Lesson 5 What Are All Those Lines


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Lesson 5 What Are All Those Lines

  1. 1. Lesson Five- What are all those lines on the world map? <ul><li>Aims: </li></ul><ul><li>An understanding of what lines of latitude and longitude are </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge of the location and impacts of the equator and prime meridian </li></ul>
  2. 2. Starter (answer on worksheet) <ul><li>      In your opinion what is a map? </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>      Why do we use maps? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Now look in mapzone click on homework help then mapability. Now click on starting mapping  <ul><li>http:// www.mapzone.co.uk / </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Is there anything you can add to your answers above? </li></ul>
  4. 4. Longitude and Latitude <ul><li>Now we’ve identified what a map is, let us learn about longitude and latitude. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>The globe has been covered in a grid, which makes finding places a lot easier. The lines go all the way around from left to right and from top to bottom. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Latitude and Longitude VAV 2004
  6. 6. Latitude and Longitude…. <ul><li>Latitude lines </li></ul><ul><li>run across the map </li></ul><ul><li>measured in degrees </li></ul><ul><li>north and south </li></ul><ul><li>of the Equator </li></ul><ul><li>they are parallel </li></ul><ul><li>decrease in length towards the Poles </li></ul><ul><li>Longitude lines </li></ul><ul><li>run up and down the map </li></ul><ul><li>measured in degrees </li></ul><ul><li>east and west </li></ul><ul><li>of the Greenwich Meridian </li></ul><ul><li>they converge at the Poles </li></ul><ul><li>they are all the same length </li></ul>
  7. 7. Important Lines of Latitude and Longitude
  8. 8. Equator Tropic of Cancer Tropic of Capricorn Arctic Circle Antarctic Circle 0 º 23 ½º 66 ½º 23 ½º 66 ½º North South 0 º Greenwich Meridian East West International Date Line 180 º Sun overhead 21 June Sun overhead 21 December Time goes ahead Time goes behind Sun does not rise on 21 Dec Sun does not rise on 21 June
  9. 9. Main Activity 1 – Questions (answer on worksheet) <ul><li>Lines that go around the world are called? </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Lines that go from top to bottom are called ? </li></ul>
  10. 10. Look at the following world map and fill in the equator and prime meridian (on worksheet):
  11. 11. Questions (answer on worksheet) <ul><li>The Equator is the O degree line of latitude. What changes as you go North or South of it? </li></ul><ul><li>The prime meridian is the O degree line of longitude. What changes as you run East or West of it? </li></ul>
  12. 12. Questions <ul><li>Lines of latitude and longitude are measured in_________  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Latitude lines are measured from ____ to ____, North and _______of the __________ </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Lines of longitude are measured from _____ to ______ East or West of the ___________. </li></ul>
  13. 14.   <ul><li>The following web page will help you answer the following: </li></ul><ul><li>www.nmm.ac.uk/site/navId / 00500300l005001002 </li></ul>
  14. 16. Plenary <ul><li>What are three main points you have learnt from today’s lesson? </li></ul><ul><li>Homework: </li></ul><ul><li>Where are the tropics and why are they hot? </li></ul>
  15. 17. Extension - Have a go at the following to check your understanding : Use the Internet to find out where the countries are, and the World maps above to help you with your Latitude and Longitude bearings. Countries Latitude Longitude   Australia           New Zealand           India             Canada           North America           Peru           Kenya           China           Japan