Work in the United States
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Work in the United States

on

  • 1,662 views

This presentation covers information on "Creating Effective Resumes" and "Mastering the Interview Skills." It was designed for a target audience consisting of International Graduate Business students. ...

This presentation covers information on "Creating Effective Resumes" and "Mastering the Interview Skills." It was designed for a target audience consisting of International Graduate Business students. The presentation includes various interactive exercises, supporting handouts and worksheets.

Presented at Santa Clara University, CA in October 2005.

Statistics

Views

Total Views
1,662
Views on SlideShare
1,662
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
1
Downloads
42
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment
  • Today we are going to cover the following areas
  • Want to make it an interactive session and not a lecture. We all have knowledge and experiences we can share. Lets break the ice by getting to know each other a little.
  • First round is just a quick round of introductions giving the information requested.
  • What would you like to hear / get from today’s presentation. Specify one area and what in that specifically. Eg. Resume, then what specifically in resumes are you eager to know about. I would like to write them out in a white board and let it stay there
  • To be done later, not at the work shop. Must print out and pass the resume worksheet to the students.
  • I would like to start by getting you familiar in how interviews take place in the U.S. What are the expectations of the interviewer etc. Having understood what an interview is like over here, I will proceed on talking to you about how to prepare for a successful interview. The presentation will then continue with a brief outline of the types of interviews I will then have some time for questions or concerns that you would have.
  • I would like to start by getting you familiar in how interviews take place in the U.S. What are the expectations of the interviewer etc. Having understood what an interview is like over here, I will proceed on talking to you about how to prepare for a successful interview. The presentation will then continue with a brief outline of the types of interviews I will then have some time for questions or concerns that you would have.
  • An interview is a two way process. An interviewer wants to find an outstanding candidate for the position or job as much as you want to find a fulfilling job. The interviewer needs to hire as much as you need to be hired. It helps to think of the process as one where both parties are hoping for a positive outcome There is no one “right” way to interview Interviewing is basically an unrehearsed conversation between two strangers that can result in the discussion taking as many different paths as there are people. For that reason it is very crucial to be comfortable with yourself. Every interview is unique The type of questions, the expectations and the outcome vary from interview to interview and you should look at each one separately. What may work in one may not necessarily find the same results in another.
  • In the US it is more than just skills and background information – you need to know yourself well, not just your strengths but also your weaknesses, what are you looking for in your career. Most important knowing all this but also being able to communicate it in a positive and convincing manner. Interview vary from country to country, for Eg. In some countries it is considered a very very formal and serious affair. Not to say it is not important in the United States, but it is ok here to have some informal conversation appropriately. It is a lot of preparation and work even for American students and so even more of a special challenge for international students, particularly with respect to culture. An american interview is not one which you can go to without preparation.
  • A handshake is very important and it has to be a firm handshake. It shows confidence on your side. Eye contact in this country is considered the most important non-verbal ques and shows self confidence and capability A warm smile gives a sense of friendliness and warmth to the situation – general impression of being a friendly person. Posture is very important – not slouching on the chair
  • It is important to feel confident and comfortable in what you wear. You can bring writing samples or portfolios with you. But make sure they are clean and good quality appearance and be prepared to leave them if necessary.
  • .
  • You want to present the highs and not the lows, you want to be confident but not arrogant, present enthusiasm and not doubt The American interviewer is looking for a strong individual who has a strong sense of self. Also some questions may not be very open ended, but it would not be appropriate for you to give yes or no answers. More information is necessary.
  • Activity to be done later at your time. Pass around Interview questions
  • Phone interviews can be very uncomfortable. Your oral communication skills become very important here.
  • The interviewer is not aware of your culture and values and have certain expectations of the people they interview. These expectation are largely unconcsious and it is important to be aware of their unconcious and culturally determined expectations in order to communicate effectively.
  • Re-visit the parking lot
  • I would like to start by getting you familiar in how interviews take place in the U.S. What are the expectations of the interviewer etc. Having understood what an interview is like over here, I will proceed on talking to you about how to prepare for a successful interview. The presentation will then continue with a brief outline of the types of interviews I will then have some time for questions or concerns that you would have.
  • I would like to start by getting you familiar in how interviews take place in the U.S. What are the expectations of the interviewer etc. Having understood what an interview is like over here, I will proceed on talking to you about how to prepare for a successful interview. The presentation will then continue with a brief outline of the types of interviews I will then have some time for questions or concerns that you would have.
  • I would like to start by getting you familiar in how interviews take place in the U.S. What are the expectations of the interviewer etc. Having understood what an interview is like over here, I will proceed on talking to you about how to prepare for a successful interview. The presentation will then continue with a brief outline of the types of interviews I will then have some time for questions or concerns that you would have.

