ul><li>True Story </li></ul><ul><li>Ever since Boston Red Sox owner Harry Farzee sold Babe Ruth to the Yankees following the 1919 season, the Sox had not won a World Series </li></ul><ul><li>Ref: /2004 </li></ul>
    6. 6. <ul><li>business = games/sports… </li></ul><ul><li>“ where employee performance MUST be measured” </li></ul>
    7. 7. <ul><li>the problems </li></ul><ul><li>identify the best players available </li></ul><ul><li>acquire them before their rivals do </li></ul><ul><li>how long to keep them before they stop producing </li></ul>
    8. 8. <ul><li>the ultimate goals </li></ul><ul><li>beat the competitors (XYZ) </li></ul><ul><li>win the world series (game) </li></ul>
    9. 10. <ul><li>try this: </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
    10. 11. introduction <ul><li>Information technology (IT) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(abbreviated IT) refers to all of the computer-based information systems used by organizations and their underlying technologies . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>related terms: it architecture & it infrastructure </li></ul></ul>
    11. 12. introduction <ul><li>Information system (IS) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A set of interrelated components that collect , manipulate , and disseminate data and information and provide feedback to meet an objective </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Examples: ATMs, airline reservation systems, course reservation systems </li></ul></ul>
    12. 13. IS are more then a computers <ul><li>perspectives on information systems </li></ul>
    13. 14. components of a system
    14. 15. IS vs. IT are used to build INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Hardware Software Databases Networks Other related components INFORMATION SYSTEMS Payroll System Inventory System Marketing System Customer Service System
    15. 16. definitions <ul><li>Data: raw facts </li></ul><ul><li>Information: A collection of facts organized in such a way that they have additional value beyond the value of the facts themselves. </li></ul>
    16. 17. Data RM35,000 D. Zakaria RM12,000 Units North Region RM100,000 Units
    17. 18. Data Processing Data Information RM35,000 D. Zakaria RM12,000 Units North Region RM100,000 Units Salesperson: D. Zakaria Sales Territory: North Region Current Sales: 147 Units = RM 147,000
    18. 19. another look of an Information System? Information systems (IS) collect, process, store, analyze, and disseminate information for a specific purpose. data info instruction Program People Equipment storage Solutions Reports Graphic etc decision making auto control INPUT PROCESSING OUTPUT CONTROL
    19. 20. classification of information systems <ul><li>organizational structure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>EIS, DIS, IS </li></ul></ul><ul><li>functional area </li></ul><ul><ul><li>F,H,A,M </li></ul></ul><ul><li>activity supported </li></ul><ul><ul><li>S,M,O </li></ul></ul><ul><li>support provided </li></ul><ul><li>TPS,MIS,KMS,OAS,DSS,GSS,ISS and etc </li></ul><ul><li>system architecture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>mainframe, standalone, distributed (networking) </li></ul></ul>
    20. 21. interrelated support systems transaction process MIS DSS EIS Data warehouse External information Non computer support Internet & Other computer support The TPS collects information that is used to build the DSS and EIS. The information in the data warehouse and DSS can be used as an input to EIS
    21. 22. growing impact of IT/IS: factor <ul><li>1. internet growth and technology convergence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>e-business, e-commerce, e-government </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2. transformation of the business enterprise </li></ul><ul><ul><li>flattening, decentralization, flexibility, collaborative work </li></ul></ul>
    22. 23. growing impact of IT/IS: factor <ul><li>3. growth of a globally connected economy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>global delivery systems, management control in a global marketplace </li></ul></ul><ul><li>4. growth of knowledge and information based economies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>k-economy, time based competition </li></ul></ul><ul><li>5. emergence of the digital firm </li></ul><ul><ul><li>core business processes accomplished using digital network </li></ul></ul>
    23. 24. ex: emergence of the digital firm
    24. 25. interdependence: is and org interdependence Business strategy Rules processes software hardware database telecomm organization Information system
    25. 26. <ul><li>the development of : </li></ul><ul><li>information system strategic planning </li></ul>
    26. 27. <ul><li>lesson learned > comprehension </li></ul>
    27. 28. <ul><li>Q&A </li></ul><ul><li>ask now or forever hold your peace! </li></ul>
    28. 29. exercise: <ul><li>Evaluate the role played by the information systems in your organisation and their relationship to each other </li></ul><ul><li>Describe the information systems supporting the major business functions : [ex:sales and marketing, manufacturing and production, finance and accounting, and human resources] </li></ul>
    29. 30. Dreamsoft (M) Sdn Bhd url: email: blog: