Document 1 (Book)Source: Bentle, Jerry H., and Herbert F. Ziegler. Traditions & Encounters: A GlobalPerspective on the Past. 3rd. ed. New York, NY: Mcgraw-Hill, 12/14/04. PrintBefore the Qin dynasty, al regions of China used scripts derived from the oneemployed at the Shang court, but they had developed along different lines and hadbecome mutually unrecognizable. In hopes of ensuring better understanding anduniform application of his polices, Qin Shihuangdi mandated the use of common scriptthroughout his empire. The regions of China continued to use different spokenlanguages, as they do even today, but they wrote these languages with a common Document 2 "Weapons of the Qin and Hand Dynasty." Cultural China. Web. 9 Dec 2010. <http://history.cultural-china.com/en/58History4621.html#>. (Primary)
Hutchinson, Leslie. "The Great Wall of China." Science and Its Times. Ed. NeilSchlager and Josh Lauer. Vol. 1: 2,000 B.C. to A.D. 699. Detroit: Gale, 2001.340-342. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 7 Dec. 2010.The most famous early wall construction is attributed to the first Chinese emperor,Qin Shihuangdi. Scholars generally credit him with the restoration, repair, andoccasional destruction of earlier walls, and ordering new construction to create astructure to protect Chinas northern frontiers against attack by nomadic people.In 214 B.C., to secure the northern frontiers, Qin Shihuangdi, ordered his generalMeng Tian, to mobilize all the able bodied subjects in the country to link up all thewalls erected by the feudal states. This wall became a permanent barrier separatingthe agricultural Han Chinese to the south and the nomadic horse-mounted herdsmanto the north. According to historical records, the Great Wall of Qin Shihuangdi wascompleted in about 12 years by the 300,000-person army, conscripted labor of nearly500,000 peasants, and an unspecified number of convicted criminals. Local earth,stone, timber, and bricks were the primary materials used to build the wall during theQin dynasty.Agricultural production along the Great Wall developed quickly. The once barren landwas turned into a flourishing agricultural zone with irrigation and the use of thetraction plow. Weights and measures, as well as coinage and writing, werestandardized.
(n.d.): Image Collection. EBSCO. Web. 7 Dec. 2010. Brown, Claudia. "Textiles, Chinese." Encyclopedia of Clothing and Fashion. Ed. Valerie Steele. Vol. 3. Detroit: Charles Scribners Sons, 2005. 291-296. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 7 Dec. 2010. Han tombs have yielded a variety of silks, including plain weave, gauze weave, both plain and patterned, and pile-loop brocade similar to velvet. More than twenty dyed colors have been identified. Embellishment of woven fabrics included new techniques of embroidery incorporating gold or feathers, as well as block-printing, stenciling, and painting on silk. Later Han silks include a striking number of woven patterns with texts, usually several characters with auspicious meanings. From pictorial representations, scholars have deduced that Han weavers used treadle looms.
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Source: Hutchinson, Leslie. "The Great Wall of China." Science and Its Times. Ed. NeilSchlager and Josh Lauer. Vol. 1: 2,000 B.C. to A.D. 699. Detroit: Gale, 2001. 340-342. GaleVirtual Reference Library. Web. 1 Dec. 2010.The impact of the first Great Wall continues to be researched and discussed. Theimperial system initiated during the Qin dynasty set a pattern that was to developover the next two millennia. Steeped in myth and legend the history of the GreatWall of Qin became a rich legacy and a blueprint for subsequent generations ofChinese people.Though much of this first Great Wall has disappeared as a result of centuries ofnatural and human-inflicted damage, remains of compressed earth, sand, andstones can be seen. The second "ten-thousand li long wall" was built during the HanDynasty, the third was built by the Jin Dynasty that made peace with the Mongolinvaders, and the fourth was built by the Ming Dynasty beginning in 1368. This Document 7Source: Part 2: Asia: ASIA--A Brief History.” Africa & Asia Resource (2004): 58. MiddleSearch Plus. EBSCO. Web. 7 Dec. 2010.Dominating the eastern region, China has been the center of worldcivilization for over 3000 years. Ruled by various feudal kings forcenturies, China established an empire in 221 BCE under the QinDynasty.
Document 8Source: "Great Wall of Chinas strength comes from sticky rice." The Telegraph .Web. 10 Dec 2010. <http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/china/7785842/Great-Wall-of-Chinas-strength-comes-from-sticky-rice.html>. Document 9
Source: "Qin dynasty." Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online School Edition. Encyclopædia Britannica, 2010. Web. 1 Dec. 2010. <http://www.school.eb.com/eb/ article-9024119>. “These harsh methods, combined with the huge tax levies needed to pay for their construction projects and wars, took their toll, and rebellion erupted after Shihuangdis death in 210 BC. In 207 the dynasty was overthrown and, after a short transitional period, was replaced by the Han Dynasty (206 BC–AD 220).” Document 10Source: Bentley, Jerry. Traditions Encounters: A Global Perspective on the Past . 3rd ed. . NewYork, NY: The McGraw-Hill, 2006. 1167. Print. “During the early days of the Han dynasty, Li Bang attempted to follow a middlepath between the decentralized network of political alliances of the Zhou dynasty andthe tightly centralized state of the Qin. Zhou decentralization encouraged politicalchaos, he thought, because regional governors were powerful enough to resist theemperor and pursue their own ambitions. Liu Bang thought that Qin centralizationcreated a new set of problems however, because it provided little incentive for imperialfamily members to support the dynasty.” PromptUsing the documents, analyze similarities and differences of the Qin and the HanDynasty’s cultural influences in China. Identify an additional type of document andexplain how it would help in assessing China’s actions and reactions.
Historical Background: Both the Qin and the Han Dynasty helped construct the GreatWall of China between 220 and 206 B.C. The wall was a center of economical andpolitical trade, but also many cultural factors were gained and lost because of this wall.