Work in the United States Work in the United States Presentation Transcript

  • Work in the United States By Sejal Mehta
  • Agenda
    • Getting to know each other
    • Creating an Effective Resume
    • Mastering the Interview
    • Discussion / Q&A
  • Getting to Know Each Other
  • Ice Breaker
    • Lets Get to Know Each Other
        • Name
        • Program / Major
        • Expected Graduation
        • Your Home Country
        • Other
    • Why are you here today
        • Continued…..
  • Ice Breaker
    • Why are you here today
        • Resume
        • Interview
        • Job search in general
        • Other
    • Put them away in a “parking lot”
  • Creating an Effective Resume
  • Creating an Effective Resume
    • What do Employers really want in a Resume?
  • Creating an Effective Resume
    • Employers are looking for resumes that present the candidate’s qualifications, experience and achievements in a manner that is sharp, focused, upscale and aggressive. They want to see aggressiveness , boldness , but also honesty .
    • - Taken from Jobweb.com
  • Creating an Effective Resume
    • What is a Resume in the U.S.?
    • Contents of a Resume
    • Resume Check
    • Resume Design
  • What is a Resume?
    • Resume is a summary of:
      • Education
      • Skills
      • Accomplishments
      • Work Experience
      • Other Relevant Information
    • Means to market yourself with words
  • Preparing an Effective Resume
    • Contact Information
      • Name, Address, Phone Number, Email
      • Top of the resume
    • Objective / Summary Information
      • Tailor your objective to each employer
      • Be reasonably specific
  • Preparing an Effective Resume
    • Education
      • Most recent education listed first
      • University Name
        • Degree (B.S., M.S., MBA, etc)
        • Major / Minor
        • Expected Graduation
        • GPA
    • Experience
      • Most recent experience listed first
      • Company Name
      • Title, Dates and Location
      • Accomplishments / Achievements / Results
  • Preparing an Effective Resume
    • Other Relevant Information
      • Relevant courses taken
      • Volunteer work related to the job
      • Leadership Roles
      • Professional Organizations
    • References
      • Do not include names in your resume
      • “ References furnished upon Request”
  • Resume Check
    • Run it through Spell Check
    • Do a Grammar Review
    • Have it proof read by at least two people
  • Resume Design
    • Use Times New Roman or Arial font
    • Use font size 10-14 points
    • Avoid Italics and underlined words (can use bold)
    • Printing
      • Use white or off-white paper
      • Use 8-1/2 x 11 inch resume paper
      • Print on one side of the paper only
    • Keep it to one page (max. two pages) (Two pages is OK if you have lots of work experience)
  • U.S. Resume Expectations
    • Clear and Concise
    • Accomplishment focused
    • One or two pages maximum
    • No personal information
    • Always be honest
  • Counterpart - Resumes
    • U.S.
    • Concise
    • Focus on Accomplishments
    • Chronological or Functional
    • No personal information
    • 1-2 pages
    • Bullet points
    • Other Cultures
    • Detailed
    • Focus on work done
    • Chronological
    • Includes personal information
    • No specific limits
    • Can be paragraphs
  • Activity 1 Resume Worksheet
    • Complete the resume worksheet
    • Read the “Action Verbs”
    • Read the “Tips” on resume writing
    • Create your resume
  • Questions
  • Interviewing in the U.S.
  • Interviewing in the U.S.
    • American Interview Definition
    • Parts of an Interview
    • Preparation for an Interview
    • Types of Interviews
  • Interview
    • An Interview is a two way process - An interviewer wants to find an outstanding candidate for the job as much as you want to find a fulfilling job
    • There is no one right way to interview
    • Every interview is unique
  • American Interview
    • More than skills and background information
    • Special challenge of cultural literacy
    • Preparation
        • Self awareness
        • Research
        • Rehearse
    • Having interviewed in your home country does not mean you are prepared to interview here
  • Parts of an Interview
    • Greetings
    • Interviewing
        • Answering questions
        • Asking questions
    • Closing
  • Greetings
    • Many interviewers say (and research supports) that
    • they have largely made up their minds about a
    • candidate within the first five minutes of meeting
    • him or her.
  • First Impression
    • What are these first impression indicators?
    • Firm handshake
    • Sustained eye contact
    • A warm smile
    • Good posture
    • Relaxed and confident introduction
  • First Impressions (cont’d)
    • In addition to “First Impressions”
    • Dress Professionally
    • Arrive Early
    • Bring extra copies of your resume
  • Activity 2 Greet the Interviewer
    • Form a team of two people.
    • One person takes the role of the interviewer and the other the role of interviewee
    • Greet each other with the following:
