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Understanding the diverse nature of identity in Britain
Improving research skills
S tarter- Look at the next two slides: The British Isles showing the three nations of Great Britain and the island of Ireland
The United Kingdom is made up of four nations England, Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland. It does not include the Republic of Ireland.
Q: What are the names of the countries that make up Great Britain?
A: (on worksheet)
Q: How are the British Isles and the UK different?
Q: What are the names of the four countries that make up the United Kingdom?
Main Activity 1
In groups of four give each person a role as one of Wales, England, Scotland or Northern Ireland. Use the next four slides and your own knowledge to create a fact-file (on the worksheet) on each of the nations in the UK. Be ready to tell your group and the class what you have found out.
Kingdom of England 48 million people http://www.woodlands-junior.kent.sch.uk/customs/questions/facts.htm
Capital = London
Language = English
Flower = Rose
Flag of Saint George
Heraldic Symbol = Three Lions
National Dish = Roast Beef
National Anthem = God Save the Queen or Land of Hope and Glory
Principality of Wales 3 million people http://www.woodlands-junior.kent.sch.uk/customs/questions/facts.htm
Capital = Cardiff
Language = Welsh (20% speak it, 80% English)
Flower = Leek or Daffodil
National Dish = Welsh Cake or Bara Brith (fruit bread)
Heraldic Symbol = Red Dragon
Flag = Welsh Dragon
National Anthem = Land of My Fathers
Kingdom of Scotland 6 million people http://www.woodlands-junior.kent.sch.uk/customs/questions/facts.htm
Capital = Edinburgh
Language = Scots Gaelic (5% speak it, 95% speak English)
Flower = Thistle
National Dish = Haggis
Heraldic Symbol = Lion Rampant
Flag of St Andrew
National Anthem = Flower of Scotland
Province of Northern Ireland 1 million people http://www.fjiordlands.org/strngfrd/info.htm
Capital = Belfast
Language = Irish Gaelic (5%) Scots English (10%) English (100%)
Flower = Shamrock
Heraldic Symbol = Crowned Red Hand
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland On the Royal Crest of the UK the lion represents England and the unicorn Scotland. Main Activity 2 Look at the next three slides
United Kingdom Fact File
Official Name: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Head of State: Queen Elizabeth II
Head of Government: Prime Minister Tony Blair
Population: 59.2 million (UN, 2003)
Major language: English
Major religion: Christianity
Life expectancy: 76 years (men), 81 years (women) (UN)
Monetary unit: 1 pound sterling = 100 pence
Main exports: Manufactured goods, chemicals, foodstuffs
GNI per capita: US $25,510 (World Bank, 2002)
Internet domain: .uk
International dialling code: +44
Follow this weblink to find out facts about the physical Geography of the British Isles
Be ready to tell the class at least two interesting facts.
The United Kingdom is made up of four distinct nations and can be called multicultural. Due to our history of Empire we also have many other races living in the UK. It isn’t easy to say what being British means, other than being someone who is a subject of the Queen and a citizen of the UK. How would you define ‘British?’
When people choose to move to the UK they can apply to become British Citizens. They take part in a citizenship ceremony where they swear allegiance to the Queen and swear to follow UK law. Do you think people born in the UK should have a citizenship ceremony when they reach 18? Why or why not?