Chapter 6
Working with Patterns and Brushes
Objectives
• Use the Move command
• Create a pattern
• Design a repeating pattern
• Use the Pattern Options panel
• Work w...
Use the Move Command
• Offset refers to the distance an object is
moved or copied from a starting location to an
end locat...
Use the Move Command
• In the Move dialog box, enter horizontal and
vertical distance you want object moved.
• An alternat...
Use the Move Command
Horizontal text box
Vertical text box
Distance text box
Angle text box
Use the Move Command
Use the Move command to
create a simple pattern.
Create a Pattern
Design patterns that can be used to fill objects
or applied as outlines for objects.
Create a Pattern
• Patterns can be simple, complex, abstract, or
specific.
• Save patterns for future use and applications...
Create a Pattern
To create a pattern:
• Create artwork for the pattern.
• Drag artwork on to Swatches panel where it is
de...
Create a Pattern
The following cannot be used as artwork for a
pattern:
• Gradients
• Blends
• Brush strokes
• Meshes
• Bi...
Create a Pattern
• A pattern fills an object
by repeating an original
pattern.
• This is called tiling.
Create a Pattern
Design fill patterns by designing one tile:
• For efficiency, tile should be ½" to 1" square.
• When appl...
Create a Pattern
• Create a bounding box to define the perimeter of
pattern that contains no rectangular objects.
• Positi...
Create a Pattern
• The bounding box
determines the
perimeter of the
pattern tile.
Bounding box
Pattern
Create a Pattern
Artwork to be
used as a
pattern
Artwork
applied as
a pattern
fill
Create a Pattern
• By default, a pattern begins at bottom-left of
artboard, not the bottom-left corner of the
object.
• If...
Create a Pattern
Best method for controlling pattern is to align ruler
origin with the bottom-left corner of object.
1. Di...
Create a Pattern
Align the ruler
origin with the
bottom-left corner
of the filled object.
The pattern fills the
object lef...
Create a Pattern
• You can choose to transform only the object,
only the pattern, or both.
• When you transform a pattern,...
Create a Pattern
Patterns can be
transformed
independently of
the objects that
they fill.
Pattern is
scaled
200%
Object is...
Create a Pattern
• To return a pattern fill to its original
appearance, fill an object with a different
swatch, then reapp...
Design a Repeating Pattern
• You need to understand how patterns tile to
achieve desired effect.
• Precision is important ...
Design a Repeating Pattern
• Modify a pattern by editing artwork in pattern
tile then replacing old pattern in Swatches pa...
Design a Repeating Pattern
Note the four
quarter circles
in each corner
This tile could
not create a
pattern
Use the Pattern Options panel
• Illustrator CS6 marks the debut of the
Pattern Options panel, which makes
pattern generati...
Use the Pattern Options panel
Use the Pattern Options panel
• When you first enter pattern editing
mode, the tile is automatically
generated as a perime...
Use the Pattern Options panel
• Dimming copies makes it easier to see
the artwork inside the pattern tile.
• You can add o...
Use the Pattern Options panel
Dimmed
copies
Adding
objects to a
simple
diamond
makes the
pattern more
complex
Work with the Brushes Panel
The Brushes panel offers sample brushes and brush
libraries.
• Calligraphic
• Scatter
• Art
• ...
Work with the Brushes Panel
• Calligraphic – apply strokes that resemble a
calligraphic pen
• Scatter – disperse copies of...
Work with the Brushes Panel
• Artwork for brushes must be composed of
simple paths – no gradients.
• Art and pattern brush...
Work with the Brushes Panel
The Brushes
panel has
pre-loaded
brush libraries.
Work with the Brushes Panel
A Calligraphic brush applied to a path
Work with the Brushes Panel
A Scatter brush applied to a path
Work with the Brushes Panel
Artwork
created to use
as an art brush
Art brush
applied to a
path
Work with Scatter Brushes
• Scatter brushes allow you to manipulate a
path endlessly.
• Precise control of size, spacing, ...
Work with Scatter Brushes
• Scatter brushes are powerful for creating
randomness.
• Apply a fixed or random range in the B...
Working with Scatter Brushes
Work with Scatter Brushes
Scatter
brush
applied to
path with
fixed
settings
Work with Scatter Brushes
Scatter
brush
applied to
path with
random
settings
• The Paintbrush tool offers a “freehand”
approach to drawing.
• You can use the Paintbrush tool to sketch out
a drawing a...
• The essential difference between the
Paintbrush tool and the Blob Brush tool is that
the Paintbrush tool creates a strok...
