In Module 2, you learn about Microsoft Windows 8. Chapter 1 covers navigating around windows. Chapter 2 deals with managing files and folders. In Chapter 3, you will work with Windows settings, accessories, and the security and help features.
In this chapter, you learn to manage the files and folders on your computer. You start to create a folder structure on your removable USB flash drive that reflects the modules in yourtextbook by copying a folder from the Student Resources disc. As you work through this module and the other modules in the textbook, you will use this folder structure to organize your files.
Everything that a computer does is based on data stored in files. Files can be stored on any storage medium, including a hard drive, a removable USB flash drive, a server, a CD or DVD, and in the cloud.
Excel workbook files have an .xlsx extension, PowerPoint presentation files have a .pptx extension, Access database files have an .accdb extension, and Word documents have a .docx extension. An extension indicates the file type and is used by the operating system to recognize which application to use to open the file.
Files deleted from the hard drive are sent to the Recycle Bin where they are held for a time, permanently deleted, or restored to their original location on the computer. Files can also be compressed to reduce the file size, making it easier to email the files or transfer them to another computer. Files from various folders can be placed together into a Library, a logical grouping that helps you work with related sets of files.
In this chapter, you will use File Explorer to copy, rename, and delete files and folders. You will learn how to create a folder. You will also learn how to compress, extract, and search for files. Finally, you will learn how to use the Recycle Bin.
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File Explorer is the file management interface in Windows 8. A File Explorer window lets you view the folders and files in a selected storage location, such as your hard drive, DVD drive, server, SkyDrive, or USB flash drive. Features of a File Explorer window include a Navigation pane, an Address bar, a toolbar, a ribbon, a search box, a Details pane, and a Preview pane.
Another Way: Type explorer from the Start screen and then click File Explorer in the Apps results list.
Libraries are a structure for organizing and managing your files in Windows 8. They are similar to folders, but different in that a library gathers together files that may be stored in several locations on your computer.
Notice in the illustration in this slide that the path in the Address bar changes to show that you are viewing the Pictures library. Notice that the Status bar shows how many items are in the Pictures library and how many locations are included in that library.
Windows 8 allows you to see a preview or details of a folder or file without actually opening it.
Clicking the arrow to the right of Libraries displays a menu that lists all of the available libraries. Click a library in the displayed menu to jump to that location.
Some of the work you do in this course involves opening student data files. These files are organized by module in folders on the Student Resources disc. The first page of each module in this book provides (when necessary) instructions for copying the folder you need from the disc to your storage medium. In this skill, you practice this procedure using a USB flash drive. (Note that the Student Resources disc is a read-only disc. Files can be copied from it, but they cannot be copied to it or removed from it.)
If an AutoPlay window displays, click the Close button. If you do not have a CD/DVD drive on your computer, you can download the student data files from www.ParadigmCollege.net/Guidelines13.
If an AutoPlay window displays, click the Close button. If you are not using a USB flash drive and are working in a computer lab, ask your instructor where you should save your files. Files can be copied to SkyDrive instead of your USB flash drive. The procedure for using SkyDrive is explained in the Introduction (Your Digital Toolkit), Chapter 2.
This window displays all of the storage locations on your computer.
Your computer may display the removable disk storage location with a name such as Removable Disk, USB Disk, or External Disk. Or, if you’ve renamed your disk, it will display that name.
The Module2-Windows folder appears as a folder in your USB drive.
The Module2-Windows folder appears as a folder in your USB drive as illustrated in this slide.
Folders can be moved and copied using the drag-and-drop method. This method will either copy or move the folder, depending on the destination location.
Just as you store printed documents that relate to each other in a single manila folder, you can store related computer files in virtual folders. For example, you might want to make a folder called Job Search to store your resume, cover letters, and portfolio documents.
You can create a folder in a File Explorer window as illustrated in this slide. Once you create the folder, you can save or move files to the folder.
By default, Windows has four predefined libraries (Music, Pictures, Documents, and Video). Remember, a library is different from a folder in that it is a place to compile like types of files.
