1: Introduction Kopernik is an online marketplace connecting people in the developing world with innovative, life-changing technologies. Through Kopernik’s Fellowship programme, Michael Woon and Sally Bolton were deployed to work with Kopernik’s local partners, Centro Feto and FEEO in Oecusse, Timor-Leste. Michael and Sally worked closely with the representatives and staff members of Centro Feto and FEEO during their fellowship period (from November 2010 to June 2011). These are the results of their research on the impact of two of the technologies, solar lights and rollable water containers, that Kopernik helped disseminate.
About Oecusse, Timor-Leste Oecusse • Oecusse is an isolated enclave on the north coast of Timor, bordered by the Indonesian territory of West Timor. • Approximately 45% of Oecusse’s population of 67,000 live below the poverty line. • Almost every household in the enclave reports that there is at least one month each year when they do not have enough food to eat.
Project summary Objective Relieve the burden of carrying water for the women of East Timor Tech seeker Centro Feto Location Oecusse, Timor-Leste Tech Water and Sanitation category Technology 30 Q Drums and number Many women and children in Timorese households spend hours in fetching water. ThisProblems to be deprives them of more productive use of time, exposes them to threats and affects theirsolved health conditions.How can the D drum enables one person to carry over 50 litres of water in one trip, significantlytechnology solve reducing the time to transport water.the problemDistribution Q drum is sold at $10, by the staff of Centro Feto in the sub district of OsiloapproachProject budget $ 6,172
Assessment timeline: People were asked about changes after using Q drumfor 1.5 - 2 months 1.5- 2 months Baseline 2 months Post usage 23 Feb 2011 21-23 Dec 6 Feb 2011 23-30 March 2010 2011 First base Second base First post Second post line survey line survey usage usage (n=13) (n=17) survey survey (n=9) (n=21)
Characteristics of Q-Drum users Sex Age Male 3% Less than 25 yo 27% Over 56 yo 30% Female Between 97% Between 26-40 yo 41-55 yo 36% Mean: 40.6 yo 7% Median: 38.5 yo Standard Dev: 18.1 Household size Monthly household spending Less than Over $101 2 people 10% 7% Less than $20 Between 20% $51 and Between 3 $100 Over 6 and 5 27% Between people people $21-$50 57% 36% Mean: 5.6 43% Mean: $55.9 Median: 6 Median: $40 Standard Dev: 2.0 Standard Dev: 43Source: Kopernik/Centro Feto Survey 2010-2011
Before the introduction of the Q Drum, 66% of households used to spendmore than an hour each day collecting water. Since using the Q-Drum thisfigure has decreased to 36%. ‘How many hours do you spend collecting water each day?’1: How many hours do you spend to collect water per day? Before After Persons Persons Average time spent to collect water per day Less than 1 10 19 39% reduction hour Between 1 -2 8 5 1hour hours 21 minutes 50 minutes More than 2 12 6 hours Before AfterSource: Kopernik/Centro Feto Survey 2010-2011
Before the Q Drum, 92% were making more than one trip per day to collectwater. Since using the Q Drum, this number has decreased to 30%. ‘How many times do you collect water per day?’* Before After Persons Persons Average number of times to collect water per day (number)* 1 9 40% reduction once 2,1 times 9 4 twice 1.3 times 3 0 three times Before After * N=13 people for this question.Source: Kopernik/Centro Feto Survey 2010-2011
Before the Q Drum, multiple people collected water in 70% of households.After the Q Drum, the number of households that required more than oneperson to collect water dropped to 37% ‘How many family members collect water?’ Before After Average number of family Persons Persons members to collect water per day (person) 9 19 One member 29% reduction 10 8 Two members 2.07 person 1,47 person Three 11 3 members Before AfterSource: Kopernik/Centro Feto Survey 2010-2011
Before the Q Drum 73% of households had their children collect water.Since the Q Drum this figure dropped to 53% ‘How many children in your family collect water?’ Before After Persons Persons Average number of children to collect water per day (person) 9 14 No children 46% reduction 1.23 7 12 One child person 0.67 person 15 4 Two children Before AfterSource: Kopernik/Centro Feto Survey 2010-2011
プロジェクト概要１ Project summary Objective Lighting up Oecusse phase 1 Tech seeker Fundesaun Esperanza Enclave Oecusse (FEEO) Location Oecusse, Timor-Leste Tech Energy and Environment category Technology D.light’s S250 * 245 units and S10 * 718 units of Solar lights and number Problems to be 1% of the population in Oecusse have access to stable supply of electricity. On average solved households are spending $13 per month on kerosene for lighting. How can the The project distributes, through FEEO’s women’s self help groups, two types of solar technology solve lights at subsidized prices to the poor households in Oecusse. This is the first phase of the problem the Light-Up Timor-Leste project. Distribution S250 was sold at $10-$12, and S10 at $5-6. Lower prices are applied to the members of approach the self-help groups, and higher prices to the non- members. Project budget $23,101