Paintbrush tool
Blob Brush tool
Compare the Paintbrush Tool to the Blob
Brush Tool
An “X” created
with the Blob
Brush tool
The “X” revealed as a single object
• The difference is very
noticeable when you
c...
• The Paintbrush tool always creates individual,
non-connected paths with every stroke of the
tool.
• With the Blob Brush ...
• Bristle brushes create a natural brush stroke
with the streaks and variations you find in an
actual paint brush.
• You c...
Enhance Artwork with Brushes and the
Width Tool
Object before brush
stroke applied.
Object after brush
stroke applied.
Bru...
• You can use brushes to enhance artwork you
created in Illustrator.
• You can place a bitmap graphic of an actual
pencil ...
Set options in
the Bristle Brush
Options dialog
box.
Enhance Artwork with Brushes and the
Width Tool
The Width tool
allows you to
modify the path
of a stroke.
Enhance Artwork with Brushes and the
Width Tool
Snowball
illustration
with altered
stroke
widths.
Enhance Artwork with Brushes and the
Width Tool
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Chapter 6

  1. 1. Chapter 6 Working with Patterns and Brushes
  2. 2. Objectives • Use the Move command • Create a pattern • Design a repeating pattern • Use the Pattern Options panel • Work with the Brushes panel • Work with Scatter brushes • Compare the Paintbrush tool to the Blob Brush tool • Enhance artwork with brushes & the Width tool
  3. 3. Use the Move Command • Offset refers to the distance an object is moved or copied from a starting location to an end location. • The Move command is the most effective method for moving an object at precise offsets.
  4. 4. Use the Move Command • In the Move dialog box, enter horizontal and vertical distance you want object moved. • An alternative method is to enter a value for the distance you want the object to move and the angle it should move.
  5. 5. Use the Move Command Horizontal text box Vertical text box Distance text box Angle text box
  6. 6. Use the Move Command Use the Move command to create a simple pattern.
  7. 7. Create a Pattern Design patterns that can be used to fill objects or applied as outlines for objects.
  8. 8. Create a Pattern • Patterns can be simple, complex, abstract, or specific. • Save patterns for future use and applications in the Swatches panel. – The Swatches panel comes preloaded with patterns that you can modify
  9. 9. Create a Pattern To create a pattern: • Create artwork for the pattern. • Drag artwork on to Swatches panel where it is defined as a pattern swatch.
  10. 10. Create a Pattern The following cannot be used as artwork for a pattern: • Gradients • Blends • Brush strokes • Meshes • Bitmap images • Graphs • Masks • Other patterns
  11. 11. Create a Pattern • A pattern fills an object by repeating an original pattern. • This is called tiling.
  12. 12. Create a Pattern Design fill patterns by designing one tile: • For efficiency, tile should be ½" to 1" square. • When applied as a fill, the tile will repeat to fill object.
  13. 13. Create a Pattern • Create a bounding box to define the perimeter of pattern that contains no rectangular objects. • Position an un-filled, un-stroked rectangular object at back of stacking order to act as bounding box. • All objects within bounding box will be repeated as part of pattern.
  14. 14. Create a Pattern • The bounding box determines the perimeter of the pattern tile. Bounding box Pattern
  15. 15. Create a Pattern Artwork to be used as a pattern Artwork applied as a pattern fill
  16. 16. Create a Pattern • By default, a pattern begins at bottom-left of artboard, not the bottom-left corner of the object. • If you move an object, the pattern changes within object.
  17. 17. Create a Pattern Best method for controlling pattern is to align ruler origin with the bottom-left corner of object. 1. Display rulers. 2. Position cursor at top-left corner of window where two rulers meet. 3. Drag cross hairs to bottom-left corner of filled object.
  18. 18. Create a Pattern Align the ruler origin with the bottom-left corner of the filled object. The pattern fills the object left to right, bottom to top. Ruler Origin
  19. 19. Create a Pattern • You can choose to transform only the object, only the pattern, or both. • When you transform a pattern, all subsequent objects created will be filled with the transformed pattern.
  20. 20. Create a Pattern Patterns can be transformed independently of the objects that they fill. Pattern is scaled 200% Object is scaled 50%
  21. 21. Create a Pattern • To return a pattern fill to its original appearance, fill an object with a different swatch, then reapply pattern.
  22. 22. Design a Repeating Pattern • You need to understand how patterns tile to achieve desired effect. • Precision is important when creating a pattern. – Check alignment – Use dialog boxes to move and transform objects; don’t try to do it by hand
  23. 23. Design a Repeating Pattern • Modify a pattern by editing artwork in pattern tile then replacing old pattern in Swatches panel. • Any existing objects on artboard will be updated with new pattern. • You can save the old pattern by saving new pattern as a new swatch.
