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Judicial notes

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  • 1. Judicial Branch NotesJudicial Branch- Created by Judiciary Act of 1789- Responsible for the Federal Courts- US Supreme Court- 1 court- US Court of Appeals- 12 courts- Regulatory Commissions have exclusive jurisdiction- US District- Federal crimes tried here- 94 courts- Deals with:- Constitution- Federal laws- Maritime laws- Disputes between states- Citizens from different states- Ambassador cases- TreatiesJurisdiction- Original- Begins- Exclusive- Only- Concurrent- Shared by State and FederalImportant Cases- Tinker v. Des Moines- Wore black armbands as protest and were expelled- Violation of First Amendment- Lead to Texas v. Johnson; burned American flag as protest- Betts v. Brady- 8 to 1 decision- Swann v. Charlotte Mecklenburg Schools- Deals with segregation in schools- Went to District Court then to US Court of Appeal- Forbid the use of bussing to desegregate schools- Lead to the creation of magnet schools- Gideon v. Wainwright- Sues on the right to have an attorney- Unanimous vote he won- Remanded back to court and was found innocentTara Pawlyk Thursday, May 16, 2013 7:40:30 AM ET 04:0c:ce:d3:10:88
  • 2. - Marbury v. Madison- Supreme court didnʼt have jurisdiction to get his job back- Constitution is supreme law so if a law conflicts they can step in- Gave the Supreme Court the right to decide if law is constitutional- Lead to the case Worcester v. GeorgiaOpinions- Majority- 5 out of the 9 justices agree- Dissenting- 4 out of the 9 justices agree- Concurring- 1 agrees with majority but for different reasonsTara Pawlyk Thursday, May 16, 2013 7:40:30 AM ET 04:0c:ce:d3:10:88