Lesson 4 Farming Systems

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  • 1. Systems Module Geography Lessons Lesson 4 Farming systems Aim- How does the farming system work?
  • 2. INPUTS Inputs are: Physical (climate, relief, soil) or Human (money,machines, labour) PROCESSES Ploughing Planting Weed & Pest Control Harvesting Silage/Grazing Shearing Milking
  • 3. OUTPUTS Outputs are: Crops or Animal Rearing and / or Products PROCESSES Ploughing Planting Weed & Pest Control Harvesting Silage/Grazing Shearing Milking
  • 4. Farming can be classified by Inputs, Processes or Outputs ARABLE, PASTORAL or MIXED INTENSIVE or EXTENSIVE SUBSISTENCE or COMMERCIAL
  • 5. Classification by INPUT
    • INTENSIVE farming – high levels of input producing a high yield per hectare.
    • Examples include, arable farming in East Anglia, England and rice farming in South East Asia.
    • EXTENSIVE farming – low levels of input producing a low yield per hectare.
    • Example, sheep farming in North Wales
  • 6. Classification by PROCESSES Arable vs. Pastoral
    • Arable
    • Growing and harvesting of crops
    Pastoral Specialise in rearing of animals Mixed Both pastoral and arable farming
  • 7. Classification by OUTPUT
    • SUBSISTENCE farming
    • Produce is consumed by the farmer, any surplus is usually sold to buy other goods
    • COMMERCIAL farming
    • The majority of produce is sold to make financial profit
  • 8. Task 1
    • Complete the following interactive activities
  • 9. Farming system
  • 10. Arable, pastoral or mixed?
  • 11. Commercial or subsistence?
  • 12. Farming system
  • 13. TASK 2
    • Complete the summary exercise in word document
  • 14.
    • Climate
    • Relief (shape of the land)
    • Soil type
    • Accessibility to the market and labour supply
    The main factors affecting the distribution of farming in the UK are: What effects the distribution of farming in the UK?
  • 15. FARMING IN THE UK Market Gardening involves intensive farming of high value fruit and salad vegetables in greenhouses
  • 16. FARMING IN THE UK Sheep and beef cattle are reared for wool and meat, mainly in upland areas
  • 17. FARMING IN THE UK Dairy Farming is the rearing of cows for milk, usually in flatter areas - good grass so lush pastures
  • 18. FARMING IN THE UK Arable Farming in the UK is mainly cereal crops, but also vegetables and animal feeds
  • 19. South Penquite Farm – a case study
  • 20. South Penquite Farm
    • South Penquite is a 80 hectare working hill farm situated high on Bodmin Moor in Cornwall.
    • The farm has a flock of 400 ewes and a herd of 60 cows as well as many horses, ponies, goats, donkeys and chickens.
  • 21. South Penquite Farm
  • 22.
    • The farm has achieved organic status under the guidance of the Soil Association.
    • It takes two years to convert the land over which time they have not used any pesticides or nitrogen fertilizers.
    South Penquite Farm
    • South Penquite started the conversion to becoming an organic farm in May 1999 and from June 2001 they have been able to offer organic beef and lamb.
  • 23.
    • The farm has diversified .
    • They offer a range of countryside holidays which include camping and horse riding. For the camping they have a limited number of pitches to minimize the impact on the environment. They also have facilities for field studies and opportunities for educational groups to learn about local environment.
    South Penquite Farm Riding Holidays Camping Field Studies
  • 24. Organic quiz!
  • 25. Task 3
    • Using the information from this case study farm, write a list of bullet point notes, based on what you have learnt about Organic farming
  • 26. Homework
    • In preparation for your next Geography lesson, you need to have researched ‘Organic Farming’ and ‘Intensive farming’ finding as much information as possible to either bring to the lesson or have a list of useful websites ready for the lesson.
    • Without doing this homework, you will jeopardise next lessons work and consequently your grade for the work