Duff Chapter 14 Participles (1)

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Duff Chapter 14 Participles (1)

  1. 1. Today ... Revision of Ch 7 Participles (in English) Examples in Greek 14.1 Practice Chapter 14 Earliest known copy of Matthew of any of the known Coptic MSS c. 325-350
  2. 2. Revision Nouns = case, number, gender, lexical form, meaning
  3. 3. Revision Case = Number = Gender = Nouns = case, number, gender, lexical form, meaning
  4. 4. Revision Case = nominative, accusative, genitive, dative, (vocative) Number = singular, plural Gender = masculine, feminine, neuter Nouns = case, number, gender, lexical form, meaning
  5. 5. Revision Verbs = person, number, tense, voice, mood, lexical form, meaning
  6. 6. Revision Verbs = person, number, tense, voice, mood, lexical form, meaning Person = Number = Tense = Voice = Mood =
  7. 7. Revision Verbs = person, number, tense, voice, mood, lexical form, meaning Person = 1st, 2nd, 3rd Number = singular, plural Tense = present, future, imperfect, aorist, perfect, pluperfect Voice = active, middle, passive Mood = indicative, imperative, subjunctive, infinitive, and participle
  8. 8. Participles “Verbal Adjective” One of THE most characteristic features of NT Greek! Very common and very important!
  9. 9. Participles “Verbal Adjective” One of THE most characteristic features of NT Greek! Very common and very important! Like a verb, they have tense and voice:
  10. 10. Participles “Verbal Adjective” One of THE most characteristic features of NT Greek! Very common and very important! Like a verb, they have tense and voice: (present, aorist, perfect; active, middle, passive)
  11. 11. Participles “Verbal Adjective” One of THE most characteristic features of NT Greek! Very common and very important! Like a verb, they have tense and voice: (present, aorist, perfect; active, middle, passive) Like an adjective, they have case, number, gender:
  12. 12. Participles “Verbal Adjective” One of THE most characteristic features of NT Greek! Very common and very important! Like a verb, they have tense and voice: (present, aorist, perfect; active, middle, passive) Like an adjective, they have case, number, gender: (nom, acc, gen, dat; s, pl; masc, fem)
  13. 13. Participles They depend on a main verb; they express meaning in relation to that verb After eating, the Greek teacher gave us the exam.
  14. 14. Participles They depend on a main verb; they express meaning in relation to that verb After eating, the Greek teacher gave us the exam. Main Verbtells us something about that main verb
  15. 15. Participles They depend on a main verb; they express meaning in relation to that verb While studying, the student fell asleep.
  16. 16. Participles They depend on a main verb; they express meaning in relation to that verb Main Verbtells us something about that main verb While studying, the student fell asleep.
  17. 17. Participles Present Tense = action is simultaneous, continuous “while, as” Aorist = action is undefined OR occurred before “when, after” After eating, the Greek teacher gave us the exam. While studying, the student fell asleep.
  18. 18. Participles Modifies a noun or pronoun - the subject or object After eating, the Greek teacher gave us the exam. While studying, the student fell asleep.
  19. 19. Participles Modifies a noun or pronoun - the subject or object After eating, the Greek teacher gave us the exam. Subject
  20. 20. Participles Modifies a noun or pronoun - the subject or object While studying, the student fell asleep. Subject
  21. 21. Participles Modifies a noun or pronoun - the subject or object I saw two keruru sitting in a tree.
  22. 22. Participles Modifies a noun or pronoun - the subject or object I saw two keruru sitting in a tree. Main Verb tells us something about that main verb
  23. 23. Participles Modifies a noun or pronoun - the subject or object I saw two keruru sitting in a tree. ObjectMain Verb tells us something about that main verb
  24. 24. Participles Can have its own object or modifiers. After eating her breakfast, the Greek teacher gave us the exam. While studying diligently, the student fell asleep. I saw two keruru sitting in a tree.
  25. 25. Participles Agrees with the noun/pronoun it is qualifying. I saw two keruru sitting in a tree.
  26. 26. Participles Agrees with the noun/pronoun it is qualifying. I saw two keruru sitting in a tree. Participle subject of the sentence object of the sentence Is this modifying the subject or the object?
  27. 27. Participles Agrees with the noun/pronoun it is qualifying. I saw two keruru sitting in a tree. Participle subject of the sentence object of the sentence It is modifying the object = neuter, plural, acc
  28. 28. Participles Agrees with the noun/pronoun it is qualifying. After eating her breakfast, the Greek teacher gave us the exam.
  29. 29. Participles Agrees with the noun/pronoun it is qualifying. After eating her breakfast, the Greek teacher gave us the exam. subject of the sentence object of the sentence Participle Is this modifying the subject or the object?
  30. 30. Participles Agrees with the noun/pronoun it is qualifying. After eating her breakfast, the Greek teacher gave us the exam. subject of the sentence object of the sentence Participle It is modifying the subject = fem, sing, nom
  31. 31. Participles Agrees with the noun/pronoun it is qualifying. While studying diligently, the student fell asleep.
  32. 32. Participles Agrees with the noun/pronoun it is qualifying. While studying diligently, the student fell asleep. Participle subject of the sentence It is modifying the subject = masc/fem, sing, nom
  33. 33. Participles If you can identify the gender, number, and case, you can see which noun it is qualifying. She saw them while studying.
  34. 34. Participles If you can identify the gender, number, and case, you can see which noun it is qualifying. She saw them while studying. Participle
  35. 35. Participles If you can identify the gender, number, and case, you can see which noun it is qualifying. She saw them while studying. ParticipleParticiple = nom, fem, sing = “she” Participle = acc, masc, plural = “them” Would need to clarify in English!
  36. 36. Participles She saw them while studying. Would need to clarify in English! She saw them while she was studying. She saw them while they were studying.

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