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Chapter 19
 

Chapter 19

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    Chapter 19 Chapter 19 Document Transcript

    • Civics and Economics VocabularyChapter 19 - Section OneGoods- productsSimilarity/Difference:Sentence:Services- work performed for someone elseSimilarity/Difference:Sentence:Factors of Production- resources necessary to produce goods and servicesSimilarity/Difference:Sentence:Natural Resources- include actual surface land and water as well as fish, animals,forests, and mineral depositsSimilarity/Difference:Sentence:Labor- human resourcesSimilarity/Difference:Sentence:Capital- the manufactured goods used to make other goods and servicesSimilarity/Difference:Sentence:Entrepreneur- starts a new business, introduces new products, and improves processesSimilarity/Difference:Sentence:Gross Domestic Product (GDP)- is the total value, in dollars, of all the final goods andservices produced in a country during a single yearSimilarity/Difference:Sentence:Standard of Living- the quality of life based on the possession of necessities andluxuries that make life easierSimilarity/Difference:Sentence:Chapter 10 - Section TwoMarket- the free and willing exchange of goods and services between buyers andsellersSimilarity/Difference:Tara Pawlyk Friday, May 17, 2013 8:19:57 AM ET 04:0c:ce:d3:10:88
    • Sentence:Factor Market- the markets where productive resources are bought and soldSimilarity/Difference:Sentence:Product Market- markets where producers offer goods and ser- vices for saleSimilarity/Difference:Sentence:Productivity- efficient use of resourcesSimilarity/Difference:Sentence:Specialization- takes place when people, businesses, regions, or even countriesconcentrate on goods or services that they can produce better than anyone elseSimilarity/Difference:Sentence:Division of Labor- is breaking down a job into small tasks performed by different workersSimilarity/Difference:Sentence:Economic Interdependence- rely on others, and others rely on us, to provide goods andservicesSimilarity/Difference:Sentence:Capitalism- an economic system in which private citizens own and use the factors ofproduction in order to seek a profitSimilarity/Difference:Sentence:Free Enterprise- competition is allowed to flourish with a minimum of governmentinterferenceSimilarity/Difference:Sentence:Consumer Sovereignty- describe the consumer as the “king,” or ruler, of the market, theone who determines what products will be producedSimilarity/Difference:Sentence:Private Property Rights- we have the freedom to own and use, or dispose of, or throwaway, our own property as we choose as long as we do not interfere with the rights ofothersTara Pawlyk Friday, May 17, 2013 8:19:57 AM ET 04:0c:ce:d3:10:88
    • Similarity/Difference:Sentence:Competition- the struggle between buyers and sellers to get the best products at thelowest pricesSimilarity/Difference:Sentence:Profit- amount of money left over after all the costs of production have been paidSimilarity/Difference:Sentence:Profit Motive- the driving force that encourages individuals and organizations to improvetheir material well-beingSimilarity/Difference:Sentence:Voluntary Exchange- act of buyers and sellers freely and willingly engaging in markettransactionsSimilarity/Difference:Sentence:Laissez-faire Economics- “to let alone.”Similarity/Difference:Sentence:Tara Pawlyk Friday, May 17, 2013 8:19:57 AM ET 04:0c:ce:d3:10:88