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Relative Sentences
 

Relative Sentences

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A presentation explaining the relative pronouns and the relative clauses - defining and non-defining

A presentation explaining the relative pronouns and the relative clauses - defining and non-defining

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  • Gracias, Carmen por compartir unas presentaciones tan estupendas. Acabo de adaptar esta misma a mis necesidades. Puedes ver mis propias presentaciones y usarlas a tu atonjo. Mi nombre de usuario es esuarezguillen. Un saludo. Eva Suárez. Las Palmas de Gran Canaria.
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    Relative Sentences Relative Sentences Presentation Transcript

    • RELATIVE SENTENCES Carmen Torres
    • What’s a relative clause?
      • A subordinate clause depending on a main clause
      • THE ANTECEDENT is a word that belongs to the main clause. It is the person, object, place, etc. the relative clause refers to.
      • THE RELATIVE CLAUSE always follows its antecedent.
      • A RELATIVE PRONOUN joins the antecedent to the relative clause.
    • Types of Relative clauses
      • Defining Relative Clauses
      • Non-defining Relative clauses
    • Defining Relative Clauses
      • They specify the person, object, time or place we are talking about.
      • These sentences are introduced by relative pronouns:
        • WHO or THAT, if the relative sentence refers to people
        • WHICH or THAT, if the relative sentence refers to things
        • WHOSE for possession
        • WHEN for days, months, years...
        • WHERE for places.
    • Defining Relative Clause
      • COMMON FEATURES
      • Who, which, that (and sometimes when and where) can be omitted (to make a contact clause) if they do not act as subjects of the relative sentence.
      • They are necessary to understand the antecedent
      • They are never placed between commas
      • When the relative pronoun goes with a preposition we normally omit it and place the preposition at the end of the relative clause.
        • If the relative is that , even it is not omitted, the preposition goes to the end.
    • Non-Defining Relative Clause
      • They add information about the antecedent.
      • These sentences are introduced by relative pronouns:
        • WHO, if the relative sentence refers to people
        • WHICH, if the relative sentence refers to things
        • WHOSE for possession
        • WHEN for days, months, years...
        • WHERE for places.
    • Non-Defining Relative Clause
      • COMMON FEATURES
      • The relative pronoun can never be omitted .
      • They are not necessary to understand the antecedent.
      • They are always placed between commas.
    • Remember
      • Defining Relative
      • No commas
      • Omit the relative pronoun except when SUBJECT
      • Non-Defining Relative
      • Between commas
      • No omission
      • Relative Pronouns
        • WHO: refers to people
        • WHICH: refers to things
        • WHOSE: for possession
        • WHEN: for time
        • WHERE : for places.
        • WHAT: (lo que)
    • Examples
      • The lessons which she liked better were those ............... she learned from others
      • That was the subject ............. I was talking about
      • I could not understand ......... they wanted to know.
      • This is exactly ............ I wanted to find out.
      • My brother was the man ............ was here a moment ago.
      • My brother, ……… was here a moment ago, has written you a letter.
    • More examples
      • The Constitution ……… Spain voted in 1978 was not real until 1981, after the 23 rd February
      • Arrau, the well-known pianist, ......... everybody admires, will play here soon.
      • I personally know that author ......... books give us so much pleasure.
      • This is the bed .......... Queen Elizabeth slept in.
      • John is the boy ....... was rude to this lady.
      • This is the lady ......... John was rude to.