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  • 1. Definition:Plagiarism is using someone else’s wordsor ideas as your own without giving credit to that person.
  • 2. 3 Steps to Avoid Plagiarism:0 Step 1 - Take good bulleted notes in your own words; no complete sentences0 Step 2 – Paraphrase your notes. Since your notes are in your own words, you are putting your notes back into complete sentences. This step is easy once you have notes in your own words.0 Step 3 – Citing your sources
  • 3. Hints: Step 1: Note-Taking0 Read all the way through the material you are using for research.0 AS SOON AS you decide to use the information, write down the source information for your citations.0 Write down the important pieces of information in your own words.0 Use a “bullet” form – no complete sentences. This eliminates the danger of copying phrases from the original document. “Note taking.”Photograph. SunySullivan. Web. 28 Oct. 2012.
  • 4. Note-taking Practice Bulleted Notes: • •“Glee.” People 5 Nov. 2012:42. Print.
  • 5. More Note-taking Practice Bulleted Notes: • •Forrester, Paul. “6|Atlanta Hawks.” Sports Illustrated 29 Oct. 2012: n.pag. Sports Illustrated. Web. 30 Oct 2012.
  • 6. Step 2: Paraphrasing Paraphrasing is writing in your own words the essential information and ideas expressed by someone else.
  • 7. Is it Paraphrasing?
  • 8. How about these?
  • 9. Paraphrase Practice Paraphrase:
  • 10. More Paraphrase Practice: Paraphrase:
  • 11. Step 3: Citing Sources:There are two ways to cite your sources:0 Bibliography or Works Cited - at the end of your project; this is always required!0 Parenthetical citations - within the text of your paper; you would add this feature when you write a paper.“student1.” Photograph. Research Haven. Web. 31 Oct. 2012.
  • 12. Bibliography/Works Cited Format0 Title – Bibliography vs. Works Cited0 Style - MLA (Modern Language Association)-7th edition0 4 essentials: 1. alphabetize citations 2. period at end of each citation 3. indent 2nd (and 3rd) lines 4. double space entire document “A+ Rubber Stamp.” Photograph. Familywings. Web. 2 Nov. 2012
  • 13. What does a complete and correct Works Cited look like? Works Cited (or Bibliography)“Address Supporting the Constitution.” American History Online. Web. 19 Oct. 2011.Hubbard-Brown, Janet. How The Constitution Was Created. New York: Chelsea House, 2007. Print.McDonald, Forrest. Enough Wise Men: The Story of Our Constitution. New York: G. P. Putnam’s Sons, 1970. Print.Morris, Richard B. Witnesses at the Creation. New York: Holt, Rinehartand Winston, 1985. Print.National Archives. “Constitution of the United States.” Charters of Freedom. Web. 19 Oct. 2011.
  • 14. Citing Print Books0 Always look on the title page of the book for most of the information you need – author, title, city of publication, publisher0 Copyright date on back of title page – use the latest year given.0 How to cite a print book:Last name, first name of author. Title of the book in italics. City of publication: Publisher, copyright year. Medium of publication.Nash, Gary B. Landmarks of the American Revolution. New York: Oxford University Press, 2003. Print.Schlager, Neil, and Jayne Weisblatt. Alternative Energy. Detroit: UXL, 2006. Print. Now you cite the book on your table.
  • 15. In-class print book citation answersForester, C.S. The Barbary Pirates. New York: Sterling Publishing Co., Inc.,2007. Print.Hatch, Alden. General George Patton: Old Blood & Guts. New York: Sterling Publishing Co., Inc.,2006. Print.Lefkowitz, Arthur S. Bushnell’s Submarine. New York: Scholastic, 2006. Print.Mann, Charles C. Before Columbus: The Americas of 1491. New York: Atheneum Books For Young Readers, 2009. Print.Morris, Jeffrey. The Jefferson Way. Minneapolis: Lerner Publications Co., 1994. Print.Murphy, Jim. The Crossing: How George Washington saved the American Revolution. New York: ScholasticPress, 2010. Print.Sheinkin, Steve. The Notorious Benedict Arnold: A True Story od Adventure, Heroism, & Treachery. New York: Roaring Book Press, 2010. Print.Swanson, James L. Bloody Times. New York: Collins, 2011. Print.Swanson, James L. Chasing Lincoln’s Killer. New York: Scholastic Press, 2009. Print.Warren, Andrea. Under Siege! Three Children at the Civil War Battle For Vicksburg. New York: Farrar Straus Giroux, 2009. Print.