Assessment timeline: People were asked about changes, after using solarlights for 2 - 4.5 months Baseline Post usage 18 - 28 Feb 2011 1-11 April 2011 15 -23 Jan 2011 3 March 2011 23-30 March 29 Dec 2010 8 Jan 2011 1 March 2011 2011 15 June 2011 First base Second base First post Second post Third post Fourth post Fifth post line survey line survey usage usage usage usage usage survey survey survey survey survey Third base Fourth base line survey line survey
Questionnaire respondents (N=55) Sex Age Less than 25 yo 2% Over 56 yo 7% Between Male 41-55 yo Between 44% 27% 26-40 yo Female 64% 56% Mean: 38.8 yo Median: 39 yo Standard Dev: 9.16 Household size Monthly household spending Less than 2 people Over $101 4% 18% Less than $20 Over 6 29% people Between 43% $21-$50 Between 3 Between and 5 $51 and 13% people $100 53% Mean: 5.2 40% Mean: $71 Median: 5 Median: $60 Standard Dev: 1.94 Standard Dev: 54.2Source: Kopernik/Centro Feto Survey 2010-2011 Source: Kopernik/FEEO Survey 2010-2011
Conventional means of lighting have been significantly (but not fully)replaced by solar lighting ‘What do you use for lighting?’ Before After Percent Percent Kerosene 94.5% lamp 25.5% Flash light 63.6% 23.6% Candle 16.4% 0% Gas light 9.1% 3.6%Source: Kopernik/FEEO Survey 2010-2011 Source: Kopernik/FEEO Survey 2010-2011
Even among the families still using kerosene lamps, their reliance on thissource of lighting has decreased ‘How many kerosene lamps do you use at home?’ # of kerosene lamps used at home # of kerosene lamps used at home (Before) (After) 100% = 52 households 100% = 13 households Invalid data 4 lamps 5 lamps 1 lamp 3 lamps 6 1.9 5.8 4.3 4.3 4 lamps 14 15.4 30.8 2 lamps 2 lamps 1 lamp 3 lamps 69.2 42Source: Kopernik/FEEO Survey 2010-2011
On average, over $13 has been saved per month, accounting for a 94%reduction in expenditure on lighting ‘How much do you spend on lighting per month?’ Histograms of monthly expenditure on Average monthly expenditure on lighting (n=48) lighting (n=48) USD USD 70 Median = 8 94% reduction 60 50 40 30 13.95 20 10 Median = 0 0.85 0 Before After Before AfterSource: Kopernik/Centro Feto Survey 2010-2011 Source: Kopernik/FEEO Survey 2010-2011
More children are studying at night, but not for longer…. ‘What do members of your family do at night?’ Number of families who answered Average number of hours spent on ‘study’ studying Families Hours 1 hour and 1 hour 43 30 and 35 minutes 12 minutes Before After Before AfterSource: Kopernik/FEEO Survey 2010-2011 Source: Kopernik/FEEO Survey 2010-2011
More families attend to agriculture/livestock related activities ‘What do members of your family do at night?’ Number of families who reported Average number of hours spent on agriculture/livestock related activities* these activities Families Hours 1 hour and 42 12 minutes 51 24 minutes Before After Before After * Including feeding pigs, putting goats into the pen, tying up the horses, putting chickens to sleepSource: Kopernik/FEEO Survey 2010-2011 Source: Kopernik/FEEO Survey 2010-2011
More families are spending more time on income generating activities ‘What do members of your family do at night?’ Number of families who reported Average number of hours spent on income generating activities* these activities Families Hours 2 hours and 1 hour 20 16 and minutes 30 8 minutes Before After Before After * Including weaving tais (traditional cloth), mats, baskets and ropesSource: Kopernik/FEEO Survey 2010-2011 Source: Kopernik/FEEO Survey 2010-2011
Annex: About the local partners• Centro Feto (Women’s Centre) is a non-government organisation (NGO) that works to combat domestic violence and advocate for the empowerment of women.• As well as providing a small refuge and counseling service for women and children suffering from domestic violence, Centro Feto works with the community and other NGOs to develop strategies to overcome domestic violence and promote gender equality.• Centro Feto implemented the Q Drum project.• FEEO is a Timorese non-government organisation (NGO) founded in October 2008. FEEO is based in Pantemakassar, the district capital of Oecusse, and works throughout the enclave to support rural development.• The director of FEEO, Merita de Jesus Marques, is from the Passabe sub-district of Oecusse and has extensive experience in the field of poverty reduction.• FEEO implemented the solar light project.