You may need to rename a file or folder after you create it. File and folder names can be up to 255 characters in length and can include spaces. Certain characters, including / : * ? ” < > |, cannot be used in file and folder names. File names have an extension, such as .docx, which the computer program adds automatically when the file is saved. You should not change the file extension when you rename a file because the extension tells the computer which application to use to open the file.
If you make a mistake when renaming a file you can click the Undo button on the Quick Access toolbar. If you do not see the Undo button, click the Customize Quick Access Toolbar button arrow and then click Undo to place a check mark beside this option. You can also use the shortcut F2 to rename. Another Way: Click the Rename button in the Organize group to make the folder name available for editing.
When you click Rename, as illustrated in this slide, the folder name becomes available for editing.
In a default File Explorer window, file extensions are not displayed.
If you want to rename a series of files, such as photo files from a digital camera, you can do so quickly if you use a specific prefix to name each of the files. For example, you could use the prefix photo to rename a batch of files photo(1).jpg, photo(2).jpg, photo(3).jpg, photo(4).jpg, and so forth.
If you have large files that you need to email or transfer to another computer, you may want to compress the files. Compressed files take up less storage space and can be transferred to other computers more quickly than uncompressed files. To edit a compressed file, you must first extract the files. Extracting essentially reverses the process, or decompresses the file, once you are ready to use it.
The compressed folder appears with a folder icon with a zipper image on it. Be aware that you will probably hear two different terms, compressed and zipped, used to describe such files. If WinZip is installed on the computer, the icon will be the WinZip "folder in vise" icon rather than a folder with a zipper on it.
Many compressed files have a .zip extension. Others have an .rar extension or other special extension, depending on the compression application used.
The uncompressed folder opens in a new window.
Folders can also be compressed as illustrated in this slide. Compressing a folder combines all of the files in the folder into a single file that is smaller in size than the total of the individual file sizes.
You can use the search box in a File Explorer window to quickly locate a specific file or folder. When you type a file or folder name in the search box, Windows searches the currently open File Explorer window for a match. If you want to search a different location, use the Navigation pane to change the search location. For example, to search your USB flash drive, click Removable Disk in the Computer section in the Navigation pane and then type the file or folder name in the search box.
The * is a wildcard that can be used to specify any combination of characters. In this case, you are searching for all files with a .zip file extension because * tells the computer to retrieve files with any name appearing to the left of the .zip extension. The Search feature finds one zipped file and lists it in the search results.
Search results display in the File List pane, as illustrated in this slide, indicating that there are four occurrences of Module2.
For example, you can click the Date modified button and then click a date or date range to narrow the search for files or folders that were saved on a specific date or within a specific date range.
If you have files that you no longer need on your computer, you should delete them. Regularly deleting such files will help keep your files organized and free up disk space.
Another Way: Click the file and then press the Delete key.
You can also delete folders as illustrated in this slide. When you delete a folder, all of the files and folders within that folder are deleted with it. Be sure to look within all subfolders to remind yourself of the complete contents before deleting the outer folder.
Alternatively, once you have selected the files, you can press the Delete key to delete those files.
In Windows 8, when you delete a file from the hard drive, it does not, in fact, get deleted. Instead, it is moved to the Recycle Bin, which is a temporary holding area. The Recycle Bin protects you from accidental loss of files by giving you a chance to change your mind and restore a deleted file. When you are absolutely sure your deleted files are no longer needed, you can empty the Recycle Bin. The Recycle Bin stores deleted files until it runs out of storage space, at which point it will start deleting files, beginning with the files that have been in the bin the longest. When you delete a file or folder that is saved on a removable disk, it is not sent to the Recycle Bin—it is permanently deleted.
Dragging a file from a USB flash drive onto the desktop copies the file; the file is not removed from the folder. You may not be permitted to save files to the desktop in a public lab.
The Recycle Bin displays on the desktop by default. If the icon is not on your desktop, right-click the desktop, click Personalize, click Change desktop icons, and then click the Recycle Bin check box to insert a check mark. You may not be able to personalize the desktop in a public lab.
Notice that the file is restored to its previous location on your desktop.
If no warning dialog box appears when you click Delete, as illustrated in this slide, double-click the Recycle Bin icon, click the Manage tab, click the Recycle Bin properties button in the Manage group, click Display delete confirmation dialog check box to insert a check mark, and then click OK.