  • 16. Citing American History Online and other databases0 Most of what you will find in this database are chapters in reference books. You will use example #5 on the Citation Guide.0 Here is an example of how you should cite a chapter from a reference book found through an electronic database:Last name, first name of author. "Title of chapter in book in quotation marks." Title of the book italicized. Subscription database italicized. Medium of publication. Day month year of access.Roberts, Priscilla. "Pearl Harbor." Encyclopedia of American Military History. American History Online. Web. 21 Apr. 2011.0 NOW: Open the US History: Embargo of 1807 LibGuide, go to the electronic databases tab and open American History Online. Search “monticello”, open the first “event or topic” found and cite it.
  • 17. In-class database citation answer:Heith, Diane. "Monticello.” Encyclopedia of the American Presidency. American History Online. Web. 31 Oct 2012.
  • 18. Citing the Internet0 How to cite an internet website:0 Last name, first name of author or name of agency that authored the material. "Title of the webpage in quotation marks." Title of the larger website in italics. Medium of publication. Day month year of access.0 The Thomas Jefferson Foundation. "Embargo of 1807." The Jefferson Monticello. Web. 24 Oct. 2012.0 Open the US History: Embargo of 1807 LibGuide, go to the Internet Resources page and open the first website. Let’s cite it together.0 NOW: Open the second website and cite it yourself.
  • 19. In-class website citation answer:Mintz, S., & McNeil, S. “The Embargo of 1807.” Digital History. Web. 31 Oct 2012.
  • 20. Yesterday?0 What plagiarism is0 Ways to avoid plagiarism0 Works Cited page “Pencils.” Photograph. Buzzsugar. Web. 2 Nov. 2012.
  • 21. Today0Parenthetical Citation0 Activity0 Game “Stack of file folders.” Photograph. 123rf .Web. 2 Nov. 2012.
  • 22. Citing Sources:There are two ways to cite your sources:0 Bibliography or Works Cited - at the end of your project; this is always required!0 Parenthetical citations - within the text of your paper; you would add this feature when you write a paper.“student1.” Photograph. Research Haven. Web. 31 Oct. 2012.
  • 23. What does a complete and correct Works Cited look like? Works Cited (or Bibliography)“Address Supporting the Constitution.” American History Online. Web. 19 Oct. 2011.Hubbard-Brown, Janet. How The Constitution Was Created. New York: Chelsea House, 2007. Print.McDonald, Forrest. Enough Wise Men: The Story of Our Constitution. New York: G. P. Putnam’s Sons, 1970. Print.Morris, Richard B. Witnesses at the Creation. New York: Holt, Rinehartand Winston, 1985. Print.National Archives. “Constitution of the United States.” Charters of Freedom. Web. 19 Oct. 2011.
  • 24. Parenthetical Citations0 Parenthetical Citations 0 citing sources within the body of your paper0 Purpose of a Parenthetical Citation - to indicate specifically which information came from which source0 Each parenthetical citation should refer clearly to one of the items in the Works Cited list at the end of your paper.0 You will call your list of sources “Works Cited” instead of “Bibliography.”
  • 25. Parenthetical Citations What a parenthetical citation looks like: A total of 74 delegates answered the call to theConstitutional Convention. Over the 4 months that it took tocreate a new constitution, however, only 55 delegates wouldmake an appearance. On average, 30 delegates attendedeach day. They came from different backgrounds, but allwere landowners and most were educated. They ranged inage from 26 to 81 (Hubbard-Brown 9).
  • 26. Parenthetical CitationsPoints to consider:1. Appropriate form • No pages? • No author?2. How often do you add? • Parenthetical citations and Works Cited sources have to match upLibguide Example
  • 27. Parenthetical Citations, No Page NumbersWith most electronic or website sources, youdo not have page numbers to use in yourparenthetical citations.Here’s what you do:(Franklin n.pag.)(National n.pag.)
  • 28. Parenthetical Citations with No AuthorUse first important word in the titleHere’s what you do:(Address n.pag.)“Address Supporting the Constitution.” American HistoryOnline. Web. 19 Oct. 2011.
  • 29. Parenthetical Citation Activity 1. Take out homework2. Practice parenthetical citation of your notes3. Mrs. Kaplan and Miss Quilitzsch will check
  • 30. LibGuidehttp://westminsterschools.libguides.com/cont ent.php?pid=389307