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Lymphatic and immune system


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  • 1. Lymphatic and Immune System By Tracy Polk
  • 2. Hives
    • Hives (medically known as urticaria) are swollen red or pink bumps, patches, or welts on the skin that usually appear suddenly.
    • Symptom: Itching is the most common symptom associated with hives.
  • 3. Causes of Hives
    • While an allergic reaction can be a cause of hives, in the majority outbreaks, the exact cause of hives is not known. Individual hives usually last no longer than 24 hours. Hives are very common. Although they can be annoying, they usually resolve on their own.
  • 4. Nosocomial
    • It originating or taking place in a hospital, acquired in a hospital, especially in reference to an infection. The term “nosocomial” comes from two Greek word: “nosus” meaning “disease” + “komeion” meaning “to take care of”. Hence, “nosocomial” should apply to any disease contracted by a patient while under medical care. However, “nosocomial” has been whiltled down over the years and now just refers to hospitals- it is now synonymous with hospital- acquired. Nosocomial infections are ones that have been caught in a hospital.
  • 5. Nosocomial Continues
    • A nosocomial infection is specifically one that was not present or incubating prior to the patient being admitted to the hospital, but occurred within 72 hours after admittance to the hospital. Nosocomial infections are responsible for about 20,000 deaths in the U.S. per year.
    • Sites of nosocomial infections from most to least common: urinary tract, skin (especially burns), blood (bacterium), gastrointestinal tract, and central nervous system
  • 6. Nosocomial Prevention
    • Preventing nosocomial infection is universal precaution:
    • which starts with hand washing
    • hand washing
    • hand washing.
  • 7. Sarcoidosis
    • Sarcoidosis is a disease that results from a specific type of inflammation of tissues of the body. It can appear in almost any body organ, but it starts most often in the lungs or lymph nodes.
  • 8. Sarcoidosis Continues
    • Cause
    • The cause of sarcoidosis is unknown. The disease can appear suddenly and disappear. Or it can develop gradually and go on to produce symptoms that come and go, sometimes for a lifetime.
    • Symptoms
    • Shortness of breath (dyspena)
    • A cough that want go away
    • Skin rash
    • Red bumps (erythema nodosum) on the face, arms, or shins and inflammation of the eyes
  • 9. References
    • Black J.G.(1996).Microbiology Principles and Applications