Wwii overview


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Wwii overview

  1. 1. World War II An overview of the Major Events and Key Players.
  2. 2. Key Players in the WarAxis Powers Allied Powers Adolf Hitler  Neville Chamberlain Benito Mussolini  Winston Churchill Hideki Tojo  Charles De Gaulle  Franklin Roosevelt  Harry Truman  Joseph Stalin
  3. 3. ADOLF HITLER Brought prominence to the National Socialist German Workers Party (NAZI Party) Head of the 3rd Reich Believed in Master Race – Aryan Race Unite all German-speaking people 1933 took power Anti-communist Private property with strong governmental control Das Fuhrer
  4. 4. BENITO MUSSOLINI  Led fascist movement in Italy  Black-shirt army  Totalitarian State under his rule  AKA - Il Duce- The Chief  Anti-communist  Private property with strong government control
  5. 5. HIDEKI TOJO Militant Japanese general Took control of Japan in 1941 Pushed for vast colonial empire stretching from China to Thailand Organized attack on Pearl Harbor
  6. 6. NEVILLE CHAMBERLAIN  British Prime Minister at the onset of War  Believed in policy of Appeasement for dealing with Hitler.  Signed Munich Pact to turn over Sudetenland  Believed he obtained “Peace in Our Time”
  7. 7. WINSTON CHURCHILL Critical of Chamberlin’s policies toward Hitler. Became Prime Minister During the War (1940) Strong Ally for the United States Powerful public speaker he helped to rally his troops to fight German Aggression
  8. 8. CHARLES DE GAULLE  French General  Fled to England after Germany took over France.  Set up government-in- exile
  9. 9. FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT President through Much of the War (Died in 1945) Lend Lease program to aid Allies prior to US entry into the War Signed order to intern Japanese after Pearl Harbor.
  10. 10. HARRY TRUMAN  VP under FDR  Took over Presidency at the end of the War.  Made Decision to Drop Atomic Bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki
  11. 11. JOSEPH STALIN Totalitarian Regime in USSR. Awaited world-wide Communist revolution. Great Purge of the 1930s to clear out enemies from country 1939 – Signed nonaggression pact with Germany. (Divide Poland) Germany broke the pact, opening up the Eastern Front of the War.
  12. 12. Background Treaty of Versailles (1919) - Harsh treatment of Germany: land losses, reparations, military reductions, and war guilt League of Nations (1920) – International organization charged with preventing future wars. United States senate refused to allow the United States of America to become a member. The League had neither the will nor the power to check the rising totalitarian governments.
  13. 13. Background Washington Conference (1922) – Italy, Japan, the United States of America, France, and Britain agree to not build up their navies for ten years Mussolini takes over Italy (1922) Kellogg-Briand Pact (1928) – sixty-two nations agree to solve problems diplomatically Japan invades Manchuria (1931) Hitler comes to power (1933)
  14. 14. Short Term Causes Italian, Japanese, and German aggression not stopped by League of Nations
  15. 15. Short Term Causes Appeasement – Britain and France wanted to avoid war and therefore gave in to Hitler’s demands Western democracies would not act aggressively – Britain – Sympathetic towards Germany – knew Versailles Treaty too harsh, wanted to avoid war – France – Would not do anything without Britain – United States of America – Isolation from Europe
  16. 16. Major Events of the War- The Onset of War Hitler reoccupies the Rhineland 1938 – Hitler unites Austria with Germany 1938 – Signed Munich Pact to Gain control of Sudetenland (In Czechoslovakia) 1939 – Hitler and USSR sign nonaggression pact (Agreed to divide Poland) 1939- Blitzkrieg in Poland September 1, 1939 – World War II official start
  17. 17. Major Events of World War II- The War Inactive Winter 1940 –Britain and France Defend the Maginot Line 1940 – Germany invades Norway and Denmark 1940 – France Falls Summer 1940 – Britain withstands the German onslaught 1941- Germany broke pact with USSR – German setbacks- the harsh winters in Soviet Union; Bitter defeat in Stalingrad
  18. 18. Major Events of World War II - American Involvement Lend-Lease Program to aid Allies Attack on Pearl Harbor – December 7, 1941- A Day that will live in infamy US enters World War II 1942 – War turned in favor of the Allies – Victories in North Africa versus Germany – Victory in the Battle of the Midway in the Pacific
  19. 19. Major Event of World War II - Allied Conferences Tehran (1943) Yalta (1945) Potsdam (1945) - After Victory in Europe – United States, Britain, and Soviet Union participated
  20. 20. Major Events in World War II – The End of the War June 6, 1944 – Storming of Normandy December 1944- Hitler lost the battle of the Bulge Germany surrendered in May 1945 Atomic Bomb dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August of 1945 Japan Surrendered in September 1945