      • Firm Handshake
      • Confident introduction
      • Smile, good posture, and eye contact
    • Reverse the roles and greet again
  • The Interview
    • Two Parts
      • Part One: Interviewer asks questions
      • Part Two: Interviewee asks questions
  • The Interview – Part One
    • Brief period in which you have to make a positive impression
    • Present your skills and strengths
        • Awkward if you are not used to self presentation
        • It is not bragging, it is selling
    • Practice pronunciation of American words and phrases
  • Self Awareness
    • Be aware of your skills and weaknesses
    • Be prepared to discuss your career goals
    • Be knowledgeable about opportunities as well as threats in your field
  • Self Marketing
    • Answer confidently and truthfully without sounding arrogant
    • Sell yourself positively while talking about your skills
    • Interviewers expect self promotion
    • Being modest implies you do not have the right skills and experience
  • Direct Communication
    • Be prepared for questions directly addressing your skills and weaknesses
    • Answer to the point and do not give round-about responses
    • Interviewers appreciate direct and clear answers
  • Activity 3 Mastering tough Questions
    • Read “ 25 Questions ” Most Frequently Asked
    • Prepare responses to each questions – notes only, do not prepare canned answers
    • Think of / prepare examples to support each answer
    • Restate the point of your answer in a single sentence
    • Practice orally
  • Interview – Part Two
    • Asking questions is not ignorance
    • Well worded questions show your knowledge about the position and company
    • Have specific questions for the interviewer
        • Position
        • Career paths
        • Professional development
  • Activity 4 Make the most of the Interview
    • Form a team of three people
    • Discuss the type of questions you would like to ask the interviewer
    • Each team share any of the two questions you discussed
    • Read “ Questions to ask Interviewers ”
  • Closing
    • Re-emphasize interest and highlight your skills if possible
    • Ask about the follow up to this interview
    • Shake hands and thank the interviewer
  • American Interview Expectations
    • Confidence / Self-promotion
    • Flexibility / Change
    • Goal Orientation
    • Self-sufficiency
    • Direct speech
    • Efficiency / Time Control
  • Counterpart - values
    • American
    • Confidence / Self-promotion
    • Flexibility/change
    • Direct speech
    • Eye contact
    • Other Cultures
    • Modesty
    • Tradition / Stability
    • Politeness
    • Eye contact relative to status
  • Questions – Not Asked
    • Age
    • Marital Status
    • Other Personal Information (height, weight etc.)
    • Are you a U.S. citizen?
  • Preparation
    • Self-awareness - Researching - Rehearsing
  • Self awareness
    • SWOT Analysis S – Strength W – Weakness O – Opportunity T – Threats
  • Research – Company Profile
    • Financials
    • Market positioning
    • Competition
    • Location
    • Product(s)
  • Rehearsing
    • Career Center
    • Mock Interviews
      • With AnaKarina, please call 408-554-5485
      • With Alumni, in Spring 2006
    • Faculty, Colleagues and friends
    • Alumni
  • Types of Interviews
    • Questions and expectations will vary depending on
    • the type of the Interview
    • Phone Interview
    • Behavioral Interview
    • Case Interview
  • Phone Interview
    • Phone Interviews are similar as face-to-face interviews, but lack the element of “in person” communication
  • Behavior Based Interview
    • Past behavior is best predictor of future behavior
    • Requires concrete, specific examples to reveal skills
    • STAR framework to structure responses
        • S – Situation
        • T – Task
        • A – Action
        • R – Result
  • Case Interview
    • Focus on getting to solutions
    • quickly. These questions test
    • how:
    • Logically your mind works
    • Quickly you think
    • Perform under pressure
  • Tips
    • Talk and speak up in class
    • Make presentations
    • Making friends with Americans
    • Take communication courses
    • Attend workshops at the GBP Career Management
    • Watch TV, read Newspapers etc.
  • Conclusion
    • Interviewer is not aware of your culture and values
    • You should learn the American cultural norms and expectations
  • Re-visiting the “Parking Lot”
  • Questions
  • Work in the United States
    • "Choose a job you love, and you will never have to work a day in your life." - Confucius -
  • Resources
    • http://www.ubalt.edu/careercenter/careerlink/00_fall/feature_intl_resume.html
    • http://careers.udayton.edu/articles/articles.asp?internationaltips.txt
    • http://www.umich.edu/~icenter/intlstudents/employ/interview.html
    • http://www.umich.edu/~icenter/intlstudents/employ/cultbarriers.html
    • http://www.career.vt.edu/International/Strategies.htm
    • http://www.jobweb.com/resources/library/International/US_Employment_81_05.htm
  • Contact Information
    • Sejal Mehta
    • Email: tosejal@gmail.com