Managing The Physical Environment 3Presentation Transcript
Managing the Physical Environment What are the effects of the growth of recreation and tourism? National Parks Case Study The Lake District MEDC
Lake District National Park
National Park was formed in 1951
North West England
1999 - 20 million visitors
Resident population of 40,000
Honeypot site – places with special appeal that attract large visitor numbers e.g. Lake Windermere (Lake District) MEDC
Why do people visit the Lake District?
Spectacular scenery including mountains, rivers and coasts
The area has good access with motorway links (M6)
There are many small attractive settlements e.g. Windermere and Grasmere
There is good opportunity for activity holidays including:
What are the effects of recreational development?
The most popular footpaths and lakeside and being eroded.
Local shops have been replaced by gift shops.
Overuse of the lakes causes pollution and conflict between users.
Demand for holiday homes pushes up local house prices.
Money from tourism helps the upkeep of the area.
Recreation and tourism creates many and direct and indirect jobs.
Tourism gives people the opportunity to experience and understand the environment.
Tourism gives a boost to many local industries.
How can recreational areas be managed? MEDC Close some of the roads to traffic Provide cheaper houses for local people Fence off more areas Put artificial surfaces on the most used footpaths Encourage people to use areas that are less busy Provide more car parks Restrict building in some areas How could the pressures on the area be reduced? Adopt stricter planning regulations
Advantages and disadvantages of management?
Reduction in pressure on honeypot areas
Less traffic congestion
Protection of the most valuable areas
Less unrestricted building
Reduction in the numbers of visitors
Fewer tourism related jobs
Local income decline
Less money for local service and environmental protection
How can the lakes be managed?
There has been a growth in leisure activities on the lakes in recent years and this has:
Increased the possibility of water pollution
Increased the rate of bank-side erosion
Created a problem between different groups of users (sailing/fishing/water skiing etc.)
Responses to this have been to:
Ban all water-based activities on some lakes
Zone lakes so that individual activities can only take place within specified zones
Impose speed limits e.g. Windermere
Lake Windermere: Honeypot
Attracts millions of visitors each year
10mph speed limit on Windermere came into force in 2005
It will allow smaller vessels such as sailing boats and kayaks to enjoy the lake safely, unhampered by the jetskis, water skiers and fast motor boats.
However many local businesses will lose money. Tourists bring jobs and money into the area but increase traffic congestion and have a significant environmental impact