june 22 - ch. 3 and 6 <ul><li>quiz  </li></ul><ul><li>why do people join groups? </li></ul><ul><li>how do people act in gr...
why do people join groups? <ul><li>member needs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>maslow’s hierarchy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ra...
why do people join groups? <ul><li>member needs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>schutz theory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>fundame...
how do people act in groups? <ul><li>member roles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>task  - behaviors used to achieve goal  </li></ul>...
how do people act in groups? <ul><li>member roles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>maintenance  - behaviors used to encourage relatio...
how do people act in groups? <ul><li>member roles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>self-centered  - behaviors that center around indi...
how do people act in groups? <ul><li>member confidence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>communication apprehension  - individuals lev...
how do people act in groups? <ul><li>member confidence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>communication apprehension   </li></ul></ul><...
how do people act in groups? <ul><li>member confidence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>communication apprehension </li></ul></ul><ul...
how do people act in groups? <ul><li>member assertiveness </li></ul><ul><ul><li>speaking up and acting in your own interes...
how do people act in groups? <ul><li>member assertiveness </li></ul><ul><ul><li>prepare for meetings </li></ul></ul><ul><u...
how do people act in groups? <ul><li>member assertiveness </li></ul><ul><ul><li>passivity - non participating group member...
why do people stay in groups? <ul><li>role of motivation  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>provides inspiration, incentives, and reas...
why do people stay in groups? <ul><li>member motivation  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>maslow’s hierarchy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><...
why do people stay in groups? <ul><li>group motivation  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>sense of meaningfulness </li></ul></ul><ul><...
why do people stay in groups? <ul><li>group motivation  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>sense of choice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><...
why do people stay in groups? <ul><li>group motivation  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>sense of competence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><...
why do people stay in groups? <ul><li>group motivation  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>sense of progress </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul...
why do people stay in groups? <ul><li>assessment and feedback </li></ul><ul><ul><li>assessment: mechanism for monitoring g...
why do people stay in groups? <ul><li>assessment and feedback </li></ul><ul><ul><li>controlling feedback - tells people wh...
why do people stay in groups? <ul><li>rewards </li></ul><ul><ul><li>extrinsic - from environment (external to group) </li>...
why do people stay in groups? <ul><li>rewards </li></ul><ul><ul><li>how to be objective </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>fai...
why do people stay in groups? <ul><li>rewards </li></ul><ul><ul><li>effective rewards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>perso...
why do people stay in groups? <ul><li>punishment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>demotivation tool  </li></ul></ul>
how to brainstorm for topics <ul><li>start with clear idea, think for few minutes before starting </li></ul><ul><li>assign...
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Ch. 3, 6

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Ch. 3, 6

  1. 1. june 22 - ch. 3 and 6 <ul><li>quiz </li></ul><ul><li>why do people join groups? </li></ul><ul><li>how do people act in groups? </li></ul><ul><li>why do people stay in groups? </li></ul><ul><li>brainstorm for topics </li></ul>
  2. 2. why do people join groups? <ul><li>member needs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>maslow’s hierarchy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>rank basic needs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>each need must be fulfilled before moving to the next </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>can be individual needs or group needs </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. why do people join groups? <ul><li>member needs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>schutz theory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>fundamental interpersonal relationship orientation (FIRO) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>inclusion, control, affection </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. how do people act in groups? <ul><li>member roles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>task - behaviors used to achieve goal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>initiator, information seeker, coordinator/chairperson, information giver, opinion seeker/giver, clarifier, evaluator, energizer, technician, recorder </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. how do people act in groups? <ul><li>member roles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>maintenance - behaviors used to encourage relationships </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>encourager, harmonizer, compromiser, tension releaser, gatekeeper, teamworker </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. how do people act in groups? <ul><li>member roles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>self-centered - behaviors that center around individual needs rather than group needs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>blocker, recognition seeker, clown, deserter, confessor, special interest pleader </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. how do people act in groups? <ul><li>member confidence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>communication apprehension - individuals level of fear associated with communication with others - either in presentation format or conversation format </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. how do people act in groups? <ul><li>member confidence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>communication apprehension </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>know that you are not alone </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>be well prepared + relaxed </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>learn communication skills </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>think positively </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>visualize success </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. how do people act in groups? <ul><li>member confidence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>communication apprehension </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>provide supportive and constructive feedback </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>encourage and include anxious members </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>stop talking </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. how do people act in groups? <ul><li>member assertiveness </li></ul><ul><ul><li>speaking up and acting in your own interests without denying rights/interests of others </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. how do people act in groups? <ul><li>member assertiveness </li></ul><ul><ul><li>prepare for meetings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ask for time to speak at meetings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>express opinions, thoughts and feelings clearly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>maintain direct eye contact </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>posture is alert and focused </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>speak expressively </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. how do people act in groups? <ul><li>member assertiveness </li></ul><ul><ul><li>passivity - non participating group members because of comm app. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>aggressiveness - members act in self interest at expense of others </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>passive-aggressive - undermine group members behind their backs, rarely follow through with promises </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. why do people stay in groups? <ul><li>role of motivation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>provides inspiration, incentives, and reasons that move group members to work together to achieve common goal </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. why do people stay in groups? <ul><li>member motivation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>maslow’s hierarchy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>satisfiers / motivators </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>schutz’s FIRO </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. why do people stay in groups? <ul><li>group motivation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>sense of meaningfulness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>work toward meaningful and achievable goals </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>need feedback </li></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 16. why do people stay in groups? <ul><li>group motivation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>sense of choice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>strategies for achieving goal </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>each member knows responsibilities, expectations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>each member should have equal power of choice </li></ul></ul></ul>
  17. 17. why do people stay in groups? <ul><li>group motivation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>sense of competence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>competent group members who are ready, willing and able to perform tasks </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>recognition and praise is helpful </li></ul></ul></ul>
  18. 18. why do people stay in groups? <ul><li>group motivation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>sense of progress </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>need structure, sub-deadlines to measure progress </li></ul></ul></ul>
  19. 19. why do people stay in groups? <ul><li>assessment and feedback </li></ul><ul><ul><li>assessment: mechanism for monitoring group progress / way of determining whether a group has achieved goals </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. why do people stay in groups? <ul><li>assessment and feedback </li></ul><ul><ul><li>controlling feedback - tells people what to do </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>informational feedback - tells people how they’re doing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>‘it’ vs. ‘you’ statements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>reprimands </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. why do people stay in groups? <ul><li>rewards </li></ul><ul><ul><li>extrinsic - from environment (external to group) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>intrinsic - from within (internal to group) </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. why do people stay in groups? <ul><li>rewards </li></ul><ul><ul><li>how to be objective </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>fair </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>equitable </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>competitive </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>appropriate </li></ul></ul></ul>
  23. 23. why do people stay in groups? <ul><li>rewards </li></ul><ul><ul><li>effective rewards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>personal recognition </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>material compensation </li></ul></ul></ul>
  24. 24. why do people stay in groups? <ul><li>punishment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>demotivation tool </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. how to brainstorm for topics <ul><li>start with clear idea, think for few minutes before starting </li></ul><ul><li>assign someone to write down all ideas - try to make them all visible to everyone </li></ul><ul><li>go for quota </li></ul><ul><li>encourage creativity </li></ul><ul><li>all input - no putdown </li></ul><ul><li>build on ideas / jump around </li></ul>

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