TALKING ABOUT THE  FUTURE
<ul><li>1. TO BE GOING TO:  </li></ul><ul><li>plans or intentions </li></ul><ul><li>prediction from evidence </li></ul><ul...
<ul><li>1. TO BE GOING TO + INFINITIVE </li></ul><ul><li>Peter  is going to learn  Chinese </li></ul><ul><li>We  are not g...
A. TO EXPRESS PLANS OR INTENTIONS… <ul><li>I’m going to visit my family in New York </li></ul><ul><li>Carol is going to st...
B. PREDICTION FROM THE SITUATION: something we see is going to happen, it’s evident <ul><li>Careful! You’re going to fall!...
<ul><li>It’s going to rain </li></ul>
<ul><li>Look out! You’re going to crash into that tree! </li></ul>
2. WILL + INFINITIVE (WITHOUT TO) <ul><li>They’ll leave tomorrow </li></ul><ul><li>They will leave tomorrow </li></ul><ul>...
A. PREDICTIONS: What you think will happen <ul><li>Jim will (probably) pass all his exams </li></ul><ul><li>(I think) I’ll...
<ul><li>It will be sunny in most of Spain tomorrow </li></ul>
<ul><li>You’ll get married to a millionaire </li></ul>
<ul><li>There won’t be any lessons today.  </li></ul>
B: MEETINGS, PROMISES <ul><li>Meetings: I’ll see you outside the cinema at 19.30 </li></ul><ul><li>Promises: I’ll give you...
C. DECISIONS OF THE MOMENT <ul><li>Waiter: what would you like?  </li></ul><ul><li>Customer:  I’ll have  chicken, please <...
D. REFUSING <ul><li>Come here! </li></ul><ul><li>No, I won’t </li></ul><ul><li>Apologize to your mother! </li></ul><ul><li...
3. PRESENT CONTINUOUS: FUTURE USE <ul><li>My parents are buying me a bike for my birthday (I’m sure about this) </li></ul>...
TO BE GOING TO:   <ul><li>A. PLAN:  </li></ul><ul><li>Are you going to the cinema this evening?  </li></ul><ul><li>No, I’m...
WILL + INFINITIVE <ul><li>A. PROMISE </li></ul><ul><li>You haven’t done your homework, where is it?  </li></ul><ul><li>I’l...
3. TO BE+ ING <ul><li>ARRANGEMENTS AND PLANS </li></ul><ul><li>I’m having a party= I’m going to have a party </li></ul><ul...
EXERCISES
<ul><li>Oh, my God, I think he …(fall) </li></ul><ul><li>Oh, my God, I think he is going to fall </li></ul>
<ul><li>Hurry up! We …(miss) the bus </li></ul><ul><li>Hurry up! We are going to miss the bus </li></ul>
<ul><li>I…(be) back! </li></ul><ul><li>I’ll be back </li></ul>
<ul><li>I …(not eat) it </li></ul><ul><li>I won’t eat it! </li></ul>
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Future

