Changing City And Town Centres 1

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Changing City And Town Centres 1

  1. 1. Changing city and town centres How are town and city centre changing in MEDC’s?
  2. 2. How are cities changing? Land prices are increasing in city centres People are changing where the live, moving to the City and Suburbs Increased use of cars has an impact on city centres Pedestrianized central areas now common People are changing the way we travel, using more public transport People are changing the way we use cities, major cities are now open 24 hours
  3. 3. The CBD <ul><li>The land in urban areas is used for many different purposes: </li></ul><ul><li>Leisure and recreation may include open land, e.g. parks or built facilities such as sports centres </li></ul><ul><li>Residential - the building of houses and flats. </li></ul><ul><li>Transport - road and rail networks, stations and airports. </li></ul><ul><li>Business and commerce - the building of offices, shops and banks. </li></ul><ul><li>Industry - factories, warehouses and small production centres. </li></ul>The Central Business District ( CBD ) in the city centre is where most business and commerce is located.
  4. 4. The CBD <ul><li>The CBD is easily identified by the following features: </li></ul><ul><li>high/multi-storey buildings </li></ul><ul><li>expensive land values </li></ul><ul><li>shops are department stores </li></ul><ul><li>modern shopping malls and pedestrian precincts </li></ul><ul><li>cultural/historical buildings, museums and castles </li></ul><ul><li>offices, finance, banks, administration, town hall </li></ul><ul><li>bus and railway stations </li></ul><ul><li>multi-storey car parks </li></ul><ul><li>The CBD is located in the centre because it is: </li></ul><ul><li>a central location for road/railways to converge </li></ul><ul><li>the most accessible location for workers </li></ul><ul><li>accessible to most people for shops and businesses </li></ul>
  5. 5. Burgess Land use Model In the past geographers have tried to put together models of land use to show how a 'typical' city is laid out. One of the most famous of these is the Burgess or concentric zone model . This model is based on the idea that land values are highest in the centre of a town or city. This is because competition is high in the central parts of the settlement. This leads to high-rise, high-density buildings being found near the CBD , with low-density, sparse developments on the edge of the town or city, as in the diagram above.

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