Topic 7 The World of the NT (2) Canon

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Topic 7 The World of the NT (2) Canon

  1. 1. BIBS 215The Bible &ReligiousEducation
  2. 2. 2The New Testament Canon
  3. 3. •Why do we havefour gospels?•There are othergospels - Whatare they like?•Should we readthem?•Why arent theyin the NT?
  4. 4. •What happened toPaul’s letter tothe Laodiceans(Col 4.16)?•Or the “previous”letter he wrote tothe Corinthians(1 Cor 5.9) ?•What would happenif they were foundtoday?
  5. 5. The New Covenantcommonly calledThe NewTestamentof our Lord and SaviorJesus ChristNew Revised Standard Version❦
  6. 6. Overall composition•a libraryDocuments•same length?•natural groupings?Authorship•one writer or several?Purpose•what occasions sparked theircreation?•to whom are they addressed?
  7. 7. 27 differentdocuments:4 GospelsActsRevelationHebrews20 letters
  8. 8. 27 differentdocuments:=“canon”kanon (reed)
  9. 9. Other Christian writings:•Gospel of Thomas•Gospel of Mary•Acts of Paul & Thelca•Epistle of Barnabus•Third Letter to theCorinthians•Shepherd of Hermas
  10. 10. Formation of the Canon“Project Canon”:“Some of you will be OUT -Some of you will be IN.”
  11. 11. Formation of the Canon(1) This did not happen overnight(2)It was a complex process
  12. 12. Formation of the Canon50-60CE 367CEPaul writes letters . . . . “scripture”
  13. 13. Formation of the Canonc30CEJesus’ ministry . . . . (proclamation)kerygmaeyewitnessesoral traditioneschatological
  14. 14. Formation of the Canonc50CEPaul’s ministry . . . . 1 ThessGalatians1 & 2 CorinthiansCol 4.162 Peter 3.15f
  15. 15. Formation of the CanonC50-100CEEarly church . . . Death of eyewitnessesGospel of MarkLuke 1.1-2MatthewJohn
  16. 16. Formation of the CanonC50-150CE(1) Technology issues . . .ScrollsCodex
  17. 17. Formation of the CanonC50-150CE(2) Heretical forms of Christianity ...gnostics
  18. 18. Formation of the Canon144CEMarcion . . .No OT10 of Paul’s lettersLuke’s gospel(3.1a, 4.31ff)
  19. 19. Formation of the Canonc150CEChurch Responds . . .OT important4 GospelsActs13 letters
  20. 20. Formation of the Canonc200CEMuratorian Canon . . .4 GospelsActs13 of Paul’s lettersJude and 1 & 2 JohnJohn’s & Peter’s ApocalypseWisdom of Solomon(Shepherd of Hermas)BUT NOT:Peter’s letters, 3 JohnHebrews & James
  21. 21. Formation of the Canon3-4thCenturiesPersecution . . .
  22. 22. Formation of the Canon367CEAthanasius . . .“canon”27 booksALSO USED:3 CorinthiansShepherd of Hermas1 Clement
  23. 23. Formation of the Canon“Project Canon”:“Some of you will be OUT -Some of you will be IN.”Criteria for Judging:ApostolicityCatholicityOrthodoxy
  24. 24. Formation of the Canon(1) ApostolicityauthorshipHebrews?Gospel of Peter?Shepherd of Hermas
  25. 25. Formation of the Canon(2)Catholicityusage by the Church(east and west)Shepherd of Hermas1 ClementHebrews
  26. 26. Formation of the Canon(3) OrthodoxyconformityRevelationLuther on Jamesgnostic gospels
  27. 27. Formation of the CanonKey Point:Authorityprecededcanonicityproject_runway.jpg
  28. 28. • What if we found a lost letter of Paul’s?• Issue of “canon within canon”• Tension or harmony between the books?

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