1830s-1850s Period Presentation Erin Nitschke & Tracie Pollard
Heavily influenced by romanticism from the 1820s through the mid-1840s.
Women’s clothing typically had large sleeves, full conical skirts, and a low waist.
Men’s clothing included cotton or line shirts with tall collars, coats with tightly cinched waists, and full length trousers with fly front closures.
Music, Theatre, Entertainment 1850s – Minstrel music, piano music, picnics 1830s – Ballets, circus menageries, and horse shows, 1840s – Quickstep and Polka were popular dances. The first American opera, Leonara, written by William Henry Fry, leisure time, horse racing
Art Natural landscapes were popular in the 1830s. Panorama-type paintings became popular in the 1840s.
Art Lithographs were a trend in the 1850s
Andrew Jackson – 1829-1837
U.S. became debt free (briefly) for the only time in history.
The Specie Circular ordered that gold and silver were the only currency acceptable for the purchase of federal lands, issued on July 11.
Jackson signs Treaty of New Echota with unrecognized leaders of Cherokee Nation, which allows him to force the Cherokees to move to land in what is now Oklahoma. 4,000 Native Americans die on this journey, also known as the Trail of Tears.
Martin Van Buren – 1837-1841
Banks closed in Philadelphia and New York City on May 10. This was the beginning of the Panic of 1837. The depression that followed would last throughout Van Buren's term.
Continuation of forced relocation of the Cherokee people, which started under Andrew Jackson. 4,000 Native Americans die on the journey known as the Trail of Tears.
John Tyler – 1841-1845
Tyler's cabinet resigned after he vetoed banking bills supported by the Whigs.
Far East opened to U.S. traders after a treaty with China signed.
Texas annexed followed by war with Mexico.
James Polk – 1845-1849
A large crack in the Liberty Bell proves too large to permit the bell to be rung any more.
Dispute with Britain over the Oregon Territory settled. Both nations get a part of the territory.
Treaty of 1848 with Mexico gave the U.S. control over California, New Mexico, Arizona, Nevada, Utah and parts of Colorado and Wyoming.
Gold discovered in California in December.
Millard Fillmore – 1850-1853
Congress passed the Compromise of 1850 and Fugitive Slave Act in September.
Franklin Pierce – 1853-1857
Treaty with Japan negotiated by Commodore Matthew Perry
James Buchanan – 1857-1861 Notable Events Only president to never marry. Sectionalism realigned political parties – Democrats split, Whigs were destroyed, giving rise to Republicans. Dred Scott decision
Abolitionists organizations increased
Abolitionists organized the Underground Railroad
William Lloyd Garrison
American Anti-Slavery Society newspaper
Angelina and Sarah Grimke
Southern white women
American Slavery As It Is
Angelina refused to obey her husband
during their wedding ceremony
African American Leader
Traveled to preach about slavery and women’s rights
Impressed audiences with her speeches
Freed 300 slaves
Made 19 trips in 10 years
Freed her 70 year old parents
Known as “Moses”
Reward of $40,000 for her return
Died 1913-Auburn, New York
Defend their right to speak in public
Inspired by women abolitionists
Women were more active in leading reform
Women’s Rights cont.
Seneca Falls Convention
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
First public meeting in the U.S.
July 19, 1848
Declaration of Sentiments
Declaration of Sentiments
Social injustice toward women
Declaration of Independence language
18 charges against men
Women’s Rights Leaders
Susan B. Anthony
“ No woman could be free without a purse of her own”