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Lesson Two How Does England Fit Into

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  • 1. Lesson Two- How does England fit into the United Kingdom and the British Isles?
    • Aims:
    • An ability to locate England within the British Isles.
    • Knowledge of the four nations that make up the United Kingdom.
  • 2. Citizenship Criteria
    • Understanding the diverse nature of identity in Britain
    • Improving research skills
  • 3. S tarter- Look at the next two slides: The British Isles showing the three nations of Great Britain and the island of Ireland
  • 4. The United Kingdom is made up of four nations England, Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland. It does not include the Republic of Ireland.
  • 5. Starter Continued
    • Q: What are the names of the countries that make up Great Britain?
    • A: (on worksheet)
    • Q: How are the British Isles and the UK different?
    • A:
    •   Q: What are the names of the four countries that make up the United Kingdom?
    • A:
  • 6. Main Activity 1
    • In groups of four give each person a role as one of Wales, England, Scotland or Northern Ireland. Use the next four slides and your own knowledge to create a fact-file (on the worksheet) on each of the nations in the UK. Be ready to tell your group and the class what you have found out.
  • 7. Kingdom of England 48 million people http://www.woodlands-junior.kent.sch.uk/customs/questions/facts.htm
    • Capital = London
    • Language = English
    • Flower = Rose
    • Flag of Saint George
    • Heraldic Symbol = Three Lions
    • National Dish = Roast Beef
    • National Anthem = God Save the Queen or Land of Hope and Glory
  • 8. Principality of Wales 3 million people http://www.woodlands-junior.kent.sch.uk/customs/questions/facts.htm
    • Capital = Cardiff
    • Language = Welsh (20% speak it, 80% English)
    • Flower = Leek or Daffodil
    • National Dish = Welsh Cake or Bara Brith (fruit bread)
    • Heraldic Symbol = Red Dragon
    • Flag = Welsh Dragon
    • National Anthem = Land of My Fathers
  • 9. Kingdom of Scotland 6 million people http://www.woodlands-junior.kent.sch.uk/customs/questions/facts.htm
    • Capital = Edinburgh
    • Language = Scots Gaelic (5% speak it, 95% speak English)
    • Flower = Thistle
    • National Dish = Haggis
    • Heraldic Symbol = Lion Rampant
    • Flag of St Andrew
    • National Anthem = Flower of Scotland
  • 10. Province of Northern Ireland 1 million people http://www.fjiordlands.org/strngfrd/info.htm
    • Capital = Belfast
    • Language = Irish Gaelic (5%) Scots English (10%) English (100%)
    • Flower = Shamrock
    • Heraldic Symbol = Crowned Red Hand
  • 11. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland On the Royal Crest of the UK the lion represents England and the unicorn Scotland. Main Activity 2 Look at the next three slides
  • 12. United Kingdom Fact File
    • Official Name: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
    • Head of State: Queen Elizabeth II
    • Head of Government: Prime Minister Tony Blair
    • Population: 59.2 million (UN, 2003)
    • Capital: London
    • Major language: English
    • Major religion: Christianity
    • Life expectancy: 76 years (men), 81 years (women) (UN)
    • Monetary unit: 1 pound sterling = 100 pence
    • Main exports: Manufactured goods, chemicals, foodstuffs
    • GNI per capita: US $25,510 (World Bank, 2002)
    • Internet domain: .uk
    • International dialling code: +44
  • 13. Follow this weblink to find out facts about the physical Geography of the British Isles
    • http://www.ordnancesurvey.co.uk/oswebsite/freefun/geofacts/
    • Be ready to tell the class at least two interesting facts.
  • 14. Plenary
    • The United Kingdom is made up of four distinct nations and can be called multicultural. Due to our history of Empire we also have many other races living in the UK. It isn’t easy to say what being British means, other than being someone who is a subject of the Queen and a citizen of the UK. How would you define ‘British?’
  • 15. Homework
    • When people choose to move to the UK they can apply to become British Citizens. They take part in a citizenship ceremony where they swear allegiance to the Queen and swear to follow UK law. Do you think people born in the UK should have a citizenship ceremony when they reach 18? Why or why not?