Passive Voice

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A presentation to help ESL teachers in their class to present and develop the Passive voice

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Passive Voice

  1. 1. Passive Voice Carmen Torres
  2. 2. <ul><li>When the agent is unknown </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spanish &quot;SE&quot; : </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Se venden pisos: Flats are sold </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spanish &quot;Ellos/as&quot; omitted : </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Le dieron un beso a Pepita: Pepita was given a kiss </li></ul></ul></ul>When do we use it?
  3. 3. <ul><li>To make the object of the active verb more important </li></ul><ul><li>America was discovered in 1492 by Christopher Columbus </li></ul><ul><li>When the description of the agent is very long </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A charity record has been made by many famous names in the world of pop music. </li></ul></ul>When do we use it?
  4. 4. <ul><li>Subject : Person or object that suffered/enjoyed the results of an action. </li></ul><ul><li>The verb &quot; to be &quot; in the tense the action ocurred . </li></ul><ul><li>The Past Participle of the verb that represents the action itself. </li></ul><ul><li>Whatever complements that verb needs. </li></ul><ul><li>In a few special cases we can also use by + the agent . </li></ul>Structure of the sentence
  5. 5. Structure of the verb TENSES EXAMPLES Present Simple Pigs are often used to find truffles Present Continuous My house is being redecorated at the moment Present Perfect I have never been given flowers on my birthday Past Simple This picture was painted by Picasso Past Continuous When I saw him he was being followed by the police Past Perfect She was angry because she had already been told three times Future Simple When you get there everything will be finished Going to - Future They are not going to be easily convinced Conditional Simple You would be punished if they found out Conditional Perfect If you hadn’t told them would I have been invited ?
  6. 6. to BE gives us the tense of the action the principal verb is always in Past Participle THE PASSIVE VERB to BE (in the active tense) + Past Participle (main verb) ACTIVE PASSIVE She wants an ice-cream An ice-cream is wanted He sent a letter A letter was sent We will buy a new car next week A new car will be bought They have been cutting the grass The grass has been being cut
  7. 7. The passive sentence ACTIVE VOICE Active Subject Active Verb Direct Object Robert gave a coin by Passive Verb Passive Subject Agent PASSIVE VOICE was given by
  8. 8. The passive sentence ACTIVE VOICE Active Subject Active Verb Direct Object Indirect Object Robert gave a coin Tom to by Direct Object Passive Verb Passive Subject Agent PASSIVE VOICE was given by
  9. 9. <ul><li>1/ They built this house in 1466 </li></ul><ul><li>2/ This house was built in 1466 </li></ul><ul><li>1/ Channel islanders speak French & English </li></ul><ul><li>2/ French & English is spoken by Channel islanders </li></ul><ul><li>1/ This book will change your life </li></ul><ul><li>2/ Your life will be changed by this book </li></ul>Examples
  10. 10. <ul><li>1/ They have cut the grass </li></ul><ul><li>2/ The grass has been cut </li></ul><ul><li>1/ My mother is going to give me a present </li></ul><ul><li>2/ I am going to be given a present by my mother </li></ul><ul><li>1/ Susan wrote an e-mail to him </li></ul><ul><li>1/ He was written an e-mail by Susan </li></ul>Examples
  11. 11. <ul><li>1/ They can’t answer your question </li></ul><ul><li>2/ Your question can’t be answered </li></ul><ul><li>1/ Someone had to take her to hospital after this </li></ul><ul><li>2/ She had to be taken to hospital after the crash </li></ul><ul><li>1/ They shouldn’t allow the children to do these things </li></ul><ul><li>2/ The children shouldn’t be allowed to do these things </li></ul><ul><li>1/ Someone must tell him if we want him to know </li></ul><ul><li>2/ He must be told if we want him to know </li></ul>More examples
  12. 12. <ul><li>GET is used instead of BE with passive meaning. Informal English. </li></ul><ul><li>I got stuck in a traffic jam </li></ul><ul><li>She is getting married </li></ul><ul><li>After NEED / WANT the -ing form can be used with passive meaning </li></ul><ul><li>This job needs doing </li></ul><ul><li>That room wants cleaning </li></ul>More passive stuff
  13. 13. <ul><li>HAVE/ GET something done : Arranging for or paying for somebody to do something for you. (Get is more informal). </li></ul><ul><li>He had his hair cut </li></ul><ul><li>She got her carpet cleaned </li></ul><ul><li>We have had our car mended </li></ul><ul><li>They had got their book translated </li></ul>More passive stuff HAVE + Object + Past Participle
  14. 14. <ul><li>Verbs like: Believe, Think, Consider, Say, Report, Know, Expect, Feel, Understand, Find </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Introductory IT is used </li></ul></ul><ul><li>It is said that he started the fire </li></ul><ul><li>It is thought that she doesn't live in London </li></ul><ul><li>It was known that the King is coming tomorrow </li></ul>More passive stuff IT + passive verb + complete subordinate sentence without changes
  15. 15. <ul><li>Verbs like: Believe, Think, Consider, Say, Report, Know, Expect, Feel, Understand, Find </li></ul><ul><li>It is said that he started the fire (action in the Past) </li></ul><ul><li>He is said to have started the fire (Infinitive Perfect) </li></ul><ul><li>It is thought that she doesn't live in London (Present) </li></ul><ul><li>She is thought to live in London (Infinitive Present) </li></ul>More passive stuff Subordinate subject + verb passive + subordinate active verb in INFINITIVE.

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