Smart Archives - the Brave New Semantic World
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Smart Archives - the Brave New Semantic World

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This is a presentation about the utilisation of the "smart content paradigm" in digital archives and collections. The talk was given at the expert workshop “The Scent of Information” (at the Art ...

This is a presentation about the utilisation of the "smart content paradigm" in digital archives and collections. The talk was given at the expert workshop “The Scent of Information” (at the Art University in Linz, Austria on February 13, 2009

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Smart Archives - the Brave New Semantic World Smart Archives - the Brave New Semantic World Presentation Transcript

  • Smart Archives The Brave New Semantic World Presentation at the Workshop “The Scent of Information” February 13-14, 2009 Art University / Audimax Kollegiumgasse 2, 4010 Linz Georg Güntner Salzburg Research Forschungsgesellschaft m.b.H. Jakob Haringer Straße 5/3 | 5020 Salzburg, Austria Credits to: Iron Maiden (2000) T +43.662.2288-DW | F +43.662.2288-222 georg.guentner@salzburgresearch.at www.salzburgresearch.at
  • Structure | Basic ideas about “Smart Archives” and the role of semantics | Case study: Smart Content Factory | Case study: Smart Media Archive | Case study: Live Staging of Media Events (LIVE) | Case study: Single Point of Access Semantic Media Repository Framework (SAMY) | Conclusions 17.03.2009 © Salzburg Research Forschungsgesellschaft 2009 (Georg Güntner). 2
  • Abstract | In his talk Georg Güntner will summarize personal experiences with knowledge-based approaches in rich media archives and collections. The presentation will be based on three recent research projects which are in different states of realization: “Smart Media Archives” developed a semantically-enhanced index for ORF’s (the Austrian Broadcasting Corporation) media archive. “LIVE Staging of Media Events” showed ways to combine external knowledge spaces with media clips in real-time. Finally, “SAMY” a project conducted in co-operation with LBI Linz and basis wien (a documentation centre for contemporary art) aims at the creation of a single point of access semantic media repository framework for cultural collections and archives. | Georg Güntner is head of the application area “Digital Media” at Salzburg Research and in this function also leads Salzburg NewMediaLab, a centre of excellence for applied research, combining approaches from multimedia content management, semantic technologies and social software to create new content structures and behavior, also denoted as “smart content”. 17.03.2009 © Salzburg Research Forschungsgesellschaft 2009 (Georg Güntner). 3
  • Context - Salzburg Research | Founded in 1996, Salzburg Research (SRFG) is the regional non-profit research organisation of the State of Salzburg | Salzburg Research is located at Techno-Z Salzburg which focuses on Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) | SRFG employs about 70 people, its turnover is 5,1 Mio. Euro (2008) | Thematic areas (ICT with a focus on new media) Knowledge and media management | Intelligent mobility | Educational innovation & Web technologies | IT-security and QoS-networks | eTourism and eInnovation | eCulture | | ICT is applied to application areas relevant to the region of Salzburg (culture, tourism, new media, learning) | The core activities include applied research, coordination and networking, know-how transfer and www.salzburgresearch.at market development 17.03.2009 © Salzburg Research Forschungsgesellschaft 2009 (Georg Güntner). 4
  • Context - Salzburg NewMediaLab | Salzburg NewMediaLab (SNML) is the Austrian Centre of Excellence in the area of digital content engineering (type of research: application oriented; 2003-2009) Multimedia content management | Semantic technologies | Social software | Knowledge technologies | | Based on public-private partnership; funding partners: Austrian Ministry for Economic Affairs, State of Salzburg | Cooperative research projects including 6 www.newmedialab.at industrial partners and 5 research organisations | Co-ordinator and legal representative of SNML: Salzburg Research 17.03.2009 © Salzburg Research Forschungsgesellschaft 2009 (Georg Güntner). 5
  • Economic Drivers for “Smart Archives” | The markets: Corporate, community based & personal audiovisual collections | (archives, libraries): spanning from YouTube to the Austrian National Library Media producers: broadcasters, film and games industry | Learning applications, industrial applications | „Embedded publishers“, “Embedded archives” | Media analysts | | The „prosumer crisis“ as a driving factor: Consumers become producers | Content production gets easier: The amount of manageable assets | explodes. Professional content production is expensive: re-use is mandatory | Solutions of the prosumer crisis depend heavily on improvements of | the search and retrieval process Bridge the semantic gap! Be visionary! 17.03.2009 © Salzburg Research Forschungsgesellschaft 2009 (Georg Güntner). 6
  • Vision – „Smart Content Factory“ 17.03.2009 © Salzburg Research Forschungsgesellschaft 2009 (Georg Güntner). 7
  • The Ingedients of Smart Archives | Content – The “archive” | Domain model (internal and increasingly external sources) | Intelligent content model (smart content) User | Applications to manage, Information Conceptua- Topic browse and Object lisation visualize Content archival content 17.03.2009 © Salzburg Research Forschungsgesellschaft 2009 (Georg Güntner). 8
  • Domain Ontologies – an Example Musical Terminology Musical forms (e.g. synonyms, classification) (z.B. musical genres and forms) Musical facts (Instances: e.g. works, composers, titles) Geographic names (places, regions, districts, countries, areas) 17.03.2009 © Salzburg Research Forschungsgesellschaft 2009 (Georg Güntner). 9