  24. 24. Design a Repeating Pattern Note the four quarter circles in each corner This tile could not create a pattern
  25. 25. Use the Pattern Options panel • Illustrator CS6 marks the debut of the Pattern Options panel, which makes pattern generation easier. • To start working with the Pattern Options panel, select an object on the artboard, click the Object menu, point to Pattern, then click Make.
  26. 26. Use the Pattern Options panel
  27. 27. Use the Pattern Options panel • When you first enter pattern editing mode, the tile is automatically generated as a perimeter around the selected object. • The Pattern Options panel has many built-in options that you can use to manage or modify the pattern you're creating.
  28. 28. Use the Pattern Options panel • Dimming copies makes it easier to see the artwork inside the pattern tile. • You can add objects to the tile to make the pattern more complex.
  29. 29. Use the Pattern Options panel Dimmed copies Adding objects to a simple diamond makes the pattern more complex
  30. 30. Work with the Brushes Panel The Brushes panel offers sample brushes and brush libraries. • Calligraphic • Scatter • Art • Bristle • Pattern
  31. 31. Work with the Brushes Panel • Calligraphic – apply strokes that resemble a calligraphic pen • Scatter – disperse copies of an object along a path • Art – stretch an object along the length of path • Bristle – create appearance of natural brush strokes • Pattern – repeat a pattern along a path
  32. 32. Work with the Brushes Panel • Artwork for brushes must be composed of simple paths – no gradients. • Art and pattern brushes cannot include text. • You must convert text to outlines before it can be used as artwork.
  33. 33. Work with the Brushes Panel The Brushes panel has pre-loaded brush libraries.
  34. 34. Work with the Brushes Panel A Calligraphic brush applied to a path
  35. 35. Work with the Brushes Panel A Scatter brush applied to a path
  36. 36. Work with the Brushes Panel Artwork created to use as an art brush Art brush applied to a path
  37. 37. Work with Scatter Brushes • Scatter brushes allow you to manipulate a path endlessly. • Precise control of size, spacing, and rotation of elements along path. • Input scatter value, which determines how far objects can be positioned from path.
  38. 38. Work with Scatter Brushes • Scatter brushes are powerful for creating randomness. • Apply a fixed or random range in the Brush Options dialog box. • When you apply random settings, the positioning of objects on a path will be different every time you apply the brush.
  39. 39. Working with Scatter Brushes
  40. 40. Work with Scatter Brushes Scatter brush applied to path with fixed settings
  41. 41. Work with Scatter Brushes Scatter brush applied to path with random settings
  42. 42. • The Paintbrush tool offers a “freehand” approach to drawing. • You can use the Paintbrush tool to sketch out a drawing and create artwork that is more spontaneous and “hand-drawn.” Compare the Paintbrush Tool to the Blob Brush Tool
  43. 43. • The essential difference between the Paintbrush tool and the Blob Brush tool is that the Paintbrush tool creates a stroked path and the Blob Brush tool creates a closed filled object. Compare the Paintbrush Tool to the Blob Brush Tool
  44. 44. Paintbrush tool Blob Brush tool Compare the Paintbrush Tool to the Blob Brush Tool
  45. 45. An “X” created with the Blob Brush tool The “X” revealed as a single object • The difference is very noticeable when you create outlines. • The Blob brush creates closed paths. Compare the Paintbrush Tool to the Blob Brush Tool
  46. 46. • The Paintbrush tool always creates individual, non-connected paths with every stroke of the tool. • With the Blob Brush tool, if you overlap one stroke with a second stroke of the same color, the two strokes will be united as one object. Compare the Paintbrush Tool to the Blob Brush Tool
  47. 47. • Bristle brushes create a natural brush stroke with the streaks and variations you find in an actual paint brush. • You can mimic the look and feel of disciplines like watercolor or paint. Compare the Paintbrush Tool to the Blob Brush Tool
  48. 48. Enhance Artwork with Brushes and the Width Tool Object before brush stroke applied. Object after brush stroke applied. Brush stroke
  49. 49. • You can use brushes to enhance artwork you created in Illustrator. • You can place a bitmap graphic of an actual pencil stroke, trace it, then save it as a brush. Enhance Artwork with Brushes and the Width Tool
  50. 50. Set options in the Bristle Brush Options dialog box. Enhance Artwork with Brushes and the Width Tool
  51. 51. The Width tool allows you to modify the path of a stroke. Enhance Artwork with Brushes and the Width Tool
  52. 52. Snowball illustration with altered stroke widths. Enhance Artwork with Brushes and the Width Tool

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