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Future

  1. 1. TALKING ABOUT THE FUTURE
  2. 2. <ul><li>1. TO BE GOING TO: </li></ul><ul><li>plans or intentions </li></ul><ul><li>prediction from evidence </li></ul><ul><li>2. WILL + INFINITIVE </li></ul><ul><li>meetings and appointments </li></ul><ul><li>promises </li></ul><ul><li>decisions of the moment </li></ul><ul><li>refusing </li></ul><ul><li>3. BE + ING </li></ul><ul><li>arrangements (sure plans) </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>1. TO BE GOING TO + INFINITIVE </li></ul><ul><li>Peter is going to learn Chinese </li></ul><ul><li>We are not going to stop </li></ul><ul><li>When are you going to phone me? </li></ul>
  4. 4. A. TO EXPRESS PLANS OR INTENTIONS… <ul><li>I’m going to visit my family in New York </li></ul><ul><li>Carol is going to study in France </li></ul><ul><li>He’s going to stop eating chocolate </li></ul><ul><li>Claire isn’t going to cook dinner </li></ul><ul><li>Are you going to take your umbrella? </li></ul>
  5. 5. B. PREDICTION FROM THE SITUATION: something we see is going to happen, it’s evident <ul><li>Careful! You’re going to fall! </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>It’s going to rain </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Look out! You’re going to crash into that tree! </li></ul>
  8. 8. 2. WILL + INFINITIVE (WITHOUT TO) <ul><li>They’ll leave tomorrow </li></ul><ul><li>They will leave tomorrow </li></ul><ul><li>(Also: I shall leave, we shall leave = formal) </li></ul><ul><li>I won’t be at school tomorrow </li></ul><ul><li>I will not be at school tomorrow </li></ul><ul><li>Will the shop open on Christmas day? </li></ul>
  9. 9. A. PREDICTIONS: What you think will happen <ul><li>Jim will (probably) pass all his exams </li></ul><ul><li>(I think) I’ll be late tonight </li></ul><ul><li>It will rain tomorrow </li></ul><ul><li>I’ll see you for lunch </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>It will be sunny in most of Spain tomorrow </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>You’ll get married to a millionaire </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>There won’t be any lessons today. </li></ul>
  13. 13. B: MEETINGS, PROMISES <ul><li>Meetings: I’ll see you outside the cinema at 19.30 </li></ul><ul><li>Promises: I’ll give you the money tomorrow </li></ul><ul><li>Promises: I won’t forget </li></ul>
  14. 14. C. DECISIONS OF THE MOMENT <ul><li>Waiter: what would you like? </li></ul><ul><li>Customer: I’ll have chicken, please </li></ul>
  15. 15. D. REFUSING <ul><li>Come here! </li></ul><ul><li>No, I won’t </li></ul><ul><li>Apologize to your mother! </li></ul><ul><li>No, I won’t </li></ul>
  16. 16. 3. PRESENT CONTINUOUS: FUTURE USE <ul><li>My parents are buying me a bike for my birthday (I’m sure about this) </li></ul><ul><li>I’m going to the doctor’s on Friday (It’s a fixed arrangement) </li></ul><ul><li>‘ What are you doing tomorrow?’ ‘I’m staying at home and studying’ </li></ul><ul><li>VERY SIMILAR USE TO “BE GOING TO + INFINITIVE” </li></ul>
  17. 17. TO BE GOING TO: <ul><li>A. PLAN: </li></ul><ul><li>Are you going to the cinema this evening? </li></ul><ul><li>No, I’m going to do lots of things this evening. </li></ul><ul><li>B. INTENTION: </li></ul><ul><li>Are you going to play basketball tonight? </li></ul><ul><li>No, I don’t think so </li></ul><ul><li>C. EVIDENCE, PREDICTION FROM CLUES </li></ul><ul><li>It’s going to rain this afternoon ( e.g. it’s cloudy ) </li></ul>
  18. 18. WILL + INFINITIVE <ul><li>A. PROMISE </li></ul><ul><li>You haven’t done your homework, where is it? </li></ul><ul><li>I’ll do lots of work this evening </li></ul><ul><li>B. FORMAL PREDICTION </li></ul><ul><li>Here is the weather forecast; tomorrow it will rain in the afternoon </li></ul><ul><li>C. REFUSING </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Will you wash the floor?’ ‘No, I won’t’ </li></ul>
  19. 19. 3. TO BE+ ING <ul><li>ARRANGEMENTS AND PLANS </li></ul><ul><li>I’m having a party= I’m going to have a party </li></ul><ul><li>Jean is going to get her hair cut </li></ul><ul><li>Jean is having her hair cut next Tuesday. </li></ul>
  20. 20. EXERCISES
  21. 21. <ul><li>Oh, my God, I think he …(fall) </li></ul><ul><li>Oh, my God, I think he is going to fall </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>Hurry up! We …(miss) the bus </li></ul><ul><li>Hurry up! We are going to miss the bus </li></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>I…(be) back! </li></ul><ul><li>I’ll be back </li></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>I …(not eat) it </li></ul><ul><li>I won’t eat it! </li></ul>

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