  • Themen: Linked Open Data (oder “Web of Data”) by http://esw.w3.org/topic/SweoIG/ TaskForces/CommunityProjects/ LinkingOpenData 17.03.2009 © Salzburg Research Forschungsgesellschaft 2009 (Georg Güntner). 10
  • Smart Content | Definition: | The term denotes a concept for new type of digital content developed in the course of a strategic study for the European Commission (EP2010). Smart Content is designed to close the gap between the increasing ease of media creation and the requirement of personalized, context-driven content delivery and consumption. | The concept is based on “intelligent content models” combining content and knowledge by means of domain knowledge models and offering a set of facets to access not only content and metadata, but also describing its “behavior”. | http://ep2010.salzburgresearch.at/ 17.03.2009 © Salzburg Research Forschungsgesellschaft 2009 (Georg Güntner). 11
  • Themen Spivak’s “Future Web” © Nova Spivak 17.03.2009 © Salzburg Research Forschungsgesellschaft 2009 (Georg Güntner).
  • Case Study: Smart Content Factory | Vision: Development of a prototype of | a knowledge-based audiovisual archive and navigation system for TV, radio and online broadcasts Increasing the utilization of | audiovisual content repositories | Duration: 10/2003 - 09/2006 | Volume: 735.000 € | Efforts: 80 PM | Partners: ORF | X-Art ProDivision | Joanneum Research | Salzburg Research (co- | ordinator) http://scf.salzburgresearch.at/ 17.03.2009 © Salzburg Research Forschungsgesellschaft 2009 (Georg Güntner). 13
  • Navigation Principles in the Smart Content Factory SCF Results – Views 17.03.2009 © Salzburg Research Forschungsgesellschaft 2009 (Georg Güntner). 14
  • Video Summary View Developed by Joanneum Research (ActiveX- technology) Alternative view available developed by Salzburg Research (Javascipt- technology) 17.03.2009 © Salzburg Research Forschungsgesellschaft 2009 (Georg Güntner). 15
  • Case Study: Smart Media Archive | Vision: Management of corporate | media archives Opening archives for user | generated content (e.g. tell a story about an image) Meaningful relations between | archival content and user generated content Intelligent search and | navigation | Duration: 01/2006 - 12/2009 | Partners: mediamid digital services | Salzburg Research (co- | ordinator) 17.03.2009 © Salzburg Research Forschungsgesellschaft 2009 (Georg Güntner). 16
  • Article Annotations and meta information Rating A „story“: UGC (Wiki-like style) Thesaurus (topics) Case study: Smart Media Archive Related articles 17.03.2009 © Salzburg Research Forschungsgesellschaft 2009 (Georg Güntner). 17
  • Production support in the area of interactive multistream TV shows (a challenge for ipTV – www.ist-live.org) 17.03.2009 © Salzburg Research Forschungsgesellschaft 2009 (Georg Güntner). 18
  • Intelligent Media Framework - Modelling the Staging Domain | Automatic annotators | Human annotators | Editor | Video conductor Event | Consumer Intelligent User Content Content Model | Content Staging formats | Stream profiles | Stream interrelation | Audience profile Production Archive 17.03.2009 © Salzburg Research Forschungsgesellschaft 2009 (Georg Güntner). 19
  • Production Environment: IMF Message Console 17.03.2009 © Salzburg Research Forschungsgesellschaft 2009 (Georg Güntner). 20
  • Case Study: SAMY Single Point of Access Semantic Media Repository Framework | Objectives Design, implementation and evaluation of a framework for (media) art | archives based upon | an asset management system, and und | the management of ontology-based semantic metadata in an RDF triple store Access to these metadata via a „Single Point of Access“ | | Duration: 07/2003(*) - 12/2009 (*) The project has been conducted by LBI earlier | Partners: LBI Medien.Kunst.Forschung. | Basis Wien | Salzburg Research (co-ordinator) | 17.03.2009 © Salzburg Research Forschungsgesellschaft 2009 (Georg Güntner). 21
  • SAMY: Domain Model and Architecture | The SAMY ontology comprises the following main concepts (domain model), e.g. Asset | Team | Community | Material | Person | Award | Role | Event | Work-Project | Version | SAMY - architectural layers 17.03.2009 © Salzburg Research Forschungsgesellschaft 2009 (Georg Güntner). 22
  • Conclusions: A “Recipe” for Smart Archives | Use existing content (URIs) | Define the scope of your application | Define an appropriate content model Is the content invariant to the semantic approach? Must the | structures change? | Integrate existing information sources Production metadata (speakers, editing), archival data, | playout systems, EPGs Consider creating links to other sources | | Test metadata extraction tools | Consider metadata annotation Is social tagging an alternative? | | Define an appropriate domain knowledge model Scope, expressiveness, acceptance | | Implement the semantic indexing process | Integrate the system in the production / archiving workflow 17.03.2009 © Salzburg Research Forschungsgesellschaft 2009 (Georg Güntner). 23
  • Modelling the Domain (Three Dimensions) Model Which parts of Scope semantics are modelled? How is the perspective of the ontology onto the knowledge of the users? Level of Expressiveness What kind of semantics is used? Model What kind of semantics are required to Acceptance fulfil requirements? What are the user communities using the ontology? Which communities accept the ontology? © DynamOnt Austrian research project FIT-IT Semantic Systems Programm (2005 – 2007) 17.03.2009 © Salzburg Research Forschungsgesellschaft 2009 (Georg Güntner).
  • Kontakt | Information www.salzburgresearch.at | www.newmedialab.at | www.ist-live.org | www.importnet-project.org | ikewiki.salzburgresearch.at | www.kiwi-project.eu | scf.salzburgresearch.at | | Kontakt Salzburg Research Güntner Georg | Jakob Haringer Straße 5/III T: +43.662.2288.400, M: +43.664.2807149 A-5020 Salzburg georg.guentner@salzburgresearch.at Austria/Österreich Fax: +43.662.2288.222 17.03.2009 © Salzburg Research Forschungsgesellschaft 2009 (Georg Güntner). 25