Athens:
The Evolution of Democracy
Objectives
• Explain the political evolution of the city-
  state.
• Define “democracy”
Evolution of Democracy
• Athenians created a new type of
  government.
• Power in the hands of the people
• This is called...
Origins of Democracy
• Before the Dark Age, people were ruled by
  kings.
• Monarchy
Monarchy
“Only one person has all of
       the power”
Oligarchy
“Small group of nobles
sharing power equally.”
Democracy
“the people have the power”
Problems
• Some city-states grew so large it’s farmers
  could not grow enough food for the
  people.
• Angry
Bad Rulers
•   Rulers put these farmers
    into slavery and took
    their land.

•   Forced their power
Tyrant
• When a ruler takes power by force
• Single-handedly takes over.
• Some people supported tyrants.
 • Tyrants made ...
Athens Democracy
• 510
• People of Athens were upset with a ruler
  named Hippas
• Instead of replacing him with someone e...
Citizenship
Who Was a Citizen?
• Democracy in Athens was open to only
  citizens.
• Only a few people
• Who could be a citizen?
Athenian Citizens
• Men
• Over 18
• Only when his father was a citizen
• Later: a man could only be a citizen if
 • Father...
• 300,000 people living Athens
 • 45,000 were citizens
• Wives and children were not citizens.
 • 145,000 people
 • Women had no political rights.
Metics
• 35,000 residents
• Foreigners
• Came from other Greek city-states
• Traders, shopkeepers, craftsmen, bankers
• Co...
Slaves
• Many captured from war
• Could not vote or choose their own jobs
• Not allowed to have a family
• Some learned tr...
Population
 Adult Male
Citizens 15%



  Wives &
Children 48%


Metics 12 %


Slaves 25%
Athens
Athens
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Athens

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Athens

  1. 1. Athens: The Evolution of Democracy
  2. 2. Objectives • Explain the political evolution of the city- state. • Define “democracy”
  3. 3. Evolution of Democracy • Athenians created a new type of government. • Power in the hands of the people • This is called democracy • Governed by the people
  4. 4. Origins of Democracy • Before the Dark Age, people were ruled by kings. • Monarchy
  5. 5. Monarchy “Only one person has all of the power”
  6. 6. Oligarchy “Small group of nobles sharing power equally.”
  7. 7. Democracy “the people have the power”
  8. 8. Problems • Some city-states grew so large it’s farmers could not grow enough food for the people. • Angry
  9. 9. Bad Rulers • Rulers put these farmers into slavery and took their land. • Forced their power
  10. 10. Tyrant • When a ruler takes power by force • Single-handedly takes over. • Some people supported tyrants. • Tyrants made promises
  11. 11. Athens Democracy • 510 • People of Athens were upset with a ruler named Hippas • Instead of replacing him with someone else. • The people took control.
  12. 12. Citizenship
  13. 13. Who Was a Citizen? • Democracy in Athens was open to only citizens. • Only a few people • Who could be a citizen?
  14. 14. Athenian Citizens • Men • Over 18 • Only when his father was a citizen • Later: a man could only be a citizen if • Father • and Mother’s father
  15. 15. • 300,000 people living Athens • 45,000 were citizens
  16. 16. • Wives and children were not citizens. • 145,000 people • Women had no political rights.
  17. 17. Metics • 35,000 residents • Foreigners • Came from other Greek city-states • Traders, shopkeepers, craftsmen, bankers • Could not vote • or hold public office
  18. 18. Slaves • Many captured from war • Could not vote or choose their own jobs • Not allowed to have a family • Some learned trades • These people got paid • Eventually bought their freedom
  19. 19. Population Adult Male Citizens 15% Wives & Children 48% Metics 12 % Slaves 25%

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